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Fall of a Nation, Salva Kiir Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow

By: Dong Samuel Luak

“The right to rebel and to change or overthrow a dictatorship are both constitutional and legal”. Will Mutunga, Chief Justice of Kenya

August 10, 2014 (SSNA) -- Today 10 August 2014 is a turning point in my life, marking a complete one year since I fled my Country South Sudan for security reasons after being threatened by the security for petitioning the President of the Republic of South Sudan, General Salva Kiir Mayar-dit before the Supreme Court for violation of the Transitional Constitution 2011, and his blatant infringement on the civil liberties of Mr. Pagan Amum the Secretary of the Sudan People Liberation Movement (SPLM).

By then I was trying to sound an alarm and issue a wake-up calls about the future of South Sudan. But the South Sudan Ambassador in Washington DC in an interview with Voice of America (V.o.A), downplayed the threats on my life and said the lawyer is on a visit to his family in Nairobi, Kenya. My visit continued up to date. I believe he might be visiting his family now in Juba or recalled for not promoting President Salva Kiir’s home made coup.

In 15 December 2013 the war broke out in the capitol of South Sudan, Juba, under overall command of President Salva Kiir involving his private army and Presidential Guard unit (Tiger). The reports of human rights violations, targeting killings and ethnics cleansing by human rights groups or organizations continued to stream in even today, saying no where is safe in South Sudan, with horrible accounts of atrocities committed against the civil population, by the warring parties those horrific crimes brought down the country to its knees. Including ‘declining moral values and political civility all over the country, with over-extended foreign military presence and fiscal irresponsibility by central government. ‘Who would think again that the future of this young country and its people will be at the mercy of Both President Salva Kiir and his former Vice President Dr. Riek Machar. This means, no accountability only impunity will prevail.

History reveals that all dictators and governments of men, no matter how grand, no matter how powerful, ultimately they fall. It happened to Saddam Hussein of Iraq, Husseni Mubarak of Egypt, Mummer Gadhafi of Libya and the list goes on, Even South Sudan will never be exempted it will ultimately fall if legitimacy of people who voted overwhelmingly for independence South Sudan is substituted with Salva Kiir legitimacy.

There is an old and popular saying: “Rome was not built in a day.” Likewise, the Roman Empire did not fall in one night; its decline was gradual. Not long after the birth of the new Republic of South Sudan it raised to the world’s top list of failed States, several factors were already at work contributing to the nation’s ultimate demise.

The families of our rulers living abroad while their parents are busy looting the country, fathers never took serious their roles in training, educating and properly instructing their children about how importance is the nation. The family is weakened and fractured. Also, parents came to spoil their children, who then grew up to become lazy adults. They live in a fantasy world in which they “must” have a car, cellphones, they wanted their privacy, and they needed their rights. The result? A generation of children who oppress and rule over their parents and show no respect for their elders.

The foundation of knowledge doesn’t exist; the people of South Sudan are destroyed for lack of knowledge by their parents who are the rulers today President Salva Kiir and his group are blind men groping around in spiritual darkness.

If you see Our President Salva Kiir yesterday, today and tomorrow with his siren and motorcade on Sunday going to Church to worship, which he turn to be the Temple of prostitution, drunkenness and other vices that appealed to his flesh. These were common across South Sudan government officials, deceiving, stealing, getting drunk and committing fornication, adultery, even rape! Do Salva Kiir and his colleague in government truly worship the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob? I doubt.

The President of South Sudan and his comrades are masters of extreme pleasure seeking. They entertained themselves with Nyama-choma and gambled on who would live or die. Ministers were proud of their lavish villas, imported V8s, cuisine and fine attire. They thrilled themselves with plays, bathhouses, indoor pools and drunken parties held in the honor of liberation and martyrs.

Originally, agriculture was the starting point for making wealth in South Sudan, but importing foods from Uganda was disastrous to the economy and created a massive consumer economy that focused on services rather than production and growth. With government huge public service, the presence of foreign troops and overstretched military. Having a huge army on papers not real boots on the ground makes it difficult to maintain and introduce reform into a professional army. The revolving door of army generals in all aspect of life is taking its toll on every institution.

Family, education, religion, pleasure seeking, economy, government and the military. The failure of these and other factors have contributed to the death of Salva Kiir’s government. Whether Yesterday, Today or Tomorrow South Sudan has no future under President Salva Kiir. Kerry or IGAD are only there for entrenching impunity in South Sudan.

However, the good news is, there is a future government that will be established by a perfect Leader, as foretold in Isaiah 9: “For unto us a Child is born, unto us a Son is given: and the government shall be upon His shoulder: and His name shall be called Wonderful, Counselor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace. Of the increase of His government and peace there shall be no end” (vs. 6-7).

An incorruptible King, Jesus Christ, will direct His government—the kingdom of God—to teach true family values; place educational institutions upon the right foundation; empower true religion to provide guidance and purpose to empty lives; maintain a global economy that will never see a depression—or even a recession; ensure that government on all levels will be free of bureaucracy; and convert all weapons to a greater purpose (Isa. 2:4).

The author could be reached at This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Open Letter to the United Nations

To:  Toby Lanzer, UN Humanitarians Coordinator

CC. Ellen Margrethe Loj Special Envoy to South Sudan and head of the U.N. peacekeeping mission in the world's newest nation.
CC. The United Nations Security Council in New York, USA
CC. UN Secretary General, Ban Ki-moon
CC. President of the Republic of South Sudan, General Salva Kiir Mayardit
CC: Chairperson of the Sudan People Liberation Movement in Opposition Dr Riek Machar Teny

Dear Sir,

Re: Request for re-location of the Civilians in Unity State and Bor

I would like to take this opportunity to acknowledged the commitment and the hard work of United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNIMISS) in this current crisis that have displaced thousands of civilians and others got killed in Bor on the 17th of April 2014, Juba on 15th, 16th, 17th and 18th of December 2013, as well Malakal and Unity State since the fight erupted within the Republican Guards in South Sudan.

To bring in to your attention about the situation of all the displaced persons, which I have seen have been worse and worse from time to time in some parts of the Country especially in the Unity State where most of people have nowhere to go at the movement, some of them stay on the top of trees, other dies every day in the UNIMISS Camp in Bentiu due to floods.

Sir, the reason of this open letter is to recommends some of the importance issues that need your immediate response as the person dealing with humanitarian work in the world newest nation.

Since December 15th, 16th, 17th, and 18th 2013 where the massacred took place in Juba the Capital City of South Sudan where thousands of Nuer tribes were killed and there after lead to some defections in the Army units across the Republic of South Sudan in December 2013. Most of the civilians were killed in bushes while trying to escape the massacred.

Mr. Toby, after I see civilians suffering in Unity State due to floods and no good hygiene as well, I got more concern to ask your kindness as the very person dealing with Humanitarians work in South Sudan as a whole.

According to what I have read about the United Nations mandate as per the current crisis is concern in South Sudan, I have noticed the followings as the current mandate if am not mistaken;

(a) Protection of civilians

  • To protect civilians under threat of physical violence, irrespective of the source of such violence, within its capacity and areas of deployment, with specific protection for women and children, including through the continued use of the Mission’s child protection and women’s protection advisers.
  • To deter violence against civilians, including foreign nationals, especially through proactive deployment, active patrolling with particular attention to displaced civilians, including those in protection sites and refugee camps, humanitarian personnel and human rights defenders, and identification of threats and attacks against the civilian population, including through regular interaction with the civilian population and closely with humanitarian, human rights and development organizations, in areas at high risk of conflict including, as appropriate, schools, places of worship, hospitals and the oil installations, in particular when the Government of the Republic of South Sudan is unable or failing to provide such security.
  • To implement a Mission-wide early warning strategy, including a coordinated approach to information gathering, monitoring, verification, early warning and dissemination, and response mechanisms, including response mechanisms to prepare for further potential attacks on United Nations personnel and facilities;
  • To maintain public safety and security within and of UNMISS protection of civilians sites;
  • To exercise good offices, confidence-building and facilitation in support of the Mission’s protection strategy, especially in regard to women and children, including to facilitate inter-communal reconciliation in areas of high risk of conflict as an essential part of long-term State-building activity;
  • To foster a secure environment for the eventual safe and voluntary return of internally displaced persons (IDPs) and refugees, including, where compatible and in strict compliance with the United Nations Human Rights Due Diligence Policy (HRDPP), through monitoring of ensuring the maintenance of international human rights standards by, and specific operational coordination with the police services in relevant and protection-focused tasks, in order to strengthen protection of civilians;

(b) Monitoring and investigating human rights

  • To monitor, investigate, verify and report publicly and regularly on abuses and violations of human rights and violations of international humanitarian law, including those that may amount to war crimes or crimes against humanity;
  • To monitor, investigate, verify and report specifically and publicly on violations and abuses committed against children and women, including all forms of sexual and gender-based violence in armed conflict by accelerating the implementation of monitoring, analysis and reporting arrangements on conflict-related sexual violence and by strengthening the monitoring and reporting mechanism for grave violations against children;
  • To coordinate with, and offer technical support to, where appropriate, the African Union’s Commission of Inquiry for South Sudan;

(c) Creating the conditions for delivery of humanitarian assistance

  • To contribute to the creation of the conditions for the delivery of humanitarian assistance, including by helping to establish the necessary security conditions and by exercising its good offices, confidence-building and facilitation, so as to allow, in accordance with relevant provisions of international law and United Nations guiding principles of humanitarian assistance, the full, safe and unhindered access of relief personnel to all those in need in South Sudan and timely delivery of humanitarian assistance, in particular to internally displaced persons and refugees;
  • To ensure the security and freedom of movement of United Nations and associated personnel where appropriate, and to ensure the security of installations and equipment necessary for implementation of mandated tasks.

Therefore, if all those are the mandates of United Nations Mission in South Sudan, what are you waiting for? Have you not identify the safe places to re-locate the civilians that have stranded in Unity state and Bor. The situation of the civilians in Unity State is the worse one compare to the others issue globally.

Sir, I have the followings recommendations that need your quick attention.

  • First of all, I need you to call for help from the world to relocate the civilians from Unity State headquarters to the Central part of the state, where there is no flood and people are living in healthy environment, if at all there are limited funds from the International Community and if there is funds for it, then issue a decree to re-locate the vulnerable people.
  • Secondly, I want your office to come out with the decree of either taking the civilians to the safest place in South Sudan because, once there is fighting between the two rivals forces, there is always cross fire/ shooting where some civilians got killed in big numbers.

Sir, when you look in to the current crisis that is still going on with no solution in both sides, it is good to take responsibility at this time to relocates the people who are in Bentiu and Bor to the safest places in South Sudan. Civilians that are in Jonglei, should be taken to either Greater Akobo like, Wuror, Waat and Akobo respectively. You remember very well that, on 17th of April 2014, civilians were killed in Bor when the UN Peace Keepers were just watching without retaliations and moreover you keep quite in your respected office as the person dealing with Humanitarians issues in South Sudan. What is wrong with your Sir?

In Unity State as well, most of the civilians were killed as well when the government forces retake Unity State Capital when an agreement was signed in Addis-Ababa by the two rival parties already.

In conclusion, I want to acknowledge and appreciates the momentum which the International Community and United Nations is putting as per the peace processes is concern in Addis-Ababa between the two rivals groups.

Your quick response toward this open letter will be appreciated.

You can as well reply me on my email, This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Thanks,

Peter Gai Manyuon,
Independent Journalist and Columnist who has written extensively on the issues of Democratization and Human Rights in South Sudan
Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

December 15 and the Nuer Self-Defence

By Mayian Tot

August 8, 2014 (SSNA) -- December 15, 2013, fighting break out at the presidential guards military headquarter in Bilpam Juba. It was establish thereafter that the genesis to the fight was brought about when president Kiir orders the commander of the presidential guards. Mej: General Marial Ciennoung to disarm the guards at Joint Integrated Unit [JIU] military barracks.

General Marial Ciennoung executed this high executive orders and assembly the guards at the parade and begin to disarm them.  Simultaneously, while the guards are being disarmed, the Dinka unit is secretly and swiftly being re-armed while the Nuer unit within the guards is not re-armed.

When this top secret conspiracy was exposed, the presidential guards second in command a Nuer by ethnicity physically confronted General Ciennoung to the motives why the Dinka unit is being re-armed while the others are not. This physical confrontation between the two senior commands and the secret re-armament of the Dinka-guards has prompted the Nuer guards to break into armoury’s store and in the process re-armed themselves too like their Dinka comrades thus break- out the fight between the two unit.

Being out-numbered by the other guards but with their fierce warrior hood bravery, the Nuer unit within the Dinka dominated guards had established themselves in full control of the barrack within less than an hour of the fierce fight, forcing the pro-Kiir’s guards to flee in disarray. 

Firmly in full control on the ground of self-defence, the Nuer guards did not advance to attack the presidential palace, airport, radio-television station or other vital governmental institutions as they have no motives to overthrow the incumbent regime at the time rather than to fight in self-defence.

For these Nuer guards at the time, –the fight had nothing to do with the state nor civilians. They believed it was a misunderstanding that led to the bloody confrontation among themselves [the presidential guards] and to them it was not an organised coup d’état to take over the government.

For these reasons the breakaway Nuer force had virtually remained at the military barrack in self-defence awaiting the authority to swiftly intervene and amicably address the incident that led to the infighting within the guards. Their approach was a clear-cut military self-defence and any military logic would dare not sum the above events as military coup d’état in any case possible.

Military science and/or military doctrine would strictly cited the above scenarios as a conscious self-defence and would not agree to president Kiir’s claim of Coup d’état. Of important, the so-called coup d’état was in facts –a self-engineered coup by president Kiir himself and was swiftly executed and implemented by General Marial Ciennoung the head of the presidential guards as these evident proved beyond any reasonable dough.

Nevertheless, while the breakaway army was firmly in control of Bilpam military barracks, the then army Chief of General Staff was venturing on a double dealing tactic, organising the military force and other reinforcement to dislodge the breakaway force from the barracks on one hand. And simultaneously, was communicating with the breakaway forces convincing them that the government will decisively address the incident.

Having been convinced was the biggest grave and fatal mistake that the breakaway forces has ever adhere to.

Because, the following day, a huge military reinforcement armed with tanks and other heavy weaponry launched a gruesome attacks on Bilpam military barrack against the breakaway Nuer unit subsequently dislodging them out of the barrack. Thus began the door-to-door ethnic cleansing of the innocent unarmed Nuer civilians in Juba.

After the barracks assault, the SPLA Kiir’s loyalist, the presidential ethnic militia, the security apparatus and the other organise force swarmed in to Juba neighbourhoods ensuing house-to-house ethnic cleansing to which the Interior Minister called ‘’ clean-up operation’’. Tanks were used to run over houses, unarmed Nuer men identified with their facial marks are rounded up, children women and the aged are delivery executed. Forcing the Nuer civilians to swelled into UNMISS Camps for protection in large numbers.       

These rampaged killing of ritual violence, decimating innocent unarmed civilian of Nuer ethnicity with brutes’ savagery went on for some days in the following suburbs; Jebel, Mia Saba, Lologo, Gudele, Eden, and Newsite, Khor Williams and Mangaten.

Consequently, 10,000 innocent civilians were killed in just a matter of days and to cover up these ritual animosities dead copses were thrown into the river, some burned while others were secretly buried at night during the curfew hours in mass-graves by the security agencies.

It was learned thereafter that the motive for disarming the guards and secretly re-arming the Dinka unit within the presidential guards was an end route mission to arrest Dr Riek Machar Teny and the other entire reformist thus silencing the voice of internal party democratisation, transformation and the overall leadership contest once and for all.  

According to some explanation, Dr Machar and the Nuer ethnicity form the core power bloc that threat Kiir’s overall ethnic-domination. He Kiir therefore had organise and execute this barbaric massacre to remove this perceived threat once and for all. His core plan was to either killed Dr Machar or forces the entire Nuer society including Dr Machar into full submission to his reign of ethnic domination and thereafter rules South Sudan like his personal kingdom.

These kind of dangerous mindsets is the one that continue to bedevil South Sudan with wholesale destruction, killing with impunities with its humanitarian catastrophe. 

Meanwhile, general consensus within the Nuer Community has it that Kiir has made a grave mistake because killing innocents Nuer civilians will not force the Nuer people to submit themselves to his genocidal regime. In facts it has made them to be more determine to fight and defence themselves to the last man.

The genocidal regime must be remained that, historically the Nuer People had neither submitted to the Turks, Egyptian, and/or to the Mahdi’s state with their destructive slave-trading merchant nor did they surrender fully to the Anglo-Egyptian administration.

But, had resisted them all to the point that in January 1929 the Nuer were the first civilians on record to be air-bomb by the Anglo-Egyptian Colonial Government of the then Sudan, ruthlessly using R.A.F /bi-airplane. Machine-gunning –firing on Nuer’s villages killing both domestic animals and peoples so as to force them into submission. But this plan didn’t succeed either.

It goes largely without a dough that ‘’The Nuers’’ were the first and the only people in the whole history of Sudan to have had brought down (bi-airplane) by a traditional hand held tool or weapon known in Nuer language as ‘’WEITH’’ injuring two pilot on the due cause. In short the Nuer had never submitted themselves to become slave to others, never in their entire history.

Anyway, when the horrendous news of Juba December 15 massacre reached Nuer towns, counties and villages. Nuer in SPLA begin to split and defects to SPLM-IO in large numbers and youth begin to take up arms to defence their villages, counties and towns against the genocidal government.

Meanwhile, the SPLM-IO had to effectively organize itself into armed resistance so as to neutralise the state’s ethnic cleansing and fights back in self-defence. This resistance movement was borne and is firmly rooted in the fundamental human right to survival.

The freedom fighters whom had joint the revolution had did [so] not out of ethnic hatred or a quest to dominate other ethnic groups. But because it is their natural human rights to fight back in self-defence.     

The right to self-defence is the right to survive. Self-defence is a natural human reaction to any given threat; be they perceived, real or imagine. That is to say, violence is confront with violence and war is oppose war until such time that the situation warrant either defeat, victory or compromise-able peace treaty. 

The freedom fighters firmly understood that freedom, liberation and human progress are not easily achieved. They’re attained through relentless sacrifice determination and courageous commitments.

Of important, challenges death and setback are part and parcel of any given struggle. In most cases, what is paramount in any struggle is that, the leaders at the forefront commanding the struggle must minimise its error of judgements so as to reduce give away victories at grave human’s cost.

They must learn not to repeat previous mistakes once identified. Moreover, they must also effectively capitalise on their opponent’s weakness thus solidified their political and military strategic strength.

If the genocidal regime thinks that military muscling is the ultimate solution, then so be it. The freedom fighters are more than determine to liberate themselves from the genocidal regime. There is no turning back. It’s not the weapons or how heavily armed you're that win battles. It is how committed and determine you're that secure you victory.

These freedom fighters are undefeatable, and fighting them is not an easy matter. They wield practical combating skills and they marshal these skills to war like a double-edge sword; sharp on offensive and tough on defensive.   

The genocidal regime had used state military arsenals, Cluster bombs and hire foreign mercenaries, such as JEM, SPLM-N, and UPDF only to come fight one ethnic group and yet the freedom fighters remained undefeated.

Mayian Tot is a concern South Sudanese reachable via This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

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