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What are the pillars of Foreign Policy in South Sudan?

By Wani Tombe Lako

February 9, 2013 (SSNA) -- We South Sudanese want to know very urgently; as to what are the cardinal pillars of our foreign policy, on the basis of which, our comprehensive international and regional interests are realised, with the least costs and inconveniences respectively. I am very concerned by the fact that, we appear to be allowing our own life issues to become the text of other people’s internal political affairs. There are some people in Washington; London; Paris and elsewhere, who appear to have entrenched their personal and group survival on internal affairs of South Sudan.

Many of these people, for some funny reasons, are being presented to us as being experts on us, and we also, in turn, and in a very gullibly pitiful fashion, also, accepted this ridiculous idea, and then, we begin to spend millions of dollars, on these redundant so called experts on South Sudan.

Some of these so called experts on South Sudan are international war mongers, arms dealers, agents of international mercenary organisations, religious fanatics, and others are just fame seekers, who want to improve their personal curriculum vita, and by writing on South Sudan, and using material looted from South Sudan, and then regurgitating these materials to us, as being scientific discoveries, based on some scientific analyses, of raw data on South Sudan.

It is becoming clear to many keen observers that; there are several groups and institutions, based in some foreign capitals, and who have stealthily and cunningly, established themselves as South Sudanese movers and shakers overseas. This is very apparent in the never ending pilgrimages performed by our elites, who seem to have equated prudent leadership, with total reliance on foreign advisors and fortune seekers.

It is also clear how the government of South Sudan, has fallen into this old African trap, of inviting in a white man; whose mere presence, in the minds of some people in Juba, shall just produce miracles in South Sudan. This is very bad. It does not matter if such people were prime ministers in Europe.

This is tribal South Sudan, and things are just different here. These foreign advisors come with assumptions which do not exist here. These foreign advisors need myriad of infrastructures which do not exist here. The absence of all these factors make their stay here in South Sudan meaningless, and mere squandering of millions of dollars, for useless advice.

Some in Juba shall argue that, the presence of these European and other advisors is good for international and regional publicities, and for attracting more foreign aid, and hopefully investment, as it is being hoped for by our Ministry of Finance in Juba. All such assumptions are wishful thinking, and an exercise of building castles in the air.

There are clear well know methodologies, and conditions, of how Third World countries like South Sudan, access foreign aid, from various financial institutions, and governments, and such like. On the other hand, investors are business people. Investors are not philanthropists, who roam the globe with their money, looking for poor countries with the most appropriate foreign advisors and such like. Investors are shrewd profit maximisers, who think on their feet, and who speak and think in profitable figures. Investors have no time for some economies which are run on the basis of economics of moralities, sustained by inward looking tribal priorities; and dependent on nature complete with fatalistic mindset and outlook; like the economy of South Sudan.

Ordinary, or special advisors; from over the oceans; do not miraculously; put food and medicine on tables; so to speak; in South Sudan. What is there that the people of South Sudan do not know how to do for themselves; to the extent that; they are made to spent a fortune; on hiring some idle talks as professional advice; for the development of South Sudan?

What the peoples of South Sudan need at the moment, are not a plethora of idle minds; imported in from the United States of America and Europe. What the peoples of South Sudan need; at this moment of their political metamorphosis; are agile and honest political leaders; to lead and manage their various economic, financial, political, legislative, judicial, security, religious, and socio-cultural institutions.

The peoples of South Sudan do not want leaders; whose minds negatively change continuously throughout the days, weeks, months, and years, in a very volatile fashion; like a piece of cloth; on a drying line; that can blow at any direction; subject to the direction of the wind. The wind in this sense, are the useless foreign advisors, employed by the government of South Sudan, either resident in South Sudan, or overseas. These kinds of leaders are useless; hopeless; and they are waste of space and time.

Too much reliance on foreign advisors explains many issues about such leaders, who depend on, and spend fortunes on foreign advisors. These are invariably leaders, who have no confidence in themselves, or leaders who do not trust their own nationals, or leaders who want to institute some kind of personality cult culture in the countries they lead. Do we have the same situation in South Sudan?

If we have such kind of leadership in South Sudan, then our fate is sealed. Leadership via personality cult; saturated in anthropological myth, and customary adorations; are best suited for the management of African societies; before the discovery of agriculture; whenever that discovery took place is immaterial.

It is becoming clearer, by passage of time that, we South Sudanese do not want leaders who want to rule us by surrounding themselves with senile; semi-illiterate; and dangerous aggregation of quasi military officers and others; used as threats against other competent and politically viable South Sudanese. There are many more better qualified south Sudanese, who are very competent to advice the government of South Sudan on all matters that have direct bearing on the lives of the peoples of South Sudan. 

The leadership of South Sudan, must come to its senses, and ought not to depend on those South Sudanese, who has the most ruthless; and armed to the teeth human automatons; that can kill any innocent human person at a click of political and military fingers. The more the government of South Sudan depends on such people, the more it shall also depend on its foreign advisors, who claim to be able to bring in more arms, for the government of South Sudan to defend itself against its people and others.

The peoples of South Sudan are in a dire need of a politically mature leadership; to lead them in such a fashion that,  the sons and daughters of South Sudan, have the space to participate in the administration of their country, without being cut off by the plethora of foreign advisors that are now competing with nationals in South Sudan. The peoples of South Sudan want their comprehensive freedoms back, they want to have some choice; so that; semblance of peace; amity; positive development; human love; and good neighbourliness can return to South Sudan; in this era of universal jubilation; with the doctrine of self determination.  

The people of South Sudan need a prudent and humane leadership in South Sudan. The peoples of South Sudan want to feel and touch the meaning of freedom. The peoples of South Sudan do not want the minimisation of the costly task of liberation; to a mere renaming of places in South Sudan; as the most important sign posts of liberation. The peoples of South Sudan want to see proper representation of their country in international and regional settings, as a mature State, not a conduit for other states to wage wars, and advance their foreign policies, against other states, and then, it is us in South Sudan who suffer. 

Above all; the people of South Sudan do not want a leadership; which appears to endorse the renaming of other people’s villages; as a symbol of liberation of the South Sudanese from the jallabas. This is extremely important to avoid permanent civil strife in South Sudan; among South Sudanese themselves. Some of the foreign advisors operating in South Sudan know this fact, and they appear to encourage the leadership of South Sudan to continue along this dangerous political path.

If some political parties want to rule forever in South Sudan; as it is rumoured in South Sudan, and if this is the wish of many of their supporters; then, these political parties have to find themselves good leaders; who love all the peoples of South Sudan; and not their current leaders, who see South Sudan; through the lenses of tribal leadership, and through the lenses of their foreign advisors.

The various security and political developments that have taken place in South Sudan, in the last few weeks, point to a situation which is not stable herein. The names of the many retired army officers point to various issues. The nature of this South Sudanese army, which many foreign advisors want to entrench, as the army of South Sudan, is problematic, if it is not properly reformed.

The reformation of this army ought to be done in such a fashion that; the army reflects all the multiculturalism of South Sudan. The security of South Sudan must be the concern of all peoples of South Sudan, not just a fraction of South Sudanese. The military and war assets for defense of the sovereignty of South Sudan must be controlled by all peoples of South Sudan, not just a minority of them. There are many foreign advisors who want this status quo to continue for their own foreign interest, and not for the interest of the peoples of South Sudan.

It can be argued that, the way things are being managed here in Juba, resembles some informal institutional management, despite the myriads of foreign advisors herein. Leading human beings on the basis of informal rules; principles; and guidelines cannot amount to a leadership within the framework of a modern government. While kitchen cabinets can resemble informal governance style; what is befalling the government of South Sudan in Juba, is worse than the informality of kitchen cabinets.

At times; the SPLM government of South Sudan, here in Juba; resembles packs of antagonistic hunting wolves. Each wants to tear as much meat for survival sake. This is very dangerous; when you think in terms of the poor peoples of South Sudan. The factions within the ruling SPLM does not allow the peoples of South Sudan to benefit whatsoever. The factional nature of SPLM is characterised by the dependency of the government of South Sudan on foreigners. Each faction within the SPLM is loyal to particular group of foreign advisors. This is the tragedy of South Sudanese.

I sincerely think that, the rulers in Juba, appear to be a group of a people who have been misled; misinformed; deceived; and made to relay on other purported political leaders; who literally delivered them nothing; but economic; political; financial; security; social; and moral chaos, made to masquerade as the climax of human liberation.  

I think we in South Sudan need a leadership which has the capacity to use constitutional and other powers constructively. We do not want a leadership which is saturated with humanity that becomes so easily overwhelmed by intellectual and other weights of political powers and authorities. We need the type of leadership which is not always on the defensive due to lack of self-confidence. Being permanently aggressive and mistrusting does not mean that one is a successful leader of a people.

The Author can be reached at This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

The “Old Boy Network” of Incompetence Mafias

By:  Kuach Y. Tutkuay

November 5, 25013 (SSNA) -- In rhythmic with the international politics, south Sudan has adopted a partial democracy which is always pronounced on papers and never exist in practical reality or if it does, it must have been eventually diminished to zero or to negative. The constitution which many regarded as the contract between the people and the government has been stepped-on by the President and his mafias—the incompetent generals who voluntarily join politics with a reason known to them—and leaves the citizens only to wonder whether the supreme authority is the president or the constitution.

According to John Maxwell, a leader is person who knows the way, who goes the way and shows the way. But then taking into consideration the current situation in south Sudan, do the citizens feel like they have someone they can trust, who knows the way and can shows them the way? Does the death of Dr. John and the rest means that we have lost all the quality leaders and we remained with consumers? The golden plate of freedom and justice brought to us by Dr. John seems to be rusting so fast that it nearly becomes a metallic plate of slavery and injustices. The media bill got lost several times so that freedom of expression is blurry to all citizens, and those who proceeds would be subjected to assassination by “unknown”—but by writing this article, I choose to either be given freedom or death because it makes no different to be a slave or a dead body.

The war-weary generals, lured by what seems to be the “best coin” were compelled to shift in their career as combatants into a “statesmanship”. They tried to dance to the melody of international politics, but it speaks foreign language which none of them has ever heard of, these could not rhythm together because they are two extreme positions a way too far from each other—amateur politicians at the wrong entry point to the political world. To make sure they are up to the standard, they had to come clean of all their once camouflaged clothes onto a formal attire to qualify them to sit in the “house of the common”. Human, as long as they live, will always find a reason to defend their choice. If you asked these “self-accredited” politicians why did they join politic, they would tell you they want to deliver services to their people—simple as that—and if you dig down into what have they done so far, believe me, it will surely come down to naught. One of the plain truth the author thinks might be the reason for this shift in career is for them to prolong their miserably necked names with titles like “honorable” “Excellency” and to have unlimited access to as many resources as possible to allow them a chop in absentia of proper accountability.

To prove that these fellas don’t know where they are neither where they head to, some of them uses their former titles amidst the new title, for instant Hon. Gen. Kuach, using Honorable, a political title together with General, a military title. When it comes to the house session, they are “honorable” but when it comes to community resources, they are “horrible”. No doubt, to these individuals, politics has become a “cash-cow”.

The emerging of these war-weary generals into the political arena has brought along with it some carry-forwards from the previous lifestyle. For instant, during those years of struggle, a person with his small group of army may come and take your properties by force and if you ask a “why?” he would say “we are in the bush” but then he went to the bush to protect your rights and properties and not to get more power to come and take them away from you. That slogan in our modern Republic of south Sudan has been replaced by another slogan, “we are still a young nation”.  In fact a young nation like ours needs some plans to make it grow, for how long shall we remain young?

However, we can remain young for decades but the time will not wait for us to grow. The absent of a national strategic think-tank is a perfect signal that we will always be young unless a miracle happen which, as per the author, seem to be out of probability.

“I am always in suit and a tie, and have a big belly, so, I could be a politician too” I think this may be one of the biggest mistake people makes and the biggest drive into politics, politic calls for your inner quality not your external appearance. You cannot join politic just because you have a “hat” that covers nothing, a suite that covers nothing but a belly; and you cannot join politic just to accumulate wealth, unless politic has become a science of “bread and butter” which may be the case for south Sudan. Jesus’ teaching that, “give to Caesar what belong to Caesar, and to God what belong to God” is very true. If only politic could be leave to the professional politicians not just the “self-accredited” ones who join politic with the prime objective of accumulating wealth, but professional politicians, who have some aspect of political philosophy and are governed by political ethics; those who can compare and contrast different kind of situation and learn from them, I am sure south Sudan would avoid the pitfalls committed by other African countries in the past. This would at least save as some coins from the verge of corruption and would avoid the Midas style of “touch them with gold and they turn to what you please” which is the source of the divisive politics and a root cause of conflict all over south Sudan.

The saying in the Bible, “man, eats and drinks, for tomorrow you will die” has been taken the other way round literary to mean that you eat because tomorrow you will be removed from the position. This has grant them a chance to become so epicure and care less of the dying streets children and widows and orphans of their former comrades—the true martyrs whose blood has really liberated us—who they have forgotten.

In an “old boy network” style, they are tolerating their misconducts in the hope of trying to protect the corporate image of the SPLM which many of them misunderstood for an enterprise other than a party. The “Indian file” of the SPLM has been one of the root causes of national malfunction because it requires leaders to come to the top base on the length of time they spent in the party and not on their competency. This imply that competence was very obscure to the SPLM, but then in absentia of this important factor, how could we ensure a perfect earnest of national development agenda when we hardly know what it takes to achieve that. Instead the internal politic become tense because something need to be done and no one is doing it.

Leadership to African is like an alcohol; the more you stayed on power the more you are addicted to always stay there whether you are active or inactive. Therefore, you will get rid of anyone who tried to maneuver his way to the top to make sure you secure your job.

Fellow citizens, let’s hope that all these stumbling blocks will be passed with no difficulties. The issue of Abyei is one of the things south Sudan needs to leave behind their pretense of neutrality. How can you pretend to “sit on the fence” when the very issue in question is the delicate part of you? This is unreal; as a citizen of south Sudan, I reprimanded the comments made by the minister of information. When I heard it, I was blue-eyed with rage but only to myself since I am in no capacity to hold a press to condemn that—Abyei plebiscite must be recognize otherwise our leaders are not pursuing national interest, instead they are pursuing their own. Another stumbling block is the national liberation council and the SPLM convention, let’s hope Mr. President will finally give in, otherwise, I am afraid, it is threatening our fragile peace. Many leaders who are power-loving individuals are always fond of dividing the national social setup. Instead of saying “they don’t want my leadership”, they says “they don’t want us to lead” so that they have some supporter and the issue will be “us against them” which is very divisive. Nobody doesn’t want anyone to rule, every citizen of south Sudan has a right to rule regardless of ethnic background or religion, but on the quality of leadership he possessed. Sophist believe that “the powerful rules and the weak obeys” if this is what we wants, why did we complain of oppression from the Khartoum government? We would have obeys them.

If you could remember the courage it took to liberate ourselves from Khartoum, remember too that it may not be too far for someone to liberate himself from you.

The author could be reach at This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

In Sudan, Genocide Anew?

We are, once again, on the verge of genocidal counterinsurgency in Sudan. History must not be allowed to repeat itself.

from The Washington Post, June 18, 2011
http://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/in-sudan-genocide-anew/2011/06/17/AGVhCVZH_story.html

By Eric Reeves

June 18, 2011 (SSNA) -- By early 2004, it was clear that the ideologically Arabist and Islamist regime in Khartoum was waging a genocidal counterinsurgency war throughout the western region of Darfur. Yet months passed before a broad range of human rights, government and academic voices said as much, even as the consequences of silence and inaction were conspicuous. In February 2004 I argued on this page that a "credible peace forum must be rapidly created. Immediate plans for humanitarian intervention should begin. The alternative is to allow tens of thousands of civilians to die in the weeks and months ahead in what will be continuing genocidal destruction."

This prediction was borne out in the months that followed, the most destructive phase of the Darfur genocide, in which African tribal groups were mercilessly targeted by soldiers and militias. Sadly, mortality from war-related causes continues to mount. But now we are debating how many hundreds, not tens, of thousands have perished from war-related causes in Darfur.

Today, another episode of genocidal counterinsurgency is beginning in another part of Sudan. Absent a vigorous international response, there will almost certainly be a reprise of ethnically targeted human destruction in the middle of the country, specifically within the Nuba Mountains region of South Kordofan, which has a rich mixture of African inhabitants.

Sudan was ravaged by a north-south civil war from 1983 to 2005; the war nominally ended with the Comprehensive Peace Agreement, signed by Khartoum and the southern Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM). But key terms of the agreement were never fulfilled, among them "popular consultations “that were to give the people of South Kordofan a voice in how they were governed. The armed wing of the SPLM was especially strong in the Nuba Mountains, and Khartoum saw a threat that it was determined to eliminate.

On June 5 a military campaign began in South Kordofan. It has rapidly escalated in ferocity as disturbing accounts emerge of the African people of the Nuba being rounded up in house searches and road checkpoints, and subjected to indiscriminate aerial bombardment. All signs point to a new genocide.

It will be similar to the 1990s, when Khartoum declared a jihad against the peoples of the Nuba (who adhere to a range of religions, including Islam).Because the mountains are not geographically contiguous with South Sudan (with which it is militarily, politically and culturally allied), its people were largely left to fend for themselves.

The regime imposed a total blockade of humanitarian assistance from the south. Many starving Nuba were forced into "peace camps," where receiving food was conditional upon conversion to Islam. Some who refused were tortured or mutilated. Khartoum's decade-long campaign killed and displaced hundreds of thousands.

Today, reports from the ground and wire services detail heavy fighting underway in Kadugli, the capital of South Kordofan, and surrounding areas. There are multiple reports (including photos) of military aircraft such as MiG-29sattacking deep in the mountains; on Wednesday these attacks destroyed the keyrunway at Kauda, critical for transporting humanitarian supplies into the Nuba,a disturbing sign of how Khartoum will prosecute the genocide.

Nearly all humanitarian operations in the region have ceased, as Khartoum denies the United Nations air clearances; workers for the U.N. Mission in Sudan have been evacuated or confined to their base. On June 8 that base was raided by Khartoum's military intelligence, and the United Nations was effectively disabled.

Khartoum's actions come just days after regime forces seized Abyei, whose indigenous residents are overwhelmingly Dinka Ngok and see themselves as part of the South. The 2005 peace agreement promised them a referendum for self-determination, which Khartoum has aborted. Last month the regime launched a military attack to seize Abyei; the U.N. High Commission for Refugees reports that some 100,000 civilians have fled south - virtually the entire Ngok population. They are living in extremely difficult conditions, and many will die. A U.N. report found that Khartoum's actions were "tantamount to ethnic cleansing," a decisive phrase that senior U.N. officials excised from later versions of the text.

The U.N. Security Council demanded on June 3 that Khartoum immediately withdraw its forces from Abyei, but the regime scoffed - as it has at previous council demands, including those bearing on Darfur. This is bad news for the people of Abyei and for the prospects of a just and peaceful separation of Sudan's north and south, which is scheduled for July 9. For the Nuba people, such fecklessness spells catastrophe.

Too often with Sudan, empty demands and threats signal to the regime that the world is not serious about halting atrocities. Either the international community gets serious about preventing further violence in Abyei and the adjacent region of South Kordofan, or we will again see "tens of thousands of civilians . . . die in the weeks and months ahead in what will be continuing genocidal destruction."

Eric Reeves, a professor at Smith College, is the author of "A Long Day's Dying: Critical Moments in the Darfur Genocide." He is a consultant to several human rights and humanitarian organizations in Sudan.

Rights group calls for extension of constitutional commission time

Press Release; for immediate release; November 14, 2012

HUMAN RIGHTS SOCIETY CALLS FOR EXTENSION OF THE CONSTITUTIONAL COMMISSION’S MANDATE, URGES FOR THE AMENDMENT OF THE CONSTITUTION AND RESOURCING OF THE COMMISSION

Juba, November 16, 2012 (SSNA) -- The South Sudan Human Rights Society for Advocacy (SSHURSA) calls upon the office of the President of South Sudan Salva Kiir Mayardit to cause an amendment to the Transitional Constitution of South Sudan 2011 by at least inserting a provision in Article 202 so as to allow the extension of the mandate of the National Constitutional Review Commission (NCRC) whose mandate in two months’ time comes to an end. The Commission was established on January 9, 2012 and was supposed to have started and carried on its work for one year from its establishment up to the 9th of January 2013 as provided for under Article 202(1) and(4) of the Transitional Constitution. Under Article 202(6) of the Transitional Constitution; it states;

“The Commission shall review the Transitional Constitution and collect views and suggestions from all the stakeholders including any changes that may need to be introduced to the current system of governace”

Whereas Article 202(8) equally states; “The Commission shall conduct a nation-wide public information programme and civic education on constitutional issues”

And 202(10) provides that; “The commission shall adopt and present the Draft Constitutional Text and Explanatory Report to the President one year after its formation”

Since its establishment on 9th Juanary 2012, the commission’s membership wasn’t complete and until six months thereafter. Members were not appointed at ago and according to relevant sources of information SSHURSA has obtained, the Commission hasn’t been properly financed and never been allocated direct budget of its own from January 9, until July 2012. This is, in SSHURSA’s analyzed view, a serious blow to the smooth functioning of the Commission and a factor which has crippled its supposedly constitutionally proclaimed independence. Though the commission ‘s tructures have so far been set up, given some of the challenges mentioned which it faces, however, it has neither reviewed the Transitional Constitution; nor having collected views and suggestions from not only stakeholders within capital Juba but also from the South Sudanese citizens in the ten states’ grassroots. With two months remaining for its mandate to come to an end, it is obviously that the Commission has done nothing as provided for under the purposes for which it was established.

SSHURSA therefore, recommends the following to the office of the President of the Republic and National Legislative Assembly and Council of states and the international Community:

1. The President of South Sudan is mandated by theTransitional Constitution of South Sudan 2011 under Article 101(f) which states;

“The President shall initiate Constitutional amendments and legislation and assent to and sign into law bills passed by the National Legislature”

This Constitutional provision allows the current President Salva Kiir Mayardit to cause amendment to the Transitional Constitution before the National Legislature in order to extend the important mandate of the Commission.

2. The Members of the National Legislature urgently and in good faith should receive from the presiddent and pass the amendment of allowing the extension of the mandate of the commission. The amendment requires only introduction to the Assembly at least one month prior to the deliberations by the National Legislature as stipulated under Article 199 of the Transitional Constitution 2011.

3. SSHURSA recommends that, Commission’s mandate should be extended for one additional year from November 2012 to November 2013.

4. SSHURSA calls upon the international community to assist the commision both technically and financially and we urge the commission to receive any genuine help that facilitates its work towards achieving its goals of drafting a pro-people’s document that will set South Sudan into right path.

5. Finally, we call upon the Presidency to show more political will and commitment towards the mandate and purpose for which the commission has been established.

“A constitution is the very heart on which people’s leadership is centred, peace, democracy and rule of law lie and if its making is rushed and its sacred value is overshadowed by shortsighted politics of the day, then nobody should fail to predict the dire and dangerous consequences as a result of undiscussed contents of a constitution”.

No matter how the amendment will affect other events within the Transitional period, but no one should make a mistake that things would go right without a pro-people supreme law. The leadership of South Sudan should be warned that South Sudan is not ready for a gentleman’s constitution or a constitution that would be rushed later by a few elites and to only claim thereafter represent the views of South Sudanese people. SSHURSA strongly calls upon the presidency to hit the noble call for the extension of the Commission for one year, show political will and commit more resources to its effective functioning. Finally, SSHURSA urges the South Sudanese people to be vigilant and give their views as to what they think must be the content of highest law for their governance.

SSHURSA has been disseminating the contents of Transitional Constitution of South Sudan 2011 in Unity and Jonglei states and the intention is to collect citizens’ views for the Commission. For comments and querries on the above press release, contact us through the following contacts: Tel: +211955300382/+211921114362; E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Real versus Politicised National Reconciliation in South Sudan

By Wani Tombe Lako

February 9, 2013 (SSNA) -- It is socially, morally, politically, and personally refreshing, to hear and see that, the government of South Sudan (GoSS) is engaging the international community (IC) in intensive consultations, regarding the purported national reconciliation (NR) in South Sudan (SS). It is not enough only to consult the IC for purposes of financial and other logistical supports; we have to abide by what the IC also tells us in the form of inputs in these types of fora.  

The concept and practice of NR involves many other variables which ought to be brought on board. NR is not just a one-off political event that, the GoSS wants to host and then, it reverts back to old ways of doing things, and things which are grossly contradictory to the said concept and practice of NR.

If the concept of NR involves broad variables like harmonious coexistence with human amity and love; plus sincere human forgiveness; in a multicultural, multi-religious, multi-political parties, and multi-tribal human society like the SS, then, these broad variables ought to be entrenched as the foundations, upon which, this exercise of NR is to be conducted.

The GoSS cannot just embark on this process of NR as a political exercise, meanwhile, in various formal, and informal prisons, and detention centres in SS, there, rotting in solitary confinements, and other inhuman conditions, are sons and daughters of SS, who happened to have politically differed with the rulers, and not the peoples of SS, and there, in these dungeons, they decay, without proper due process of the rule of law, having been followed. Some are in these hellish and inhuman prisons, and detention centres, for alleged criminal offences, but, whose guilt, have not been ascertained and proven, beyond any reasonable doubt, as requested by the rule of law.

This pompously advertised NR shall become a travesty of true concept of NR, as known by genuine human rights communities internationally, if it is conducted with such shameful background of gross violation of human rights of the human person in SS. The GoSS must release all political prisoners, from all prisons and detention centers in SS. These sons and daughters of SS, kept in these prisons and detention centres for political reasons, have got relatives and love ones, and friends, who form huge communities of interests in SS. These peoples matter if true NR is to take place in SS.

Not only that, those sons and daughters of SS, and who are kept behind bars for political reasons, emanate from specific tribes in SS. The GoSS is talking loudly about tribal harmonies in SS. How do you achieve tribal harmonies in SS, if political prisoners are cherry-picked on the basis of tribal affiliations? That is, the majority of those political prisoners behind bars are sons and daughters of SS, emanating from specific tribes, and tribes which do not control all types of powers, and wealth in SS.

The GoSS must address this issue. The IC must pressurise and compel the GoSS, to address this issue first. Unless this issue is addressed, whatever this NR comes up with, as recommendations, it shall be building political castles in political air, and building political castles in political quicksand respectively.

There shall never be partial NR in SS. All of us in SS must be authors and owners of such NR process. Nobody wants to be an invitee to this NR process. The GoSS ought not to compartmentalise the peoples of SS through this process; and in fact, ends up dividing the peoples of SS more deeply, and widely, than they are now. Those members of the IC, who are interested in this process of NR in SS; ought to advise the GoSS to follow the right path in this crucial process of NR;  half baked NR is worse and dangerous than no NR at all.

We do not want an ill-thought out process of NR, which is not inclusive, and which shall later be used by the GoSS to further target, and in fact, lynch those who have been strategically excluded from this NR, on the pretexts that, they are the enemies of the peoples of SS. You cannot exclude others by keeping them in prisons, and denying others citizenship rights, by refusing them nationality and passport documents, and then, you turn around that, the same excluded others are against the peoples of SS because, they did not attend the NR process, or because, they later queried the variables of this ramshackle NR.

We do not want any NR process which is in fact, a political tool for further exclusion of others, and the entrenchment of the political and other positions, of the ruling elites in SS, and within the framework of their tribal hegemony. The IC must understand the dynamics of SS political paradigms before it blindly endorses and indulge in praises of a process, saturated in ulterior inward looking motives. The variables of polity, politics, and policies within the remit of current GoSS are not properly conducive to embark upon this NR without proper preparation, including sincere and honest consideration of issues raised above.

There is no way that, the peoples of SS shall in fact beneficently profit from any NR conducted now, if, the GoSS does not also sincerely change its attitude towards those whom, it has singled out as being its enemies. I have written many articles on matters of love, forgiveness, and reconciliation. I have written to the President of SS, I have written to the Vice President of SS and to others in very senior positions in government of SS about these issues. These letters were delivered to them. Some were delivered by SS Ambassadors.

In those letters, I invariably asked them to lead the peoples of SS by example. For example, I asked the President of SS to forgive all those political others, whom he thinks are his political enemies, as long as they have not committed serious crimes like crimes against humanity, and other crimes falling within universal jurisdiction. All these appear to have fallen on deaf ears. I shall not give-up talking on behalf of all peace loving citizens of SS.  

Now, the GoSS is asking the IC to joint it for consultations on issues of NR. Is the GoSS going to reconcile with the IC? If the GoSS is honest about this NR, why is the GoSS not interested in talking to those that it has hitherto identified as being against it? On the other hand, why is the GoSS not willing to respond to demands by those whom the GoSS has singled out as its enemies, but, in fact, those who are willing to sort things out with the GoSS so that, all of us concentrate on positive development, instead of concentration on hating one another? What kind of peoples of SS that the GoSS is interested in?

The GoSS has got a long list of those whom it identifies as being political critics and thus, opponents. Is it not true that such people are dynamos of NR as it were? Will it be logical to exclude these peoples from any NR just because the GoSS has deposited their names with all its security and intelligence agencies either for lynching or imprisonments? The GoSS must come out clean, and liberate itself from political hate. The success of any NR means that, the government of the day must always act honestly.

For example, selective issuance of nationality and passport documents, and outright denial of such documents to other sons and daughters of SS, is contrary to this campaign of NR. If the GoSS wants to convince all of us that it is genuine about this NR process, it must demonstrate that, it does not fear, and it does not unnecessarily suspect various sons and daughters of SS, because, they come from specific tribes, or because, some of the operatives of the GoSS are against such people, or because, such people hold different political opinions, contrary to those held by the ruling political party in Juba.

The GoSS must grow above all these issues. The GoSS is the government, and it ought not to fear individual critics. These are reflective mirrors for the GoSS. If the GoSS keep looking over its shoulders just because an individual South Sudanese is walking behind it, somewhere very far away, minding his/her own business, then, the GoSS can be characterised as lacking confidence in itself. If the GoSS is lacking in governmental confidence, then, it cannot positively look after the gains of any NR.   

In economics, we have a law known as the law of diminishing return. Therefore, within the remit of the GoSS; and in the ruling of the peoples of SS, the more rulers stay on ruling, the more their efficacy and efficiency diminish with time, until they reach a point whereby, they will just be there as redundant bodies, with no further use value for the peoples of SS.

In fact, for every beginning, there is always an end. This can somehow, crudely explain the application of this economic law in governance. This process of NR ought to take this economic law into serious consideration. SS as a State must go on. We as humans shall fall by the roadside. This NR must take this into account. It does not matter how much powerful you think you are now. It does not matter how many bodyguards accompany you. When your time comes, you can roam the globe in search of excellent medical treatment, but, you shall always succumb. It does not matter how many bunkers you have, and how sophisticated your armed car is. If it is ordained that you shall succumb to a bullet, succumb to a bullet you will. This NR ought to take this into consideration. This NR ought to be approached with posterities in mind.

On the other hand, and at common-law, in Trust and Equity to be precise, there is a maxim that, he who comes to equity, must come with clean hands. Therefore, he who comes to this NR must come with clean hands. The GoSS must come with clean hands to this NR. The leaders of the GoSS must come with clean hands to this NR. All of us must come with clean hands to this NR.

President Kiir, come with clean hands to this NR; free all political prisoners in SS. Issue general amnesty to all South Sudanese; whom you think are your political enemies. Issue a new amnesty to cover all current rebel movements in SS. Officially invite all sons and daughters of SS, who cannot come to SS, due to threats of death from your national intelligence agencies, and you guarantee their safety in SS. Instruct all nationality and passport authorities in SS not to discriminate the issuance of documents to all sons and daughters of SS. President Kiir, come to this NR with clean hands. Lead with example.

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