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Saturday, Feb 13th, 2016

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Future of Nuer in South Sudan politics remains uncertain!

By Peter Gai Manyuon

January 18, 2016 (SSNA) -- Politically, Nuer are organized in to what might be called “tribes” which consist of further sub-divisions by lineage. The lineages are a major structural factor for political order.  The territorial grouping and lineage groupings are more closely aligned for some purposes than others. There is no overall political authority in the tribal structure. Political activity involves various grouping or separation of the many territorial and clan sections. In recent years and currently , there has been extensive military conflict in both South  Sudan and  Sudan, and the Nuer have become more politically active compare to other ethnicity in South Sudan but the reality is that disunity or dissatisfaction among themselves is always part of their obligation and ideology.

Hence, instead for them  to use  positive political organization ,they are always  opposite to each other based on lack of good leadership structure  that lead to current politics of Sudan People Liberation Movement in Opposition (SPLM/IO) that ended up with formation of different bodies that are going contrary to each other. Instead for them to fight for a common agenda of addressing the root causes of Nuer massacre that took place on the 16th, 17th, 18th and 19th December 2013, they are very busy promoting hatred among themselves and fighting over positions on who to be appoints to be an MP, undersecretary, Deputy Minister or Minister has been the only top agenda since last year 2015 to date forgetting what took them to bushes in South Sudan. What a disgrace? The lives of the innocent civilians that got killed because they were Nuer is put a side and politicians are very busy looking for political accommodation with the same government who carried out genocide on civil population  that consists of elderly women, men, youth and  children. Moreover, serious raping, cannibalism was carried out by the same government to their relatives and they are forgetting the cause of the conflict with positions, what a shame to these [sycophantic] politicians?

More interesting, before the crisis of South Sudan in December  2013, Chief of Staff of Sudan People Liberation Army (SPLA) was a Nuer and other top government officials were Nuer who were working in the same  primitive Leadership of Cowboy Salva Kiir Mayardit and eventually they did nothing to protect their people because of individual interests among themselves. Furthermore, seventy five (75%) of the Army of the (SPLA) were all Nuer, across the Republic of South Sudan , yet you find that Nuer were everywhere but because of lack of good leadership organization and hatred among themselves  they allow their civilians to be killed in thousands in Juba and they still want to return to the same government. Something must be wrong with the Nuer psychologically or Ngundeng prophecies need to be evaluated again in order for the Nuer to be in the right direction otherwise the political atmosphere of South Sudan is almost isolating the naath community.

However, Nuer in the history of Sudan have been known of always giving a way leadership to the people that they claims to have humiliated them. Hon. Gatkuoth Gual gave leadership to Abel Alier because they were close friends as well Samuel Gai Tut, William Nyuon with Dr. John Garang and eventually President Kiir Mayardit and Dr. Riek Machar in 2002, 2005 and 2010 respectively. Who is the problem now? Is it the people who took the leadership that are wrong or the people who gave the leadership to other who are wrong?  

Due to globalization ( inter-connectedness) policies ,ideas, plans or tactics and leadership are always achieve through different means either through military force, mediation, negotiation and elections not through prophecies as many people believes on centuries ideologies which lack practical aspects and good judgmental approaches. Interpretations are always full of assumptions, well there have been prophecies but due to too many interpretations and lies added on top of realities, Nuer are misdirected or guided by those who claims to have known the prophecies, moreover they lack accurate information and good research.

Well those who always believes on cultural stories or prophecies should do so but not all the community members should  defend on believes because at the movement, technology is advancing with new ideas and methodologies are always apply on the daily basis, i also want my community Nuer to be innovative in term of ideas and plans for future generations.

In modern politics people believes on practical aspects not traditional ideologies that has got no way through in this new world where realists and liberalism are applying their theories through different ways and approaches. Nuer are the problem to themselves? No one should be blame for their failure in the leadership, the vision to achieve good things ahead of us as Nuer nation is not there at all. Where are we heading? Why don’t we remember the lives of the thousands that we lost during this man-made calculation?

Even thought, we disagree with the realities, Nuer doesn’t have unity among themselves that is why we have the Nuer with Kiir Mayardit government who massacre civilians, we have the Nuer with Generals who defected last year from SPLM in opposition Leadership, the Nuer who are with former detainees, Nuer who are with SPLM in opposition and those who are in the middle. How can we bring this groups to be one body? This should be the main focus at the movement than going for   positions and getting money from the same government that have killed thousands in numbers shouldn’t be the priority and if that is the case people are returning back to the same government, there must be guiding principle to unite all Nuer from various groups for the common interest of the society.

All those various groups have emerged within the Nuer Community, instead we look for ways to unite ourselves as one community that is looking for something ahead of us in 2018, we are busy fighting among ourselves based on individual interests that resulted to abandoning of the movement of Dr. Riek Machar in 1991 and eventually in this current political dilemma where the peace Implementation is between collapsing and implementation. Why don’t Nuer have unity for purpose instead of abusing ourselves on the media? Nuer culture and believes are not follow by most of the elite class!

Practically, on what basis can we claims to win the coming elections in 2018 when at the movement we are having serious differences?

Hence, the Nuer leadership structures is not well defined at the movement, people are moving like goats to do what is good for them not for the community. What a disgrace?  It’s not too late for the Nuer community to unite both in the opposition, government, Federal Democratic Party, former detainees at this particular period of time.  Unity of Nuer can change the political leadership of the Republic of South Sudan as a whole, calling our fellow brothers as Nuer weew, will not help but rather it will demote our potential as the Community for the top leadership of the Country. Democracy is all about the numbers!

In summary, Nuer must have a strategic work plan for the coming centuries in order to accomplish their unity, leadership aspirations and wishes in the current political set up of the Country. There is need to have a comprehensive leadership council that could comprises of sixteen members that are selected based on the counties that Nuer originated from and these very group could form a body that can over see the activities and political ideology of the Nuer in the years to come. Nuer must have the unity among themselves first before they could go to other South Sudanese communities to look for votes in 2018. There is need to have a leadership structure that will address our issues as the community that has got an agenda to achieve. The leadership will help the community to identify who is capable to work for the Nuer interests rather than individuals’ interests. If we have our leadership structure at the movement can determine the prosperity of the Nuer in the nearer future.

Lack of patience and strategic work plan is what is weakening the Nuer in politics and they don’t always agreed on themselves on  what could be done in years coming moreover  what they always focused at is the short term plan that aims on individualism not community interest.

Going to Juba without a political strategy or second plan in hand is not absolute rather, it could be term as political suicidal or suicide mission or desperate journey for positions while putting a side what lead to displacement of the Nuer in South Sudan, even though no one is listening to the suffering of our civilians in UNMISS camps across South Sudan, still there will be time to change the current system that is led by hooligans and primitive Leaders who doesn't value human lives.

It is matter of time, Kiir Mayardit leadership might be scattered like Libya government of Muammar Gadaffi who disappeared systematically with his group, some are nowhere to be seen other are disciplined already through politics.

In conclusion, based on the current political philosophy and realism, Nuer are in disarray and their ideas are contradicting their vision, mission and aspirations of where they belong or what they want to achieve in years to come.  Disorganization of Nuer will lead to the success of other as per South Sudan politics is concern and unity of Nuer will always block any plan against them politically. The future of the Nuer politically in South Sudan remain uncertain unless otherwise, we open our eyes to visualized and predicts what is good for the growth of our next generations.

Nuer must re-defined their destination in South Sudan politics, currently they are just in stage of surviving and future plans remain unknown to themselves.

The Author is an Independent Journalist and Columnist who has written extensively on human rights and democratization processes. Currently admitted in Moi University Nairobi –Kenya to pursue a PhD in Communications Studies. He could be reach This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

My Message to South Sudanese Citizens

By Gabrial Pager Ajang

January 12, 2016 (SSNA) -- This year I will scale down my writings on South Sudan’s issues. This decision is not New Year resolution. And it is not because am busy, if anything, I have been busy man since I came to United States. Each year, my responsibilities grow, grow and grow.

I am busier this year than last year but here is my message to South Sudanese:

Issues that are confronting our country are enormous and dire. They can never be resolved by Dinka alone or Nuer or any other organizes tribe. We have now learned that this tribal organization in an attempt to secure power is detrimental to our country and it had worst political ramifications. It might be self-serving and gratifying for Riek Machar to organize his own tribe in attempt to secure power. On one hand, it might be good for Kiir to organize his tribe in an effort to maintain power.  But in the midst of these tribal organization efforts, we have lost precious lives to poverty, starvation, diseases, and war. Most importantly, our state sovereign had suffered, and indeed South Sudan had lost its legitimate place it holds at its inceptions, among communities of nations.

Concurrently, our problems will never be solved by being contented because my brother, uncle, and relatives are appointed. They will never be solved by rewarding renegaded generals who took up arms against the state. They will never be solved by changing leadership through armed revolutions. Let me honest, these pressing issues will never be solved by President Kiir and Riek Machar.

In fact, the magnitude and scale of our problems have widened. The wounds and donuts holes of issues are too deep to be filled by very leaders who dug them. I should make clear that not even Jesus would solve our problems. In fact, there is no president who could maintain salaries of generals want to break away if they are not paid thousands of dollars. Not Riek or Kiir or one of the detainees. There is no president who could maintain 28 states and cabinets with revenues from Oil. There is no president who could maintain such corrupt establishment (heroes of liberation struggles) of South Sudan. There is not president who could launch development with shrink resources of oil. Let be mindful that constructing 100 miles of road can cost millions of dollars, (Nimule-Juba road is a classic example). Hence, constructing 100 miles road among 28 states is impossible in such economy.

I want every single South Sudanese to be mindful about the destiny and fate of our nation is at your hand. We are all stakeholders and we must continue to hold our country dear to our hearts than leaders.  It is time to do soul searching, and go through redemption, sacrifice or repent, and finally solve our problems as collective citizens of this nation, not as tribe.

I wish everyone to have a successful year.

Gabrial Pager Ajang can be reached at This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it or This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

An Open Letter To Jonglei State Governor Philip Aguer Panyang

By Jok Mayom

January 6, 2016 (SSNA) -- First and foremost, Your Excellency Philip Aguer Panyang, allow me to congratulate you for the selection made by the people of Twic Community and Greater Bor at large not forgetting His Excellency Salva Kiir Mayardit, the President of the Republic of South Sudan for his trust bestowed upon the selection owing to your new job as Governor of new Jonglei State.

Little did the people of the Republic of South Sudan know that H.E President Kiir Mayardit was ever going to make such a decision for creating the 28 States in the Republic of South Sudan, in most needed time you finally came to what people said your once a dream.

Following the Presidential Order on October 02nd 2015 cited as “Establishment Order No. 36/2015 for the creation of 28 states” in the decentralized Governance System, you become the governor of Jonglei State under Order 4 subsection 4.23 alongside 9 governors of the Upper Nile Based which Jonglei falls in the formally regional base.

Law makers said the powers vested upon him [President Kiir], under article 101 (k) and (u) mandates the president to establish independent institutions and perform any other function as prescribed by the law. That make the order sounds paramount.

Thousands of South Sudanese in the capital Juba and across the former ten states of South Sudan joyously celebrated the Establishment Order No. 36/2015 as well as the appointment of the governors making the Christmas different from other Christmas festive celebrated in the Country.

As I begin the flow of my open letter Your Excellency, the creation of 28 States in the decentralized Republic of South Sudan will be seen as the long overdue “Implementation of Dr. John Garang Vision of taking town to the people” and therefore, concern citizens need to air their views out for that matter on how services can be reached to them this time –I mean this time – of special need.

Your Excellency, I write this letter from the deepest concern of my sole heart, how I look at the sufferings and great gaps the people of Jonglei State have had. Our people have really been behind in terms of development, no good schools, health centers, roads, amongst others which I thought it is the time for services to reach them now since the powers have been downsize from the original state size to only now three counties of Greater Bor.

My article was to get directly to the nerves of the 28 states governors but because of the saying that charity begins at home, I proudly begins here with you for I have much corners I know in Jonglei unlike other states and because you are going to be my governor.

Your Excellency, your turn is number four among those who led Jonglei State with Philip Thon Leek (2005-2010), Kuol Manyang Juuk (2010-2013) and John Kong Nyuon (2013-2015) it was good for those governors during their time but little light was seen in the far ends of Cuei-Keer to Cuei-Thon in term of services delivery though some efforts were reached.

Your Excellency, as you prepare for your next cabinet, I would like to humbly bring to your attention and stress that you change the system, by bringing in youths to work with you in your new government. Records and history speaks better about Jonglei and Greater Bor in particular, as a matter of facts, Buor are amongst those in the Country who have reach nearly the last ladder of academic and so there would be no reason of recycling the former government officials when other fresh minds with fresh ideas are abundantly in big supply.

As if it is not enough, be reminded that nearly all those who have been in the state government have perform little to the people of Greater Bor from Cuei-keer to cuei-thon being their ministers of government officials and for that matter you need to bring in new faces this time to your government whose capability shall be to develop the state and deliver services most needed.

Furthermore, from your few priorities reported as you saying, amongst them the unity of the people, state building, peace and security. These are truly what the people yearn for in this dire situation and I must appreciate and applauds you for that but be reminded my governor that for services to be delivered well it needs tough people who can be able to put them in pipeline.

Your Excellency, you may recall that the people of Greater Bor were majorly affected by the crisis of December 2013 similarly to those in Greater Upper Nile, amongst your priorities should also include the home return of the people to their original land as well as making sure the security is hundred percent maintain.

Your Excellency, many people in Awerial or Minkaman internally displaced camp (IDPs) are majorly from Bor with more others that flock to Uganda and Kenya. you have a tough challenge ahead of you that is to either make our people of Greater Bor remain in the IDPs camps and Refugees Camps or bring them back, with that it will add your weight in your leadership and you shall hold record of Greater Bor.

Your Excellency, I know your capability when you were the SPLM/A spokesperson and for that I know you will surely make all successes possible to the people of Greater Bor communities.

In expenses of getting job by opportunist, Your Excellency, be humbly reminded to take keen look on those approaching you, it’s unfortunate and of course am forced to say this that some are gossipmongers who want to be your drivers to pull you to their individual interest which will not just end there but will tear the Unity of Greater Bor. My dear governor, please set your eyes on whoever is approaching you for any position in your government.

For the old faces who are struggling to be retained in their positions, they should come out in the broad day light and speak out what they have done to the people of Bor not just for the sake of getting position and solve one stomach.

I hearsay that the states cabinet ministers will be based on the Payams; Your Excellency, should that be true I bet it will not hold water in terms of services delivery as well as the inclusivity of gender equity unless we want to encourage clanism system which will later degrade the unity of Buor.

On that note, I would kindly suggest that you appoint people on merit of qualifications and capabilities noting that they come from all parts of the Greater Bor communities from Cuei-Keer to Cuei-Thon with that, the government will be strong and service delvery government that will make its people satisfied with the needs. Success and maburuk in your new job, happy New Year 2016 and may you work to deliver services, kill clanism, nepotism and the likes.

In a nutshells, as the saying goes “new brooms sweeps better” yes others may counter react that old brooms knows all the corners, but if I may ask “What corner and what have they done in those corners they know?” hence for those who are lobbying to retain their positions it is time to ask each and everyone to give you what he or she has done in Greater Bor in the past years. Civilians with open eyes are watching and will account for those who will claim to have done enough during their time.

Long Live Unity of Greater Bor! Long Live 28 States! Long Live South Sudan!

The writer is a South Sudanese living in Juba. He can be reached: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

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