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The SPLM Mainstream, the SPLM DC, the SPLM/A in Opposition, the SPLM 7 Former detainees, the SPLM 4, and the SPLM

By Juma Mabor Marial

The SPLM Mainstream, the SPLM DC, the SPLM/A in Opposition, the SPLM 7 Former detainees, the SPLM 4, the SPLM …………… “Will the fragmentations in the SPLM Party ever be rejoined?”

April 15, 2014 (SSNA) -- The last article I wrote about SPLM party was met with numerous uproars and unprecedented condemnations by those who thought I was prophesying dooms against the revolutionary party. What they did not know is that, I am too a diehard and stance supporter of SPLM, an allegiance that I have diligently observed for the past 26 years and still objectively do till now. My prophesy although I don’t proclaim to be a prophet and do not need to be rewarded came to play when the two press conferences were held by the two groups of SPLM between 6th and 8th December, 2013 respectively with the sole objective of telling the public the ingredients of what has been cooking in the SPLM house. The situation was further escalated by the December 15th events for which the memories are still very much fresh and alive in every citizen’s mind and there is no need to revisit them.

For both the political survival of our politicians and the quest to enhance state cum nation-building, there was no any other political party that was most trusted by south Sudanese to contest on and established their nationhood around. This is where, during the 2010 elections, an opportunity to win SPLM ticket in the primaries also known as Electoral College was synonymous with directly winning the polls. SPLM was and maybe, still is the only political party with stable foundation and special platform with respect to it long year’s advocacy for freedom and independence of the people of south Sudan.

However, towards independence, internal political conflicts started to protrude but the common objective for south Sudan independence keeps on holding the center together but until 2009, things began to get worse as information of internal dictatorship in the party begun to emerge. Lam Akol was the mastermind and Riek Machar was playing it cool after he was as he then thought, unfairly convinced to stand down for Kiir for the SPLM leadership in 2008. Lam after being so impatience decided to call it a quit and formed the infamous Sudan People Liberation Movement Democratic Change (SPLM-DC). A party he described as a reformed SPLM and would in its manifesto, give the people of south Sudan the much needed services and open up space for democracy.

It is during its launching that Lam gave out very outstanding objectives that shaken the SPLM mainstream but with energetic and most appropriate propagandas that the cadres in the mainstream had, the former Secretary General now a charged treason accused and his foot soldiers carried out a robust campaign against SPLM DC traversing almost all countries of the world telling the south Sudanese that SPLM-DC and indeed Lam Akol were enemies of south Sudanese freedom and south Sudan independence. That, plus intimidation, arbitrary arrest of SPLM-DC members eventually limited the capacity of SPLM-DC and rendered it unworthy opponent to SPLM mainstream, it is over the same reason that Lam lost the presidential bid to Salva Kiir of the SPLM mainstream in the 2010 general elections.

Lam and his party SPLM DC also scored very poorly countrywide and this affected its authority to play any meaningful opposition party role. The differences between SPLM mainstream and SPLM DC continued for some time and culminated in its leader Lam Akol going on self-exile to return only after Kiir gave amnesty to all rebels and militias in 2013. Since then, the relations between the two parties seemed to move closer to reunion as the two are seen to be working together with Lam slowing-down on his criticisms against the mainstream SPLM, an indication that, he was convinced he still has a room reserved for him in the SPLM mainstream and of course, his leniency has paid him handsomely as manifested by his inclusion to the government delegation to negotiate with the rebel SPLM/A in Opposition. Many commentators believe that he is not going to the negotiating table as SPLM DC leader but a prodigal son of SPLM mainstream.

Although this new turn of events seemed to have subsided Lam’s opposition and his party’s antagonistic position against the SPLM mainstream, it is still prudent to note that, SPLM DC is still a legal entity and a separate political party parallel to SPLM mainstream and this make SPLM two.

The SPLM/A in Opposition is another breakaway political and military entity that came out of SPLM mainstream as we all know and for those who need some few information, it came as a result of the disenfranchised members of the SPLM Political Bureau and National Liberation Council led by former vice president turned rebel leader Dr. Riek Machar.

Their contention came over the SPLM leadership wrangle and their accusation of the SPLM chairperson developing what they called ‘dictatorial tendency’. Because they failed or somehow frustrated to resolve things within the SPLM mainstream, they resorted to violence and when called for negotiations to resolve the conflict, they called themselves Sudan People Liberation Movement /Army in Opposition.

Although, again, not formally formed as a breakaway political party from the SPLM mainstream, the name and it objectives suggest that it is another breakaway political party from SPLM. The army inclusion or military outfit could be brought about by their taking up arms and stage resistance against the democratically elected government. These facts bring to the fore a third fragmentation of the SPLM party and I think because the issues and the coming into being of this breakaway body are still very fresh, there would be no need to delve into the underlying details.

The Former Seven Political Detainees are another stone in the flesh of the SPLM mainstream, this group in their own school of thoughts believes that, without them, there would be no SPLM mainstream and therefore, they consider themselves as major stakeholders in the on-going peace process, their demands are centered around the reforms in the SPLM mainstream and their demands include changes to the current leadership of the SPLM party. They vehemently believe that, they are SPLM and SPLM is them and therefore, no one can intimidate or blackmail them to drop out of the revolutionary party that they thinks, they have for decades built from the scratch.

It is because of the insistent of this group of seven sometimes called “the gang of seven” by the government spokesman that has halted the talk between the rebel SPLM/A in the opposition and the government of south Sudan delegation in Addis Ababa Ethiopia. The IGAD is so determined to incorporate them as a third party to the peace talk, a position that the government of south Sudan thinks violates the condition of the bail as was accorded to the seven former detainees.

The government position has been and still is that; the seven can join either side of the conflict but cannot be a third party to the talk. The opposition on the other hand seemed disappointed with the recent adamant and deliberate indecisiveness of the seven politicians which they had hoped would boost their rebellion and strengthens their position if they were to join them against the government after being released through their advocacy.

With the status of the seven SPLM former detainees remaining a contentious issue, their impact is felt both in the SPLM mainstream and the country at large because these people with their amassed wealth, their ethnic connections and their foreign relations have complicated and more so, frustrated the hopes for peace and signing of the comprehensive peace deal for stability and tranquility to return to the people of south Sudan.

The IGAD and international community with their stick and carrot policies are determined to frustrate the peace process if the seven are not incorporated. This plus many other impediments have made it imperatively clear that, the SPLM party with its many divisions will continue to destabilize the Republic of South Sudan instead of propelling it into a democratic and multiparty state.

With this imminent and argumentative background of the seven former detainees , there is no reason not to believe that the seven are capable of calling themselves another breakaway party from the SPLM mainstream because what a political party need to prosper is mobilization and vigorous awareness campaign which I think without slightest doubt has been done for them by the government itself when it briefly detained them and released them in unsubstantiated bail terms where in relatively unprecedented way, they got themselves a state accommodation in the modern urban city of Nairobi hence boosting and reviving their long ailing political profiles.

It is here that, this group of seven is now a potentially growing bud in the SPLM mainstream and without much speculation; it is in black and white the fourth breakaway political party from the SPLM mainstream.

Because of the principle of sub judice in law, I will not comment on the procedural and substantive aspects of the treason trial that is on-going against Pagan Amum, Oyay Deng Ajak, Ezekiel Gatkuoth and Dr. Majak De’ Agot but by virtue of this analysis, I will only touch a bit on their membership or rather former membership in the SPLM party and their role in the looming disintegration of the revolutionary party SPLM.

It has become common knowledge that, in both the local and international dailies, the four are usually referred to as “group of Four or G4”. The impact of this group with the fact that they have been at the Centre of the SPLM party with Pagan Amum having been the chief administrator must be critically analyzed.

Although, their freedom is still at the discretion of the judges and part of it to the prerogatives of the president, the four can still be use in the equation to solve the problem of the SPLM mainstream. For instance, the four even with their presence in the dock and being surrounded by the armed national security officers still strongly believe that they are pioneers of the SPLM and are very much determined to remain SPLM even when convicted. This is one side of the coin, the other side of the same coin is also that, these four consider themselves as advocates of democracy and as such, their favorite field for playing this game is SPLM and therefore, whatever the outcome of the trial, the four for the benefit of this article are what I would called “SPLM 4” Pagan dismissal in the party notwithstanding.

It would be interesting to see later on when the trial ends what would happen if some of these suspects are acquitted, convicted or pardoned. The likely political implications would be that, they may join the SPLM/A in Opposition, they may also betray the SPLM/A in Opposition and join the group of seven former detainees or they may formed their own party and call it “SPLM Four former acquits/Convicts” or with the slimmest chance join the government and join the SPLM mainstream.

Whichever outcome and the political direction this group may choose to travel, the fact remains that, they will again bring in another problem equation to the already disintegrating SPLM party and this in my opinion will create more fragmentations of the SPLM party.

What is the SPLM …….,

Sometime, this may look and sound like an imaginative SPLM breakaway party but mind you, this could be the serious and most dangerous breakaway SPLM group that is going to finally bury the SPLM party. To my projection and analysis, this is the omnipotence group that has been working and still is working for the end of the SPLM party, they are within the SPLM and they claps with their chest forward that they are the real SPLM members and no one else has the right to be SPLM more than them, they have penetrated the SPLM from different parties and background, they have sown the seeds of disunity among the veteran SPLM members, they have enrich themselves with the SPLM resources and they have established their political thrones using SPLM but they are also determined to ensure that, after all these scheming, their main objectives  and goals have to be accomplished and that is to finish SPLM and to do that, they must make sure that, everyone who thought they had the SPLM at heart are fully equipped with weapons of mass destructions and if the whistle is blown, then the fighting should start and the SPLM will be slaughter at the altar, that group is halfway through with its preparations and it is ready for the D-day.

This group is not with the SPLM DC, it is neither with the SPLM/A in Opposition nor with the seven SPLM former detainees, it is not in the SPLM group 4 former convicts/acquits, it is within the government, it is a silence enemy that is determined to kill SPLM peacefully but completely, this group is in the executive not in legislature or judiciary, this group is not in the states or municipalities. It is right there where it is ready to get rid of the revolutionary party once and for all. This is the group that, out of the four or five breakaway SPLM factions, will lay the final writings on the SPLM grave and say’ “I have killed SPLM party and it is now buried six feet under.”

This is the group that has caused instability in the country because their strategy is to the effect that, the government is SPLM and if the SPLM is disorganized, the SPLM house will be in fire and if the SPLM house is in fire, then, the whole country like it is now will be in chaos, something that, as beneficiaries of confusion, they are enjoying while the ordinary citizens of south Sudan are experiencing unprecedented suffering and loss of lives.

Ways Forward:

If the few remaining diehards of the SPLM could borrow and use my lens and figure out the problem and look for the long lasting solutions, I would have loved to share with them the following reasoning:

1. Own up to the conflict that has engulfed the country and admit that the problem started in the SPLM house and after identifying that truth, then you will find a solution to the on-going conflict.
2. Research on the last group and identify the enemies of your party within before they put the final nail on the Coppin of the SPLM.
3. Explore peace and reconciliation mechanisms within the party and bring back the real SPLM members before the enemy get rid of all of you.
4. Relent on the don’t care attitude and let the internal and party democracy be exercised; this will enable the party embrace diversity of opinions.
5. Forget about these many other dubious projects and put your energies to the national dialogue to bridge the gaps caused by the long mistrust among the south Sudanese. A committee to deal with truth, justice, peace and reconciliation should be constituted and terms of reference stated towards the national dialogue and reconciliation conference.
6. Drop your hardline positions and look into the unwarranted suffering of the people of South Sudan.

Finally, if those who care to listen put this analysis into consideration, I think, the potholes created in the SPLM party can be repaired and the party will again borrow a fresh leaf of life similar to that of the ANC of South Africa, the KANU of Kenya among other long serving political parties in the world.

If not, then, it is also advisable that those who are beside the sick bed of the SPLM party should prepare for it a decent graveyard because its passing is just but a step away from the entrance.

Juma Mabor Marial is a Lawyer based in Juba.Reachable at: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Government’s Corrupt Finance Officers Found in Aweil

By Deng Mangok Ayuel

To oppose corruption in government is the highest obligation of patriotism ― G. Edward Griffin

April 15, 2014 (SSNA) -- It is no longer at ease. Former factories and bakeries’ workers in Khartoum turned finance officers in Northern Bahr el Ghazal State, Aweil were caught red-handed last week or involved in financial scandal of 8.9 million South Sudanese pounds. These men with corrupt minds, or illiterate and unprofessional finance officers, who think that public money is like holy water, were imprisoned to reimburse the stolen money and to attest to the public that they were not capable to finance our institutions without a mess.  These people plunged into temptations when high desire for money intoxicated their goddess-minds. Who doesn’t have a desire for money? All of us need money but we should eat what belong to us than being hyenas in someone’s luak.

Where did these junior finance staff get huge amount of money that is currently whirling in their personal bank accounts? Were they officially given a loan by the state ministry of finance? Should these corrupt alleged individuals be sacked when found guilty?

Of course, corruption is not a laughing matter. It has been a common thing, which is critically averting the minds of those who wanted to get rich quick. It was deeply embedded, and about to get institutionalize if alleged individuals were not imprisoned. It became an endemic to the system, created an asymmetrical society – a society where others can’t afford to build a hut and spend less than a dollar per a day. It was unfortunate for people who wronged the majority. Our finance officers failed to show integrity at their work which was a corrupt denigration of intention.

Thereafter, note that I am not talking about Mr. Smooth. It is about fraudulence finance staff who have had been so egotistical and publicly boasting of money they have stolen from the state government. These guys who regarded anyone a failed man when seeing him moving on foot in the town are condensed to inmates in order to tell bitter stories of getting rich quick  or remain in jail.  This is a cash adventure they will not forget. Of course, I have ceased to venerate the appalling and self-indulgence practice done by our brothers against the people of Aweil. All in all, my cousin is amount the group. I am not against their riches but they should eat what belong to them. 

Give Caesar his due. Nobody anywhere in the world is permitted by law to take what doesn’t belong to him/her. We should be law abiding people if we wanted our country to flourish economically. We need to be trusted so that we can’t be easily assumed of being dishonest elements in the society.

A man’s pride brings him low, but man of lowly spirit gains honor. And the difference between a corrupt and an honest person is surprisingly obsessive than a wound in the eyes. The corrupt person has a price and the honest person has value. When these corrupt individuals get released from hot cell, the will begin hiding and their fame begins to fade like morning dew in the society. Thieves are like owls, nobody glorify their doing willingly.

I have witnessed that corrupt alleged individuals in Aweil are usually jailed, unlike the ones of Juba. Our Kosti Manibes in the ministry of finance were arrested, sacked from offices for wrong doings. Congratulation to the state governor for a job well done! Our governor came to stay. He has started making a difference. No joke with General Paul. I like the way he usually respond to social, political or any situation that seems to be a threat to our nation. Long live the governor for Northern Bahr el Ghazal State, Aweil.

It was Judas Iscariot who betrayed Jesus Christ for financial gain. Who betrayed our finance officers who believed that spear-masters may consent them to put Mading Aweil into their bags and escape in our eyes without any question. No wonder! These Zacchaeuses of Aweil, like Zacchaeus, the tax collector in the Bible who cheated the public by pocketing taxes, shall not remain unpunished in the court of law. Where did they keep this huge amount of money they took within a short time?

Lack of trained task force caused corruption. It is important for government, especially the ministry of labor to conduct labor market assessment in order to address occupational demands and to professionalize institutions, and create appropriate mechanisms for efficient reporting systems. I am hoping that the newly appointed Minister of Finance for Northern Bahr el Ghazal State, Aweil shall work hard to establish electronic financial systems where individuals shall be fully accounted for any wrongdoing. The ministry is a man with vast experiences unlike the past ones.   

Many institutions in South Sudan have not been professionalized. Some employees lacked job descriptions, other employees come to jot down their names in the attendance books in their workplaces and leave for private businesses due to lack of supervision. These employees who have no job descriptions do not know where to start and end at their workplaces. Again, some of these employees come at the end of the month to collect their salaries without any work done. Most of them are reduced to gossipers under the mahogany trees in the town. Why do government pays those who are doing less work than expected?

By the way, finance staff or call them ‘cashiers for gain’ might have a consortium and that is why they have been so resistance, unwillingly yawning for changes in the system for long time. I found these people paying the employees in 2010, using a pay-sheet or ghost-list – a well drafted white paper using a funny hand-writing than a computer when the ministry of finance has many computers to be use for these purposes. What is the use of computers in the ministry of finance?

How comes for few people to pocket huge amount of money when others are starving in Apada and Maper? Public money has been in wrong hands, but we pray that our governor is currently taking this issue as a serious case. They should be sent home and refund the money.  I am not wasting time by writing this piece but cautioning the authority that these people should face justice so that others should hibernate from corruption.

In today’s world, no one is bigger than money. Wherever you go, the importance of riches and money is glimpsed. These days, respect depends on the status and height of a person in term of money. When ordinary citizens who have been starving see this, they naively get disheartened and make impressions on their minds that money is everything, and can buy anything, whether it is our moral values or self respect. But that is a different story. Money is an evil. Thus, money becomes their high desire and they started doing wrong things for gaining status in the society either by hook or by crook, I am pleased to inform our people that corruption is slowly fading after people are jailed in Aweil. Days are not equal; it was a good day for them when they started enjoying the corrupted portions, and it became a bad day when they began eating beans in prison. Those teachers whose money was laundered in Aweil are alive. It’s a devil or Machardit that will praise the evildoings of these quack finance officers.

Corruption is a very big disease that is making fun of our moral values and our customs. It’s typically concerned with bribery – takes several forms like extortion, embezzlement. It has made people to go into the world of crimes. In government and private institutions, bribery becomes a tradition. People are forced to give enticement until they become helpless as they are left with no options when things gone astray. Sometimes back, bribe was paid for getting wrong things done but now bribe is paid for getting right things done at right time.

Why can’t you {guys} bribe me so that I go to persuade a big man to free you? This is a joke! I will never ask the big man to free you even though you give me 8.9 million pounds as a bribe. I don’t want to be jailed of theft related cases. Most of the people give the bribe to get their work done as soon as possible. However, money making exercise is a dangerous business.

Deng Mangok Ayuel is a freelance writer, blogger and lives in Aweil. He blogs at and can be reached through This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

The people’s revolution must triumph

By Mayian Tot

April 15, 2014 (SSNA) -- South Sudan –the land of great abundance blessed with many resources. Both human and natural resources has been goose-stepped into bloodshed and misery by none other than its leaders.

Now a killing’s field embroil in the midst of catastrophic catalyst marked by acute human suffering with men in arms barbarically killing innocent civilians with impunity.  

The land of gold, oil, milk and honey is poisoned by leadership greed with meaningful reforms and its people’s potential progress barricaded by the genocidal system. Now perpetuating ethnic cleansing, hatred and is equally pushing vicious ideological hegemony of one ethnic domination.

In a matter of months this nation descended into a deadly proxy war theatre whereby ethnic massacre of ritual violent are committed.

Civilians’ populations mainly children, women, the aged and the unarmed men become the main victims caught up in the midst butchered with impunity in places like Juba, Bor, Malakal, Bentiu, Leer etc. etc. Brutalise by the men in arms for reason none other than their ethnicity.

From December 15, 16, 17, 18, the presidential guards and other security apparatuses’ went on lynching operations. Going door-to-door killing rampaged of ritual violence decimating innocent unarmed civilian of Nuer ethnicity with brutes’ savagery displaying their psychopathic heroism.

To cover up these ritual animosities dead copses were thrown into river, some burned while others were secretly buried at night during the curfew hours in mass-graves.  

In Juba all these graves atrocities of highest barbarism were unleashed only to protected the power that be and precisely for president Kiir to remain in power. But instead, these are the criminal acts against humanity that brought this nation down to its knees will cost Kiir his leadership.

Contrary to these harsh realities, some diehard supporters still called it a legitimate elected government as if it was elected to kills with impunity.

The government of South Sudan had failed to equally protect civilians and that is the main reason to why many citizens appreciate and accredit UNMISS for protecting, sheltering and feeding civilians. Because, had it not be the present of UNMISS in this country. South Sudanese would have butchered themselves surpassing that of Rwanda genocide with brutal intensity given the ferocity of the violent.

But God forbid none shall be annihilated, never.   

Precisely, because South Sudan belongs to all ethnic that currently occupied its territorial land. Therefore [None] deserver extermination be they Nuer, Dinka, Shilluk, Equatoria or others ethnic groups. All are different ethnic but supposedly equal citizens, none worse none best.

It is inhumane and immoral to condone brutal acts of ethnic cleansing  and fundamentally any leader who benefited and capitalise on human death, misery and destructions to maintain his reign is poisoned by greed of cynical evil and is equally doomed to tumble down on the process.

Now we hear voices from hosanna, from deep swamps, from remote villages, from UNMISS camps and from the whole diaspora calling out loud.

‘’By all mean possible the people’s revolution must triumph, the sooner the better.’’  They said, and we echo back, surely it must triumph’.  

It must triumph against injustices, against marginalisation, against inequalities, against this corrupt and genocidal system that perpetuate, ethnic cleansing, land grabbing, destruction etc.

For how long shall we tolerate a system that facilitate tribalism, nepotisms and bad governance with failed leadership that pays foreign arm to come kills us and therefore allowed foreign economic juggernaut to plunder our resources.

We unite stand firm and fight against such system to the very end.

Inwardly and outwardly the vivid conclusion reached is that such system be topple and dismantled. We cannot longer afford to lives under the guises of a system that create military and political personalities to rule us with iron fist, divide us on ethnic lines and then make us butcher ourselves with impunity like wild beasts.

Kiir’s leadership has derail sight and had utterly plunged our beloved nation into deep abyss.

The masses ‘em citizens of South Sudan need to understand it crystal clear that the entire power vested on Kiir belong to them as a whole. It doesn’t belong to one ethnic two ethnic or three ethnic groups that unite to destroyed the others. It belongs to all 64 tribes combined.

Therefore the government of South Sudan and its institutions, its funds, its political structures and its constitutional arrangement is theirs.

To spare lives or to stop the bloodletting [He] the president better opt to relinquish the people’s power back to where it’s rightfully belong. So that the people can command their fate, shape their destiny and have equally protections from thy government and elect leaders of their choice. 

Principally to elect a leader who shall reign with [No] absolute power to victimise them, oppress them, marginalise them and divide them on ethnic lines so as to butchers themselves with impunity. 

A leader who will be nothing but people's servant and spokespersons represent and guiding his/her people's well-being, fate and destiny.

More so, a nationalistic leader who shall respect and be abide by our constitutional framework to the point that –the will of the masses ‘em populace is to be of supreme virtue and the moral guiding star.

Therefore, Greater Bahr el Ghazal, Greater Equatoria and Greater Upper Nile our destiny are joint and our fate are one we ought to joint ranks and files.

Time is of essence here, it warrants swift actions to make the ends met.

The people’s revolution must triumph. It must triumph now and anything short of that shall mean another ticking time-bomb ready to explode with brute savagery. Sadly however the only vivid conclusion point to barrel of guns.

Mayian Tot is a concerned South Sudanese citizen reachable via This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

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