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Thursday, May 05th, 2016

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Letter to President Kiir on South Sudan joining East African Community

To: President of South Sudan, General Salva Kiir Mayardit, Chairman of SPLM and Commander in Chief of SPLA

Cc: Chairman of SPLM-In Opposition, Dr. Riek Machar Teny
Cc: Comrade Pagan Amum, Leader for Former Detainees
Cc. Dr. Lam Akol, Chairman for Democratic Change Party
Cc. South Sudan Legislative Assembly
Cc. Council of States Assembly
Cc. EAC Secretariat

RE: A calls to nullify or cancel admission for South Sudan joining East African Community (EAC)

Your Excellency, accept my salutation and greeting!

March 4, 2016 (SSNA) -- I think you are doing well? Without wasting time, please Mr. President, why taking a decision without consulting South Sudanese Stakeholders as per joining East African Community is concern?

It is noted that South Sudan applied for EAC membership soon after gaining its independence from Sudan in 2011, but the process of its admission delayed for a number of reasons, key among them being internal conflicts.

According to the treaty establishing the EAC, new members can only be admitted if they respect the principles of democracy, rule of law, accountability, transparency and social justice, which are not in place at the moment in South Sudan.

The treaty also says the countries must, besides being geographically near any of the existing members, practice "equal opportunities, gender equality as well as recognizing, promoting and protecting rights in accordance with the provisions of the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights.

Another point of worry is that South Sudan has an estimated population of over 12 million people out of which only 20% is literate, while the remaining 80 percent are illiterate. This thus means the country has little or no human capital at all to compete with other members of East Africa Community unless otherwise you don’t see the implications.

To my surprise, your leadership took a dictatorship decision without consulting the civil population of South Sudan, because this process deserves collective responsibility from all the different stakeholders like civil society groups, academia and the general masses to participate.

You know very well that South Sudan is a young nation with no infrastructures, Rule of laws is not in place , human rights abuses are still going on , democratization processes is abused, lack of good independent institutions, no proper judiciary system, no proper Public and private Universities in South Sudan but what is currently in your Country is only promotion of corruption, killing civilians and advocacy on tribalism that has been the mission and vision of your Leadership since you took over by chance after the death of Dr. John Garang in 2005.

However, your government is failing to employs the young graduates who finished their studies in different disciplines. Instead to open for job market in entire Country, establishing good government policies that promote democracy, rule of law, infrastructures than you are rushing with your government to admit the Country in to the hand of people who have gone ahead in Education sector, economic sector, politically stable and their foreign policies is well articulated compare to South Sudan which has no proper foreign policy. What will South Sudanese Citizens benefits from the EAC at this particular period of time?

I therefore, calling for immediate cancellation or withdraw from EAC and take the issue back to South Sudanese to decide through, Referendum process, or collecting views of citizens first on how they feel about joining the EAC than dictating on matter of national concern. All South Sudanese are aware that you are the dictator in this 21th Century but issue to do with International treaties agreements always need proper study and consultation from the grass roots.

Your Excellency, Let build our schools, hospitals, roads and put strong government institutions in place first that can compete with the rests of East African Countries than this reckless decision you took quickly.

We the Citizens of South Sudan are not part and parcel of the decision you took and your cabinets.

Mr. President, Please learn to respect people opinions because South Sudan belong to all of us or if you think you are everything than continue but God of universe is there to give answers!

God bless South Sudan!

Signed by:

Peter Gai Manyuon, South Sudanese Independent Journalist and Columnist
Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Future of Nuer in South Sudan politics remains uncertain!

By Peter Gai Manyuon

January 18, 2016 (SSNA) -- Politically, Nuer are organized in to what might be called “tribes” which consist of further sub-divisions by lineage. The lineages are a major structural factor for political order.  The territorial grouping and lineage groupings are more closely aligned for some purposes than others. There is no overall political authority in the tribal structure. Political activity involves various grouping or separation of the many territorial and clan sections. In recent years and currently , there has been extensive military conflict in both South  Sudan and  Sudan, and the Nuer have become more politically active compare to other ethnicity in South Sudan but the reality is that disunity or dissatisfaction among themselves is always part of their obligation and ideology.

Hence, instead for them  to use  positive political organization ,they are always  opposite to each other based on lack of good leadership structure  that lead to current politics of Sudan People Liberation Movement in Opposition (SPLM/IO) that ended up with formation of different bodies that are going contrary to each other. Instead for them to fight for a common agenda of addressing the root causes of Nuer massacre that took place on the 16th, 17th, 18th and 19th December 2013, they are very busy promoting hatred among themselves and fighting over positions on who to be appoints to be an MP, undersecretary, Deputy Minister or Minister has been the only top agenda since last year 2015 to date forgetting what took them to bushes in South Sudan. What a disgrace? The lives of the innocent civilians that got killed because they were Nuer is put a side and politicians are very busy looking for political accommodation with the same government who carried out genocide on civil population  that consists of elderly women, men, youth and  children. Moreover, serious raping, cannibalism was carried out by the same government to their relatives and they are forgetting the cause of the conflict with positions, what a shame to these [sycophantic] politicians?

More interesting, before the crisis of South Sudan in December  2013, Chief of Staff of Sudan People Liberation Army (SPLA) was a Nuer and other top government officials were Nuer who were working in the same  primitive Leadership of Cowboy Salva Kiir Mayardit and eventually they did nothing to protect their people because of individual interests among themselves. Furthermore, seventy five (75%) of the Army of the (SPLA) were all Nuer, across the Republic of South Sudan , yet you find that Nuer were everywhere but because of lack of good leadership organization and hatred among themselves  they allow their civilians to be killed in thousands in Juba and they still want to return to the same government. Something must be wrong with the Nuer psychologically or Ngundeng prophecies need to be evaluated again in order for the Nuer to be in the right direction otherwise the political atmosphere of South Sudan is almost isolating the naath community.

However, Nuer in the history of Sudan have been known of always giving a way leadership to the people that they claims to have humiliated them. Hon. Gatkuoth Gual gave leadership to Abel Alier because they were close friends as well Samuel Gai Tut, William Nyuon with Dr. John Garang and eventually President Kiir Mayardit and Dr. Riek Machar in 2002, 2005 and 2010 respectively. Who is the problem now? Is it the people who took the leadership that are wrong or the people who gave the leadership to other who are wrong?  

Due to globalization ( inter-connectedness) policies ,ideas, plans or tactics and leadership are always achieve through different means either through military force, mediation, negotiation and elections not through prophecies as many people believes on centuries ideologies which lack practical aspects and good judgmental approaches. Interpretations are always full of assumptions, well there have been prophecies but due to too many interpretations and lies added on top of realities, Nuer are misdirected or guided by those who claims to have known the prophecies, moreover they lack accurate information and good research.

Well those who always believes on cultural stories or prophecies should do so but not all the community members should  defend on believes because at the movement, technology is advancing with new ideas and methodologies are always apply on the daily basis, i also want my community Nuer to be innovative in term of ideas and plans for future generations.

In modern politics people believes on practical aspects not traditional ideologies that has got no way through in this new world where realists and liberalism are applying their theories through different ways and approaches. Nuer are the problem to themselves? No one should be blame for their failure in the leadership, the vision to achieve good things ahead of us as Nuer nation is not there at all. Where are we heading? Why don’t we remember the lives of the thousands that we lost during this man-made calculation?

Even thought, we disagree with the realities, Nuer doesn’t have unity among themselves that is why we have the Nuer with Kiir Mayardit government who massacre civilians, we have the Nuer with Generals who defected last year from SPLM in opposition Leadership, the Nuer who are with former detainees, Nuer who are with SPLM in opposition and those who are in the middle. How can we bring this groups to be one body? This should be the main focus at the movement than going for   positions and getting money from the same government that have killed thousands in numbers shouldn’t be the priority and if that is the case people are returning back to the same government, there must be guiding principle to unite all Nuer from various groups for the common interest of the society.

All those various groups have emerged within the Nuer Community, instead we look for ways to unite ourselves as one community that is looking for something ahead of us in 2018, we are busy fighting among ourselves based on individual interests that resulted to abandoning of the movement of Dr. Riek Machar in 1991 and eventually in this current political dilemma where the peace Implementation is between collapsing and implementation. Why don’t Nuer have unity for purpose instead of abusing ourselves on the media? Nuer culture and believes are not follow by most of the elite class!

Practically, on what basis can we claims to win the coming elections in 2018 when at the movement we are having serious differences?

Hence, the Nuer leadership structures is not well defined at the movement, people are moving like goats to do what is good for them not for the community. What a disgrace?  It’s not too late for the Nuer community to unite both in the opposition, government, Federal Democratic Party, former detainees at this particular period of time.  Unity of Nuer can change the political leadership of the Republic of South Sudan as a whole, calling our fellow brothers as Nuer weew, will not help but rather it will demote our potential as the Community for the top leadership of the Country. Democracy is all about the numbers!

In summary, Nuer must have a strategic work plan for the coming centuries in order to accomplish their unity, leadership aspirations and wishes in the current political set up of the Country. There is need to have a comprehensive leadership council that could comprises of sixteen members that are selected based on the counties that Nuer originated from and these very group could form a body that can over see the activities and political ideology of the Nuer in the years to come. Nuer must have the unity among themselves first before they could go to other South Sudanese communities to look for votes in 2018. There is need to have a leadership structure that will address our issues as the community that has got an agenda to achieve. The leadership will help the community to identify who is capable to work for the Nuer interests rather than individuals’ interests. If we have our leadership structure at the movement can determine the prosperity of the Nuer in the nearer future.

Lack of patience and strategic work plan is what is weakening the Nuer in politics and they don’t always agreed on themselves on  what could be done in years coming moreover  what they always focused at is the short term plan that aims on individualism not community interest.

Going to Juba without a political strategy or second plan in hand is not absolute rather, it could be term as political suicidal or suicide mission or desperate journey for positions while putting a side what lead to displacement of the Nuer in South Sudan, even though no one is listening to the suffering of our civilians in UNMISS camps across South Sudan, still there will be time to change the current system that is led by hooligans and primitive Leaders who doesn't value human lives.

It is matter of time, Kiir Mayardit leadership might be scattered like Libya government of Muammar Gadaffi who disappeared systematically with his group, some are nowhere to be seen other are disciplined already through politics.

In conclusion, based on the current political philosophy and realism, Nuer are in disarray and their ideas are contradicting their vision, mission and aspirations of where they belong or what they want to achieve in years to come.  Disorganization of Nuer will lead to the success of other as per South Sudan politics is concern and unity of Nuer will always block any plan against them politically. The future of the Nuer politically in South Sudan remain uncertain unless otherwise, we open our eyes to visualized and predicts what is good for the growth of our next generations.

Nuer must re-defined their destination in South Sudan politics, currently they are just in stage of surviving and future plans remain unknown to themselves.

The Author is an Independent Journalist and Columnist who has written extensively on human rights and democratization processes. Currently admitted in Moi University Nairobi –Kenya to pursue a PhD in Communications Studies. He could be reach This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

My Message to South Sudanese Citizens

By Gabrial Pager Ajang

January 12, 2016 (SSNA) -- This year I will scale down my writings on South Sudan’s issues. This decision is not New Year resolution. And it is not because am busy, if anything, I have been busy man since I came to United States. Each year, my responsibilities grow, grow and grow.

I am busier this year than last year but here is my message to South Sudanese:

Issues that are confronting our country are enormous and dire. They can never be resolved by Dinka alone or Nuer or any other organizes tribe. We have now learned that this tribal organization in an attempt to secure power is detrimental to our country and it had worst political ramifications. It might be self-serving and gratifying for Riek Machar to organize his own tribe in attempt to secure power. On one hand, it might be good for Kiir to organize his tribe in an effort to maintain power.  But in the midst of these tribal organization efforts, we have lost precious lives to poverty, starvation, diseases, and war. Most importantly, our state sovereign had suffered, and indeed South Sudan had lost its legitimate place it holds at its inceptions, among communities of nations.

Concurrently, our problems will never be solved by being contented because my brother, uncle, and relatives are appointed. They will never be solved by rewarding renegaded generals who took up arms against the state. They will never be solved by changing leadership through armed revolutions. Let me honest, these pressing issues will never be solved by President Kiir and Riek Machar.

In fact, the magnitude and scale of our problems have widened. The wounds and donuts holes of issues are too deep to be filled by very leaders who dug them. I should make clear that not even Jesus would solve our problems. In fact, there is no president who could maintain salaries of generals want to break away if they are not paid thousands of dollars. Not Riek or Kiir or one of the detainees. There is no president who could maintain 28 states and cabinets with revenues from Oil. There is no president who could maintain such corrupt establishment (heroes of liberation struggles) of South Sudan. There is not president who could launch development with shrink resources of oil. Let be mindful that constructing 100 miles of road can cost millions of dollars, (Nimule-Juba road is a classic example). Hence, constructing 100 miles road among 28 states is impossible in such economy.

I want every single South Sudanese to be mindful about the destiny and fate of our nation is at your hand. We are all stakeholders and we must continue to hold our country dear to our hearts than leaders.  It is time to do soul searching, and go through redemption, sacrifice or repent, and finally solve our problems as collective citizens of this nation, not as tribe.

I wish everyone to have a successful year.

Gabrial Pager Ajang can be reached at This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it or This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

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