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Monday, Apr 27th, 2015

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Why should the World take the Leadership of South Sudan?

By Peter Gai Manyuon

April 25, 2015 (SSNA) -- In world context, a failed state is perceived as having failed at some of the basic conditions and responsibilities of a sovereign government based on international politics. Absolutely; if a country loses control of its territory, or of the monopoly on the legitimate use of physical force therein, Erosion of legitimate authority to make collective decisions, inability to provide public services and inability to interact with other states as a full member of the international community is regarded as failed state in International arena.

Common characteristics of a failing state includes a central government so weak or ineffective that it has little practical control over much of its territory; non-provision of public services; widespread corruption and criminality like what is happening in Juba; refugees and involuntary movement of populations; and sharp economic decline. All those are what are constituted to a failed state base on International System on how geo-political and global politics are evaluated.

“Practically South Sudan as the country is at the stage of collapsing due to ideology of primitiveness among the leaders who assumed being in leadership is to get access to wealth and properties. A Country that inflation is high, corruption is high, primitiveness is high, nepotism is high and tribalism is objective of the government; deserves an emergency action from global leaders that knows the important of human being and democracy…”

The current stage where South Sudan now needs good intervention from international community to impose sanctions to the individuals that are becoming obstacles to peace in the Country. Where globally will you find Country resources goes to individuals pockets?  All the seventy five (75) corrupt officials within the former detainees, Juba regime culprits and opposition culprits deserve questions from the international community.

Hence, both the government officials and oppositions elements deserve sanctions from the regional community and international community as well.

Most of the South Sudanese people have been dying since 2013 up to date due to one man-made catastrophe that was design by hopeless and political sycophants that always focus on what should be put in the stomach for personal food.  Who will bring peace when all took country resources abroad for individuality?

However, the current inflation in the country where households could not afford buying food items is the reason that will force the President of South Sudan to think beyond his selfish interest or resign for people safety.  

Since the originality of the current crisis in South Sudan in 2013 to date; most of people within the government of President Kiir Mayardit begin collecting public money for missions that are good known to them. Good houses have been built in East Africa Countries using the country money  that are supposed to be use for building hospitals, infrastructures and public Universities where citizens could enjoy the privileges of having the government or State.

The Author could be reach on This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Tribalism in the Broken Institution system of South Sudan

By: Philemon Daud Tom

April 13, 2015 (SSNA) -- It is not a surprise to characterize South sudan as failed State. The party of “Oyee” instituted by weak and visionless leaders that lead the state from enthusiasm of nation building to the nation collapse. Leaders of the SPLM collectively failed to govern the nation because of their attitudes of hatred mentality, internal violence, corruption, tribalism, and they can no longer deliver peace, unity, and positive political goods to the country and unity of the people of South Sudan. President Kiir as head of “Oyee” party run out of leadership styles and national responsibilities, principles, visions of the SPLM to govern the nation and lose legitimacy to rule the country since he use the behaviours of revenge attitude to target Nuer and massacred civilians, children and women voted for him.

The nature of the nation institution become illegitimate, fragmented, dysfunction in the eyes and in the hearts of the citizens of South Sudan. President Kiir is controlling the nation by emotion, revenge attitudes, anger and divisive language. Emotion is a characteristic of unintelligent leader, revenge attitudes is a principle of disunity, angry behaviour is sign of weakness, and divisive language is sign of immaturity and lack of communication methods to communicate the message to the people. I believe SPLM leaders have to be blame for tribalism, corruption, nation collapse and jeopardize the live of generation to come and founded the nation values with divisive policies and hatred that will not be easily terminate.

Kiir government is well known by tribalism promotion projects and corrupted the pride of the nationality and channel the national resources to sponsor hatred, division, killings, discrimination and established a one man rule institution system that become an obstacle to change into democratic process. Kiir government failed to deliver a desirable political transformation and failed to provide predictable, recognizable, systematized methods of adjudicating disputes within the party of “Oyee” and completely run out of political understanding to regulate both the the culture of the party and leadership structure.

Referendum was the hope and great expectations of the people of South Sudan across the nations and inspire them to come home to begin a new live and contribute on rebuilding the broken wall of our beloved country and create a better future for our children and generation to come but SPLM as visionless and hateful leaders turn upside down the hope of the people into nightmare of fear, depression, lamination and tear. Time has come for every woman and man of South Sudan to rethink and stop dividing themselves into tribal lines and join hands together to confront SPLM leaders under Kiir for their acts of evil, foolishness, greediness, jealousies and weakness to lead country into this senseless war. The SPLM party will never bring peace and unity of the people of South Sudan because they failed to translate the vision of taking development to the people and continue busy implementing the policies of divide and conquer.

The people of South sudan have the right to wage war against corrupted institution, wrong leaders and form a collective voice of change and advocate for the absence of positive political attitude that implies codes and procedures that together constitute enforceable rule of law, security of the citizens, independent judicial system, and the values that legitimize the government to run the public affairs without labeling other citizens as outsider.

South Sudanese were falsely expecting that after the independent South sudan will be a democratic country that enable citizen to participate freely, openly, and fully in politics and the political process which encompasses the essential freedoms of right to compete for any office without intimidation, fear and the right to support the national interest and regional political institutions. But all these freedoms was become a wishful thinking because Kiir government for ten years developed a master plan to destroy hope of the people and established a tribalism constitution which identified citizens by tribes instead of national identity.

No doubt South Sudan institution is completely broken and tribalism is become the only mechanism to grap the power. Qualification doesn’t work in Kiir government policies.To apply for a public jobs in South sudan you must make sure to mention your ethnic group on the top of your resum’e in order to get hired otherwise no one care of you being qualified. As result of Kiir failed institution many citizens from unrepresented tribes falsely changed their names into Deng, Gatkouth or Wani simply to get a job in South Sudan, your credential and qualification doesn’t value any more, they scrutinize you with so many intimidating questions. Where were you in the times of liberation? And who do you know in our government? What a nation is South Sudan? I come to understand that the rise of tribalism in broken Kiir government institution completely killed the pride of nationality and tribalism become the identity of the nation.

The government of South Sudan is the enemy of peace and harmony live of diversity and systematically isolated the intellectual citizens that suppose to contribute highly in the development process of nation building. Those who think that kiir government is working for the benefit of all, I can prove them wrong because based on the government performance indicate that the SPLM system made to punish whoever dream to be something in South sudan and reward only the individual that called themselves a liberators though they have no clue about the process of nation building. What they know is just the claim of we are the liberators but they fail to translate liberation dreams and visions into action.

The citizens that are standing with Kiir in the name of false legitimacy they need to refresh their mind. They should know that the government of south Sudan failed to bring sixty four tribes together and aggressively silence whoever speaks about the truth and future of south sudan. We should not help Kiir and his failed SPLM elites to escape accountability and justice for destruction that they have brought into our country. We must stand together as people of South Sudan to confront the evil policies of Juba government of making us a hopeless people in the face of the world. Change happen when we stand together with the purpose of ending a dictatorial rule imposed on us. 

I believe the rise of tribal council of elders in the broken institution system destroy the entire policies of the government and the live of the people of South sudan. Nation no longer govern by constitution of the country but by the influence of tribal council of elders and the whole citizens are left with the state of confusion and supporting the very government that systematically denying their right as citizens and subjecting the country into useless civil war.

Tribalism affected the whole government institutions such as education system, military institution, police institution, tribalism is a cancer that need to be uprooted and treated properly, tribalism kills the desires and hope of South sudanese who have a capacity to transform south sudan into functional country.

Education institution in South sudan completely broken and produce only future tribal leaders because students have no longer taught about the importance of nationality. The government allow students to practice and establish tribal based organizations within the higher education institution namely colleges and universities. They grow up with the mentality of tribalism pride and it will be hard for the country to produce a convicted national leader with clear understanding, dreams, visions and knowledge of building a strong undivided south Sudan.

The government of South sudan under Kiir leadership fail to nationalize education institution and jeopardize the next generation by institutionalizing the country education system into ethnic proudness. The practice of tribalism in universities symbolizes failures of the nation policies to adapt the pride of nationalism and invest on future national leaders. I emphasize on the broken education system because education is a bridge that can carry us to greatness, role model for our nation and the responsibility of each one of us to protect the national interest than tribal interest.

Kiir is no longer a legitimate president; his hand is full of blood of innocent women and children of South Sudan. He (Kiir) run the country by emotion, revenge attitudes, divided policies and single out people with vision to make South Sudan as economic center as enemies. We the people of South Sudan should understand that SPLM is become a bloodshed party and never unified us no more. To bring unity among the people of South Sudan we must first join our hands to hang SPLM party on the wall of museums as future reference otherwise I may predict the difficult journey still ahead of us if SPLM party continues to be a ruling party.

The author of article resides in Canada and can be reached by This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Michael Makuei and his Incoherent Message about the Alleged Bombing Attacks by Sudan

By Riang Yer Zuor Nyak

April 12, 2015 (SSNA) -- It appears that whenever officials of the regime of Salva Kiir get any chance for one to open up one’s mouth to say something to the public, it is the kind that always betrays the regime. This is because they try very hard to blame everything negative on the war. Then that forces them to justify the war. But, any attempt to say something, in justifying the current war, is always a futile one. It almost always means having to say something about Riek Machar in connection with the war. One would just go on and on hoping to stumble on a magical word that can enhance the regime’s tattered image.

In his statement on Friday, April 10, 2015, condemning the alleged bombing in the northern parts of the country, Michael Makuei, the regime’s Minister of Information and Broadcasting, spoke about a lot of things as the reasons behind the motive for the attack. At one point, the motive of the alleged bombing was about Sudan transferring its own problems on to South Sudan; at others, it was about undermining the sovereignty and independence of the country; and yet at others, it was about supporting the SPLM/A and interfering in the internal affairs of South Sudan.

In that statement to the media, Michael did not even attempt to make these accusations look as several pieces of one big plan by the Sudan against the country. That shows how incoherent the regime can be. The regime can try to make anything negative on its part look as if Dr. Riek Machar and the SPLM/A are responsible without, first, finding a convincing connection.

In his press statement, Michael stated that “Sudan wants to transfer its internal problems by trying to make unfounded allegations to justify the cause for these attacks and the killing of innocent people.” Though this is not clear, it would not be outrageous for one to make a guess that Michael was talking about Khartoum’s accusation that Juba is hosting and supporting Sudanese rebels. This means that he read the alleged attacks as being carried out against Sudanese rebels in the areas. But why was he not explicit? Was he trying to hide something? Why was he explicitly stating that there were no Sudanese rebels in the areas in question?

In the same statement, Michael had this to say: “This belligerent act is a clear indication that Sudan wants to take advantage of the current war of Riek Machar, which is unacceptable. It is an activity aimed at undermining the independence and sovereignty of the Republic of South Sudan and the stability between the two nations.” There are two interesting points in this statement.

To begin with, the Minister started out by pointing out that by bombing, Sudan was acting to take advantage of the current war, and then he described the war as Riek Machar’s. First, he stopped short of mentioning what exactly it was that Sudan was going to achieve by taking the advantage. Second, by bringing Riek Machar’s name in his verbal attack on a foreign country, Michael was trying to get public sympathy by associating Dr. Riek Machar with the act by trying to connect alleged attack with the on-going war in the country. He was trying to make it look as if the alleged attack had some connection with the civil war and that Dr. Riek Machar, as the leader of the SPLM/A, is associated with the war.

Well, Dr. Riek Machar is associated with the war, as Salva is associated with the same. One leads the forces on one side of the war, and the other leads the forces on the other side. Anyone who tries to deny this has a problem. But, it is not a question of whether or not Dr. Riek is associated with the war; it is a question of how and why he is associated with the war. Dr. Riek Machar is leading a resistance movement that is resisting a regime that has committed and is determined to continue committing genocide. He did not initiate this war, he was forced to resist. Calling this war Riek Machar’s is the type of cheap politics (politics of name calling) that the tyrant and his cohorts have been engaged themselves in, for a long time, since the war started, thinking that, somehow, people will end up buying it.

The war is Salva Kiir’s. He forced the war on the people of South Sudan by attacking the people on December 15, 2013. He did it to interrupt a democratic political process that had begun during the first part of 2013 within the SPLM Party, and to serve his tribal hatred. He is still pursuing the people to this day. Whatever is going on currently is a war of resistance. Who is the author of such a war? Is it the attacker, or the resister?

The other point is that Michael Makuei talked of the Sudan as undermining the sovereignty and independence of the country. Can it really make sense for the regime’s officials to talk of that? Sovereignty and independence of South Sudan have been sold out by the regime in exchange for it to remain in power at the expense of the people of South Sudan.

Uganda People’s Defense Forces (UPDF) have called South Sudan their home; SPLA-North of both the Nuba Mountains and Southern Blue Nile has called South Sudan its home; Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) of Dar Fur has called South Sudan its home; and Sudan Liberation Army (SLA) factions of Dar Fur have called South Sudan their home. All of these foreign armed forces have areas that they control within the South Sudanese borders. Only God knows what these foreign forces are meting out against South Sudanese in those areas under their control. In addition to this, the rest of the country is divided between the government controlled areas and SPLM/A controlled areas.

Salva Kiir forced the war (the one that has made it possible for the country to be divided into government and SPLM/A controlled areas) on the people. Later, he invited foreign forces (each in its own specific territory of control) to establish themselves in the country and help him fight the war that he started. With a situation such as this, where is the sovereignty and independence that Michael Makuei was talking about as being undermined by others? The regime has undermined the sovereignty and independence of this country. Michael Makuei (if he has suddenly come to the realization that independence and sovereignty of one’s country are important) should have begun by condemning his government before condemning others of doing the same. It is hypocritical, irresponsible and a double standard to condemn others for doing the same thing that one does without, first, condemning oneself.

Michael Makuei also expressed the amount of patience that the regime has allegedly had with Sudan. He stated, “We have been patient for so long while Sudan continues to train, host and provide arms and logistical support to the rebels of Riek Machar.” He might have been trying to insinuate that Sudan has been doing many things against South Sudan by coming up with the stories of training, hosting and providing arms and logistical support to the SPLM/A. But, he failed to indicate what he and his colleagues are ready to do in retaliation. It is just the usual empty threat.

The truth is that Michael does not have evidence to support the accusation. As to the training, the SPLA has many military officers who are capable of, and have been, training SPLA soldiers in the bushes of South Sudan. It does not need foreign military personnel to provide training. Therefore, the statement that Sudan trains “…rebels of Riek Machar” is unfounded. The SPLA under Dr. Riek Machar, simply, does not need foreign trainers.

As to the hosting, every South Sudanese who is familiar with the geography of the country knows that SPLM/A is not hosted by any foreign country. SPLA bases are within the South Sudanese borders. Foreign countries such as Ethiopia, Kenya, Sudan and Uganda are hosting only South Sudanese refugees. If Michael Makuei considers refugees as parts and parcels of the SPLM/A (in fact, Salva himself once accused IDPs in the UN protection sites as rebels of Riek Machar), then he should have also accused Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda of hosting the SPLM/A.

Michael Makuei also failed to substantiate his accusation that Sudan supplied SPLM/A with arms and logistical support. Maybe he wanted the public to take as evidence that there are SPLA forces around the border with Sudan. But the problem is that there are SPLA forces around the borders with Central African Republic, DRC, Ethiopia, Kenya, and Uganda. Is Sudan providing those forces with arms and logistical support? Or, is he (at a later time) going to accuse those other countries of providing SPLA with arms and logistical support, just by being around their borders? It is not the responsibility of foreign countries to clear South Sudanese bordering areas of the SPLM/A. The anti-people forces of the regime have to go themselves to do that, if they are capable of doing it.

The truth behind these kinds of accusations against foreigners is that Michael Makuei and the rest of the regime are embarrassed and perturbed by the fact that they have failed to crush the resistance movement with all the arms and foreign armed supports that they have at the regime’s disposal. They want to give an impression that the pro-people forces are surviving because of some foreign hands behind them.

Michael Makuei also claimed of Sudan’s interference in the internal affairs of the country. He stated, “This is a clear act of sabotage and interference in the internal affairs of another country, which is unacceptable under the international law.” He, definitely, continued this from his claim that the SPLM/A got support from the Sudanese government. But, if he cannot support his positions with evidence, will they not remain as meaningless as the statements were coming out of his mouth? Can he really prove that the alleged aerial attacks have any connection with the support of the SPLM/A? Can he prove that the alleged attacks were not targeted at known bases of the Sudanese rebels operating from South Sudanese territories?

The burden of proof remains on Michael Makuei.

The author is a South Sudanese. He can be reached at This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

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