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Analysis and observations about South Sudan peace talks and IGAD-Plus compromise peace agreement

By Lul Gatkuoth Gatluak

August 25, 2015 (SSNA) -- On the weekend of August 15-6, 2015, South Sudan political climate reached its boiling point at 212 degrees Fahrenheit or 100 degrees Celsius. The atmospheric precipitation elevated as the pressure mounted from world’s powerful nations arrived at a higher fixed reference point on South Sudanese leaders to sign Peace. While thousands of South Sudanese, fellow African regional players and international community partners were enthusiastically hustling to converged in the capital of Ethiopia Addis Ababa aiming to witness the signing of the proposed compromise Agreement on South Sudan conflict.

Other Billions of the world community, ordinary South Sudanese in towns, villages, bushes, Refugee camps both at home in the United Nations’ concentration sites and neighboring countries, in addition to those of them in diaspora; were highly alerted full with hope that the peace will finally be signed on Monday August 17, 2015. South Sudan president was dragging his feet to defy the worldwide call for peaceful compromise. In regard of that hope for peace, many South Sudanese living abroad in various countries working under different capacities had either called in sick that day from their jobs or quit sleeping. Friends connect themselves with phone conferences and social-media to discuss some contentious issues parties to the conflict are still disagreeing upon and other challenges laying ahead. Like other thousand South Sudanese-Americans, one stay up all night chatting on “Social-media” with friends who are present at the scene of the peace talk since the day coincided with one’s day off from work. In this article, the author is intending to highlight some push factors that culminated to force individuals like Obama to act on pressurizing South Sudanese parties to the conflict sign peace and one’s observations during the day of Monday August 17, 2015. But first, it’s worthwhile to mention some historical facts pertaining South Sudan crisis.

When the disagreement between South Sudan’s ruling party (SPLM) members exploded into violence in Juba, thousands of people have been killed and millions were driven out of their homes to either United Nations peacekeeper bases or neighboring countries. Since then, Violence had spread across The Greater Upper Nile region, including Unity, Jonglei, and Upper Nile States, following mass defections of the national army of the Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA). In that early stage of conflict ignition, millions were faced with food shortages that force humanitarian donors around the world to pure in food aid in order prevent famine or humanitarian catastrophe. In order to block such manmade crisis, South Sudanese and friends of South Sudan alike, took it upon them and frequently communed between their respective residencies and government centers around the globe to request world’s powerful leaders to act accordingly on solving South Sudan matter. Some prominent outstanding calls for action were made by forming rallies in Australia, Canada, the United States of America and many other countries. The tone was, “We need Peace in South Sudan”. One outstanding contribution was made by a patriotic South Sudanese named Simon Deng, who led a hungry strike to White House for one month asking President Obama to act now. His call coincided with Obama scheduled official visit to Africa, which subsequently corresponded with fourth anniversary of South Sudan independence. In his Address to African Union, Obama called on South Sudanese leaders to sign already proposed IGAD-Plus compromise proposal to resolute South Sudan’s conflict one and for all otherwise the warring parties will face sanction if they are not going to meet the dateline. Behind the scene, he also met with important individuals urging them to play positive role come scheduled date of August 17, 2015.

As the day was drawing near, South Sudanese both in government and rebels, in addition to IGAD mediators had congregated to sensitize the document. Some IGAD heads of State shuttled to Uganda to see how President Museveni stand on proposed compromise document. Mr. Museveni was not only rigid he also came up with a parallel proposal that erased provisions which give rebels 53% upper hand in Greater Upper Nile region. A move that rebels’ chief responded by written an accusation letter to IGAD-Plus mediators; saying, “the outcome of the Kampala summit not only contradicts but also completely undermine the IGAD-Plus Proposal that was presented to the stakeholders in July as basis to negotiate on.”

On Thursday and Friday August 13 and 14 respectively, voices to persuade Salva Kiir to attend Peace talks were roaring given that the later ruled out he will only delegate his Vice President James Wani Igga to Addis. Instead of boarding the shuttle, Salva resorted of calling a special Council of Ministers’ meeting on Friday August 14, 2015 which have been attended by Presidential Advisors, Members of the SPLM Political Bureau, some heads of South Sudan Political Parties he has confidence in, South Sudan ten (10) States governors, Heads of independent Commissions, Chief Administrators of Abyei & Pibor, Senior members of the National Legislative Assembly and members of the Council of States. Their meeting resolute that, all government negotiating team must be called back to Juba, Salva Kiir must not travel to Ethiopia and delegate James Wani, they also wanted to know whether Yoweri Museveni proposal of discarding IGAD-Plus has been accepted and finally, the argument that Peace could not be signed while the rift occurred in rebel camp. Out of all these five points, the prominent of all is that, the tyranny regime developed a nil hope propagating that above mentioned rift is a heck of a bigger deal.

Finally on Sunday August 16, Salva Kiir gave in out of regional presidents’ intense diplomatic pressure especially the voice of Yoweri Museveni who have a great linkage with him than the rest; and flew to Addis Ababa to join already overcrowded compatriots and the international community observers who had hoped South Sudan’s rival factions would finally reach political settlement to result almost two years conflict that torn the country desperately. Hence, early on Monday August 17, 2015 at 9:00 A.M, all delegates congregated in Sheraton Hotel in Addis Ababa Ethiopia full with euphoric expectation to chant after the peace is signed. Unfortunately, such an expectation fades away when Salva refused to broker a deal, citing looming rift in the rebel camp. He warned the function that, it would not be possible to sign a lasting peace while other opposition factions are excluded. While discussions were underway, and signatures were expected, Museveni pullout from the venue of the peace talks in Addis Ababa and the media reasoning that he has had clashes with other regional leaders which get in his nerve and expelled him before Dr. Riek, Pagan Amum and the rest of signatories signed their part on the peace document. It has been stipulated the chairperson of IGAD regional body Prime Minister Haile Mariam Desalegn told Museveni Uganda’s support to Salva Kiir was complicating regional efforts to persuade Salva to sign the peace and angered Museveni to walk out before the peace agreement is worked out by the IGAD-Plus mediators and South Sudan parties to the conflict. When Kiir saw Museveni retreated, he as well made an attempt to evacuate the talks.

Such move prompted Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyatta to engage him in the hallway. President Kenyatta’s gesture tells it all. He was verbally telling Kiir to come back and sign the document. After Salva Kiir settled to asked for 15 more days to consult with his sycophantic masses in Juba and only initialed the document, Madam Rebecca Nyandeng De Mabior widow of the SPLM/A founder Dr. John Garang, broke down and shed tears, which she later reasoned in an interview that, she cried for all people of South Sudan, whose suffering is being extended by Salva Kiir. To her, people of South Sudan do not need more consultations, they need peace and delaying peace may have serious consequences for the civilians who have suffered for 20 months of a brutal civil war. By the end of all these cycle, Riek went to press and declared that “he was surprised by Kiir’s decision.” “I didn’t know that he was not going to sign,” he said. “I couldn’t find any explanation for this because he had it all. There is no reason why he requested for more time. We had already been given enough time to consult our entities, this is a good agreement-----he had a lion’s share on many areas.” Then, the United States’ envoy to Sudan and South Sudan, described Kiir’s decision as “unexpected,” saying, he hope the president will sign the agreement soon.

What are some of the reasons Salva Kiir refused to sign the peace for?

According to the IGAD-Plus Compromise Peace Agreement Proposal (CPAP) President Kiir is required to consult First Vice President on most security issues, Salva and his cronies are not pleased with that provision. They also have substantial disagreement over number of other contentious issues ranging from power sharing, demilitarization of Juba during the transitional period, system of governance, having separate armies during the interim period until when a full amalgamation and transformation of the army is finalized. These above issues threaten Kiir and preventing him from running the country as his own property through so-called Presidential decrees.

What are some provisions SPLM/A-IO and former detainees signed on Monday August 17, 2015?

Although there had been changes, the agreement that was signed on Monday August 17, pretty much originated from July 24 Compromise Peace Proposal IGAD-Plus had availed to the parties to the conflict for further study. During the reconvened of the negotiation after parties were called back from Pagak and Juba, IGAD mediators saw some changes when the parties engaged in a dialogue. Base on new IGAD observations, President Kiir’s government will no longer control 100% on power sharing of seven States. The new arrangement gives Kiir 85% while SPLM/A-IO will get away with 15% share in each of the seven States. On the other hand, SPLM/A-IO will no longer control 53% as the proposal suggested from the first place. In the three States, government will take 46% while SPLM/A-IO will take 40%, then, former detainees and other political parties will get 7% each.

At the national level, the power sharing ratio remained as the original proposal indicated with government controlling 53%, SPLM/A-IO will get 33%, then, former detainees and other political parties will again get 7% each.

The document has further indicated that, the current 325 members of the national parliament in Juba will be maintained and those who defected to rebel during the crisis will be reinstated to their previous parliamentary positions like it was before December 15, 2013. Then, SPLM/A-IO will appoint 50 additional members to the national parliament while the former detainees will appoint one additional member and political parties will appoint 17 additional parliamentarians. The fact that some stakeholders had signed the document, IGAD-Plus officials said, the peace deal signed by the two leaders on the August 17 was the final document, there will be no more discussion; when Kiir makeup his mind, he will sign it without further renegotiation to the deal.

What’s makes Kiir agree to sign the agreement?

Many factors attributed in forcing Kiir to sign. First, following his refusal to sign on Monday August 17, many important world leaders persuaded him to reverse his decision. Second, his godfather---- Yoweri Museveni’s influence had faded away. Regional leaders had back down and start to oppose his rigid stand on South Sudan. That was the reason why urged Kiir August 18 to sign peace, saying “he will not be able to reverse worldwide popular call of peace.” At that juncture, Salva Kiir who was in limbo and set himself on the boiling pot by refusing to sign is left with no choice other than agreeing to the peace with all provisions he refused to sign on Monday August 17. If Salva would have kept his word of opposing the signature, sanction would have been imposed on his rotten murderous regime. Then he and his godfather Museveni could have been cornered from mainstream world order, despite the fact that the world would withdraw its neutrality stand and throw their support on opposition.

As we are now transitioning, IGAD, AU and their partners, need to set up a commission of inquiry to investigate human rights violations and other abuses committed during the armed conflict in South Sudan and make recommendations on the best ways and means to ensure accountability, reconciliation and healing among all South Sudanese communities. Those who ordered militias to kill innocence civilians need to be held accountable without delay. A truth commissions that recommend serious cases amount to trials, reparations, and hybrid or international courts are all possible means of achieving accountability. African Union alone could not carryout this fact finding investigation given that AU has been double standard on pervious crime investigation. The fact that it failed to avail atrocity report has a bit disqualified it to act solo on that matter.

Lastly, one would not miss to express a sincere gratitude to IGAD and its partners for bringing the peace to South Sudan. We can’t wait to see an immediate establishment of the transitional Federal Government of National Unity with clear mandates and powers to implement the agreement on the bases of a federal system that prioritized good governance that vest power on ordinary citizens rather on elites.

The author can be reached at either  This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it  or  This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Opinion piece on IGAD-Plus, its implication to SPLA- IG, SPLA/SPLM –IO, and the people of South Sudan

By Gatwech Ruot Nyoat

August 20, 2015 (SSNA) -- As the deadline set by IGAD-Plus is approaching, with the looming international community sanctions and pressure in urging South Sudanese warring factions to bring lasting solution to ongoing civil war that led to immense loss of lives and human suffering. The principal parties to conflict have to make wise decisions to compromise their positions to give South Sudanese people in UNMISS camps, refugees in neighboring countries and those bearing the burden of hardship economic crisis inside the country an opportunity to restore their living. A lot of sacrifices in reaching a lasting peace is expected from Mr.Salva Kiir and Dr.Riek Machar.

Both principals should know that failure to negotiate in good faith to bring peace back home will have adverse effects in which military solutions will not bring sustainable peace at the end.

The IGAD-Plus Compromise Agreement Advantages to the Government or SPLA-IG

In the light of the IGAD-Plus Compromise Agreement, the SPLA-IG have to take advantage of this agreement by signing it to legitimize, the illegitimacy of the government that came into being by expiring terms on 8 July 2015 as stipulated in the Transitional Constitution of South Sudan. By doing so, the government will get grassroots support because it has brought to the people of South Sudan a peace that is much needed. This will also show the government commitment to peace and restoration of the international relations that deteriorated as a result of war.

It is within the reach of the government to exert its efforts by convincing the warmongers, the loyalist Nuer generals and the small cliques of Dinka that belief in crushing the rebels by military means and have mentality of born to rule - the like of Kuol Manyang , Makuei Lueth and Paul Malong, who said a year ago he would crash the rebels within a month). Otherwise, the consequences of refusing the IGAD-Plus Compromise Agreement will adversely affect the government particularly the ordinary citizens who have not got any dividend of the independence of South Sudan.

For instance, the rejection of the IGAD-Plus Compromise Agreement will result into international isolations and sanctions to government and individuals that derail the peace process. This will be followed by the economics collapse in the country as well as deteriorating support from citizens that want peace to come and improve their livelihoods .The ordinary citizens that had been affected by war did not benefit or had not been part of the dividends of independence. If war will not stop, the likelihood of conflict to spread to more peaceful states will be more. The case of Western Equatoria where citizens were frustrated by the behavior of the army that mistreats the ordinary citizens is very tangible example. Hence, such scenarios will create enabling environment for citizens to take up arms against the government. The better way is to bring peace so that ordinary citizens will focus on how to improve their livelihoods.

Other aspect that the government should consider is the drop of oils price that supports the existence of the mercenaries such as Uganda Defense Forces, the Darfur rebels -JEM and the SPLA-North will have no way to be maintained if war continues. Failing to pay them will mean there will be no grantee for the existence of government in Juba.

Implication of IGAD-Plus for SPLA-IO

In my opinion the IGAD-Plus Compromise   for SPLA- IO has advantages because majority of Greater Upper Nile executive organs will be dominated by them .That will give the SPLA- IO opportunity to start federal structure at grass root levels. People of the Greater Upper Nile are mostly affected by the war, living in UN camps, displaced within the country and denied humanitarians access, dying of hunger and diseases daily. The SPLA-IO should take the agreement seriously by making compromise so that these citizens be rescued from this inhumane conditions. Otherwise, people will lose trust and confident in peace process since they are the only ones in the country that call for war to stop. SPLA-IO should know that it is when there is ceasefire that the ideology of federalism will be realized in people's hearts. Signing this agreement give the opposition chance to mobilize citizens to support them in upcoming elections when transitional period ends. During the transitional the SPLA-IO can strengthen their army and supplies in case government refuse to implement the agreement. Within the transitional period SPLA_IO can make coalition with other political parties to unite people of South Sudan based on the ideology of federalism that most people of South Sudan want .It will be the time for SPLA_IO to mobilize citizens to support federalism if it is taken up for referendum. Signing the agreement will signify the leadership commitment of SPLA/SPLM to IGAD-Plus modality on peace agreement to show to the international and regional bodies their commitment to bring peace and desired reforms in South Sudan. So the SPLA-IO should work with regional countries to have representations in Greater Equatoria and Greater Bahr El Ghazal since there are supporters from these regions in the movement who want to be represented in the agreement.

Therefore, taking decisive action to avoid international isolations and sanctions should be taken seriously by SPLA_IO to escape the IGAD-Plus and the IGAD- countries which will use their interests to fight directly or indirectly with them to prolong their interests. In the same nutshell, the leadership of SPLA_IO has to convince the warmonger commanders that roar like lions without analyzing the implications of being internationally isolated even if you are fighting for just cause. The arms and ammunitions to fight with come through international boundaries; unless you have support there is no way to fight. Let the government that sign the arms deal with its neighbor refuse it so that it will lose support internationally. The regional and international isolation might include the use of forces and the expulsion by the IGAD countries that give refuge to the movement. In order to avoid that looming sanction it wise to be on the right side where the international community will support the movement.

For people of South Sudan in the current situation, it is clear that their sufferings will continue as far as the warring parties are not likely to sign the agreement as of August 17, 2015   approaches. Since the IGAD-Plus is being maneuvered by the president of Uganda as the dominant figure, the international community and the regional leaders should be vigilant to any amendment made to original IGAD- Plus Compromise Agreement. Failing of the international community and AU to pay attention into detailed agreement will be betrayal to ordinary people of South Sudan who are waiting for peace in inhumane circumstances created by man-made civil war.

The author is a MA graduate from the University Of Notre Dame, Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies, South Bend Indiana, USA. He can be reached at This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

South Sudan: Why regional and International Community should decisively act now!

“If an elephant has its foot on the tail of a mouse and you say that you are neutral, the mouse will not appreciate your neutrality”. Desmond Tutu

By: Bol Khan


August 15, 2015 (SSNA) -- The IGAD, continental body; the AU plus International Community should take very sharp action by now against the established South Sudanese chronic disease, the SPLM. In another word, the said regional and international community should decisively start seeking quick avenues on how to save the lives of remnants innocent South Sudanese civilians from this “destroying machine” called SPLM. Especially, after a failed Monday 17thAugust 2015 deadline, given to SPLM’s two sides by IGAD plus in order to strike a final peace deal. The machine has been grinding or slaughtering innocent civilians since 16th Dec 2013 to date. Those are unnecessary situations, created by the SPLM!  Where innocent South Sudanese civilians have been dying across the corners, every day, and everywhere just like chickens. Does regional and international community just wants to provide billions of Dollars in humanitarians’ assistances but cannot able to stop the “destroying machine”? In the eyes of the world-nations, thousands of innocent South Sudanese civilians were massacred, buried in mass graves even as we speak civilians are still being killed just like chickens and buried.  

Yet these powerful communities couldn’t take any substantial action to stop random killings.  The communities have been standing on unwanted neutral ground while speaking a language of “we are urging the two warring parties to the conflicts to stop war or bring peace”.  Can such language solve any problem between any two foes?  Both words, right or wrong in English would have not been there, if we cannot be able to pronounce them in a situation of solving problem between the two persons.  In nature, a mediator; any mediator cannot succeed in reconciling or solving any problem; if he/she cannot sometimes clearly tells Mr. X or Mr. Y that: You Mr. X you’re right here and wrong there and vice-versa.   For instance, the Republic of Uganda had involved, at the outset of South Sudan’s conflicts, militarily in the crisis but the IGAD’s other member states couldn’t frankly tell Museveni that you’re wrong. Instead, IGAD initiated endless; now IGAD-plus mediated peace negotiations which have been off and on in Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa since early 2014 but without fruitful results. Has the regional and international community chosen South Sudanese innocent civilians’ side or its opposite? For in any deadly situations like this, two choices are always there: either you join the side of the culprits or the side of the victims. There is no impartiality in a state; where death and life are the order of the day! Irrespectively, the people of South Sudan are dying in mass today both in GRSS’s controlled areas, in the side of SPLM-IO’s controlled areas as well as in the refugee’s camps outside the country. Needles to mention those are dying in a cross fire. In total, since Dec 2013; eighty thousand (80,000) innocent pure civilians are already reported dead. This was very big number, so it deserves bold action and not just verbal words as usual.  Conflicts and suffering already either escalated to other states like WES, EES, and the region of Bhar el Gazhal. Civilians should not be left alone being killed just like chickens everywhere. Action needs to be taken!

Juba’s intransigent towards sustainable peace in South Sudan?

Of course, Juba will remain intransigent because of a military support provides to Kiir by President Museveni of Uganda.  Deeds can translate the reality on the ground. This is one of the important facts the world should know! For this reason, President Kiir and his inner-circle in Juba’s Presidential Palace won’t listen or do different things relevant to peace unless they are told to do so by Yoweri Meseveni of Uganda. In any country worldwide, it is the President who can measure how far the situations of his/her ordinary citizens have worsened.  President Kiir was supposed to measure those situations because he is the only one; presiding over the country. However, given that catastrophic situations the civilians have been passing through since Dec 2013; he (Kiir) never thinks of restoring sustainable peace to South Sudan. We have been saying this in a number of occasions or briefly in an article I wrote in May last year titled “The regional and Global Actors should learn how Salva Kiir dictates”. I am not saying: the rebels’ leader, Riek Machar should not play a significant role in bringing about peace in South Sudan. No he should but not much. Nevertheless, believe or not if President Bashier of Sudan didn’t decide to end African longest civil war when he accepted the rights to Self-determination for Southern Sudanese people, which was poplar’s demand, CPA would have not been materialized in 2005. And I think no South Sudanese in his/her right sense would wish giving up a fight for popular demand; like current badly needed reforms, federalism, equality, democracy, justice and rule of law in South Sudan. The 1972 Addis Ababa Accord of Joseph Lagu and Nemeri is a best example. So, President Kiir would have ended these sufferings of his country if he ever wants to. Presidency isn’t far better than thousands of innocent South Sudanese civilians lives lost in that period of twenty months of endless negotiations. As a replacement, the Presidency has been resisting the fact that a large segment of its offerings were massacred with an order from within. Participations of all stakeholders are also crippled by SPLM’s Juba. Opposition parties Alliance’s leader, Dr. Lam Akol cannot leave Juba for peace talks in Addis Ababa.  Salva Kiir favors Elias Lomuro, a well-known government mouth piece, to go and talk on opposition political parties’ behalf. Bravo to IGAD plus mediators who prevented him (Elias Lomuro) from participating in the peace talks. The SPLM Juba has grossly violated the South Sudan’s transitional constitution which every now and then, the officials in Juba was regularly quoting saying: “We are acting in accordance with South Sudan Transitional Constitution, 2011”. But that constitution says “the mandate of President Salva Kiir and entire government officially expires on 9 July 2015”. This implies, Salva Kiir is supposed to be out of that unblessed Presidency as of 12:00 AM 10th July 2015. That did not happen.

Does Salva Kiir work to remain in power for life?

Definitely yes! Salva Kiir was and is still working days and nights to remain in power for life. He clearly made or personally said it in May 10th, 2014 in Addis Ababa-Ethiopia that “I am the President of South Sudan, and I must always remain in that position as the President, the leader of that country forever” this statement translates the core objective of President Kiir in full. That was why he afterward ordered his kitchen cabinet to in-shamefully on 13th Feb 2015 sat and extended his government lifespan for more three full years, up to 2018. The following was a statement issued on Friday 13th  Feb 2015; by Government’s Spokesperson, Mr.Michael Makuei Lueth to the press shortly after the meeting “The council of ministers chaired by General Salva Kiir, an elected and legitimate President, has today decided to extend the lifespan of the Government of South Sudan, the National Legislature for two more years, until 2018”  The objective of an increase of the Government’s lifespan was a practical implementation of what he (Kiir) said in Addis Ababa on 10th May 2014. Or basically was to reduce increasing pressures from regional-meditating block, the IGAD or purposely from the international community which might urge him and his Government to sign peace with rebels. They have solo extended their terms in offices until 2018 and from there for sure they will extend it again for another four more years.  Indeed as they planned, Juba is just normally working now as a legitimate Government (elected by the people on 9th July 2015 and will work for the people) without feeling much pressure from any external Satan or White dogs, they continued.

With this in mind, who can still think that President Kiir and his cronies in Juba shall relinquish power or stop maiming South Sudanese innocent civilians who are dying like chickens? Logically speaking, which democratic government or leader (s) on earth has ever unilaterally and presumably decided alone to increase its lifespan in office? Nonsensically, with a pretext that I was/we are presumably elected by the people or mandated us to increase our term (s) in office for years! Except the guerilla movement-like undemocratic countries rule by military dictators who chose to do away with civil population in exchange with seat (s) including South Sudan.

Without shame, a hand to mouth or so-called National Parliament on Match 25 2015 passed Salva Kiir council of ministers’ resolution. Also, this was done in violation of South Sudan’s Transitional Constitution 2011 which says “if the term of the President expires in office not later than 9thJuly 2015, the Vice President shall assume the President’s duties pending Presidential Election within six months’ time”. Contrary to the stated legal fact, the parliament also presumed that it is in South Sudan’s people interest to extend the terms of Juba Government lifespan for three years, i.e. up to 2018.

Now such a move poses a lot of queries. First, who among the South Sudanese is really interested in increasing the Juba Government lifespan in office for three more years?  Only few! Look, more than one hundred thousand (100,000) South Sudanese civilians are terribly suffering in PoCs in Juba and across the country. More than that number of civilians is also living abroad as refugees, in neighboring countries refuges’ camps. Lakes state’s people are dying in dozens every day. In Western Equatoria, Warap state, WBGS-Wau, NBGS-Awiel, Eastern and even in Central Equatoria innocent civilians keep dying every moment. So far more than eighty thousand (80,000) innocent South Sudanese pure civilians have already reported dead.  This was according to the latest human right reports in South Sudan’s conflicts. Just in the beginning and during this twenty months old conflict in including 20, 000 one ethnic group massacred in Juba. 

Yet innocent South Sudanese civilians are still dying in thousands up to this minute from diseases or of hunger and in cross fires. Now which state’s people among the above mentioned states who can mandate Salva Kiir to extend his term in office for three more years?  Is it really convenient for a Member of Parliament likes Mr. Magok Rundial whose constituent’s natives are all maimed in whole or in part, to say on my people behalf I extends Juba genocidal Government’s term in office? For what reason, to kill another eighty thousand (80,000) or more South Sudanese innocent people for another three years? Can Salva Kiir and Magok Rundial honestly convince the world that those eighty thousand (80,000) innocent civilians’ souls massacred are also interested to extend Kiir-Magok’s terms in office? To me I think Salva Kiir can’t convince the world, he is only using this language and tactic so that he remains in power forever. Certainly, in disregarding how catastrophic the South Sudanese citizens’ situations are. Therefore, Kiir or Juba Government won’t accept to listen to either regional, international community or anybody telling him to sign sustainable peace for South Sudanese people. Unless those communities have to assure him that he (Kiir) has to remain in power for life, with absolute executive sharp powers in place.

Will two warring parties ever sign IGAD plus mediated peace talks?

Leave alone the already failed peace talks which were scheduled for 17thAugust 2015, the two warring parties to the conflicts won’t sign IGAD plus mediated peace talks whatsoever. Even if they are given another deadline or timeframe for them to negotiate further and agree, because:

The SPLM/A-IG (In Government) will keep saying: Status quo has to remain in place, rejecting demilitarization of Juba, and balanced sharing of powers with the SPLM /-IO.  SPLM/A-IG will also keep saying, General Peter Gatdet, Gathoth Gatkuoth plus other alleged generals have defected from the SPLM/A-IO. There are differences within SPLM/A-IO’s leadership, so we in an elected legitimate government cannot waste our precious time negotiating or sign peace with rebels of Riek Machar. SPLM’s Juba says: Juba based regime is a fresh elected and legitimate government mandated by the people of South Sudanese people on 9thJuly 2015. These are the statements the SPLM/A-IG or Juba based regime will continue saying in trying to vindicate why they are reluctantly acting towards peace agreement etc….

While on the other hand, the SPLM/A-IO shall also keep saying: It needs reforms, federal system of government and demilitarization of national capital, Juba for civilians’ safety, balanced sharing of executive powers to avoid another 15 Dec 2013 where all powers were in one man’s hand. The roots causes of the current civil war have to be clearly drawn out for once and for all. Categorical and systematic answering of questions pertaining to Justice in regard to crimes committed in Juba or elsewhere in South Sudan etc…. 

Now in such stalemate, what will regional and international community do to help save the lives of innocent South Sudanese civilians now? After the failure of 17th August 2015 given deadline! IGAD plus with support from other international community should impose compromised peace document, for those SPLM’s leaders have totally failed in solving their differences. Because the more there is stalemate between the two parties or delayed action in peace process, the more civilians suffer most and die increasingly. Will all these sufferings and rampant deaths wait?  No! Therefore, the mediators and international helping hands should move on with BIG different plan B of either confining the SPLM’s two factions’ top leaders on the negotiating table until they sign peace.  Or find other South Sudanese leaders to form a transitional Government without the SPLM as a ruling party. A technocrat Government to be led by an Independent South Sudanese leader or a chosen UN’s representative. That TGoNU’s term must be six months to organize general elections within the given period for all candidates to compete in would-be organized free and fair general elections. While the cases of crimes against humanity committed during the war, permanent peace and national reconciliations would be also address during that given time of Transitional period.

Why regional and international community should now act against intransigent from any side!

The communities know more than anybody on the planet what the South Sudanese ordinary people need. The result was obvious, that there would be no peace signed between the SPLM/A-IG and the SPLM/A-IO on 17thAugust 2015 as planned by IGAD plus mediating team. So I said in this piece, earlier on, that those aforesaid regional and international communities should make their points clear by now. Whether they would want only to provide Dollars but cannot able to stop what kill innocent civilians in South Sudan. This is a time to say enough is enough! As an adage in my mother-tongue goes “None relates to Death”. The deep meaning of this adage is: even if your neighbor is as bad as what, you cannot wish him or her dead, for there may be a need of him/her one day as time goes. South Sudanese innocent civilians are part and parcel of the region as well as of the world. Perhaps, this region and the world shall be in need of them one time in the future. So they deserve immediate and quick rescue now!

Therefore, the regional and international community should not stand just akimbo looking at innocent South Sudanese civilians being maimed by a greedy clique which needs to remain in power for life. In short, IGAD plus needs to start drawing plan B-board with multiple mottos “Save Innocent South Sudanese civilians now” or End Suffering in South Sudan now”. The regional and international communities have prerogative rights to stop uncontrollable deaths in South Sudan. They are the only Saviors for South Sudanese innocent civilians! Jesus Christ chased away the sellers and buyers who turned His Father’s house into marketplace. God stands with anyone who does the right things or protects His creatures, the downtrodden, from all kinds of inhuman acts done on earth by tyrant rulers. In another word, the regional and world superpowers are God’s gift into the right hands on earth and should be use to safeguard innocent lives of God’s creatures in this part of the world situated in Africa. Against any side, in South Sudan, that is seen as irrationally and intransigently refuses to strike deal with other for South Sudanese people! The 17thAugust 2015 has failed, what have you started doing since then?

In conclusion

On behalf of South Sudanese innocent civilians, the regional and international communities are invited to unite with majority South Sudanese, bring peace by all means and without fear decisively act against that intransigent side. Or re-enter with workable different plan not just to impose travel ban, personal assets freeze on top leaders but also to impose global arms embargo and even military intervention.  This is a best way to save the lives of innocent civilians! As Desmond Tutu directly put it in an above quote: “If an elephant has its foot on the tail of a mouse and you say that you are neutral, the mouse will not appreciate your neutrality. Likewise, the regional and international community needs to take bold action now against an elephant (the SPLM Oyee—destructive party) which is indiscriminately destroying African’s youngest nation over the last twenty (20) months or so.  Otherwise, should this community choose to remain neutral as usual; the dead South Sudanese’s civilians including the dying ones will not appreciate the international community’s neutrality.

The author is a concerned South Sudanese civil society member and peace activist. He can easily be reached, for comment, at  This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

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