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South Sudan’s Warring Factions Disagree on a Deal, Peace Talks Suspended

Addis Ababa, March 6, 2015 (SSNA) -- Rival factions of the ruling Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) party have failed to reach a peace deal after many days of intense negotiations in the Ethiopian capital, Addis Ababa.

In a statement released on Friday, Ethiopia’s Prime Minister, Hailemariam Desalegn, disclosed that South Sudanese President Salva Kiir and rebel leader Dr. Riek Machar have failed to seal a deal that could bring the much-needed peace to the war-torn young nation.

“The talks did not produce the necessary breakthrough,” Desalegn said in the statement.

The Ethiopian leader has also expressed his disappointment over South Sudan main rivals’ inability to find a peaceful solution to the raging civil war.

“The consequences of inaction are the continued suffering of you, the people of South Sudan, and the prolonging of a senseless war in your country. This is unacceptable, both morally and politically,” he added.

Desalegn hopes that peace negotiations between South Sudanese rivals will resume in the near future.

Meanwhile, an African Union (AU) diplomatic source who asked not to be named because he is not authorized to speak to the media revealed to the South Sudan News Agency (SSNA) that South Sudan’s peace talks have basically been suspended and that the only thing that is not known to the public at the moment is IGAD public admission of its failure.

"There are simply enormous problems between both sides. I don’t think the two leaders of South Sudan [Kiir and Machar] will sign any agreement that IGAD and the international community would want them to sign. They seem to be looking for a deal that fit their own interests," the source said.

“I can tell you that IGAD has already suspended the negotiations and asked the African Union (AU) to either intervene or come up with an idea,” he revealed.

Fighting broke out in Mid-December 2013 between different units of presidential guards after months of political chaos among senior leaders of the SPLM.

President Kiir has accused Dr. Machar of planning a coup. Machar denied the accusation and said the coup allegation is deliberate act by Kiir in an attempt to try to purge his political rivals.

At least two million South Sudanese have fled their homes and tens of thousands of people have been killed.

US slams South Sudan’s rivals, calls for inclusive deal

Washington, DC, March 3, 2015 (SSNA) -- The United States Secretary of State John Kerry has criticized South Sudan’s warring sides for what he described as leadership failure.

Kerry, who is reported to be in favor of UN corrective measures against South Sudan also called on South Sudanese President Salva Kiir and rebel leader Dr. Riek Machar to secure an immediate and inclusive accord to end the war.

In a public statement, Kerry accused President Kiir and rebel leader Dr. Machar of failing to make necessary concessions to stop the ongoing civil war.

“Both President Kiir and Riek Machar have promised time and again that they would negotiate a transitional government under the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) process, but have failed to make the compromises needed,” Kerry said in a statement published on U.S. State Department website.

“The parties have until March 5 to secure an agreement that is inclusive, that initiates a broad range of transitional reforms and that ensures those responsible for human rights abuses are held to account,” he added.

The US top diplomat also said South Sudan’s government failed to protect and serve its citizens.

“Legitimacy is not a presumed right of any government. It is conferred by the people, and it is sustained only by demonstrating leadership to protect and serve all citizens—responsibilities the government has neglected,” Kerry said.

Secretary Kerry further disclosed that the United States and the international community will take action to punish those who are not willing to make “difficult decisions” for the sake of peace.

The United States spearheaded an international campaign which forced leaders of South and North Sudan to sign the Sudan’s Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) and secured South Sudan’s independence from Sudan in 2011.

UN Security Council Approves Sanctions on South Sudan

New York, March 3, 2015 (SSNA) -- The United Nations Security Council has passed US-proposed sanctions against South Sudan on Tuesday, paving the way for the international body to impose punitive measures against the young nation if the ongoing peace talks in Ethiopia failed.

The UNSC's action comes as the future of peace negotiations between South Sudan's warring factions look uncertain.

US’s Ambassador to the United Nations, Samantha Power, hails the move and warns that anyone who aggravates or who stands in the way of peace process will pay a price.

"Those who frustrate peace must begin to pay the price,” Power said.

Meanwhile, South Sudan’s Ambassador to the UN, Francis Deng, cautions that sanctions will only cause more suffering, asserting that President Salva Kiir and the people of South Sudan only need encouragement and support.

“What the president and the government of South Sudan need is encouragement and support, not condemnation,” Deng warned.

Deng also said he hopes the Council will not implement the measures.

Last week, the United States circulated a draft resolution to the UN Security Council. The proposal which called for the establishment of a panel of experts and committee to oversee the sanctions was questioned by China.

The US also warned that the newly-passed resolution is a first step and that tougher sanctions will follow.

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