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Twic East Community-USA demands Justice for the Family of Isaiah Diing Abraham Chan Awuol and South Sudan Nation

From: Twic East Community-USA, Open Letter to the President of South Sudan

To: His Excellency, President of the Republic of South Sudan, Salvar Kiir Mayardit,
Cc: his Excellency, Vice President of the Republic of South Sudan, Dr. Riek Machar Teny
Cc: Honorable Speaker, James Wani Igga

Subject: Twic East Community-USA demands Justice for the Family of Isaiah Diing Abraham Chan Awuol and South Sudan Nation.

December 16, 2012 (SSNA) -- As we remain unwavering in our quest for Peace, Equality and Justice in South Sudan, we hope for a better and brighter future. This renewed hope, is clearly manifested by the level of interest and commitment displayed by the South Sudanese communities around the world. They have been supportive as well as sharing sorrow with the family of deceased, Isaiah Diing Abraham Chan Awuol. Although, we acknowledge the significance of ongoing investigations conducted by the United States Federal Bureau o into the mysterious death of Isaiah Diing Abraham Chan Awuol, we still stress fully compliance in part of government. The government of South Sudan must assist in offering computer data, cell phones, and communication systems and other necessary materials that would help in the process of investigations. The Twic East Community in the United States demands justice for the family of Isaiah Diing Abraham Chan Awuol. As you are aware, Isaiah Diing Abraham Chan Awuol was mercilessly and brutally assassinated in Juba by unknown gunmen. We believe, he was killed because he had written controversial articles that are critical about the functions and performance of South Sudan government, and even with that kind of writing, we also believe that there is no justifiable reason whatsoever  that could be use to take his life. We believe his killing was deliberately a violation of human rights, freedom of expression and freedom of press. We urge the government to protect all the citizens.

The cruelty perpetrated by the government’s security, police or unknown gunmen against Isaiah Diing Abraham Chan Awuol is unacceptable. The government has a constitutional responsibility to provide equal protection for all her citizens. All we are asking for is justice to prevail for Isaiah Diing Abraham Chan Awuol as a fundamental right under the South Sudan constitution.

We constitute to share our deepest sorrow and sadness that we extend sympathy on behalf of Twic East Community in United States of America to the family and friends of the late Isaiah Diing Abraham Chan Awuol. As we ponder this terrible tragedy, we extend our support and solidarity to them in this time of trial and heartbreaking. No words or condolences can adequately compensate his family and friends for the deepest loss they have suffered, but nevertheless we extend our support and solidarity to them in this time of trial and tragedy.

Diing and his family have significantly contributed to the liberation struggles for our country from 1983 when he first joined SPLA/SPLM until he was brutally murdered 5th December 2012. His tragic death in the prime of his productive life is undeserved, unwarranted and certainly should not go freely unpunished. We are confident that no effort will be spared in swiftly bringing to justice the perpetrators of this hateful, hurtful, and heinous crime to one of our courageous sons. In his own way, even in his death, Diing made a bold statement against evil and injustice act in our beloved country. Diing’s brutal and barbaric murder was certainly not a befitting end to the life of such a patriotic person. His three brothers died in frontline during the liberation for the country. It would be deserved to course of freedom of expression and press, and to freedom, justice and equality they fought for, for 21years.

We pray that Isaiah Diing Abraham Chan Awuol’s soul and the sanity of his family and friends as we struggle to deal with this sorrowful lost. May God bless his eternity and rest him in peace and may his light of love and devotion to freedom of expression and press continue to shine in our country. We are looking forward for justice to be served.

Prepared by Twic East Community-USA leadership

Twic East Community-USA

David Kuol Anyieth –President: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
Gabriel Mabeny Kuot- Vice President
Gabrial Pager Ajang- Secretary General: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
David Mayen Majok-Chairperson of board of Director
Deng Chol Yuang-Chairperson of Council

Signatories and witnessed by Payams leadership

Lual Bul- Chairperson Ayual Community (Nyuak Payam)
Abuoi Manychol Deng- Chairperson of Kongor Payam
Apai Mabior Apai-Chairperson of Lith Payam
Alier Reng-Chairperson of Pakeer Payam
Garang Mapior Agany-Chairperson Awulian Community (Nyuak Payam)
Ahou Yuot, vice Chairperson of Daiachuak Community (Nyuak Payam)

South Sudan: A pride of our generation

By Deng Mangok Ayuel

February 15, 2013 (SSNA) -- People aren't born good or bad. Maybe they're born with tendencies either way, but it’s the way you live your life that matters – Cassandra Clare

My forefather didn’t know when France, Ghana, Syria and Somali became countries in the map of world but I know when and how “South Sudan” became a country in Africa. I am proud to be among the generation who fought for decades for the sake of peace, freedom and democracy during the protracted civil war in Sudan where millions of lives were lost. It doesn’t mean that I was a soldier or had fought with Khartoum regime of el-Bashir, I am South Sudanese. I deserve to be happy, love what I am doing and strive for change.

Is this generation politically cursed or blessed, democratic and peaceful? Nowhere is more peaceful but there are less challenging constituted nations in the world. We should be patience when thing goes wrong. I wish we shouldn’t be an angry nation because an angry man is a frightened citizen in the country. There are angry political opinions writers who are suppose to listen to my voice. Their long lasting political antagonism causes lie. On the other hand, if you live with a lie long enough, the truth becomes a kind of fiction. There are political lies preached by political opinion writers in which the nation might have been informed and advised wrongly on the past and current social spotlights, political situation and personalities of VIPs in the Republic of South Sudan.

South Sudanese are great people. I graphed how uncles have balanced their lifetime as rebels during the civil war in Sudan and after separation as politicians in the Republic of South Sudan. They are patriots with hearts for their people and the next generation. There has been optimism in what they had been doing – that we have been socially and politically ordained by their visionary success in which you and I are now South Sudanese. There is no better time than now. The time to work, dream, excel and forget the past. It is our time to make things happen, milk our dream or enjoys the fruits of success.

As South Sudanese national reconciliation owes us a heart, I beg the nation to embrace peaceful co-existence and accept their wrongdoings, forgive or be forgiven. This is the chance for our people to recognize that nation is built, protected by its own people, that everyone should be an agent of change in the society. If I were an evangelist, I would have crusaded last year as part of national reconciliation to politically and socially anoint our people with peace, love, freedom and political togetherness in order to stop evildoings. What matters is not the wrong thing done in the past by anyone – it is what will make us strong and peaceful nation. My concern as South Sudanese is to live in peace, work together with others regardless of tribes, religions and political parties.

An angry man is not a “hungry South Sudanese”. This is an image. I am not pointing figure at particular person. A hungry man is an ordinary citizen who has something to do with basic needs in life and social affairs in which he may feel vulnerable oppositely when his voice is too low to be heard. An official from South Sudan’s Eastern Equatoria state made an urgent appeal for international aid to desecrate off a humanitarian disaster in the Kapoeta after a four-month drought, followed by heavy rains, wiped out crops and brought on a food crisis (Daily Nation newspaper, Kenya, February 7, 2013). You see, this is what makes the different! There is a citizen who can easily die due to lack of food, medicine and water.  

An angry South Sudanese is mouthful, financially stable, half-way European, American or soldier-turned-politician and has family in a foreign country. He is only for politics. He wanted to make a change according to him but there is no chance given to him for years. He is able to be an ambassador or MP in Bor, Wau and Juba legislative assemblies. He has money, food and assets. What does he need again? Extra money, leadership or problems …?   He is an angry man. It is not you but I am thinking about him.

If you think that I am joking, then you are deviating. In South Sudan, people desire to plant trees in the rivers. It is a desire only.  For instance, a consultant hired by an NGO proposed to set up supplementary feeding centre in a village where there was no hungry person or malnourished child. The consultant thought that tall and thin people he saw in the village are hungry. That was an opposite of his consultancy work and facts about the situation in the village. He shouldn’t opt to judge people before inquiry, talks.  Besides, a businessman may also think that building a hotel or bar in a village like Malualkon is a good idea in promoting his business while there are no Russian Beers consumers in Malualkon. By implementing this idea, the businessman may enterprisingly lose profits and the business will definitely collapse. I have no idea where many people got money to set up their businesses. Is it inherited wealth, oil, and sorghum or land money?  I have had no clue or convincing answers. People are drunk and conflicting with different ideas and wealth like hip hop singers.

It takes years to escape blames, opposition and hatred after you have appointed or sacked inept politicians in your government. Let’s talk about reshuffling, relieve or sacked if a politician is not performing well. Who had not been a commissioner or minister before constitution? I am really talking about those who were appointed, relieved or sacked. It is about our former commissioners or the ministers of our states government. When our politicians-turned-ordinary citizens took an oath of office, did they promise to make the difference? Political promises are like oil in the fire. Politics is deceptive. You can’t survive political South Sudan when having four eyes and mouths at a time. If you try to talk politics with any former minister, commissioner of your state, he will end up depending him/herself and accuse the government as part of a cry after given a food but taken before eating flesh and juicy parts.   Some of these politicians-turned-ordinary-citizens couldn’t spend 3 months as commissioners or ministers after they found that political seats in democratic society are hot like fire. It is very hot because people don’t own what they are doing.  Why do we cry when there are no tears in our eyes? Wherever you are, and whosoever is your leader, try to join hands in order to build our country. When I was sacked by the State Local Government Advisor to the Governor for Northern Bahr el-Ghazal, Aweil in March, 2010, I didn’t stop voting for the same government its’ prominent figure sacked me after I worked as his office manager for 2 years. I voted with confidence in April, 2010, and my vote made the difference! Anyone is not everyone in politics. South Sudan is our beloved country regardless of tribes, religions and political parties.

It is said that if you wanted to be remembered, writes a book or plant a tree. That is not enough at all. We should unite, work together, own our constitution and stop corruption. I do sometimes feel dispirited when I see the youth playing cards and dominoes for the whole day because there is no work to be done according to them. The employed youth are the sons and daughters, the nephews and nieces of traditional chiefs and our uncles. In fact, there are no many job opportunities since there is no oil money!

The Republic of South Sudan needs economic strategy, enterprise development and jobs creation but the bigger disease in the job market is employment criteria. Our labor office should acknowledge our leaders and set up the policies the guarantee employment and termination of any official or worker per policy. Leaders should also be referred to labor policy on political appointment by decree from the authority concerned and the local and professional appointments within the ministry or department. In some states, directors or senior officials in the ministries and private sectors had been removed from their positions without warnings to notify their lack of capability and experience in their duties. This is because some politicians wanted to fulfill their promises by sacking people without mistakes instead of creating more jobs. In any case, if directors were friendly employed, they deserved to be sacked. I don’t support corruption. I am not against those who keep sacking others; some of these directors and other senior staff might not be truly working well and the system can’t entertain their laziness, inexperience. Hence, public service should address and assess the developmental need of the labor market, plan the budget and create more jobs to fight joblessness. It is important to conduct labor market assessment to address occupational demand and to professionalize institutions in order to create proper mechanism that shall strategize the system in the public and private sectors. This will help the policy makers and employers to determine the labor demand, pay rates and the cost of living in the country.

It will take us a while to get things set; our oil will be flowing to the world market, there will be no austerity measures. Of course, it will take time to be poverty free at household levels. Let’s hope that God is pleased to help us free our minds from political sins and unite us as His children. All in all, South Sudanese is lovely. It is the only place in the world where foreigners may feel at home. I salute and congratulate everyone who loves peace. One must not give up hope. South Sudan is for everyone!

Deng Mangok Ayuel lives in Aweil. He can be reached at: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Is President Kiir a Part of the 75 Corrupted Officials?

By Peter Gai Manyuon

November 28, 2013 (SSNA) -- People are really confused up to now whether the President of the Republic of South Sudan is part of the corrupted groups or not due to the fact that, he (President Kiir) does not persecute the culprits involved in public’s money. Since the time when South Sudan got Independence up to date, he had been telling the public that those who got involved in corruption malpractices in one way or the other will be held accountable for the misuse of resources of the new nation. The question is; is the President a part of this process or he fears to arrest the culprits? More interestingly, the person who always talks about zero tolerance and he is not implementing it, might be suspected of the involvement in one way or the other if am not mistaken.

People are still asking in the churches, schools and in publics gathering about the people involved in the corruption scandals in South Sudan from 2005 to date, and ask we speaks, there is no good answer from the Government of Kiir Mayardit and the President is also talking of zero tolerance to fight corruption in this Country and from that angle am making my own investigations using investigative Journalism knowledge that I have, to research more and find facts findings and also use internet tracking to come up with accurate book with well thoughts and recommendations that might act as the reference to the incoming general in South Sudan. It is good to document and use a qualitative and quantitative research to find out the real and facts about chronic corruption in South Sudan otherwise we are heading to darkness.

I am writing a book on the issues of corruption cases in the Republic of South Sudan. Am dealing on how the corruptions are link to the tribalism, nepotism in the current government where public issues are coming through one person which is beyond people wishes. Moreover, I would also be contextualizing on the 75 officials who were part of the scandals of millions dollars from the blood money in South Sudan. I am trying to investigate who are they, and how much money has been taken by each individual from the oil money in the Republic of South Sudan. I have also to mentioned, the tribe that very person come from, region and even the clan in order to promote transparency and accountability within the people of South Sudan as the Country that is called a democratic nation.

I will come up with a line graph and pie-chart that will indicate the corruption level, and the key recommendations on how the corruption should be tackle and rectify or evaluated.

Natural of corruption challenges

Corruption is present in all sectors of the economy and all levels of the new state apparatus in the Republic of South Sudan.

Corruption is manifested in various forms, including financial corruption, political corruption, patronage, pervasive tribalism and misuse of power like what is happen where President Kiir is in Centre of corruption. Both petty and grand forms of corruption are prevalent in South Sudan

Looking at the way, corruption had been perceived by the culprits within the Government of Mayardit at the moment, and how it will parallelize the ongoing process of democratization in South Sudan.

I know most people will be critical on me but with the grace of lord God of South Sudan, I will be protect without fear or favor, because even in the bible God says, you have to tell the truth so that, you will be set free, before I have decided from the bottom of my heart to carry on this investigation and give the key recommendations to the government of Kiir Mayardit. 

Conclusion; Corruption permeates all sectors of the economy and all levels of the state apparatus and manifests itself through various forms, including grand corruption and client elastic networks along tribal line.

The author is Independent Journalist and Columnist who had written articles extensively on issues of Democratization and Human Rights, he holds BA in Mass Media from St: Lawrence University –Uganda, Certificate in Integrity and Transparency from Strathmore University-Kenya, Diploma in Computer Science from Motese International School-Kampala and currently perusing MA in International Relations specializing in Foreign Policy from Cavendish University-Uganda. You can reached him at; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Vote for Salva, Vote for Change, is it a Joke?

By Nhial K. Wicleek

March 19, 2010 (SSNA) -- On my spare time I ventured into pictorial site of the SPLM located on their website. I was just lodging simply to view the newly uploaded pictures because picture worth a thousand words. It is not just something that I recently started; I daily give myself a time even in my busy hours, so that I don’t miss to see what picture is posted. 

While still doing the same thing like usual, I came across something that caught my attention and paused for five minutes. Not only because I was thinking of what to do, but also it was surprising to see such an important thing and how it is put to consideration by the SPLM campaign team in the Upper Nile State. My argument will heavily concentrate on the poster such as the one standing on the Street of Upper Nile with such Slogan in the above.

Politically, politicians are daily aware of political pitfalls to further avoid failure and a loss of supporters. Politicians always confirm the right words to use, where to go, and who to target so that their campaigns don’t end in abyss. They often tend to ensure that everything is perfect so that successful win is guaranteed. They also, tend to distant away from shortcoming to further gain the interest of public as they pretend to be the right people for the job. These include posters to use, proposals to work on if likely elected, and who would be the ones to serve when elected. 

But, when I saw this poster with the slogan “Vote for Salva, Vote for change,” I laughed for my interpretation yielded viable reasons why both of these slogans should come to use separately. Firstly, the slogan “Vote for Salva,” should be rightly regarded the best for it is well thought. The reason is that, southern Sudan is in transition for a possible secession. To avoid chaotic situation, southern Sudanese should think carefully, and that thinking should in all time be to bring back to power our President Salva Kiir Mayardit. 

Southern Sudanese should let him complete his task, and only provide necessary support needed for him to reach the unlikely goal. To minimize fronts, southerners will only focus their attention on bringing Kiir back and continue forward to laying a necessary foundation a head of referendum for an independence state. Despite every irregular action made by the leadership over the past few weeks, Vote for Salva alone is a great slogan to use.

However, like I mentioned earlier that politicians need to be careful when planning their campaign posters and strategies that should bring them to power is because I have seen this irrelevant poster with such slogan. The slogan “vote for change,” has contextually represented indecisive thinking and lack of strategizing the upcoming campaign situation. If put to American situation Room where, Wolf Blitzer reports live stories, it should be laughable to some extent because it is not the way it should look like. Also it should be considered premature because if campaign strategists don’t put effort to screening things like these that mean election and campaign procedures are lacked. From there immaturity of our politicians would topple and so the story would have different meaning. 

Frankly speaking, I don’t know why SPLM in Upper Nile consider using this slogan. Not so long ago, Dr. Lam Akol launched his party with headquarter in Khartoum. His ambition still currently is, is to bring change to southern Sudanese. On the list were security failure throughout the south Sudan, eradication of nationwide corruption, creation of developmental programs, delivering services to southern Sudanese, and fighting the nepotistic system that select people on the basis of relationships and other forms of malpractices e.g. bribery, taking the advantage of women to secure jobs e and many more.

Also, reorganizing political system by introducing a policy mechanism to southern Sudanese was part of the list which narrowed it to the term CHANGE. Today, change which is widely spoken should not be seen as one among the slogans of the SPLM mainstream. It uses should be questioned not only because it may be considered as plagiarizes, but also the multitude whose value is needed in term of supporting SPLM should be swayed.

The following are the reasons why it should be so: first, as an SPLM party has been irresponsive in handling feudal issues. These ranges from selection of the candidates, lack of putting to consideration land grabbing issue, intimidation of other parties to render multiparty system, and other forms of mischievous issues, are the things that will unravel the future progress of the party. Inclusively, anyone who knows how political failure comes about; he or she knows that the likelihood of SPLM survival is questionable. If there is no further re-structure to be made, survival of the SPLM under our said President Kiir is greatly doubted. 

I cannot invite Lou Dobbs, to hold a talk show on the issues such as the above mentioned words for he might place is radical view on them. But, still we are the Lou Dobbs of southern Sudan too because we will never get silence to echo such things to public. I guess, south Sudan future success is not in the hand of group of some cliques such as ones in political Bureau, it is a nationwide phenomenon to help construct a successful nation. Oops, not to go off topic. 

So, to make the story short, the Slogan Vote for change, has a lot to be discussed, should political Bureau sit and rethink on. It aims is to promote Dr. Lam Akol’s campaign in the State of Upper Nile. There is nothing wrong to provide any reason why it is erected in that part of the region like it is. But, the SPLM secretariat should know that people know what change is all about in contrary to vote for Salva. I think there is no overlap in this two separately used slogans erected with one poster. And if that is not the case, that mean SPLM mainstream consider Democratic Change of Dr. Akol to lead in the State of Upper Nile.

However, it is not a wrong choice too, for Dr. Lam, is a Southerner who deserves to gain momentum in that part of the region. If SPLM campaign team don’t work for the failure of President Salva Kiir in Upper Nile State, then remove that poster with Vote for Change on it so that Vote for Salva remains standing before the Aprill 11th poll approaches.   

Nhial K. Wicleek lives in Canada. He can be reached at: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

The Logic of War: Khartoum's Economy After Southern Secession... a précis

By Eric Reeves

July 3, 2011 (SSNA) -- What is the logic of Khartoum’s military actions in Abyei and South Kordofan? Why has it engaged in such deeply threatening actions in the weeks leading up to independence for the Republic of South Sudan? What are the politics within the regime that animate this immensely dangerous course of action, including not only seizing Abyei militarily, conducting an immense military operation in South Kordofan, with unambiguous ethnic targeting of the Nuba people, repeated bombing of locations inside South Sudan, but also engaging in a large and ominous military buildup near southern Blue Nile? Why has Khartoum created a situation so volatile and threatening that Kyung-whaKang, the UN Deputy High Commissioner for Human Rights, declared following a recent assessment mission to Sudan: "If this renewed fighting in border areas doesn't stop and it further spreads to other areas of South Kordofan and Blue Nile, then obviously it's war again."

There is no simple answer, but these actions suggest that the very worst elements in the National Islamic Front/National Congress Party regime are fully in charge, and that the security threats South Sudan will face in the coming months and years are many and acute. But to understand fully the obstacles the nascent nation of South Sudan will confront, it is critical that we understand the intense economic distress in North Sudan that follows more than two decades of gross mismanagement, rampant cronyism, profligate military expenditures, and exorbitant self-enrichment by the National Islamic Front/National Congress Party regime. Khartoum's recent, highly threatening military actions in and along the border regions cannot be understood outside the context of what has already occurred, and what is impending, in the economy of the North.

It is insufficiently appreciated just how badly this economy is performing, even before enduring what Finance Ministry officials acknowledge will be a 37 percent decline in oil revenues ($2-3 billion annually) once the South secedes. The IMF has sounded the alarm, warning of a "permanent shock" to the economy. This comes even as inflation is 15 percent and rising; foreign exchange reserves are extremely low, hindering international trade; subsidies for petrol and sugar have been cut, prompting a number of protests; and more painful cuts are coming---at the very time the regime acknowledges the need for much higher taxes. In a desperate short-term measure, Khartoum has engaged in selling large tracts of Sudanese farmland to Arab and Asian investors, a terrible decision from the standpoint of both national economic development and food security. Unsurprisingly, the Sudanese Pound has experienced a de facto devaluation of about25 percent. Growth in the economy has shrunk dramatically (to about 3 percent) and gives signs of shrinking further. Gone are the days of double-digit growth rates, huge oil riches, and foreign journalists marveling at the cafébars that were gently misted in various spots in upscale Khartoum and Omdurman.

But lurking behind this disastrous news is an even bigger overhang on the economy: more than $38 billion in external debt (some $30 billion in the form of arrears, accrued largely under the NIF/NCP). Even in its best years, the oil-dependent economy of the North could not begin to service, let alone repay this gigantic debt. It will continue to drag the economy downwards unless the IMF and World Bank structure some form of debt relief, which Khartoum disingenuously claims is "90 percent" achieved on the "technical side." But this is where the regime's military behavior along the border regions intersects with its economic prospects.

So far the U.S. and the Europeans have offered only tepid criticism of Khartoum for its military seizure of the contested Abyei region and its increasingly genocidal military campaign in South Kordofan, particularly the Nuba Mountains (predictably, the African Union and Arab League have entirely been unwilling to speak honestly about these realities). But politically it will be impossible for the Obama administration to remove Khartoum from the State Department list of terrorism-sponsoring nations while ethnically targeted violence escalates in South Kordofan; and the U.S. must oppose on "principle" any application for debt relief by a terrorism-supporting state. It was, of course, foolish of the Obama administration to make this issue one for negotiation: Khartoum either does or does not support terrorism, and in fact there is considerable evidence that it still does, chiefly by funneling Iranian weapons to Hamas.

The terms of the "deal" the Obama administration struck with Khartoum also do not include countenancing what has occurred in Abyei, South Kordofan, other contested border areas---and the relentless suffering and destruction in Darfur, which seems to have been accorded "parenthetical status" in the Obama administration’s discussions of Sudan's crises. The U.S. openly promised to assist Khartoum with debt relief if it fulfills its obligations under the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (2005). But Khartoum is very far from fulfilling a range of obligations, leaving even an expedient Obama administration with little wiggle-room, given the seriousness with which Sudan is regarded by a substantial part of his key political constituency.

But without debt relief, economic problems that are already deeply threatening become insoluble. Some in the regime surely understand this, and so the decision to adopt the present militaristic and threatening posture towards South Sudan---now less than a week away from independence---represents a triumph of the worst impulses within the regime: nationalism, Arabism, Islamism, embarrassment over "losing the South," contempt for the international community, and a belief that more of the lucrative Southern oilfields can be brought by force into the North (some 75 percent of Sudan’s oil production and proven oil reserves lie in the South). Only such conviction about enhancing oil revenues can make war seem "affordable."

This calculation is disastrous, and indeed in the short-run can only diminish oil revenues further: the South will fight with tremendous determination to preserve its territorial integrity, however resolutely it has resisted Khartoum's military provocations so far. Oil infrastructure in the South will become a prime target for the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) in all-out war. Khartoum has only one rational economic decision to make under the circumstances, even from a purely survivalist perspective. But though always capable of vicious and ruthless calculations, Khartoum’s serial génocidaires have never been considered men of reason. The consequences of their world-view are now conspicuously on display, and nowhere more so than in the disaster toward which the Northern economy is moving.

Eric Reeves has published extensively on Sudan, nationally and internationally, for more than a decade. He is author of A Long Day's Dying: Critical Moments in the Darfur Genocide.

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