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An open letter to Honorable James Kok Ruea

By Kuach Y. Tut kuay, Kenya

Dear Honorable, Gen. James Kok

June 8, 2014 (SSNA) -- With due respect and honor, I availed myself to seize this opportunity to send my kind greeting to you in your honorable capacity as my constituency MP. The purpose of this letter is to remind you of the courage you have always been known for in support of your people, the citizens of Fangak County. Allow me, honorable, to recall the time when our mighty town of Phom was attacked by the rebels of George Athor, and you risked your life in that rather volatile situation to come and mourn with us, to wipe our tears and to comfort us. That is a typical leadership quality every community would want to enjoy from their leaders. You have always been standing with us in both good and bad circumstances and on that, I am privileged to register to you my utmost thank-you.

As you know me very well, I always try as best as I can to be frank. Telling people what they did right and what they did wrong in their present. I recall our closed-door meeting in your house in Amarat in April 2013 with your good friend, Tuong Majock aka Rial maan, where you told us frankly in the meeting that we should not support Dr. Machar because we would all be killed since we don't have any source of ammunition. To quote your words, "don't be conned into supporting Riak Machar, take a look at the Juba situation do you have any source of ammunition? You will be burned to ashes. This guy is dangerous, he killed people in 91 and he wants to kill people again in 2013. This will never happen. Why starting a campaign now for 2015 which is yet to come" This were your words. And to also quote my precious advice to you back then which I wished you had the capacity to take notice of, but unfortunately, you were too big for a 'honorable' and could not dare to listen to a poor young man who knew nothing about politics. I am also quoting my words during that meeting, "Honorable, I cannot lie to you that there is anything good about the current administration. It would have been better if you are providing another alternative apart from Kiir who is known for his failure. My advice is that the current politics we are in, if one is not going to apply logical reasoning in his decision making of where to pay allegiance, it will ruins someone's political career completely. I suggested, honorable, that you can re-think the decision as it is not in favor of our constituency" These were my words to you, Honorable James.

All of us who were there in that meeting took your words for granted that "we will all be killed", we thought it was a mere intimidation or a method of trying to secure our support. I never knew it is something you planned with your best friend Salva Kiir. We were killed for sure. I know you will be surprised to receive a letter from me because I believe you thought I am dead, poor me! I am not dead, honorable, but the people who died from Fangak are more valuable than me and yourself in term of what they could do to the community in the future. Your own close relatives and body guards ran to UNMISS and you went to the media and spoke yourself blank, " cock-a-doodle-doo, the nuer were not killed! Those who were cheated to run to the military HQ to get weapons were the ones who were killed in the cross-fire" to your conscience does that statement makes sense?

Honorable, can I ask you where is Bamom Dual? Where is Kueth Peat? Where is Magisto Deng? Where is Kuacleak Chan? Only to mention but a few. Were they killed in cross-fire as you blankly aired? They were killed not because they support Riak Machar, in fact Bamom and Magisto supports Kiir like you, they were killed not because of any other crime they committed but simply because they are Nuer, that they possesses this indelible natural mark you and your master believe is a curse to have. I am not telling you to alter your political course as you are already comfortable with the status quo, but I am saying whatever politics of appeasement you are practicing, do not betray us by denying our death. Your voice seem to be bigger than your actual body and that is not a healthy politics even to your own self. Naming for sure influences what a person does, your name--Kok, literally meaning sell--made you to sell your own people with a blank check not even a promise to pay written upon it. At least for people like John Kong, we can rationalize their decision as protecting their position, but you, eh! you are actually stepping on your position of honorability which we, the people you are killing today, gave you in the voting booth.

When the incident happened, I turned down an evacuation planned for Nairobi and, instead, decided to first go to Fangak on 19th of December. To be honest with you, honorable, you are the most wanted person in Fangak that seeing you in Fangak will make no difference from seeing Kiir. A television screen was almost smashed in Phom just because you appeared on it with your blood-curdling message of betrayal. For sure this crisis came with a yard stick to measure the true leaders and the queasy ones who cares only about their personal goods. To our community, it is very unimaginable that a great leader, trusted by all the people of Fangak could slip into becoming a traitor in that simple manner, but they have known now.

Why did you fall so cheap, honorable, and Fangak is always proud to have someone outspoken like you. What will it benefit you to gain the whole world but lose yourself? What has gone wrong with your principles? I have always known you as a man who love the people of Fangak more than your own self that you were willing to sacrifice your position as a minister of humanitarian affairs for the sake of Fangak people by criticizing the government over their decision to bring George Athor rebel closer to Phom where they made it susceptible for attack. Where is that heart for humanity you were known for as "mankind"? It always confuses me how can a "mankind" support a "man-cruel" in the name of Salva Kiir. It is a puzzle I am yet to figure out and I don't even have the formulae. Do I need to remind you that you are the only key MP who remained in Kiir's regime now? I think you know it by intuitiveness and need not be reminded. I am sure you might have mistaken this rebellion for that of George Athor, but you is wrong. This is a just rebellion in that it put to end a tribal government that kills people base on tribal line; the shilluk, the pertit, the murle and now the Nuer. It is not election crisis Oh honorable! it is a fight for freedom after you, the opportunists, grabbed the freedom and used it for your own good sake. It is a fight for federalism to which the people of Fangak are committed to and will never hold back. It is a fight to install into power men of principles and not you, the queasy sycophants who leaks the wounds of our mother nation to feed yourselves, leading us with dick-heads.

I can assure you that you could be a great leader and also that you have a sense of humanity in you but you are, in contrary, lacking confident and courage in yourself. You are typically nervous coward who would feel insecure even with his own shadow, who always feels afraid of what his decision may inflict on him. The lack of confident made you feel insecure in any political environment and this made you immune to status quo as you fear change. It is obvious that your attachment to the SPLM is only through that young boy of nearly my age in the name of Akol Paul. I can't imagine that the vast community of Fangak could benefits in that precarious line with a very weak political fabric attached to a sub-peg. Why would you like to be where you are tolerated than where you could be celebrated? To change the status quo is a bold decision, I know, and only men of courage risk it altogether in pursuit for better.

My advice as someone who still believes in you, unlike many people of Fangak who lost trust in you, I want to tell you that it would be wiser to make a U-turn in your decision. Leave whatever gold and silver Kiir might have promised you as they are only temporary benefit. The most permanent benefits for a politician is to obtain his/her community's approval and it is not to late to acquire that if only you apologize to the people of Fangak, announcing your resignation from the party and join the opposition immediately. Your best friend, Makuach Teny, did that, so should you. Notwithstanding this advice, I want to assure you that the torch has been passed to a younger generation that put people first and not their interest and that, by design or default, you will soon find yourself an unwanted element in south Sudan leave alone Fangak. Your chance of a political rise is one to zero and doesn't provide any slim winning opportunity. Decision making is tough and not many people are familiar with it, if you would have listen to my advice back then, you could be a great man among our people now and equally politically strong, but wapi! It falls into deaf honorable ears. I am taking this second chance to advise you despite your rough and arrogant reaction to my previous advice that please thinks about your people and not your position. The youth are suffering in UMISS and you never visited them leave alone giving them something for food. All of our University students dropped out of school and you don't take any initiative to help at least few of them, specially the finalists, to finalize their school in Kenya or Uganda with the CDF funds. You have contributed to your own downfall and now that you have made your bed so must you lie in it.

Not forgetting to congratulate Honorable Tuong Majiok for the "one-in-a-lifetime" position. Sometime crisis is like a coin, it has two sides one good and the other bad. Without this crisis it is as impossible as a camel passing through the eye of a needle for Tuong Majiok to be a minister, politically as well as professionally speaking. I congratulate you Honorable Tuong, I hope this time you will erect your own bungalow for you have been a quest for the last five, or so, years. Surely, God is great! As long as one is alive, there is nothing impossible. I know it will be very difficult for you to resign that position even if they killed your own wife because you got it by privilege and not right, but let me also take the opportunity to ask for the impossible to happen. Resign your position and join where you belong, which is the fight for freedom and justice for all south Sudanese. Your existence to either side doesn't add value, though, but for number's sake, we need you.

Wish you all the best in making up your minds.

Long live freedom and democracy for south Sudan!
Long live Fangak community for Freedom and democracy!
Long live the brave youth of Fangak County!

The author is a youth activist who participates in many different south Sudanese youth platforms and he is as well a freelance writer in matters pertinent to politics, justice, peace and equality for all south Sudan. You can follow him on twitter @kuach444 or write him an email on This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Will Federal System of Government Stop Rebellion and Corruption in South Sudan?

By Deng Mangok Ayuel

If you put the federal government in charge of the Sahara Desert, there'd be a shortage of sand within 5 years – Milton Friedman

June 7, 2014 (SSNA) -- The individualistic and ethnical dynamic, political impatience and resistance to political changes within the system of government by the same leaders who are now hungry for federal system of government, and the slogan, we are the ‘elites’ of SPLM, shall not make us a peaceful nation than a federal government.

If we are vulnerable to our ethnical and political deeds, is it easy to get federalize or have a real functional system of government we deserve in South Sudan? And who are the ones calling for federalism? The old boys who initiated and implemented kokora in 1980s? Same people in the same government who corruptly tainted our resources for years?

Our problem in South Sudan is not about the system of government – call it absolutism, abstractionism, centralism, federalism, Afrocentrism, or whatever. The main issue is the nature of our politicians, political consortium within the same party and individuals’ powers in political game. It’s also about the competition within the ruling party, greed for leadership by political subordinates and tribalism.

Federal government system instigated by the same people who have run the government of our country like their property could turn the entire country into one colossal political camp for dignitaries, believe me. The so-called federal system, if allowed shall be the government of people for the leaders and by the leaders because they like it. They know what they will gain from it. I don’t deter the principles of federalism but why was it initiated by kokoratists and renegades in the country?

Will federal system stop us from recruiting more white army and manthiang-anyor across the states in South Sudan?

This government shouldn’t row its people like a boat in the Nile. People are starving to death in the villages and camps, yet our people kept preaching what shall benefit them in the long run. I am just curious. Why do we need a federal government? And why can’t politicians allow ordinary citizens to decide for the system of government which is good for them?

I partially agree with Bahr el Ghazal youths who opposed federal system of government. These individuals, who called themselves Bahr el Ghazal youths are encouraged to individualize their political issues than generalizing the youths whose ideas, grievances in the states of greatest Bahr el Ghazal have never been listened to for years.

According to the youths, federal system of government will lead to insecurity or increase rebellion in the country. The youth has also stated that federal government has failed in Africa {Nigeria, Ethiopia} and has been the key factor affecting the federal system in Africa.

However, federal system shouldn’t be political dogmatism in the baby nation. And who are federalists – uncle Konga, Equatoria MPs and Dr Machar’s political camp?

When there is a crocodile in the river, nobody is comfortable whilst swimming. I don’t believe federal system didn’t work in Nigeria and Ethiopia, oppositely making it inevitable in South Sudan. Federal system of government shall work in South Sudan after sometimes when the country is politically stable.

Federal system is not kokora but can be kokoratize if initiated by kokoratists. The call for federal government has never been initiated by Equatorians alone as put by Jacob K. Lupai in his article titled, federal system of government in South Sudan not kokora.

There is no pastor who is supposed to claim that Jesus Christ has appeared to him in a dream, that he is the only one preaching the Bible well than million of preachers in the country.

If kokora was started by Equatorians in Equatoria and badly affected people from Bhar el Ghazal and Upper Nile, thereafter, will federal government work well under Equatorians initiatives? 

I urge those who are seriously whisking up for federal system of government to give it a pause. Federal system which was proposed and opposed may cause another problem among the youths in the country when political opinions daunt and repel regionally.

Deng Mangok Ayuel is a South Sudanese blogger and humanitarian worker, currently based in Unity State. He can be reached via This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

A Militia and Theology: David Yau Yau Demands Are in Jeopardy

By Manyok Mabiei

June 7, 2014 (SSNA) -- First of all, who is a man called David Yau-Yau in South Sudan? This is my pleasure to review a militia and theology career of Jonglei. It isn’t too late to open up a case of the killer in 3years in Jonglei.

A man known as David Yau-Yau was a refugee in North-Kenya, Kakuma in 90s under care of the UN, and lived in Group 56, before he left the camp. He started a primary school in Kakuma with some of the children under care of the UN. Mr.Yau-Yau was a member of the Presbyterian Church in Zone-one in Kakuma. He studied theology course in Kenya, Uganda, and South Sudan in 2000s.

What is a Connection between David Yau-Yau and BishopTaban?

Paride Taban is a well-known Bishop and respectful person who engaged in peace dialogue between South and North, before the South Sudan got her own independent state from North. Taban is from Eastern Equatoria and served as a Bishop in the South Sudan during the civil war before becoming an advocate for peace who is widely respected by the governments of South Sudan and North Sudan.

What brought these two men together Taban and Yau-Yau by framing a peace deal between the South Sudan Democratic Movement Cobra-Faction and Government of South Sudan?

Bishop Taban and Yau-Yau were connected because of religion in South Sudan. Mr.Yau-Yau was helped by Taban to study the theology to become a pastor and to change Murle Community, so that they can understand the word of God and the people around them.

Taban was preaching a peace deal in Juba by devoting his times working on behalf of Yau-Yau and Government of South Sudan to end up the violence in Jonglei between six tribes.

David Yau-Yau was helped by two Bishops to study theology training through recommendation of Bishop Taban and Bishop Akurdit from Diocese of Bor in 2006, before he rebelled and killed the thousands of thousands of civilians in Jonglei.

Ruben Akurdit was interviewed by Sudan Tribune on December, 21 2012; he said, “he thought David Yau-Yau was going to make a pastor" when he taught him in Bortown of Jonglei.

This is meant Mr. Yau-Yau was taught by two Bishops of South Sudan to teach his Community to understand the word of God and avoid the violence to their neighbors.

A man was admired by two Bishops to become a good pastor and preach a peace between the communities, and government. It is a long time Murle practices what is calling abducting and stealing neighboring children.

Now, Yau-Yau is seemingly he bartered his allies two Bishops who taught him about the word of God.

What Turn a Theology Career to militia?

Mr. Yau-Yau came from Murle Community in Pibor, County and Gumuruk-Boma nearly 120 miles from Bor Community. Murle is sharing the borders with these communities including Dinka-Bor, Lou-Nuer, Anyuak, Kachipo, and Jie in Jonglei.

The six tribes made up of Jonglei in South Sudan. The Jonglei is a bigger by size, and populations, which can be divided into two and still bigger than these three States Warrap, Lake State, and Unity States.

The course of the matter came along with David Yau-Yau was an election on April, 2010; as an independent candidate in the states parliamentary during the election for the Gumuruk–Boma seat to representing his county of Pibor in Jonglei.

Yau-Yau and Judy Jokongole were fighting for one position until he was defeated by Jokongole, after; he loosed an election. Then his rebellion and killing the civilians were escalated the war against other communities near Pibor, County including government forces.

He launched his first attacks on May, 21 2010 by attacking the Pibor, County and killed the civilians. He escalated the war to other communities because he defeated by Kokongole from his area.

How this madness call an evil work or evil theory act less?

He went on and formed his party in the bush called the South Sudan Democratic Movement as the Cobra-Faction carried out deadly against people of Jonglei State and Government. He killed thousands of thousands of civilians in Dinka-Bor, Uror, Lou-Nuer, Anyuak, and Akobo in less than 3-years of rebellion.

Who will believe Yau-Yau Peace Deal in Juba?

If Mr.Yau-Yau will commit a lasting peace he should started from his neighbors by involve them in peace deal in Juba. He should start a peace deal with these communities including Lou-Nuer, Anyuak, Dinka-Bor, Kachipo, and Jie, rather than preaching a peace without them, while he left them as the victims of his war crime.

First, he should do by making apology to these communities including Lou-Nuer, Anyuak, Dinka-Bor, Kachipo, and Jie, because he killed their love one and abduct children.

This is called a madness of rebellion that cannot surprise the people, as Dr. John Garang was saying that, “Evil can even call for democratic.” These communities including Lou-Nuer, Dinka-Bor and Anyuak were calling for peace with Yau-Yau militia, but he abandoned and dishonored the deal in 2012.

Does anyone believe this peace will last between these communities without any attack?

I still doubt these communities will believe in this peace from Yau-Yau was preaching between Juba and Addis Ababa without including their neighboring communities, while he violated a first agreement in 2012.

Yau-Yau Demand a State of Murle

Divide Jonglei State into two states will not be a solution to end up the violence and attacks from these communities. A Militia Yau-Yau was claiming these four tribes including Murle, Anyuak, Kachipo, and Jie to have their own state in South Sudan. It is not a bad idea to add another state, but it will not prevent the crimes between these communities.

More to the points, there are probabilities the rebels can dishonor what they said, as an evidence Yau-Yau was signed the peace agreement in 2012, and then he dishonored it. This is a second agreement Yau-Yau exposes to the government and avoids their neighboring communities.

There are probabilities 98% of the rebel can violate their agreements without commit to it. The evidences the rebels like Kuanyin Bol, Riek Machar, Gadet Yak, and David Yau-Yau were against the government and killed the civilians, and calls for peace, but they violated more than two times.

Yau-Yau was assuming the four tribes in Jonglei will follow him to make up a state in South Sudan, while Anyuak, Kachipo, and Jie were not supporting the ideal of separation. Mr. Yau-Yau needs to form a (formal agreement) between these tribes Anyuak, Kachipo, Jie, and Murle in Jonglei to walk along in one road.

He failed without unite them, while there are rumors in the air Anyuak and Kachipo are not a part of the agreement with Yau-Yau. They were thanking Yau-Yau and his community, but they are not in agreement of separation from Jonglei. That mean Yau-Yau demands are in dilemma.

This is seemingly these communities are not agreed a deal by militia and theology career who kill thousands of civilians. Yau-Yau needs to know that without (formal agreement) with these communities in Jonglei; he will not achieve his demands. 

It is a bad idea from South Sudan Government to reward the criminals who committed crimes to deserve the position in the government. This is totally wrong encouraging a criminal act by criminals to kill the innocents and reward them with prides in the government.

How this call? It is a violation of law to reward the criminals rather than give them a capital punishment without rewards them. Same way Dr. Riek Machar who was putted the country into mass-conflicts will be reward later a position. This is seemingly the nation is under lawless if there is no exposing the law.

Yau-Yau should deserve the capital trial and precondition without moving loosely in Juba. He should also commit into a peace agreement of 5years without attacking some other communities near Murle, and then his case will be overview in 6years later.

The only solution is to educate these communities who are still living in “Middle Ages” of lifestyle, especially Murle. It is a good idea to open some roads and schools, so that there will be interactions and connections between them to avoid living in the jungle style, as some communities are taking advantage of attacking others who abandoned the bush life.

Manyok Mabiei is currently in Chicago, IL. He is a one of the SPLA-Chapter Founders in Chicago and a former leader of the Red-Army of South Sudan. This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

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