By Citizens for Peace and Justice
17 February 2014
February 17, 2014 (SSNA) -- Citizens for Peace and Justice (CPJ), a coalition representing more than 30 civil society organizations, is deeply concerned with the grave human suffering brought about by the conflict in South Sudan. We condemn all actions and inactions that have resulted in the death, injury, sexual violence, displacement, destruction of property, and gross disruption of life for an untold number of our people.
CPJ appreciates the ongoing efforts by the Intergovernmental Authority for Development (IGAD) to end hostilities and resolve the conflict through a negotiated agreement. We strongly support the calls for a more inclusive process that provides for the meaningful participation of all citizens, including civil society, women’s groups, youth groups, religious leaders, traditional authority and academics. CPJ believes that this is the only path to a just and sustainable peace.
From 9-12 February 2014, CPJ held a conference in Nairobi, Kenya in order to develop concrete plans for civil society in its efforts to secure a resolution to the crisis. The conference brought together more than 60 representatives of civil society from South Sudan and the diaspora.
At the close of the conference, we resolved the following:
First, CPJ calls on IGAD to provide for the direct and independent participation of civil society in the peace talks currently underway in Ethiopia. We specifically ask that CPJ representatives be given the necessary accreditation such that they can actively participate at all meetings of the parties; contribute proposals for consideration in the talks, including draft language for any agreements; and offer their expertise and advice to the mediators.
Second, we request the following issues be included in the agenda for the peace talks:
• Comprehensive institutional reforms, with a focus on constitutional reform, political party reform, electoral reform and security sector reform
• Mechanisms for securing truth and reconciliation
• Mechanisms for securing justice and accountability
• Humanitarian access and protection of civilian populations
• Management of oil and other natural resources
• Foreign military intervention
Third, we propose that IGAD use the following 13 Principles as criteria to develop and assess proposals for a transitional political arrangement:
1. Stop the violence – There must be sufficient buy-in from belligerent parties to immediately and credibly implement the cessation of hostilities agreement.
2. Enjoy the support of the people – Political settlements should not be forced on the people of South Sudan. The direct participation of civil society in the mediation process will help to ensure that proposals are in line with the needs and wishes of the people.
3. Provide access for humanitarian and development support – The conflict has had a devastating impact on people throughout the country. At risk populations must be provided with the support they need to reestablish their lives.
4. Foster unity, respect diversity and build national identity – The nation-building process should encourage the development of an inclusive national identity that finds strength in diversity.
5. Protect sovereignty – South Sudanese have sacrificed greatly to achieve their independence. The transitional arrangement must safeguard our right of self-determination.
6. Allow space for political and civic engagement and for comprehensive governance reforms.
– To achieve sustainable peace, South Sudan must address the underlying governance crisis.
Reforms must be designed and implemented in an inclusive manner.
7. Support democracy, embrace a multi-party system and ensure free and fair elections – For the past decade, South Sudan has struggled to establish democratic institutions. We must take into account the successes and failures of past elections and establish a strong electoral process to set the stage for a more democratic system of governance.
8. Promote truth, justice and reconciliation – If South Sudan is to come to terms with its violent past, the government must provide space for an independent and inclusive process of truth, justice and reconciliation.
9. Disincentivize violent behavior – Political settlements should not reward those who engage in acts of violence, particularly those responsible for violations of international human rights and humanitarian law.
10. Empower local government – The governance system should ensure the meaningful devolution of decision-making authority and resources to the local level, thereby helping to counter regional development imbalances.
11. Harness resources to benefit the people – South Sudan’s natural resources have done little to raise the living standards for our people. We should have clear plans and the necessary oversight to ensure that resources are not wasted through corruption and poor governance, but are directed towards socio-economic development.
12. Maximize job creation, service delivery and infrastructure development – We must ensure that our government has the necessary expertise to jumpstart economic development.
13. Build international support – Without the support of our international partners, South Sudan’s path to independence would have been far more difficult. We must work to maintain and build upon this international support.
Lastly, we call for the development of a Transitional Roadmap for South Sudan, which can be used as a platform to coordinate activities by civil society and other actors in promoting the resolution of the crisis in South Sudan and the monitoring and implementation of any peace agreements.
Joyce Lamanya Solomon Abaha, Kush Center
Ramadan Adam, Citizen
Agyedho Adwok, Citizen
Rev. Tijwog Hather Agwet, Dwogo (DRRC)
John Apuruot Akec, Academics and Researchers Forum for Development
Zachariah Diing Akol, The Sudd Institute
Julia Akur, South Sudan Women Lawyer’s Association (SSWLA)
Abraham Awolich, The Sudd Institute
Mer Ayang, Artist
Emmanuel Ben, South Sudan Land Alliance (SSuLA)
Laura Beny, South Sudanese Professionals in the Diaspora
John Beny, Citizen
Luka Biong, Kush, Inc.
Awak Bior, Leaves Bookshop
John Mairi Blackings, South Sudanese Professionals in the Diaspora
Chuol Gew Nhial, Citizen
Simon Buony, Nile Hope
Rev. Orozu Lokine Daky, Serving and Learning Together (SALT)
Kuer Dau, New Sudan Women’s Federation (NSWF)
Dagu David, Citizen
Anyieth D’Awol, The Roots Project
David De Dau, Agency for Independent Media (AIM)
Atong Demach, Citizen
Daniel Deng, Kush, Inc.
David K. Deng, South Sudan Law Society (SSLS)
Augustino Kuol Deng, South Sudan Youth Peace and Development Organization (SSYPDO)
Robert Deng, University of Juba
Valentino Deng, Citizen
Pio Ding, Citizen
Julia Duany, Citizen
Kueth Duany, South Sudanese Friends International
Geoffrey L. Duke, South Sudan Action Network on Small Arms (SSANSA)
Tiondi Francis, Peace and Development Collaborative Organization (PDCO)
Emmanuel Gale, Institute for the Promotion of Civil Society (IPCS)
Samuel Lony Geng, Centre for Livelihood, Research and Poverty Reduction (CLIP-Poverty)
Daud Gideon, Citizen
Obwaya Joe Isidoro, South Sudan Human Rights Defender Network (SSHRDN)
Lona James, Voice for Change (VFC)
Rev. George Riak Kuirthoi, Nile on Aid of Hope (Noah)
Peter Lasu Ladu, Equatoria Rehabilitation and Development Association (ERADA) and Juba Civic
Engagement Center (JCEC)
Laila Lokosang, Rally for Peace and Democracy (RPD)
Alfred Lokuji, Citizen
Merekaje Lorna, South Sudan Democratic Engagement, Monitoring and Observation Programme
Rev. Both Reath Luong, Nuer Peace Council (NPC)
Beny Gideon Mabor, Citizen
Don Bosco Malish, Citizen
Peter Gai Manyuon, South Sudan Law Society (SSLS)
Wani Mattias, South Sudan Law Society (SSLS)
Jackline Nasiwa, Citizen
Rev. James Ninrew, Assistance Mission for Africa (AMA)
James Keah Ninrew, Universal Intervention and Development Organization (UNIDO)
Priscilla Nyagoah, South Sudan Law Society (SSLS)
Paleki Obur, South Sudan Women’s Empowerment Network (SSWEN)
Rev. John Phillip Omot, Miakdell
Catherine Pita, EVE Organization for Women
Isaac Lony Ruot, South Sudanese Network for Democratic Elections (SSuNDE)
Henry Swaka, Civil Society Alliance
Rev. Peter Tibi, RECONCILE International
Abila Reuben Tom, Voice for Change (VFC)
Lam Tungwar, Artist
Koma James Vens, Peace and Development Collaborative Organization (PDCO)
Samson Wassara, Citizen
Ayom Wol, Citizen
Edmund Yakani, Community Empowerment for Progress Organization (CEPO)
Emile Yakani, Citizen
In South Sudan: Lona James
Voice for Change (VFC)
Tel: +211 955 022 367
In Kenya: David K. Deng
South Sudan Law Society (SSLS)
Tel.: +254 703 754 068