South Sudan News Agency

Wednesday, Oct 01st, 2014

Last update07:18:05 PM GMT

You are here: News Articles

New proposed flags for the new awaited Federal Republic of South Sudan

By Lul Gatkuoth Gatluak

September 30, 2014 (SSNA) -- As South Sudan peace talk is rag­ing, many are wait­ing to see what change will be unveiled to fix the cur­rent higgledy-piggledy. With­out doubt, the major­ity of South Sudanese are yearn­ing for fed­er­al­ism to be the form of gov­er­nance in South Sudan. Fed­eral sys­tem unlike the mere decen­tral­iza­tion is a con­sti­tu­tional arrange­ment in which the sov­er­eignty of the nation is divided between the national and the State gov­ern­ments which pro­vide stronger degree of auton­omy to var­i­ous lev­els of the gov­ern­ment. It includes fis­cal, admin­is­tra­tive and polit­i­cal aspects of gov­er­nance. Fed­er­al­ism is the best sys­tem of gov­er­nance which we dearly needed. Cur­rent decen­tral­iza­tion sys­tem is only focus­ing on polit­i­cal auton­omy ignor­ing the admin­is­tra­tive and fis­cal aspects.

The major­ity of South Sudanese are see­ing the desir­able change to be brought by Dr. Riek Machar than any­one else. Due to the fact that, on July 16, 2014, SPLM in oppo­si­tion under the lead­er­ship of Dr. Riek Machar pro­posed that, South Sudan will be fur­ther divided into 21 States, which may include Abyei in the future if bor­der demar­ca­tion between Sudan and South Sudan is completed.

Under that pro­posal, Riek has rec­om­mended that for­mer three regions which Sudan divided into ten States in 1997, must be fur­ther divided under fed­eral struc­tured sys­tem. Upper Nile region that had already been divided to three States com­pris­ing of the Upper Nile, Jon­glei and Unity, must be fur­ther bro­ken into eight (8) States. The new look would com­pro­mise Akobo, Bor, Fan­gak, Fashoda, North­ern Upper Nile, Pibor, Unity and Sobat.

The Bahr El Ghazal Region which already con­sists of four (4) States , Lakes, War­raps, North­ern and West­ern Bahr El Ghaz­als, will be fur­ther divided into seven States. The pro­posed break­away states would com­prise Aweil, Gogr­ial, Raga, Rum­bek, Tonj, Wau and Yirol.

Finally, the Equa­to­ria region that has also already been divided into three States con­sist­ing of Cen­tral, East­ern and West­ern Equa­to­rias will be divided into six (6) new states com­pris­ing of Juba, Kapo­eta, Maridi, Torit, Yam­bio and Yei.

As the pro­posal remain sit­ting on the table wait­ing to be rat­i­fied, this author has also come up with a pro­posal that South Sudan national flag will be changed.

This doesn’t mean that there is any­thing wrong with our national flag rather it is a thought which I believe would add more sense should we have more states than what we cur­rently got.

In 2004, one brought the same sug­ges­tion to the atten­tion of Dr. Riek whether South Sudan National Flag can be redesigned. While con­vers­ing with him, Dr. Riek gave me a brief expla­na­tion of how cur­rent South Sudan flag came about.

Accord­ing to him “in early 1980s, the lead­er­ship of the SPLM/A set down and dis­cussed how the flag will look like. The late chair­man, Dr. John Garang, sug­gested that the flag must bear a star and the star will be placed in the cen­ter of the flag. Dr. Riek told the chair­man we will face many ques­tions from the world nations who would be curi­ous to know why we put the star in the middle.

Flag of South Sudan

Cur­rent Flag of of South Sudan (click next on the above map and refer to photo number 2).

After the end of their dis­cus­sion, Dr.Riek was tasked to go along with the design of the new flag. First, Dr. Riek said he called Barn­aba Mariel Ben­jamin in Eng­land and requested to be sent pic­tures of the world flags which Mar­ial did. After Dr. Riek received world flags, he and the team picked Kenya flag to relate our flag with. This is the rea­son why South Sudan flag is sim­i­lar to the flag of Kenya except the addi­tion of the blue tri­an­gle and the golden star at the hoist. The above is the image of our flag. The descrip­tion of our cur­rent flag, although might already know is as fol­lowed. The black color on the top is rep­re­sent­ing the peo­ple, the white color is rep­re­sent­ing peace, the red is pre­sent­ing the blood we shed for free­dom, the green is the land, blue is the water of the Nile and finally; the golden star is sym­bol­iz­ing the unity of the States of South Sudan.

As pre­vi­ously indi­cated, I have pro­posed three dif­fer­ent flags to debate upon and pick the one that gives more mean­ing to our awaited fed­eral repub­lic of South Sudan. Like the orig­i­nal flag was design bear­ing sim­i­lar­ity of Kenya national flag, I design these flags using the Greece and the United States flags as sample.

proposed flag of new federal republic of South Sudan

Pro­posed Flags of the new emerg­ing Fed­eral Repub­lic of South Sudan (click next on the above map and refer to photo number 3).

Based on this image, three big­ger stripes on the back­ground, the Black, Red and the Green stood for our three orig­i­nal regions; Equa­to­ria, Bahr El Ghazal and the Upper Nile.

Each region is divided with many white stripes to indi­cate how many States has been pro­posed from that par­tic­u­lar region. For instance, the black stripe on the top, rep­re­sent­ing Equa­to­ria. Dr. Riek’s recent pro­posal stated that Equa­to­ria will con­sist of six States.

The red big­ger stripe is rep­re­sent­ing Bahr El Ghazal and the pro­posal indi­cates that Bahr El Ghazal region will con­sist of seven States. Last but not least is a big­ger green stripe rep­re­sent­ing the Upper Nile and Dr. Riek indi­cates that the cur­rent Upper Nile region will be divided into eight States. At the end of the green big­ger stripe, there is a black stripe which sym­bol­izes the state of Abyei.

Then there are 22 stars in the cen­ter of the blue tri­an­gle which stood for South Sudan’s pro­posed 22 states includ­ing Abyei. Of course, col­ors still car­ry­ing their orig­i­nal mean­ings. Black for the peo­ple, white stripes are for peace, red for the blood we shed, green for the land, blue for Nile water and golden star for our unity. If the above design does not carry enough mean­ing to our union national flag, then I made another design below.

Another proposed flag of new federal republic of South Sudan

Another pro­posed flag of new fed­eral repub­lic of South Sudan (click next on the above map and refer to photo number 4).

In this design, there are 11 stripes which are rep­re­sent­ing our cur­rent ten States plus Abyei. Then there are 22 golden Stars rep­re­sent­ing 21 pro­posed States plus the state of Abyei if stall unsolved issue turn on our favor. Yet, col­ors are car­ry­ing the same mean­ing as pre­vi­ously described

The final design below also falls under the same cat­e­gory as the sec­ond one. Stripes are intended to rep­re­sent 22 States includ­ing Abyei and Stars are rep­re­sent­ing 21 pro­posed States. As roughly described, these three ban­ners are just a pro­posal, they can be thrown away or something.

Another proposed flag of new federal republic of South Sudan

Another pro­posed flag of new fed­eral repub­lic of South Sudan (click next on the above map and refer to photo number 5).

mean­ing­ful can be designed base on the idea given. I felt our cur­rent national flag is only car­ry­ing our image as peo­ple, the peace we may have among us or with our neigh­bors, the blood we shed dur­ing our strug­gle, the land, water and the unity which is rep­re­sent­ing by the Star. I felt like our three orig­i­nal regions, the cur­rent ten States of South Sudan and the newly pro­posed 21 States should be included in our national flag symbol.

National flags are sym­bols which rep­re­sent the value of the nation. Although they are essen­tially just a piece of col­ored cloth, yet, they are car­ry­ing a very pow­er­ful sym­bolic mean­ing. I would give you an exam­ple to take two papers out of your excer­sis book, in one page, write down your car, and on the sec­ond paper, write down your father and mother names then stomp on one of the two papers. I bet you would eas­ily stomp on the one you wrote your car on. Why is it? I believe your answer would be because the paper that bear your dad and mom names rep­re­sent­ing their values.

At the same token, national flags are car­ry­ing the nation value. Flags are patri­otic national sym­bols, but at the same time indi­vid­u­als feel more proud when they know their value, iden­tity, beliefs and her­itages which all are attached to that piece of cloth. I urge the lead­er­ship of our demo­c­ra­tic move­ment to look into this pro­posal and add into it nec­es­sary changes that they would like to add. There is no doubt in my mind that South Sudan will be pro­nounced Fed­eral Repub­lic of South Sudan after we get out from this higgledy-piggledy.

The author could be reached at This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

A tale that tells: Why Tortoise’s shell is not smooth

By Thiang Geka

I have learnt that a man who makes trouble for others is also making it for himself

September 26, 2014 (SSNA) -- It was said that once upon the time, all the birds were invited to a feast in the sky. They were very happy and began to prepare themselves for the great day. They painted their bodies with red cam wood and drew beautiful patterns on them with dye. Tortoise saw all these preparations and soon discovered what it all meant. Nothing that happened in the world of the animals ever escaped his notice; he was full of cunning. As soon as he heard of the great feast in the sky his throat began to itch at the much thought. There was a famine in those days and Tortoise had not eaten a good meal for two moons. His body rattled like a piece of dry stick in his empty shell. So he began to plan how he would go to the sky. Tortoise had no wings, but he went to the birds and asked to be allowed to go with them.

We know you too well; said the birds when they had heard him. You are full of cunning and you’re ungrateful. If we allow you to come with us you will soon begin your mischief. “You do not know me” said Tortoise. I am a changed man. You should remember a saying that goes: “a man who makes trouble for others is also making it for himself”. Tortoise had a sweet tongue and within a short time all the birds agreed that he was a changed man and they each gave him feather, with which he made two wings. At last the great day came and Tortoise was the first to arrive at the meeting-place. When all the birds had gathered together, they set off in a body. Tortoise was very happy and voluble as he flew among the birds, and he was soon chosen as the man to speak for the party because he was a great orator.

There is one important thing which we must not forget, he said as they flew on their way. “When people are invited in a great feast like this, they take new names for the occasion. Our hosts in the sky will expect us to honor this age-old custom. None of these birds had heard of this custom but they knew that Tortoise, in spite of his failings in other directions, was a widely travelled man who knew the customs of different peoples. And so they each took a name. When they had all taken, Tortoise also took one. He was to be called “All of you”. At last the party arrived in the sky and their hosts were very happy to see them. Tortoise stood up in his many colored plumage and thank them for their invitation. His speech was so eloquent that all the birds were glad they had brought him, and nodded their heads in approval of all he said. Their hosts took him as the king of the birds especially as he looked somewhat different from the others.

After kola nuts had been presented and eaten, the people of the sky set before their guests the most detectable dishes Tortoise had ever seen or dreamt of. The soup was brought out hot from the fire and in the very pot in which it had been cooked. It was full of meat and fish. Tortoise began to sniff a loud. There was pounded yam and also yam pottage cooked with palm-oil and fresh fish. There were also pots of palm-wine. When everything had been set before the guests, one of the people of the sky came forward and taste a little from each pot. He then invited the birds to eat. But Tortoise jumped to his feet and asked: “For whom have prepared this feast?” “For all of you” replied the man. Tortoise turned to the birds and said “you remember that my name is “All of you”. The custom here is to serve the spokesman first and other latter. They will serve you when I have eaten. He began to eat and the birds grumbled angrily. The people of the sky thought it must be their custom to leave all the food for their king. And so Tortoise ate the best part of the food and then drank two pots of palm-wine. So that he was full of food and drink and his body filled out in his shell. The birds gathered round to eat what was left and to peck at the bones he had thrown all about the floor. Some of them were too angry to eat. They chose to fly home with on an empty stomach. But before they left each took back the feather he had lent to Tortoise. And there he stood in his hard shell full of food and wine but without any wings to fly home. He asked the birds to take a message for his wife, but they all refused. In the end Parrot, who had felt angrier than the others, suddenly changed his mind and agreed to take the message. “Tell my wife” said Tortoise to bring out all the soft things in my house and covered the compound with them so that I can jump down from the sky without very great danger.

Parrot promised to deliver the message, and then flew away. But when he reached Tortoise’s house he told his wife to bring out all the hard things in the house. And so she brings out her husband’s hoes, machetes, spears, guns, and even his cannon. Tortoise looked down from the sky and saw his wife bringing things out, but it was too far to see what they were. When all seemed ready he let himself go. He fell and fell and fell until he began to fear that he would never stop falling. And then like the sound of his cannon he crashed on the compound. His shell broke into pieces. There was a great medicine-man in the neighborhood. Tortoise’s wife sent for him and he gathered all the bits of shell and stuck them together. That is why Tortoise’s shell is not smooth. And that is why you can see birds today hate Tortoise, not only to death but also to the extent that they would never again allow the greedy Tortoise to come close to them.

Thiang Geka is a South Sudanese citizen; he recently returned from his own home town is, Old Fangak. He can be reached at This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it or Face book page, Thiang Geka.

South Sudan conflict: What women silently do?

By Angelina Malual Dak

September 22, 2014 (SSNA) -- As I scrolled and kept going through various daily articles in the media, I discovered that very few women are involved in writing articles which led me to enquire about the role of women in South Sudan's conflict.

I also found many young men questioning the existence and the contribution of the females to end the country's civil war. I was prompted to write an article where I can tell you exactly what a woman silently does.

I am not literally encouraging silence instead I am calling for the participation of all age group because when the execution of South Sudanese emerged it did not spared any particular age class.

Before I tell you what women silently do, I would like to recall an old time proverb which stated that; "Behind every successful man there us a wise woman, and behind every respectful child there is a great mother."

Beginning at home if we did not rest you and taught you to be wise and strong man who can distinguish his duties from others, today you would not care to reject the oppression; therefore, you must all admit that after God your mothers designed and silently made you the man and the fine lady you are today.

We traditionally educated and practically taught you how to literally stand your ground without stepping on others toe. We took you to the public institutions and taught you how to pick the right friend and the helpful wife who could be the best mother to you and your children.

I am not denying that there are also careless mothers who teach their children to live on other people's sweat and could not live to be a man of his own which results on futile and purposeless life.

During war time when men are depressed, we, the women reconcile them and create a dependable environment to help them takes a triumph decision. When you were born I became the garbage cane where all dirt are thrown, I excitedly carried you for nine months and tried to please everyone even if they step on my core rights just for your sake. I sold out my most expensive necklace and tirelessly treated you when you were ill and advise you when you go astray.

My contribution on December 15 conflict

When I heard the first bullet on the night of December 15, I quickly ran and grape you by the hand and took you to a place that I can grant your safety until morning. Your father and I were standing outside guarding you when you were in a deep sleep.

By December 16, I was the first to go out to establish a save exit like a dove sent by Noah to check and confirm the life existence after the flood. Mothers like myself were helplessly raped and killed yet were glad that you will live to bring the man who abused their life to justice. I did not openly fight to escape my death because I confidently knew that I will live in you.

On December 18, we arrived in Tongping's United Nation Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) camp and by evening I brought you the first meal and I went to bed with empty stomach for another two more days due to the shortage of food. I did not care because whenever I see you smiling and how energetic you are, the reflection motivates me and make the happiest mother I am today.

I am not a politician neither a soldier but a mother who gave birth to:

  • A brave warriors like Captain Nyapuoch and General Gatdet Yaka.
  • A wise and powerful leaders like Chancellor Angela Merke of Germany and Dr. Riek Machar of South Sudan.
  • A good decision maker like the Savior Malual Biel and Low Tang who saved Dr. Machar's life.
  • Heroes like Mr. Mabior Garang de Mabior together with General Dau Aturjong Nyuol who preferred to answer thenational call.
  • The best South Sudanese artist like Zahra Ali (AKA – Queen Zee) and the peace Nobel awarded Emmanuel JalJok.
  • And the list goes on.

I know there are so many out there whose contributions shines like the Sun and their names are written in the center of every South Sudanese heart.

Why constant conflict in South Sudan and Africa as whole

With very limited knowledge and as a mother who was internationally labeled as the Minister of Interior in the most successful and happy family houses, I argue that the reason why South Sudan does not have peace is because we turned away from God which resulted on the Bible's fifth book Deuteronomy 28:15-68. I don't want to talk about how desperate the West will be if Africa (farm and village according to the West) decided to be independent in economic and political wise. Depending on the daily media outlet reports, it is obvious that African's leaders are puppets to Europeans and Americans and the Africa's citizens are slaves to their leaders.

"Unity will never come when we are not loyal and devoted to the nation"

As I come to the conclusion of my argument, I would like to call on the new generation of South Sudan to firmly stop exercising racism, tribalism, clanism, nepotism and injustice. I am urging you to stop blindly following your elder's divisive advices.

Long time ago before technology was introduced, we used to build our knowledge base on family, relatives and friends told stories and their own life experience but presently you have a various verification sources where you can easily confirm any sensitive or general information; Please block and stop believing on our ill advices which brought regrettable destruction to South Sudan and Africa in general.

"Our tribes should not be seen as source of distinction but a source of national prosperity and strength."

My message to South Sudan elders and intellectuals; be advice that whenever a consultation subject about South Sudan conflict is brought up, we must all admit that Nuer were discriminately massacre, by implementing this, ultimate solution to our long-standing struggle shall be found. We, South Sudanese should learn to recognize our differences and respect them as they are for our common good.

I intentionally said that because South Sudan is a land of my children, I cannot sit and watch you destroying it in the name of politic when our age is virtually over. I am begging your pardon to seek calm in South Sudan for the sake of our children.

"If you don't understand the energy it took to exit woman's womb when midwife asked the mother to push, push and push, you would scarcely discern the force required to manifest a dream."

Finally, I would like thank you for giving me this chance to mention this few tips about what women silently do. It is our responsibility to teach our own communities the importance of dignity and respect for one another regardless of ethnic, economic or academic differences. – All females should join me in writing articles.

Long live South Sudan!
Long live citizens and nationals of South Sudan!

Angelina Malual is the chairperson of Bentiu women group in Egypt and the mother of Zee Machar. You can contact her via email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

More Articles...

Page 1 of 264

  • «
  •  Start 
  •  Prev 
  •  1 
  •  2 
  •  3 
  •  4 
  •  5 
  •  6 
  •  7 
  •  8 
  •  9 
  •  10 
  •  Next 
  •  End 
  • »

Our Mission Statement

To bring the latest, most relevant news and opinions on issues relating to the South Sudan and surrounding regions.

To provide key information to those interested in the South Sudan and its people.