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Analysis of the current appointment of the National Ministers in South Sudan

By Peter Gai Manyuon

August 1, 2013 (SSNA) -- According to my own reasoning and the way I am analyzing the current political arena of the Republic of South Sudan and more so, the appointment of the National Ministers excluding the Vice President of the South Sudan is so complex and interesting to the nation that also need political commentators like me to have a words that might be of importance to the Country like South Sudan. I thought the President General Salva Kiir Mayardit was supposed to be wise enough in his appointment process but to make it worse, he appointed some people who have no good background in their communities, I don’t think whether these very people Mr. President appointed will do the needful to him, I mean in term of his campaign for the party leadership and the candidature for the President of the Republic of South Sudan in 2015 coming, most of them are liabilities that have no values within their constituencies a cross the Republic of South Sudan believe me or not this is the matter of truth and legitimacy from my point of view.

My dear elites class, I hope  you will agree with me in one way or the other ,you might dispute this but realities and facts must be conceptualized, scrutinized and evaluated for the direct benefits of the citizen of this nation unless otherwise we are just citizen with no says in any formation of the government in this Country.

The newly decrees of Mr. President that have form the government by appointing the Ministers and their deputies with exception of the Vice President which was supposed to be the first to be appointed indicates that, he will not make it by any mean to become the President of this great Nation in one year and half remaining due to the reason known to him and his Political advisers who have advised him wrongly that is why he has form the government full with people with no good backgrounds and people that have no market or influences  in their societies.  

Apart from only six currently appointed Ministers , the rests are very weak in term of speaking, convincing, advocating, free from corruptions complications, most of the people in this Country now testified that the Government of South Sudan was not looking at the good people but looking for the wrong people that might take away public funds and resources in this Country  and this is an indication that, our Presidential advisors does not want our beloved President to come back to the leadership again, to me am looking at the Presidential advisors as people who are against our beloved President in reality. What is the basis of person having two positions when there are very many intellectuals, competences, energetic people that were left I think due to unknown reason? But need justification from the right body that the President of the Republic consulted when forming his cabinets on Tuesday evening.

Viewing at the position of Ministry of Justice which is currently going to be run by the Presidential Legal Advisor and the Minister at the same time Mr. Tilar Ring let me called him that way because am not sure of his qualifications, whether he is a Lawyer by Profession or he is professional in other disciplines in Education. “You cannot put your two legs in different ways”  that might be interpreted by intellectuals as self-lobby for many positions by those who are really nationalists ,facts must be said no matter what might be the circumstances in any scenarios other people might view at my augment.

Truly speaking what shows that, people of South Sudan are really keeping their motto which is justice, liberty and prosperity for all? Is there justice, liberty and prosperity for all in the appointment of the newly Ministers in South Sudan?

To me is not logically for him to have two positions within the nation because other people specifically the citizen of South Sudan will have a doubt with the President of South Sudan as the new Nation likewise bringing someone who is an elected Governor to be the National Minister when he was not remove first from his position, many people are asking what a political situation is South Sudan going to at this stage? To me am not against their appointment but they are supposed to be removed first from their positions which they were holding before taking over the newly positions to avoid mistrust within the President himself alone as individual person. Am not legal expert to make a lots of quotations about the Constitution on who to be appointed in the right positions but am expert in analyzing politics, analyzing self-interest that might occur and following International Journalistic way of educating, informing and entertaining the audiences with factual issues that are so relevant to for citizen consumptions.

Now days what is very importance is personal integrity and the ability to do the needful to the people of South Sudan as the nation then  holding many positions that might help you as the person alone excluding the citizen interest who vote warmly for the Independence of the Republic of South Sudan through referendum processes. I have too much love for the President but due to wrongs advices that are coming in, we should advice our beloved President because logically and realistically, we cannot go far that way.

The author is the Independent Journalist who writes for the Juba Monitor Newspaper as the Columnist, you can contact him through; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Who can put South Sudan on his or her head alone without the rests?

By Peter Gai Manyuon

July 31, 2013 (SSNA) -- People might be wondering why am asking such a question like this to my fellow Countrymen and ladies in the Republic of South Sudan but for those who have known most of the things in the Republic of South Sudan they will automatically realized the concreteness and how vital is this to the people of this great nation contextually, logically and even practically.

Logically and realistically people of South Sudan fought against the Khartoum government for the last decades due to the humiliations, intimidations, oppressions and lack of respect for Human rights, dignity and rule of law that was not practice by the most known dictator in the all world by the name of Bashier and who is still leading the North South Country.

Reflecting back at the originality of the people of South Sudan in general, you fine that most of the citizens of this great nation in one way or other contributed massively in liberation struggle that have granted us our freedom at last in the year 2011 on the 9th of July. Looking at their contributing from the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) that was signed on the 9th of January 2005 between the Late Hero Dr John Garang and the Government of National Unity by then, the South Sudan referendum that was conducted on the 9th of January 2011 under the leadership of General Salva Kiir Mayardit and subsequently the Independence of the Republic of South Sudan was granted to us on the 9th of July 2011, that can justify that each and every one of south Sudanese contributed in the betterment of this country.

Why do I make these reflections to my countrymen and ladies? Some people within South Sudan are trying to oppress other by intimidating professionals Journalists from their duties like if they did not participate fully in the liberation struggle. For your information comrades you and I have fought for the liberation of this great nation therefore, it is the must that we should speaks and tell the realities on the ground for the betterment of this great country. Without you and I, we cannot reached up to this far my dear comrades. South Sudan should have been guided and rule by the good laws that reflects citizens’ interests not just a group of five or six people that are just building their stomach and trying to manipulate the interest of the citizens. I don’t know whether the God of Isaac, Abraham and Jacob is really observing the wrong direction of our beloved Country South Sudan where it is leading to in the world context?

People are just deceiving themselves that we have a constitution in place, what kind of the constitution do people of South Sudan have when citizens and parliamentarians are not having a word of say in it?

Our constitution mentioned clearly about the freedom of expression and association to the South Sudanese Journalists across the globe but to my own understanding as an independent Journalist in this Country, I have seen that most of the journalists have been harassed badly, and intimidated seriously by the Government of the Republic of South Sudan, last week two journalists were detained in Unity state due to unknown reason. And people of the state were asking whether the Caretaker Governor of Unity state is becoming another Taban Deang Gai who was   arresting journalists when he was a Governor of the unique state in the Republic of South Sudan for the last nine years.

To me things cannot go that way; there are a lot of these that need our government of South Sudan to know if they are not aware of. South Sudan government is supposed to be a civilian’s government that can address issues of democracy, observance for the good laws, respect for human rights and dignity not a military government that is trying to do away with the Journalists. If I may ask Can South Sudan operated without Journalists? I think no one will agree with that, even those who are claiming to be the government officials, they cannot justify that up to the expectation. Who is to broadcast news on the electronic Media like the Radio, Television especially, south Sudan Television (SSTV) like wise to the Citizen Television? And if we are talking to the print Media like the Newspapers Journalists, Magazines and websites Journalists, who can inform the world through writing?, I think if we don’t have all those people in place nothing can progress in South Sudan as the new Nation, therefore South Sudan as the country need people with different Educational backgrounds so that we transform this great Nation to a better level together.

History of South Sudan

This nation have been liberated by many people, and most of the liberators lost their lives and the lucky one survive in the civil war and some remained disable and vulnerable that don’t have hands, legs and many more, and I hope most people can testified during the martyrs day that was celebrated on Tuesday 30th of July 2013 at Dr John Garang Ground.

Conclusively: if you are really a person with integrity and persuasion with his/her citizen, you cannot do wrong things to the people , I think God of heaven is looking at you that very  person who is humiliating the Media Practitioners in this country critically, intellectually and seriously with more than a thousand eye, don’t blame God afterward.

The author is the Independent Journalist who writes for Juba Monitor Newspaper as the Columnist title “Educating Nation”. You can email me using This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

The Camel Has Gone through the Eye of the Needle!

By Tongun Lo Loyuong

July 31, 2013 (SSNA) -- Now that what hitherto seemed impossible, risky, unimaginable and atypical of the modus operandi of the President has taken place and the camel has gone through the eye of the needle, what next for South Sudan? Now that not only the government exit door was pushed wide open to accommodate a camel or two on the way out but the door that also seemed open for a stormy wind to blow in, have been firmly closed and will perhaps dictate the outcome of the formation of the new cabinet, what must our leaders do? Could this be a turning point and an end to the “open tent” or “appeasement policies” that have been identified as the menacing seal of the President leading to the fateful July 23rd, 2013 day? Could this be a game changer in the race to the next presidency of South Sudan come 2015 general elections? Most importantly though, where does this leave us going forward, in terms of the making or unmaking of South Sudan?

Breathtakingly, as we continue to keenly observe the political unfolding in the land with intrigue and anxiety, there are several catchphrases around which a consensus seems to have been built thus far. Almost all South Sudan’s stakeholders are unanimously agreeable in the wake of these latest political developments that the promise lies in political prudence and staying calm; expeditious and transparent formation of a new ethnically representative and accountable cabinet; and the upholding of democratic principles and human rights and the delivery of social and economic services.

On the ground, the current political situation and the race to the formation of the new cabinet is, however, complexified by what looks like the blurring of lines between that which is opposition and that which is loyalist. Who exactly is what, is anyone’s imagination. In what can be credibly described as a “nyakama” (a scramble) for a piece of the pie in the upcoming lean and hopefully clean new cabinet, the opposition seems to have awfully turned into presidential loyalist. Some Juba based analysts have sarcastically characterized the scramble for office in the upcoming new cabinet as a daily formula 1 race to the presidential palace, where some had to change their car wheels and refuel in the process!

Indeed the current unprincipled sham that we are witnessing where the President’s friends and foes alike are indistinguishable at the moment and are both seen to be padding the President on the back for his latest political move of cabinet dissolution must be taken with caution by the presidential advisors. This is a decisive make or break moment not only in the President’s political career but in the direction that will determine the future of South Sudan. No more belly politicians in the new cabinet please. The President must begin to listen to those who make him cry rather than the clowns that make him laugh. He must choose carefully and wisely, however long the consultations take and preferably give chance to new, young, vibrant and competent faces in the final setup of the new cabinet.

If the rumors from the corridors of presidential palace are true that the President’s new political agenda is to go back to the drawing board and revisit the vision and direction of the liberation struggle to empower the meek, the orphans and the widows and deliver basic services of clean drinkable water, health care, quality education, bread on the table and infrastructure development more generally, then what better place to reflect these intent and purpose than in a new people-friendly and policy-driven cabinet?

Be that as it may, the change agents including the international partners have been dumbfounded and caught off guard by the rapidly evolving political terrain in South Sudan. We are all left scratching our heads thinking the President is got big testicles to pull this off! But this is now an opportune moment for the President to show the whole world what he is made off in terms of moral consciousness, and promoting the widely implored democracy, human rights, liberties and freedoms, and impartial rule of law enforcement.

The world eagerly anticipates seeing the President defy the rhetoric of totalitarianism that is seen to have closely accompanied his every step in recent times, imagined or real. One way of restoring confidence on the President’s good faith is to revoke the Chairman’s order that banned the Secretary General of the SPLM, Mr. Pagan Amum from traveling and curtailed his freedom of expression. There should not be anything to hide any longer even on the corruption front. It is time to come clean. Such a symbolic political gesture should bode well with the transparency personnel and those who are currently confused and paranoid about some looming appeal to authoritarianism in the land. The party documents must urgently be passed, and the convention to elect a new Chairperson or re-elect the existing one be convened at the earliest convenience, in time for a timely conduct of the 2015 general elections.

On his part Mr. Amum must agree to exercise his freedom of movement and speech responsibly in a manner that will not be interpreted as violating previously signed confidentiality contracts if any, nor be seen as stirring tribal hatred or inciting political violence in the country. In doing so the President will appear to be equally subject to the Supreme Law of the Land and respects individual rights and liberties, including that of freedom of expression as enshrined in the South Sudan Transitional Constitution, a constitution that many see him to be violating at will nowadays.

Separately, it is encouraging that the former Vice President has led the way in providing the promising and reassuring signs that this political storm in South Sudan may well come to pass without wrecking and sinking the ship. Credit to him, Dr. Machar was the first to quell any lingering fears on potential eruption of violent carnage in the land by urging not only his political support base to remain calm and that the situation will be resolved politically, but he also warned the army on more than one occasion in the past few days, to stay away from current political developments in South Sudan. Not only that Dr. Riek went on to publically heap some morale and confidence boosting praises on the national army by commending the army discipline as crucial to the current prevention of violence and the relative peace and stability that many were not expecting. If this remains the case, this is turning out to be a healthy non-violent political battle indeed, and may serve as a measure of how far democracy and non-violence culture is being rediscovered in South Sudan.

Of course this does not mean that the current storm has been entirely withered just yet. Much hinges on the exercise of self-restraint by all stakeholders from the President to the foot-soldier. But that Dr. Machar has at least publically acknowledged the constitutionality of his removal by the President though not necessarily the removal of the elected governors of Unity and Lake States, may serve as a platform for managing South Sudanese political differences with civility and peaceful dialogue. Mr. Amum seems equally on board by reiterating that he will examine the constitutionality of his suspension in the party’s constitution before engaging discussing with the President.

What most seem to be oblivious to in the former Vice President’s avid stance on peaceful resolution of conflicts is that he continued to be unjustly haunted by his violent political past. But with the way he has conducted himself in recent times, the man must be given a break. For those who seem to forget, Dr. Machar also has some remarkable records as a man of peace, and has brokered several regional and local peace and reconciliation agreements whether between LRA and the government of Uganda or between the President and the late Dr. John Garang in 2004.

Nonetheless, building on the current of peaceful dialogue as the only amicable manner by which the present political differences and challenges must be addressed in the land, three recommendations cannot be overstated enough moving forward in peace and civility in the land: reconciliation, reconciliation and again reconciliation.

With every challenge comes opportunity. What is needed in South Sudan at the moment is exploring the window of opportunity in the current political fracas. The national healing, peace and reconciliation seems to provide that window to permanently address past and present political, social as well as economic issues and arrest any potential fall into political violence. But first the political rhetoric must be toned down. We must refrain from stretching it.

Most importantly, current political crisis cannot be seen in isolation from past political beef mainly resulting from the eruption of South-South inter-communal violence in 1991, which was precipitated by similar political power struggle over contesting claims of vision and direction of the liberation struggle that had developed in the SPLA high command and structure, between Dr. Riek Machar, and the late Dr. John Garang de Mabior, the SPLA Commander in Chief. It is conventional wisdom that the 1991 deadly rift in the liberation movement that left thousands of self-inflicted tragic death in South Sudanese ranks is yet to be amicably resolved.

The church which tried only managed to forge a semblance of reconciliation belligerent parties to the conflict on the grassroots level through the people-to-people peace and reconciliation process, but fell short on reconciling the top-level political leadership in the land. The result was a fragile patchwork assembly of unity but differing ideologies in the political leadership of South Sudan. It was understandable because the aim was to ensure the navigation of the struggle to the shores of an independent South Sudan. But the plastered upon wounds of that crisis remains and will continue to re-open unless healing through a genuine reconciliation process is taken seriously.

As the veteran professor Peter Adwok Nyaba is recently cited to have forcefully admonished, “I don’t think the problem is between Salva Kiir and Riek Machar struggling for power. It is much deeper than that. It is a problem that is as old as the SPLM. It characterized the split with Anya-nya II in 1983/84. The SPLM/SPLA did not learn a lesson from that split in order to create space for reconciliation and reunification in 1988. This led to the Nasir Declaration when Riek and Lam Akol declared that ‘Garang must go now.’ Again there were no lessons drawn and they came back in 2002 and 2003, they’re just welcomed into the fold. Political contradiction don’t dissolve, they must be resolved….”

As South Sudan commemorates the selfless sacrifices of its martyrs, only honest reconciliation and peaceful dialogue to resolve current disagreements and political challenges in the land can ensure that South Sudan’s fallen heroes and heroines can rest in eternal peace.

The author can be reached at This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

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