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The New Chapter on the Journey to Peace

By Abraham Deng Lueth, B.S. and MPA

Introduction

April 26, 2014 (SSNA) -- Our nation has been put to test by the devastating conflict that is ripping the country apart. To go direct to the point, I want to begin by thanking President Kiir Mayardit for releasing the four political detainees today. Deep in my heart, I knew that President Kiir was not the cause of their detention and throwing of our country into the mess we are in today.

However, because he is the leader and had his best chance of rejecting the bad deeds that were planned and executed against our people, he fully bears the yoke of who to blame. His great courage (which was way overdue) to releasing the G4 has a saving factor for our nation.

The crowd that stormed the court room and its compound earlier today comes from all works of life in South Sudan. The people who cheerfully lifted up on their shoulders some members of the G4 did not just hail from their respective communities but from all walks of life in South Sudan.

If there was a doubt in any South Sudan government official’s mind that the citizens were losing it day by day, then it must have been cleared today. South Sudanese people know that the government was deadly wrong to put these people in prison. The people of South Sudan know that there was no coup.

Dear fellow citizens, we cannot change the past but we can surely shape our present and future. The war in South Sudan must end. To end it, all South Sudanese must learn the following songs and they must be the only ones that we all sing.

Ending of the crisis

It is imperative that the crisis be ended immediately. The words of Pagan Amum today sent a very moving spirits across all sorts of waves in the conflict. It was a message of peace and it was indicative of what him and his colleagues could have done if they were released during the early days of the conflict. President has set his foot on the right path and he must continue to push for ways to resolve the conflict. Dr. Machar, on the other, must also mimic what Juba did today. He must put down his guns. The sounds of guns must be silenced. We want to hear only war of words and eventually, soothing words.

The political detainees, the G4 and G7, will have very critical roles to play in this process. They are the bridge or liaison between the government and rebels. The government, rebels and all people of the world must use them wisely to help successfully bridge the two warring parties.

Last but not least, South Sudanese people must be awaken and actively involved in the process of ending this crisis by holding people accountable who make the process of successful cessation of hostilities impossible.

Military families (any family with a son or sons fighting in the frontline of this senseless war) must organize and start taking charge of their own children’s lives by holding accountable leaders who are sending them to harm ways on both sides.

All other South Sudanese civil society organizations must start to organize rallies for peace and sensitize our people around peace, unity and truth and reconciliation. I don't mean that they rally and sing President Kiir's name like the previous, irresponsible, rallies but to call on both Kiir and Riek to stop the war and sit down and talk.

Truth, peace and reconciliation among our people

The process of truth and reconciliation must begin now. It starts with recognizing what was done wrong by both sides and focusing on what can be done right moving forward from this point now. Therefore, both sides must send people to the peace talks, who are willing to say to each other, yes, that was done wrong by my party and we are willing to change things for the better and vice versa.

The manhood or bravery that is being portrayed by people on both sides of the conflict is primitive and cannot help the nation of South Sudan to recover. The momentum that the release of the G4 set in today must not be misused. The language of peace must be what is sung by all people and institutions. The rhetoric of beating up more war or intensification of war is uncalled for.

Therefore, both President Kiir and Dr. Machar must instruct their military leaders to slow down military operations and give dialogues in Addis Ababa a chance. The two leaders must know that there is no military solution to this conflict. They must know that when they send their forces to fight each other in the name of defeating each other, they are not fighting each other, individually, but rather, making those armies fight each other! More military operations are just simply meant to destroy our resources and loss our precious lives of the armies on both sides and civilians.

Unity of our people

The need to unite our people is urgent. The nation is polarized communally and regionally. This is a very dangerous situation that must be corrected very soon. There should be no marginalization of any people or region in this country. Doing that defeats the very purpose of fighting the Arabs in the first wars. Pumping chests up and calling or boosting about how one group of people is historic, brave, own the government, peace-loving and etc is an act of primitiveness and backwardness. We must be all proud of our country and be united by our citizenship.

If the president feels that no one else can protect him better or fight the war better other than having to put in place of power his Dinka tribe men, then that is a very bad sign. The latest appointment of Malong Awan and Marial Nuor are welcomed with mix feelings and the South Sudanese people must monitor the behaviors of these individuals and the institutions they will lead. It is my hope that they will work hard to prove that they were not appointed to protect a man and a leadership but to work for the nation and its people.

Abraham Deng Lueth is a Community Support Specialist at Truman Behavioral health Emergency Department in Kansas City, Missouri, United States; he is the President of Greater Bor Community-USA. He previously worked as a critical care laboratory technician and conducted an independent undergraduate biomedical research project which was published in the Plant Science Journal in 2007.

Disclaimer: The information in this article reflects that of the author and does not represent any organization that he is leading.

Salva Kiir Govt: From tribal to regional govt!!

By: Weirial puok Baluang

April 25, 2014 (SSNA) -- The government of Salva Kiir Mayardit has been a tribal government for the whole of its term since the than autonomous government of southern Sudan in 2005 till 23rd of April 2014 when he reduced it from the tribal government to the regional one (Bhar el Ghazal Government).

The case of Gen, Hoth Mai and Gen. Mach Paul

According to the decree read on Juba regime owned TV known as SSTV on 23rd of April 2014, Salva Kiir Mayardit the president of the republic of south relieved Gen. Gathoth Mai and Gen Mai Paul and he replaced them with Paul Malong Awan and Gen. Marial Cinuor respectively.

The fact that the two former leaders hails from Greater Upper Nile and the newly appointed leaders hails from Greater Bhar el Gazal qualified that President Kiir has shifted his government from the formerly Dinka dominated government to Bhar el Gazal Dinka dominated government. Therefore, it is still going on in an increasing move to be a Clan government that will be dominated by Rek Dinka of Warrap where our president comes from as long as the deal between Yuweri Museveni and himself (Kiir) is still active militarily.

The proverb of "" What goes around comes around"" became true. last year of 2013 December when the made up coup erupted in the national capital Juba, 17,613 innocent Nuer civilians were murdered/massacred by Kiir's and Malong's militias, therefore, the world described the move as a ''Tribal War"" which many politicians including Kiir himself denied. Now it has proven itself alone.

The removal of a man like Gathoth Mai has a little but not big affect on Mayardit Government. But replacing a man who's been cautioning the army against tribalism and politicizing the military with a man who has a private, tribal militia he pays with state funds instead of the national fund is just plain dangerous; a very unfortunate precedent that will drag not only himself (Malong) to the ICC but Kiir and Museveni too.

One of my friends, Kuir E Garang a political commentator, asked a question on the social media about the removal of Gen. Hoth which goes like this: Malong Awan, the newly decreed-in COGS, was involved in the operations of the three nights when thousands of innocent Nuer were slaughtered. What message is the president sending to the Nuer community with or against the government?? to me it is a very good question since Gathoth Mai did not even condemn the deaths of his brothers and relatives if not all Nuer during the Juba Massacre for fear not to get his job lost should he quote of why his tribe is being killed on his watch?

''For the case of General Mach Paul'',

Gen. Mach Paul is a man of all the people due to the fact that he tells truths though it hurt many people in our country. If Mach Paul could have rubbished the made up coup de atat since the beginning of the fights he could have been respected more than the late time he rubbished the fabricated coup.

However the removal of Gen. Mach Paul did not surprised me more as that of Gathoth Mai, because of the statement he made According to the Citizen Newspaper report, Mach Paul told the court that the four political detainees have nothing to do with the alleged coup and the subsequent armed rebellions in Jonglei, Upper Nile and Unity states.

"The SPLA Director of Intelligence, Gen. Mac Paul, told the Court that he, as an intelligence officer, has no clue that the four suspects were behind the attack but pointed out that he believes there were some political problems within the SPLM party which started way back before the incident of December 15.

Gen. Mach Paul is a truthful leader like Dr, Machar to criticize or tells truth though in the system without fear of loosing the job. that is a spirit of nationality and togetherness which have got no room in our country under president Kiir. many of the Kiir government officials are aware of the failed assassination attempted against the reformists on 15/12/2013 but could not talk so that they don't want to loose their respective job as happened to Gen. Paul innocently. Therefore my message to the current Kiir's officials is that: if you need to survive politically use the tactic of Marial Benjamin, Makuei Lueth and the likes by praising Kiir all the times and tell more lies that please Kiir.

My brothers and sisters who does not know that the current government is the combination of self-imposed president, Yes_Man Vice president together with some of his puppet governors/Ministers and members of parliament who were rejected by their constituencies, that gave birth to the most corrupt government the world has ever seen in the 21 century, as tribalism, nepotism, insecurity, robbery, and terror to keep oppositions out of their club because the government was designed to please the president and not for social service delivery for country’s citizens.

My dear readers, to confirm and believe whether Salva Kiir's formerly Dinka dominated Government has changed to the worse one which is the regional government that would take the country into the blood bathe (Bhar elgazal Government) we need to go through the below Cabinets and the Top Government posts as per the regions and tribes:

Salva Kiir Mayardit (Bhar elgazal Dinka) - president of the republic of south sudan
James Wani Igga ( Greater Equa.) - Vice prsident
Paul Malong Awan (Bhar elgazal Dinka) - Chief of General Staff
Four deputies of Chief of General staff ( Bhar el Gazal Dinkas with the exception of Ayom Door the Dinka of Upper Nile
Barnaba Marial Benjamin (99% Bhar elgazal Dinka and 10% Nuer) - Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation
Martin Elia Lomoro (Greater Equa.)- Cabinet affairs   
Kuol Manyang Juuk ( Greater Upper Nile Dinka) - Defense and Veteran Affairs
Telar Ring Deng - ( Bhar elgazal Dinka) Justice minister in the Office of the president ( Bhar elgazal Dinka))
Obuto Mamur Mete (Greater Equatoria) – Office of the President for National Security Service
Aleu Ayeny Aleu (Bhar elgazal Dinka)- Interior and Wildlife Conservation
Aggrey Tisa Sabuni (Greater Equatoria)– Finance, Commerce and Economic Planning  
Kuong Danhier Gatluak (Graeter Upper Nile)- Labor, Public Service and Human Resource Development
Michael Makuei Lueth(Greater Upper Nile Dinka)– Information, Broadcasting and Telecommunication and Postal Services
Riek Gai Kok (Greater Upper Nile)– Health minister
Beda Machar Deng ( Bhar el gazal Dinka) - Agriculture, Forestry, Tourism and Animal Resources, Cooperatives and Rural Development
John Gai Yoh - ( Greater Upper Nile) Education, Science and Technology
Jemma Nunu Kumba – ( Greater Equatoria) Land, Housing and Physical Planning (
Bhar elgazal Dinka) ) minister of Electricity, Dams, Irrigation and Water Resources
Simon Majok Mijak ( Dinka Upper Nile)- Transport, Roads and Bridges
Stephen Dhieu Dau (Dinka Upper Nile) - Petroleum, Mining and Environment 
Ngor Kulang (Bhar elgazal Dinka)- Culture, Youth and Sport
 Awut Deng Acuil (Bharel gazal Dinka)– Gender and Social Development

DEPUTY/ASSISTANT MINISTERS   

Paulino Wanawilla Unango (Greater Equa.- Justice
Jadada Augustino Wani (Greater Equa. - Interior and Wildlife Conservation
Mary Jarvas Yak (Bhar elgazal Dinka) - Finance, Commerce and Economic Planning
Kengen Jakor-( Bhar elgazal Dinka) Finance, Commerce and Economic Planning
Rebecca Joshua Okwaci ( Greater Upper Nile) - Information, Broadcasting, Telecommunications and Postal Services
Nadia Arop Dudi ( Greater Upper Nile Dinka) - Agriculture, Forestry, Tourism and Animal Resources, Cooperatives and Rural Development   
Bol Makueng (Bhar elgazal Dinka) - Education, Science and Technology  
Deng Arop Kuol (Bhar elgazal Dinka)- Land, Housing and Physical Planning  
Martin Daku (Greater Equa.)- Transport, Roads and Bridges
Elizabeth James Bol ( Bhar elgazal Dinka) - Petroleum, Mining and Environment
Ateny Wek Ateny (Bhar elgazal Dinka) _Presidential spokesperson
Akol Paul ( Bharelgazal Dinka) SPLM youth league leader and so on and so forth from Dinka Bharelgazal Leaders in the national level.

In conclusion, the so called regional government of Salva Kiir Mayardit with the help of president Museveni of Uganda would not make it to the august this year due to the fact that those Nuer SPLA members and militias fighting alongside the ruling of Kiir for life will be hopeless because Malong Awan is the worse night killer South Sudan has ever get. because Kiir's power depend on J.E.M, UPDF and Puljang's Militias as Bentiu was captured when Puljang withdrew for his life, there will be a little to be achieve through Paul Malong unless to kill the remnants of 15/12/2013 and 17/4/2014 Juba and Bor massacres survivors respectively who are now seeking the safe haven at UNMISS across the country otherwise his appointment is to spray on Nuer lands the cluster boms and other chemicals that kills both Human and animals which could not be allowed by the former Chief of General Staff Hoth Mai

God bless South Sudan!!!

The writer/author is reachable at This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Who was behind the killing of 145 and 275 wounded Civilians in Bor?

By Peter Gai Manyuon

"A nation that continues year after year to spend more money on military defense than on programs of social uplift is approaching spiritual death “from unknown author.

April 21, 2014 (SSNA) -- According to what had happened in Jonglei State Capital Bor on the 17th of April 2014 where one hundred and forty five (145) Nuer civilians were massacred in United Nation Mission in South Sudan (UNIMISS) Compound and two hundred and seventy five (275) people wounded, justify that someone like Michael Makuei Lueth who is the Minister of Information and Broadcasting in the Government of South Sudan is behind the scene. Why do I say this? On Friday 18th of April 2014, Comrade Makuei stated  on both electronic and print media that “the people killed in the attack on the UN compound in Bor the previous day were ‘rebels’ who committed the ‘intolerable’ act of celebrating the fall of Bentiu, which was captured from government forces last Tuesday”. He also as well said “The genesis of the problems goes back to the recapture of Bentiu town by the rebels.”

Logically, what can you analyze as an individual citizen of South Sudan in this scenario where the Minster is inciting the violence? Base on my own intelligentsia and curative thinking, I think Makuei is very wrong to come out verbally with that statement and moreover, he is a National Minister for all representing the entire Republic of South Sudan. He is not the Minister for Bor South or whatever the case may be. Due to high level of disorganization or Lack of Public relations within him (Makuei), he aired out a word that might bring a very big problem to himself in the nearer future, if am not mistaken.

However, according to my own observation about Comrade Makuei, he is the one who instructed the soldiers to go and attack the UNIMISS Compound in Bor basing on what he had said during the time he addressed the Press conference last friday in Juba after the massacred happened already. Therefore the International Communities and South Sudanese should know that, Makuei Lueth is a criminal number one who deserves hanging from the President of the Republic of South Sudan because; he is the very person who is spoiling the government of Maryardit in Juba at this particular period of time.

Most of the people within the government of South Sudan thoughts that, this current crisis will not come to an end very soon but mind you; in every crisis, there is a beginning and ending; therefore those who did wrong things to the people of South Sudan especially on the tribal agenda, should be discipline afterward, so that other people should learn from the experiences.

Some people might ask themselves why I come with this article today. For your information by dear Countrymen and ladies, someone who has no boundaries in talking is good to be hang like what happen to the former President of Irag or given a life imprisonment for some times. More so , if the option of hang should not work, then he (Makuei) deserve to be indicted for the war crime against humanity because killing one hundred and forty five (145) civilians who have no arms ,moreover in the house of United Nation need a good investigation otherwise UNIMISS might be regarded as an Institution which is bias.

Someone like Mr. Makuei Lueth, deserves hanging after the war due to the fact that, he (Makuei) has gone beyond the jurisdictions of communications ethics and laws. Every profession has got its ethics and laws that should be respected.

Well, some people said that Makuei Lueth is a graduate of the University of Khartoum in faculty of Law but am not sure whether he (Lueth) really understood what he was doing at that time, I think he is among the people who like choosing courses because they have a good name due to my surprise, he does not deserve the title as the Lawyer. For those who are informed up stairs know that, Lawyers are people who can be evaluated from the way they talk, think and reacts toward certain things in society but for someone like Makuei, should go back and study Law very well again because right now he is spoiling the Legal Professional Internationally.  

Since the crisis occurred last December 2013 in Juba, Comrade Makuei have been in forefront propagating and telling lies to the huge audiences across the globe. 

Makuei incited the crisis by speaking words that does not carry meaning, moreover meaningless in the sense. He had been abusing western diplomats and government without good approaches, he always talk any how without proper communication skills and techniques. Makuei made a very big crime when he was trying to go to Jonglei state UNIMISS compound early this year, therefore; he deserve punishment after the war end, because what he did was really unacceptable and unbelievable in the human history Internationally. All the messes he advocated for, shows he is a number one criminal in Kiir regime in Juba and deserve to be given individual sanction and indictment in the Hague for the War Crimes against humanity.

Keys recommendations

International Communities especially the United Nation Mission in South Sudan (UNIMISS) should question Makuei for the incident that had happened in the Jonglei State Capital Bor. Innocent Civilians were killed resulted from Makuei Lueth influence and you will justify my statement due to the fact that, early this year he (Makuei) attempted to enter to UNIMISS Compound in Bor with guns but he was denied the chance to do what he was suppose to do at that time by United Nation soldiers those were in Bor.

The President of South Sudan General Salva Kiir Mayardit, should dismiss, Makuei Lueth , if he really want to be in the leadership or gain a momentum from western diplomats, otherwise this is the very person who have destroyed and will remove Mayardit from the leadership that he (Kiir) was suppose to enjoy for some times.

In conclusion, I will end with the quotation which says” A 'civilization' that makes such a ridiculous fuss about alleged 'war crimes' - acts of violence against the actual or potential enemies of one's cause - and tolerates slaughterhouses and vivisection laboratories, and circuses and the fur industry (infliction of pain upon creatures that can never be for or against any cause), does not deserve to live.” Savitri Devi

The author is the Independent Journalist and Columnist who had written extensively on the issues of Democratization and Human Rights in South Sudan. You can follow him on twitter@Peter Gai Manyuon or This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

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