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South Sudan should develop and enact a law first for universities

By: Deng Riek Khoryoam

October 21, 2011 (SSNA) -- For over a week now, my schedule has been so tight up that I couldn’t find some minutes or even an hour to put together my thoughts and present my opinion on the foregoing debate about the closing down of most of the private universities in Juba or South Sudan, for that matter. I’ve chosen the word “most” at ease because they said there are only two or three private universities in Juba or South Sudan who will not be shut down because they meet the standard requirements as supposedly set by the government – the regulating body for any institution of higher learning. And in this particular case; that would be the ministry of higher education, science, research and technology. I hope you don’t mind if I add my view and opinion to those who have already spoken about it!

The debate about whether or not to shut down most of the private universities has been raging for months now soon after the independence of this country 3 months ago. The debate has been relentless and has thus caught some, like the minister of higher education, in an unceasing war of words with the private universities. The reason given for the closing down of these private universities is that they do not meet the standard requirements to become fully-pledged universities offering high quality education to the needy populations of the newly born nation. That could be true to a larger extent, but then something essential needs to be put into consideration before taking such emotional, illegal and or legal action. It’s a known fact that the republic of South Sudan is a nascent state that is just 3 months old now.

I think there is no dispute on the fact that some or most of these private and equally, public institutions of higher learning are operating or have been operating in South Sudan without meeting certain legal requirements or provisos that make them recognizable by law. It’s both the public and the private universities alike, not the later alone. But I think it would be disastrous if we just act in haste, either in an emotional manner or in a way that could be deemed to be ultra-vires, if we just shut them down without the law. No one in his or her right mind would also question the constitutional or legal powers of the ministry concerned- that is the ministry of higher education, science, research and technology as to why it did or does that since it’s its prerogative. I will only concern myself here with the legal aspects of this decision to close down the private universities based on the little knowledge that I have, and without claiming any knowledge of jurisprudence.

The Honourable minister of higher education, scientific research and technology in the republic of South Sudan, Dr. Peter Adwok Nyaba has been issuing stern warnings to the private universities intermittently. The minister charged that these private universities do not meet any legal requirements as supposedly set by the government of the day, and therefore should or must be closed down till they meet these conditions. The minister went on to say that most of these private universities were never given licenses to operate by the then government of Southern Sudan (GOSS) but were just issued with ‘No objection letters’, “so that they could process their establishments by fully complying and implementing the conditions set”, the minister claimed! He also continued to say that these private universities operate from their scattered lecture halls in the capital without licenses, presenting risk of non-recognition of certificates acquired from them”. The real question is why issue a ‘no objection letter’ in the first place and you say later that these were not licenses? It means something must be wrong somewhere in the system.

But the fundamental and rhetorical question that begs an honest answer from the honourable minister or anybody else is: Is there any law which has been passed by parliament that regulates all the universities regardless of whether it’s public or private? The answer is a resounding NO! There is no law or act for universities in the republic of South Sudan. If it has been there, then perhaps it only existed in Khartoum where he was a minister in the same docket that he now assumes in the new republic. How do you know that this or that institution of higher learning has not met the conditions set by the government without the law? It doesn’t make any sense at all. I think there is a need to stick to the rule of law and to develop a strong desire or sense of constitutionalism, if we are to act and do things within the parameters of the constitution and its limits.

The honourable minister should instead develop a law (if not already developed) or what is known everywhere as “universities’ act” and send it to parliament for further deliberation and enactment. It then becomes a law after the president accents to it. He should then lobby and urge the parliament to speed up the process so that it enables him carry out his constitutional duty of delivering services in the ministry of higher education and within the context of the 100 days as announced by H.E. the president of the republic. I bet if there is any law the minister could cite, and which talks about the universities or institutions of higher learning, it’s only the transitional constitution of our beautiful republic, the republic of South Sudan – no nothing else! Khartoum has a universities act but unless the honourable minister wants to import it into South Sudan; which I also think is uncalled for here in South Sudan, given the fact that the education system in Khartoum is more inclined to Islamism or Islamic system of education than a secular system of education.

The point here is that you cannot just wake up from your bed and assert that these universities do not meet the conditions and must be closed down, when there is no law that regulates such institutions of higher learning; it’s illegal, it’s also unprocedurall, to say the least! Notwithstanding the importance of private universities in any nation like ours, hence, this cannot be over-emphasized! The private universities and colleges exist everywhere in any country; so do the public universities, but they are all regulated by law. It’s the prime responsibility of the line ministry to ensure that there is a law that exists and that is a basis for all that concerns the institutions of higher learning. Most of the prestigious institutions of higher learning in the world today are private universities. Harvard University is a private university that is known for producing super leaders, including the tough guy called Barrack Obama, the president of USA.

We can also pick a leaf from our neighbours in Africa as well, if the US is far beyond stretch. Kenya, for instance, has only 7 public universities and multitudes are private universities and colleges. Uganda has 8 public universities and a number of private ones. If you compare what a public university offers with what the private does, there is no difference in terms of quality education they offer. The difference here is that public universities do get the funding and support from the government directly whereas private universities don’t get funding directly from the government but through projects and others! But in terms of quality of teaching, there is no any single difference; in fact some private institutions are working tirelessly in order to out-compete the public institutions of the higher learning. This kind of positive competitiveness is the one and only one that should be encouraged in order to excel in academia as we strive to bridge the huge gap of illiteracy created by years of civil strife.

In South Sudan in particular, we should work hard and harder in order to address the high illiteracy rates by encouraging the existence of private institutions of higher learning instead of shutting them down. If you look at what the private university offers in contrast to what the public university offers, most of these private institutions of higher learning are far better than the so-called ‘public universities’, which are funded for doing nothing except to pocket the public kitty in the name of running these universities. There is no quality teaching at public universities; there is only quantity, and the later is devalued at the stock exchange of the today’s academic world. This is not to suggest that the private universities and other institutions of higher learning should not comply and adhere to the set conditions. Get it right from me; all I am saying is that let the ministry concerned come up with the law first before thinking of shutting them down. This is no longer a jungle state, we are a republic now, remember! Thus, one would expect the highly learned minister of higher education in the republic of South Sudan to understand that there is always a ‘universities’ act’ in any country, just like there is a media act and so forth.

In recap, the minister should needs to first pull up his socks and get to work on the universities’ act before he could talk of closing private universities down. Do you know even some of the so-called ‘public universities’ could be closed down for not meeting some of the requirements as well, if there is fairness. Juba University, for example, could risk being closed down if we were/are not biased, because it does not implement or maintain a clean and safe environment that is enabling and conducive enough for learning. The latrines are a mess and the surrounding environment is awful and undesirable! It’s a health concern for the general public as well as the learning students, whose health is put at risk by this man-made phenomenon or environ. The public health authorities here are not up to their task because they would have declared it as ‘health hazardous’ for students to be in the campus at its current state. I think if the minister is not oblivious of the legality or illegality of his action (closing down of private universities) and the war of words, then, he is up to something else, I guess! I would think of the later for obvious reasons.

I am not a student of any private university here in South Sudan. Make no mistake about concluding that way! This is just my plight for these private universities and the little understanding of the legal aspects of this debate. I think there is no dispute on the fact that South Sudan is in dire need of quality education now than ever before in order to address this high illiteracy challenge, regardless of whether it’s offered by private or public university. We need enlightened citizens who know their rights and responsibilities as clearly stipulated in our constitution. We cannot do that unless we have universities whose first, second and third objectives is to serve the nation by producing good leaders of today and tomorrow. I appeal to the honourable minister to consider this other side of the coin and to act within the law.

The author lives in South Sudan, he can be reached for comments at This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

SPLM’s demise or revival

By J. Nguen

May 27, 2013 (SSNA) -- In South Sudan, stakes driven highly by tribalized political ills are high. As such, the morale of good conscientious beings in my own country is severely challenged, tested and suppressed to its honest defeat. While the weak minded, the heartless opportunists, particularly some tribalized old guards of the SPLA/M, who accidentally found themselves in position power through the virtue of their commanderships in the bush but far from merits and qualifications and are now in desperate soul searching for means to degenerate Republic of South Sudan into tribal lines and total disappointing collapse.  

Above all else, this is a senseless voyage and unacceptable intellectual insult to late Dr. John Garang’s sacred soul and his unquestioned sacrifices.  It is a hopeless insult to countless martyrs who died in the course of our struggle for us (South Sudanese) and our next generations to be totally independent and free at last. It is a regrettable betrayal and deplorable trend to unselfish scarifies of the “Red Army” or the Jesh el Amer or the “Lost Boys and Girls of Sudan,” whichever one called them, these little heroes who joined the movement (SPLA/M) at young age and who can’t afford to see South Sudan disintegrated into pieces. It is an insult to the same poor young souls, men and women, who fought and died in the most difficult terrains in Sudan to offset marginalization, enslavement and injustices. Lastly, it is a heartbreaking adventure for Jesh el Amer & all South Sudan youth who have been promised time and time again, and then believed wholeheartedly that the future of free South Sudan belongs to them.  

Truth hurts, but it is unfortunately true that the disintegration of the SPLM is very much so in our door steps. It is true that all the departed souls in the bush, widows and orphanages have grossly been forgotten, given what happened and where the nation is heading. It hurts to see a once revered zonal commander in personality of Paul Malong Awan is mindlessly in a gruesome leg of tribal groupings pursuit. A pursuit perfected and aimed to sink South Sudan into deep tribal feuds.

Not for any good sincere reason but simply to keeps South Sudan backward at its current primitive state, where merits and qualifications doesn’t matters but lineage and kinship with or without any kind of qualifications matters. Not for any good reason but to encourage abject coercion and intimidation. Not for any good reason but to give free leeway to crooks and useless personalities to dictates good citizens against their wills. Not for any good reason but to maintains unjustified Dinka Hegemony of RSS sensitive government organs. These are example of horrific consequential of unlearned war veteran acts. A fellow who never traveled in the globe to get a sense of how the world works and why other nations prospers while others are locked up into nonsensical unwinnable battles.

In so far, it appeared anyone who intended to speak the truth, moral codes and ethical principles in order to help weed out corrupted cronies and Dinka hegemony in the RSS to further enhance uncorrupted collective people progress and good governance beyond tribal lines is considered disloyal and perfidy of high degree in South Sudan.

In the past four months for example, effort to establish unbiased rules of law within the SPLM party has prompted unwarranted and mindless political bickering. And such continued to wobbles the foundation of the SPLM as a party. As a result, SPLM is currently on a shamble and high road of anarchy. It is in a survival mood and desperate verge of collapse to say the least.

This brings me to the question why I am writing this article. The uncertainty which showcased that 2013 -2014 will either confirm the unwelcome demise or revival of the SPLM. At the core of my own party, uncertainty is high and no one knows what the future holds for this great party. At the centre of it all is of course Governor Malong’s recent statement, the lashed out of Governor Nyadeng Malek for abandoning her tribe man high and dry. Governor Paul Malong against all abject odds and watchful eyes of President Kiir or blessing, Malong has chosen tribal alliances over nationhood and idealism.

Based on this disappointing fact, as a party aspirant, I am disturbed but not defeated. I however resorted to the most effective mean to provoke public awakening. I write to enlighten my readers, my fellow countrymen and women, in order to help them clearly understand what a blinded statement ought to engender. Thus, I am of course referring to the Governor of Northern Bahr el Ghazal State, Paul Malong Awan’s infamous tribalized statement toward Nyadeng Malek, the Governor of Warrap state. On May 15, 2013, Sudan Tribune reported that Governor Paul Malong made this divisive statement,

I am disappointed that I am being left to move around when actually Nyandeng should have been the one doing all these activities and then we come in with the support she need. Instead of doing that, she is supporting other candidates. This is unacceptable. She should not try to stand in these coming elections. She should leave the young ones like Achol Achier to takeover if she is not willing to support the president.”

What a man! What a poorly crafted statement! I wondered. Considering Mr. Malong’s stance and uncivilized lash out of Governor Nyadeng’s nationalistic position (if alleged is true), I have the following points to make:

First, Governor Malong’s position is not only tribally motivated but coercive and dangerously unfit in a sense that it preaches and encourages tribal groupings. It clearly gives no slightest room to other tribes’ men and women who pledged supports to President Kiir’s bid for presidency comes 2015 elections. On the slip side, Malong’s statement has consolidated tribal candidates regardless of their visions and mission for the nation. Above all else, Mr. Malong’s statement has indirectly called for the somalization of South Sudan on tribal based politicking.

Second, Governor Malong Awan’s statement justified tribal governance in the Republic of South Sudan (RSS). More so, the statement has indicated a serious political immaturity and pure sheer ignorance on his part as a governor and once revered war veteran. Irresponsibility and poor judgment in this juncture is one thing. While thinking that Governor Nyadeng Malek would blindly support President Salva Kiir Mayardit’s presidency ethnically is another serious political error.

Third, Mr. Malong’s statement placed pockets of South Sudanese who might be supporting the president at a disappointing position, especially the none Dinka, and the marginalized Dinka who might not be from Warrap state. For instant, the statement squarely placed these individuals or groups as puppets or heartless betrayers of their own tribal men and women even though they might be supporting the president profoundly on the national grounds. In closing this point, Governor Malong’s statement clearly indicated that RSS’s governance is based on tribal lines, which in my view is an intellectual insult to us the living and those who died for this country in course of our struggle.

Fourth, if Governor Nyadeng Malek’s alleged position of supporting other South Sudanese candidates from other tribes is “unacceptable” according to Governor Malong, why should any other tribe men or women including the systematically marginalized and targeted Dinka continue to supports Kiir’s bid for Presidency? If what it takes for anyone ascend to presidency is to mobilize his own tribes’ men and women according Governorn Malong Awan. For my readers and fellow citizens, this is how dangerous and unhealthy Governor Malong’s statement is for the interest of our nation. 

Finally, Governor Malong’s statement also revealed a bigger problem and more so to the Dinka’s politicians and intellectuals. For example, the statement clearly revealed that the Dinka’s politicians and intellectuals nationwide are constantly being spies on and intimidated at will. This is indeed a new disturbing trend to none Dinka and even to some Dinka who might not be aware of this primitive expedition. An evident to prove this hopeless voyage was Governor Nyadeng Malek’s recent visited to Juba where she was accused of holding “series of meetings with allies of Pagan Amum."

To say the least, this is a serious character assassination of the Dinka people. It surely undermined their long stand sensible logic of nationhood and idealism. Hence, it is unacceptable undertaking however, the sole responsibility to submit to this newly founded political intimidation and trickery rest solemnly on the Dinka’s shoulders.

Beside Governor Malong’s statement is, the just concluded Bahr el Ghazal regional’s conference and its adopted position to supports President Kiir’s bid for presidency comes 2015 elections and beyond. Though such regionalized conference is not first of its kind in South Sudan, it is however the only first regional conference that categorically adopted its position as a bloc.

As a result, the question is whether such position is good for nation building or it is a “new beginning” to divides South Sudan into regionalism or tribes for that matter? The latest is true. It is the new beginning of regional grouping that reckons and encourages tribal politics with flying colors. In my honest opinion, the Bahr el Ghazal as a region has unconsciously committed an irreversible political blunder out of emotions. Surprisingly, it is a gaffe copycat of 1970s when South Sudan was erroneously divided into three regions by Arabs to further weaken our political stance.

Without any doubt, such stand will haunt South Sudan for many years to come and it will encourage broader political misunderstandings based on region, tribe and even clanism. To say the least, both Governor Malong’s tribalized statement and the Bahr el Ghazal region’s newly founded regional alliance surely prepared a disappointing harmonious ground for total collapse of the SPLM party and rocky roads for President Kiir’s government.

In this fashion, the Bahr el Ghazalans and the Equatorians have conducted their regional conferences though the Equatorians’ position was well centered and more nationalistic than that of Bahr el Ghazal region. Therefore, the region that has not conducted any conference in South Sudan at this stage is the Upper Nile. This far, the Upper Nile has never and is not preparing for any regional conference for the sake of national unity. The argument in this regard is South Sudanese did not take arms against Khartoum’s rogue regiments in order to scramble South Sudan into regional blocs after independence. In my view the region has taken a nationalistic position and must continue to refrain from madness and premature acts meant to further divides South Sudan into tribal lines and regional groupings.

In conclusion, I must stress that Governor Malong Awan’s statement and the Bahr el Ghazal regional conference’s position were misplaced and deplorable to say the least. Such positions are tribally oriented, unjust, divisive and more importantly, meant to destabilizes SPLM party and South Sudanese’s unity. It also meant to erode and chisels out our youth’s instilled hope for better tomorrow. These positions must not go unchallenged or deplored. If such occurred, the doers might wrongly think they are indeed doing the right thing when clearly they are not.

J. Nguen is a concerned South Sudanese citizen living in Canada. He can be reached at This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Response to South Sudan Law Students’ Press Release Request for a Bar Course Institute in South Sudan

Access to Justice for All
P.O. Box Private Bag Juba Southern Sudan
Tel. +211 (0) 955073591or + 211 (0) 955148989 or Sate Phone: +8821644446320.
Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
Press Statement
1st -08-2013



Juba, August 1, 2013 (SSNA) -- Our Law students studying in Uganda issued a press release seeking government and South Sudan Law Society to intervene and provide them an alternative for the mandatory Bar Course provided at the Law Development Centre in Uganda. According to the press release, the basis for the students’ concerns is embedded in the legal system being Ugandan and secondly, that there are 19 books expensive to be bought by every student.

South Sudan Law Society is a Civil Society that stands for the promotion of human rights and government through Rule of Law. The society does not have the primary mandate of setting up government institutions such as the Law Development Centre in Uganda for South Sudan. We partner with the government of South Sudan by complementing and bridging the gaps where resources allow in the area of human rights, constitutionalism, rule of law and training.

It is in public domain that the South Sudan Legislative Assembly has enacted the Legal Training Institute Act which law puts the institution under the Ministry of Justice. South Sudan Law Society is also aware that the Ministry of Justice has secured land from the people of Kolye East through Chief Philip Jada Paul in Rajaf Payam on the Juba Nimule road where the institute will be located. International Development Law Organization and other donors are working together with the Directorate of Training and Research Ministry of Justice to put the institute into physical existence. More information can be obtained from the Ministry of Justice.

Uganda is a common Wealth country that has adopted the common law system. South Sudan has also adopted the common law system. Common law is common law irrespective of where you studied from. I don’t agree with the students that the legal system in Uganda is any much different with the one in South Sudan and not helpful if one studied there. The Law Development Centre has trained many of our judicial officers, prosecution attorney and advocates in practice and this has helped shape our legal system. While the government is working hard to establish institutions of higher learning, it has priorities depending on the political and economic situations prevailing in the country.

The South Sudan Law Society is also informed of the stringent regulations such as pre-LDC entry exams introduced by the Uganda Law Council in 2009 to weed out unserious students who graduated from the University through cheating and exam malpractices. The Centre also dismisses those who do not perform during the one year course period and we acknowledge that the chances are narrowing for many lawyers who might not make it to practice. It will not be different in South Sudan either once the Institute is established because we must set standards in our education system so that any qualification we obtain in the country is internationally recognised so as to further education in other jurisdictions without suspicion.

Studying at the Law Development Centre contrary to the students’ perspective comes with a lot of advantages. Firstly, the Centre is the only institution since 1968 passing out lawyers intending to join the bench, the bar and also those who want to be administrative officers, court clerks and bailiffs. The Law Development Centre has experienced trainers who are exposed to handling cases in the International Courts and Tribunals and this makes students understand the working of the International Court of Justice, International Criminal Court, International Tribunals and International Arbitration.

Secondly, it is the only institution where the real practice of law is practically demonstrated through the moot courts and experience through the clerkship term depending on where a student is placed.

South Sudan has applied to join the East African Community and the process is on-going. This means that once its membership is accepted there will be much to be shared with the East Africa even in the area of education and this makes it even more important. Obtaining a Post graduate Diploma in Legal Practice from LDC entitles you to enroll as an advocate of the High court of Uganda and also allow you to enroll in South Sudan to practice and it gives you dual practice. It allows you to join professional bodies such as the East Africa Law Society, Uganda Law Society and the South Sudan Law Society which expose you to more opportunities and experience.

It will take time to have a fully functional South Sudan Legal Training Institute because of the challenges related to human resources especially lecturers who in most cases must be practising advocates and judicial officers who preside over the moot courts especially when it comes to proceedings in the High Court and in the appellate courts. The curriculum development, mode of delivery, library facilities and finances are some of the bottlenecks.

I agree with the students on the issue of the books being expensive but this is the price we pay for better education. For those who can afford, let them finish the bar course from there as it gives them a competitive advantage nationally and regionally. I recalled in 2006/2007 as a Bar Course Student at the Centre sitting in my classroom with a seven member Tanzanian Delegation headed by the Deputy Minister of Justice to study the LDC system of training to help set up their Institute in Tanzania. I advise the Law Students to organise themselves and urge the government of South Sudan to continue supporting them pay fees at the Law Development Centre so that they come as a complete whole and seize the benefits mentioned above.

For more Information regarding this, you can contact the following people for details.


Wani Mathias Jumi
Secretary General
South Sudan Law Society
Peter Gai Manyuon
Senior Communications Specialist
South Sudan Law Society

President kiir has new titles

By Justin Kwaje

January 8, 2014 (SSNA) -- What is happening in the newest nation, the Republic of South Sudan must be traced back on the focal singular holder of all and absolute powers in this new country, which is now in a state of utter confusions. The volcanic eruption, which started on 15th December 2013, can be trace back in the early days of the liberation movement in 1991 and the reconciliation, which followed, between Dr John Garang and Dr Riek Machar.

The president of the Republic and Current chair of the SPLM, by invoking the event of 1991 and Labeling Machar as power hungry and worst, the prophet of doom have insulted that reconciliation. It was opening up an old and healed wound. In our African cultures once the elders of the community settles grievances, it is a taboo to go back to it and revisiting such brings bad omen and a cursed in the family.

Kiir’s opportunistic and divisive reference to 1991 was diversionary after he failed to solve political differences within his ruling party, just as he was not able to rule this country without decrees; he was not able to chair his own party peacefully and resolved to the use of force! Kiir therefore is a total failure in regards to the country, his party as well as commanding his military and tribal militia.

All south Sudanese of good will must condemn Kiir and he must take full responsibility for undermining that crucial reconciliation in our nation’s history that brought John Garang and Riek Machar together which paved the way for our independence without which we could have not achieved a country of our own. It was Kirr who undid what was achieved by opening the Pandora’s box and brought the curse that comes with revisiting the forbidden, which now is destroying and consuming up our nation.

The question all need to ask is, was Kiir not in favor of that reconciliation for him to open up that which was buried? Was he not the one who selected Riek as his deputy? Or was it purely power hunger and ambitions rather than efforts for brotherhood?  It is now clear that it was purely a calculated bid to power with a hidden agenda right from day one when he assumed the position of late Dr John Garang after the tragic helicopter crash in 2005. So Kiir faked brotherhood and fooled the nation with this, we can rightly conclude, Kiir has integrity issues!

To the millions of South Sudanese, Garang’s death was seen as devastation, great lost for the liberation movement, but now retrospectively, to Kiir, this was the beginning to build his dynasty, Today as Kiir labels Dr Machar’s group as power hungry, this very description instead suits best Kiir’s very own ascend to power, As we all recall, Kiir himself tried with his Gogrial boys to assassinate late Dr John Garang in Rumbek. Those who doubt this, Has he not now sideline the so-called Garang’s boys even humiliate Dr Garang’s own Widow? Could it be because Garang’s legacy eclipsed Kirr’s own and does not allow Kiir to shine through? So who is power hungry here? Having asked such, it must be said that craving power in itself must not be made to look, evil, it is how one seeks it, as long as one seeks it democratically as those opposed to Kiir were doing until, he lied on them and threw them in Jail and into rebellion, there is nothing wrong to desire power. What is wrong is, what one does with power, In Kiir’s case although we the people have given it to him, he has totally abused it.

Who are the victim of this recent Kiir’s abuse of power as seen in this violence instigated by him? The main victims are Nuer in Juba, but who were main victim of the retaliation revenge attacked launched by Nuer?

Majority of the people who died in Jonglei state are Dinka Bor, whom Kirr wants to annihilate due to his hatred towards Garang. The result of this killing and instigations has been felt as far away from Bor as in Nimule hundred km away. 

Nimule which has already reached a boiling point due to insecurity cause by illegal Dinka Bor IDP, and new influx are pouring in Nimule, this will soon open up another ethnic issue as the Dinka are coming along with their cows and are armed to teeth with AK 47s and heavy Machine guns.

Why do they come for safety all the way to Nimule? Are these not the same brave Dinka who have been piling insult on the Ma’di people as cowards, and they the brave are now fleeing to safety to the land of the cowards? Why not stay in Bor and defend you lands? Is it not evident that the peaceful ways of the Ma’di people and Equatoria in general, makes our country safe and is the best way for South Sudan? Or we should all deal with each other through insults and guns?

The successive fall of, Jonglei, Unity State and Upper Nile indicates that Mr. Kiir tribal gangs have lost allies with immediate neighboring fellow countrymen, and now public trust in Kiir’s leadership has sunken. Any president who is afraid of his people’s democratic rights and exercises is not a leader of the people, since Mr. Kiir is afraid of the people who called for democratic reforms within SPLM, he has lost public trust.

History will remember him as a president who lies and who practice divisive policies by opening old wounds to pit one sections of his nation against another. Mr. Kiir, that is and that will be your legacy.

Many Children are and will be fatherless because of your lie and because of what you are doing!

The glorious praise the people of South Sudan have given you for leading us through independence will now not be inscribe on your grave stone. What I would like to see is, you Kiir, go to The Hague to be tried for committing genocide against your own people.

The president and his vice president James Wani Igga and their cronies went into a campaign of disinformation and lie instead of accepting democratic reforms opted for a war on his political opponents. This act of Mr. Kiir and the old school generals clearly shows that they knew they had no chance against Dr Machar in an organized free and fair elections, therefore the only workable tools left at their disposal was to accuse Dr Machar and his colleagues who are champion of our independence as “coup plotters” in order to rid himself of them and assassinate them.

Kiir has no honesty to give the people of South Sudan an accurate account about what triggered the violence on the streets of Juba on December 15th 2013. Kiir should give the precise number of the civilian massacred in Juba by his militias who are not part of any armed group or of our national army.

Kiir should give an account as to why such private militias are created and exclusively from his own ethnic tribe the Dinka, more especially Dinka Bahr el Gazel and warrap states?

The recent violence in our country without doubt has divides our national army along their ethnicity, not surprising as he started this by the exclusive tribal militia he recruited along tribal lines, thus it is Kirr the very person who divided us along tribal lines not the oppositions who are from many tribes to include his tribe the Dinka. So who stands for Unity? Is it Kirr or the opposition?

The distrust among our national army will only deepened, and we can only conclude at this particular time Kiir has a handful true friends left, and the majority of those who are still standing with Kiir are simply either fearful for their lives or protecting livelihood, as Kiir is known by his decrees to kick out anyone who is opposed to him.

Notice for more 20 times in 2013, Kiir has issued decrees, thus almost twice a month, the by chance President, has added other tittles, the president of decrees, the distinguished liar and divider in chief.

Instead of Surrounding Himself with intellectuals who can help him ruled democratically, Kirr surrounded himself with People like the VP, Wani Igga who has no clue of what he is doing and is simply a puppet/comedian. The president uses this, good for nothing, non-Dinka to fool the country. He is using the non Dinka as decoy but all the consequential powers are given to the Dinka, clear example can be seen when Kiir recruited his militias called Presidential guards, they were recruited without consent of Gen. Chief of staff Mr Jame Hoth Mai who is non Dinka, and another example was during the recent violence in Juba again Mr Kiir deployed the militias to actions without any approval from Gen. Chief of staff James Hoth Mai, which also showed criminal intents.

Yet in a modern state military undertakings passes through the chief of staff, but Kiir has been seen bypassing the chains of commands, by authorizing Dinka junior officers over non Dinka senior officers.  Kiir is, therefore the divider rather than one who unite our many tribes,making him a good Dinka Chief for a cattle camp in Warrap State, but not for South Sudan.

This must not be tolerated for a father who favors one child over the rest is risking that child’s life; in Bible we read the consequence of Jacob favoring Joseph. This current tactic employed by Kiir will further isolate the Dinka and will create unbalanced powers and yield oppressions.

Kiir tribalism even extends to how he handles, corruption scandals; in 2010 Josephine Lagu was accused of stealing sum of 200.000 U$, though there was no evidence provided, her name was defamed publicly, She was tarnished and lost her job.

While the 75 Ministers mainly from Dinka, accused of embezzling billions of U$ are still walking free and their names never publicly revealed. That is the degree of how a Dinka Cattles chief Kiir has always been.

This is clear evidence that Kiir only takes hard lines towards None Dinka while none towards his tribal gangs. Unless this issue of favoring Dinkas by the President is halted, it will be impossible and we shall never achieve viable democratic South Sudan where all 64 ethnic s can coexistence without violence given the predatory behaviors of the Dinka towards other tribes and their lands.

In conclusions, the so-called failed coup attempt was a malicious plan, by Kiir to silence his opponents from standing against him in the coming election. Now that he pushed Dr Machar in the bush, Kiir is using what he called “failed coup attempt” to discredit Dr Machar so that the people of South Sudan will see Riek as someone who is striving for power.  But Kiir underestimates the intelligence of the South Sudanese people who have seen through his gimmicks.

Mr. president, in democratic world when you have lose popularity, the only thing for you to do to preserve your legacy is hand over the power to someone within your party or called for fresh elections to see whether people still have trust in you. If you say the so-called Coup plotters are in the wrong, why not call for an early fair elections and see it for yourself?

Unfortunately you chose to resolve small issue by using our national army, Sir this is not what we aspired for, the dream of the people of south Sudan is to live in democracy. When late John Garang said he has brought us peace in a golden plate, he meant he brought us freedom of expression, equality, justice, and liberty, not repression, torture, the killings of opinion writers like Isaiah Abraham, unjust imprisonment of your comrades and now the deaths of our valiant SPLA soldiers left and right in the hands of their very own brothers!


Therefore since you cannot wear the shoes of our late leader, you must step down and go AWAY.

Within this dark plans you have Mr. President, the nomination of James Wani  to the position of vice president was meant to appease and to win the trust of Equatoria to support you to fight against Nuer , Sir, you miscalculated this, we the eqautorian have been excluded from your government, how can we be siding with you and fight against Nuer who have never done any evil to us as you and your Dinkas have done?

Nuer people did not committed any crimes in Equatoria like your people did and are still doing under your very watchful eyes. I would like to take this opportunity to congratulate Dr Riek Machar for showing us the way that all of us, including Equatoria, won't like someone to bully and dictate on us, oppressed us. Riek taught us how to decide for our future, Riek is truly the son of the soil whose vision is to build upon viable democratic south Sudan where we can all coexist without any single tribe exercising superiority complex over the other.

Now if there is anyone who knows how to divide and rule, this is non-than you. You pardoned Dr Lam Akol to win the trust of his shiluk tribe, how can shiluk people trust you when you falsely alleged two of their sons who are prominent politicians who fought alongside with you to achieved peace and CPA? You envied the good work of Mr Pagam Amum and Oyai Deng for the history book, no matter what you do to them now, you cannot change the tireless work they did for us to achieved our independence.

Mr. President, be informed that your close friends are supposed to be your brothers/sisters, fellow countrymen/women, from north to South and from East to west of this our great nation, but now you defiled our land by bringing in an ugly and bald-headed Ankole from nowhere who is also known to his victims as an international criminal, to bombard our people and oil fields.

Please tell us do the Dinka have border with Ankole tribe of Museveni of Uganda? Mr. President our people are tired of war and specially with this meaningless and senseless war, results of your envy and lies which drove you to start assassination attempts against Dr Riek and now your tribal militias are massacring innocent Nuer in the name of hunting down Dr Riek.


I am profoundly sick with your behavior, Do you have any idea how many of your very own countrymen have died and will continued to die until you alone do the right thing and call it quit?  Why because you who did not dream to be a president but a follower, thus THE PRESIDENT BY CHANCE is also now THE DISTINGUISHED LIER AND DIVIDER IN CHIEF OF THE, 1/64th of THE REPUBLIC, CATTLE CAMP OF SOUTH SUDAN, where justice, liberty and prosperity applies only to the 1/64th of the tribes of our nation.  AS A NONE DINKA, THEREFOR YOU ARE NOT MY PRESIDENT.

Profoundly sick and tired of kiir running down my country

Justin Kwaje lives in Juba, South Sudan

“The 13 Top Corrupt South Sudanese”. Who’re they?!

By: Justin Ambago Ramba

September 18, 2011 (SSNA) -- It is no secret that one of the outstanding political changes in Africa which more than not is attributable to the post 9/11 US foreign policy shift is the coming of South Sudan into the central stage of the world politics. Nobody knew that the fate of this people who led one of Africa’s longest liberation struggles in the modern history would change so dramatically  as it did  soon as the US changed its' polices and alliances in the Arab and Islamic region.

As a fact of history, the way to South Sudan’s independence wasn’t any easy. To put it mildly, it was in defiance of many old regional political traditions and negatively held views about secessionism in the African continent that the new Republic of South Sudan (RSS) deservedly made it to become the world’s newest state. But as we follow some of the stories as they unfold, one is left with the impression that there is more to this new nation’s politics than that meets the eye.

South Sudan ceases to appear young when it comes to how it creates multi-millionaires overnights. Still classified as one of the world’s poorest state though oil producing, the country surprising against all odds has the highest rate of freedom fighters turn public fund looters. One may ask how come that such things be allowed to go unabated in an age where good governance and accountability are not only the dominant slogans of the new world order, but are in fact being taught on regular basis by the countless Western NGOs and their local counterparts to all management levels in the developing countries who heavily depend on USAID and EU development funds and partnership.

Today as I write politics is about to take a different turn in South Sudan, and even the SPM party which by design prides itself for commanding an unquestionable majority in running the state machinery is realising that, in the absence of the traditional scapegoat, it will only have itself to blame for its long accumulating dirty records on delivery of services and the rampant mismanagement of resources.

It is true that South Sudan by necessity is a nation whose people’s expectations see no limit; however it is the lack of the limit to greed for power and public money that has taken the lead under President Salva Kiir’s leadership. The new republic has much to leave every one’s mouth gapping in surprise.

The Radio Miraya (South Sudan) a news portal of high integrity, published in its local news column that came out on the 7th of September 2011 some of the most fascinating deliberations by the RSS National Legislative Assembly on the performance of the South Sudan Anti-Corruption Commission as it presented its claims of investigations into some 60 cases of corruption and the recovery of more than SSP 120 million (approx. $20 million) that was swindled through corruption in  a report read out  by Dr. Pauline Riak, the Commission’s Chairperson.

Despite Dr. Pauline Riak’s assertion that many other cases had been referred to other investigations agencies, she seemed to have failed to impress her audience; for it was apparent that the shift in regional power balance as influenced by the new political landscape is beginning to bite. And no wonder when Paul Akol MP demanded an answer to why the Commissioner’s report made no any reference to the mushrooming South Sudanese millionaires who have accumulated wealth under very suspicious circumstances, it left the impression that whatever Dr. Pauline Riak and her Commission was engaged in over the years since they became operational is way behind what the common South Sudanese citizen already knows.

It is the story of the so-called “13 top corrupt South Sudanese” whose list is believed to be out there that continues to dominate the discussion in the elite circles, since it was first made public by the word of mouth a few days following the independence celebrations on 9th July 2011.  Again it was the Radio Miraya in its coverage of the National Legislative Assembly’s deliberations on corruption that confirmed the high level of anxiousness which surrounds this “political abscess”, when it wrote and I quote:

“Legislators however wondered why “the 13 people” cited on the American list of alleged top corrupt South Sudanese officials were not mentioned in the report.” Radio Miraya wrote on 7th September 2011.

However, this is not the first time that legislators and the members of the press have tried to bring to light this story of “ the 13 top corrupt”, as similar attempts can be traced back to the day the names of the new government cabinet were taken to the Parliament for approval. According to the renowned Sudan Tribune 31.August 2011, an MP was quoted as saying:

“The MPs of the SPLM caucus also criticised the lack of consultations within the party in the process of nominations. They said the President instead informally consulted with unimportant individuals and not the SPLM as an institution.”

“They also initially demanded that the President should first show them the list 13 ministers believed to be involved in corruption so that the parliament could make sure that their appointment are not endorsed. However, the ruling party’s caucus finally compromised their position; he added and decided to approve all the appointed ministers and their deputies during the parliamentary sitting on Wednesday despite the concerns about their involvement in corruption.” He added.

As can be seen, the public and some of the lawmakers are trying to fight this  battle with the government, but specifically so with President Kiir directly for there is a strong believe that a credible international body, probably a development partner of South Sudan  has raised up the issues of the “the 13 top corrupted politicians” with the President. And the SPLM leadership’s choice of silence on the issues assuming that it will eventually die away is a miscalculation, because the continuous rise in the cost of living is likely to bring the topic to the front.

Again, it won’t go well for President Kiir should at all he chose to side with what is widely perceived as internationally identified bunch of thieves and greedy politicians,  while the helpless returnees and immensely compromised children die of hunger and malnutrition. It will no longer be business as usual when diabolical politicians out of sheer greed and wickedness make it away with what is clearly stolen wealth while poverty associated diseases unabatedly take precious lives even within what technical are the President’s kinsmen’s backyards.

Any moment as it passes one cannot tell for certain what the other would bring, nonetheless the average citizen will have to re-evaluate his/her position over the massive disillusionment with the economic stagnation, rapidly growing unemployment rate amongst the youth, the rocketing prices of essential commodities, and worse still is the desperation of waking up to face yet the same fate another day.

President Salva Kiir and his deputy forever Dr. Riek Machar both continue in their silence as the debate on ‘the 13 top corrupt South Sudanese’ boils. Sadly though, this worrisome silence comes against a background of a series of inter-communal killings dubbed as cattle rustling. Whatever the real nature of the killings where the President’s home state of  Warrap is depicted against its neighbours in the Unity state, vice President Dr. Riek Machar’s stronghold, one thing is for certain that the two leaders are for tactical reasons choosing to be complacent in what looks like, ‘the magic turn against the magician’.

This case at hand has more to it than  the SPLM leadership would want it to appear, for how can our universities which represent our true sovereign dignity, national pride, and state symbols and our hopes for a better future stand helpless with no clues of how they can function without accommodation for students, no libraries, no laboratories, no transportation budgets etc etc, etc …….when all these could have been possible under responsible government with the political will to reclaim back to the people what has been stolen from them.

The new Republic of South Sudan and its people for a very good reason see in the US government an indispensable friend in spite of the fact that most of the stolen money is likely to end up in the US banks while not excluding Europe and Australia. Nonetheless, it will be to the interest of the two allies for President Obama administration to offer the lead in helping the nascent state fight corruption by exposing corrupted South Sudanese officials and deny them any safe havens on the American soil.

South Sudanese people are keenly following the development that the US President Barack Obama will sooner than later be meeting, hopefully next week (last week of September 2011)  in the margins of the UN General Assembly with the President of the Republic of South Sudan, Salva Kiir Mayardit with the intention to mark his support to the world’s newest state. He too is aware of the many political and economic challenges that continue to face the newly independent state. And according to the Sudan Tribune 16.09.2011, Ben Rhodes, the US deputy national security advisor did express optimisms on the meeting between the two men, when he was quoted as saying:

“We [US government] welcome, of course, South Sudan as the newest member state of the United Nation. The United States has played a long role in supporting a resolution to the conflict in the Sudan and self-determination for the south Sudanese,” said the advisor.

As good as it is for our friends to identify with us in public gatherings, they must remember that they have moral obligation not only to pumper us with sweet words, or well wrapped Aid packages that we can carry away, but they are also expected as friends help us put our house in order.

International pressure on President Kiir may be all that is needed to make him break his silence on “the 13 most corrupt South Sudanese” bring them immediately to justice and recover the public funds that are illegally in the wrong possession. However, should his silence be driven by the worst case scenario suggesting implicitness, and then it becomes either him or South Sudan. For it doesn’t really matter when people will finally be forced to conclude that the President himself is one of  “those top  13”, because for the many lives lost, the much blood spilled, the huge sacrifices done and the sufferings of the masses that continue to date, the whole system will just have to go one way or the other.  But as for the discontent and the dissent, they are surely brewing, and fast.

The author: Dr.  Justin Ambago Ramba. Secretary General – United South Sudan Party (USSP). He can be reached at  This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it or This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

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