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South Sudan: Final Gait to Permanent Peace and Freedom

By Thiang Geka

May 21, 2014 (SSNA) -- I hope everybody is as optimistic as I’m that peace must surely return to South Sudan. Permanent peace and everlasting Freedom for all!! No matter how long this useful and present war will last. President Salva Kiir: had this to say in Juba, that “this war which had happened in 2013 is the first and will be the last war in the Republic of South Sudan”. Only that, history had to take it dimensions. Yes, thousands of innocent South Sudanese civilians were killed in the middle. Nevertheless all of us are convinced that table is the only road to peace and everlasting freedom.  Many South Sudanese, people, from different works of life need to have peace return to the nation. Therefore, I’m personally, the author, asking ignorant South Sudanese to begin working for it. We have now seen its roof. There is no sustainable development and stability without peace or freedom. And you won’t have such modern realities without your making. Your physical and personal participation is very, very important. Let us projected and generate budget for Peace!!!

Each and every one of us would want to stay not idle but add his/her contribution for it. That is for Peace and Freedom! What are you waiting for? Aren’t you part of this country? Then what are you doing? Are you fond just of talking without rushing into action? Take the point, here, please. It isn’t my obligation alone. It isn’t Mr. X or Mr. Y duty alone to bring peace to South Sudan. It is our overall responsibility. I’m not in my home(s) now. If I were to wait there, I would have been slaughter. Do you know why? You might have seen or heard it. But now, I can cater the living and don’t feel nostalgic at all about those homes. So let me tell you one thing or the other. What I fundamentally needed and we still searching for are Peace and Freedoms. Because, some of you might had been erroneously convinced or rather, deceived. Why I orally objected the governing—reasoning approaches. South Sudan can’t afford to import cunning techniques from Zimbabwe, Libya, Arab world etc. This is the only reason. I objected the approaches, so that to have permanent peace in the country. I’m sure we can do that with or without help. Don’t say our number is just and so, we won’t manage to bring peace. No we will. It is deeply rooted in our culture, habit, norm and values to stand up against any inhuman styles. We are (born) there to be the first to say NO! And at the end bring peace and lasting Freedom for all. Doubtful and fearful group (s) would join later. The only choice they picked. A Country’s best food doesn’t eat by or benefit its genuine builders. This is a proven fact and saying.  From very my mother tongues.  Some of you may and may not understand me well in. Kuejiok a genuine redeemer of this retarded land. The past and present milieus vindicate the realities.

I have prepared a short tale for you, the readers, to read. Compare them later on. This tale is all about my unplanned journey I was forced to have had, a century ago. From a central region called Equality.  After, an annihilation attempt, that had happened to me. You may call it assassination attempt. I needed no further urging. I knew not this strange country had only a dim idea as such.  Since everything could be reasoned traditionally. But I struck out bravely across the desert toward the land of Freedoms. To ask myself a question as to why they wanted to silenced me and my likes. Or why they would want to have had our souls sent to heaven in mass for no good reason. Late those days, I reached a rough district(s) as inhabited as desert. The sharp rocks bruised the feet of my faithful, peaceful dynamic young men and soon they were picking their way slowly and painfully along. I met neither men nor beasts and could well understand why they shunned this inhospitable land. Sometimes we had our bullets not billets with them exchanged. It was such a journey from then on as few men live to tell of. Day after day I plodded along. I almost ran out of my basic needs. The heat of the sun was merciless. I had to endure all these, simply because there is no easy walk to freedom. At the end of the day I slid from the back of my mount with the feeling that I was too weak to ever remount and I would surely die, lost in that abandoned country. Presently referred to this!

As all groups were domestically and regionally being biased against me. Yet altogether, they understood the lessons I taught them while trekking. They will forget not those lessons. I stretched out up the ground and slept, not waking until the first gleam of daylight. I sat up and looked about me. There was coolness in the morning air. About me was a vast waste of destroyed country covered with rock, sand and thorny things. No sign of peace at all corners, naught to eat for man or whatever. Then a question came to me. It was. Could it be that in this peaceful quiet I faced my end?  NO! I said. My mind was clearer than it had ever been before. I looked across into the uninviting distance and once again came to me a question “Have I the soul of a slave or the soul of a free man?”  Then, after a while with clearness I realized that if I had the soul of a slave, I would have given up, lie down in the desert and die, a fitting end for a runway slave. But because I had the soul of a free man, what then? I have to continue preaching the spirit of peace. The last question I put to myself was. Who still has natural field powers to serve manly? My answer: Thiang Geka, his nation as well as the people around. Including those of central region where I survived an annihilation attempt. Ok if this is the case. Let me go, it is me talking. Thiang Geka had come to hut (Luak). I am now in a byre.

I became fresh now as ever before. Surely, I have to force my way back to Greater Equality Region (GER). I decided. In order to pay homepage to the people who trusted me and me trust, bring happiness to my friends who truly loved me and bring peace and contentment to my country human beings. Who cannot able to stand up for rights lonely.  Organize prayers on mass graves of my own family members perished there. Butchered by bearded killer’s district mobilized clannish men. I can see the things that I must do countrywide. First I have to go back to GER as stated to face every man to whom I owed untaught lessons about peace. Peace is our mission, vision and objective. Any obstacle on the path must be fought fiercely. I should tell them that after months of wondering, I had come back to pay my debts as fast as God would permits. For the first time, in months, after I survived that annihilation attempt.  This restarted time written in my forehead a slogan, read: Wide-ranging Forgiveness a best way to permanent peace and freedom. Lest. Alternatively, carrot and stick approach was another potential best way I chose. Modern spears were available. Next I must compose homes which will accommodate everybody. From there I begun and made my successful way back to GER. Without wasted much time. I reached GER and implemented all that I mentioned. And we could live in our region without hindered. In that land of ours peace and freedom can be found everywhere now. Justice rolls like water!

Coming back to South Sudan’s final stride to permanent peace and freedom‘s achievement.  Yes, we have a strong hope that despite these slippery, atrocious situations we can find ourselves in. Permanent peace and freedom will soon be prevailing in South Sudan.  I am 100% sure! This is inventible. Change had already changed the nation. Cognitive people and intelligentsia know it. Only myopic persons can deny. And it will also be after this unrest, that the country, South Sudan’s citizens equally become first class citizens and forever proud of their making. The participation you are asked today to offer as your last rejoinder in a process to have genuine justice or stabilized South Sudan.  More importantly, together we install a solid Constitution terms limits and Federal system of governance. History!! Otherwise permanent federal constitution, Justice, equality, stability, peace and Freedom will be brought to South Sudan without your participation. Utilize or waste your golden chance. END.

Thiang Geka is currently on a National Mission and will soon return to his historic home town, Old Fangak, for celebrations after the completion of this Mission. He can be reached for comment (s) at his Face book Page: Thiang Geka.

The Quest for Federal System of Government of South Sudan

By Bona Machar Nyak

May 15, 2014 (SSNA) -- Federal system is system where political authority is divided between two autonomous sets of governments, one national and the other subnational, both of which operate directly upon the people. Usually a constitutional division of power is established between the national government, which exercises authority over the whole national territory, and provincial governments that exercise independent authority within their own territories.

The principal agencies of federal government are a bicameral legislature, composed of Members of Parliament at national level representing the people directly and a County members parliament at the states representing the constituent members as entities; an executive branch elected by both houses of the legislature in joint session; and a supreme court that renders decisions on matters affecting national and sub-national federal relations. The national government consists of the executive branch, led by the nationally elected president; the parliament; and a judicial branch that resolves constitutional matters.

In other systems, federal arrangements are found in conjunction with a large measure of cultural homogeneity. The Constitution of the United States delegates to the federal government certain activities that concern the whole people, such as the conduct of foreign relations and war and the regulation of interstate commerce and foreign trade; certain other functions are shared between the federal government and the states; and the remainder are reserved for the states. Although these arrangements require two separate bodies of political officers, two judicial systems, and two systems of taxation, they also allow extensive interaction between the federal government and the states. Thus, the election of Congress and the president, the process of amending the Constitution, the levying of taxes, and innumerable other functions necessitate cooperation between the two levels of government and bring them into a tightly interlocking relationship.

The South Sudan nation has been under Authoritarian leadership since independence by imposing unitary system of government on citizens of this great nation while many of its informed citizens were dreaming of the Federalism form of government in which sovereignty is constitutionally divided between a central governing authority and constituent political units such as states or provinces. Federalism is a system based upon democratic rules and institutions in which the power to govern is shared between national and provincial/state governments. This is by far the most advanced and comprehensive example of the new phenomenon of federal linkages as it paves the way for the citizenry dignity that results in the mobilization toward meaningful development.

South Sudan should adapt this system of government since its decentralized powers and devolved resources down to our counties, it democratize all public and private institutions and promote the rule of law. With federal state citizens are able to enjoy their democratic right under constitutionalize policies enshrined in our legal documents which should be in the custody of qualified and independent personnel in our judiciary. We will have all our public and private institutions empowered by our constitution to carry their duties as stipulated but not guided by any individuals in the government.

Due to lack of political goodwill inspired by dictatorship tendencies in the republic of South Sudan corruption became part of the systems in both public and private sector the common types of corruption in South Sudan are extortion, nepotism, embezzlement, bribery, cronyism, patronage, and graft. This is because there is lack of clear rules governing private and public sector, weak enforcement of law and order due to manipulation of law by politicians or public servants, poor governance both in private and public sector. Corruption undermines economic development, it undermines political stability, and it jeopardizes the allocation of resources to sectors crucial for development.

Due to the unaccountable corruption by the government of South Sudan under the leadership of President Kiir and his allies South Sudan was levelled on the top list of the Failed States Index and ranked 18th of the top 20th poorest country in the world. All these are attributed to the types of government systems in place, South Sudanese believes that the country has a lot of natural resources which can make it necessary to be the fastest ever growing economy country in the world, it has potentials technocrats which if utilized properly can set good policies for strong governance in our public and private institutions and all these can be achieved only if Federalism is capitalised and instituted in our country. This system of government is well utilized in Nigeria, Ethiopia, India, Switzerland, Brazil, Australia just to mention a few. South Sudan should opt for the INDIA federal system of government which has three tier I.E National government, State government and County government each of these tiers has its own function as stipulated in the constitution. South Sudanese hope the proposed federal system of government proposed in Addis negotiating table is not just a mere system of government but a meaningful system of government that will resolved all problems South Sudanese are going through.

Bona Machar Nyak is a concern citizen currently residing in Kenya and he can be reached at This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

South Sudan Crisis: Those who committed crimes on both sides deserve to be at The Hague!!!

By Peter Gai Manyuon

May 14, 2014 (SSNA) -- South Sudan have been losing human beings and fighting had been going on since December 2013 up to now, and the genesis of the crisis was the fight that broke out within the Republican Guards in Juba, where the number of those who got killed innocently goes beyond the description after the escalation of the fighting to States.

Nevertheless, no one is aware of the accurate number at the movement but some statistics had shown that thousands have been massacred in Juba, Malakal, Bor ,Mapel and Bentiu as well and both sides are not coming to their common senses to think about the important lives of the small population of South Sudan at this particular period of time.

However everyone is informed about strategy use by the number one criminal globally by the name of President AL-Bashir who is ruling North Sudanese for almost a decade and eventually in 2011, South Sudanese gained their Independence and moreover for the last 21 years they suffered and got killed in good numbers in the name of him  President (AL-bashir) when Southern Sudanese by then were advocating for self-determination that have been accomplished through a peaceful, transparent and credible referendum. The question is, how can South Sudanese die at this stage against and they have a government they voted in to office? What a Nation is the Republic of South Sudan?

Hence, there has been lots of crimes and atrocities committed by both sides in the fighting, a lots of girls, women have been raped, tortured and other who denied rape were killed instantly. The atrocities committed in Juba by Kiir commanders need absolute penalty as well in a very special and analytical or competence court that exactly adjudicate good persecution and trail charges.

The number of people that have been lost in this senseless war is enough and therefore, there is need for rule of law, human rights issues and democratization processes to be upholding right now in the Republic of South Sudan. This is the right time now for the world and International Communities that are peace lovers to bring out a good mechanism to restore peace and harmony in South Sudan through peaceful resolutions.

Moreover, Sanctioning of individuals will not work but getting the genesis of the crisis is what will solve the current mess going on in the Republic of South Sudan.

Well; for those who do not think of the existence of the peaceful co-existence in South Sudan will complicates and continue doing atrocities and peace have been signed between the two rivals groups in the Ethiopian Capital Addis-Ababa on Friday 9th of May 2014, where regional and International observers were there witnessing.

Recommendations

The world should over sees, what is going on in the Republic of South Sudan by introducing monitoring and evaluation mechanism to the crisis, through identifying which side is attracting which side between the government forces and the rebels’ forces in South Sudan as well.

World and International Criminal Court (ICC) should right now begin to investigate and document who was behind the crisis or the people concern with the incident that erupted and killed almost half of the population in South Sudan.

The author is Independent Journalist and Columnist who had written extensively on the issues of Democratization and Human Rights in South Sudan, you can contact him through; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

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