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Oppressive bills and elusive peace

By: Justin Ambago Ramba

October 16, 20154 (SSNA) -- Every stakeholder must understand that South Sudan is at crossroads in its history. With free speech and freedom of expression none existing, and a government that is adamant to use all forms of violence in order to subdue real or perceived opposition, the chances that the country can regain its sanity is dwindling by the day.   

More armed resistance is being imposed on the masses as was the case during the “Jallaba” era of misrule. But should those peace loving citizens be forced again into embracing militarism and not democracy as the only means to have their voices heard , then the incumbent government of President Salvatore Kiir Mayardit only has itself to blame. We thought he would be wise not to stroll in that path again. But it seems we are wrong. Once a murder, always a murder!

The civil war is beginning to engulf the world’s newest country, yet the world doesn’t seem to understand that a group of tribal supremacists who have installed themselves as neo oppressors in Juba are the true culprits. Who would have ever thought that only two years into its independence, the carrying of arms would again become a necessity for the citizens of in this country?  

You don’t have to go far to find the explanation. It is all summed up in the attitude adopted by President Kiir and his loyalists from Bahr Ghazal who openly campaign for a tribal expansionism and hegemony as if the other 63 nationalities in South Sudan do not count. 

Can anyone justify how the president went ahead and recruited a private army from his own tribesmen? Fine, there is the fundamental fact that there never existed a national army in South Sudan the way it is in other countries. All that were virtually tribal militia regardless of what some apologists may say. These were militias.

Even when seen by the kind of indoctrination each had/has, of which the so-called main stream SPLA is one – everything is tribal. From the time the second civil war broke out in August 1983 South Sudan’s civilian population have never received protection from any of the warring armies – there were dozens of them in the past as they are today and all abused and extorted!

Completely marginalized and downtrodden, the masses have the right and the duty to protect their lives, livelihoods and properties. Going back to war as a last resort, President Kiir’s government and its supporters must understand that there are huge implications that will impact on any future settlement should one be sought later on! 

For a government which refuses to democratically engage the masses in the debate on what type of governance to be adopted in the country, such a government    must go today before tomorrow.

The chances of having a health engagement with the proponents of this incumbent dictatorial regime does not even seem to exist. Not now and not even in the foreseeable future.     For nobody is going to sacrifice their dear life for a cause that both the oppressed and the oppressors are likely to benefit"!

War is not new to our people, but it doesn’t mean that our people find it enjoyable in any way. Each time our people had to fight, the war has always been imposed on them by some lunatic oppressors. For too often the willingness to resolves all issues in an amicable fashion without being aggressive and quick to run out of reasoning and not resort too quickly to physically assaulting your rival is mistakenly considered as being cowardice.

But now that armed struggle, has become the only avenue left by the oppressor for our people, the masses must prepare to reap a reward that is tenfold higher than just “which system of governance", should South Sudan have!   Genuine Federalism is what the people demand today, but tomorrow's solution must guarantee that the oppressors have not only been given a humiliating defeat,   they must be by all means made to denounce any supremacist ideologies the way world has taught the Nazis not to look down on others !

If left unchecked the enemy in Juba is ready to inflict damages of untold proportions on our civilian population. Only an utterly naive person can underestimate this government’s ill intensions. As corrupt and brutal as it is today, this government listens to no advice and wastes no time in doing the wrong things. How could it had gone all the way against the very basics of good governance and pass what essentially is a draconian security bill.

Mind you, with the exception of the dismantled Iraqi regime of late dictator Saddam Hussein’s and it’s replica the National Congress Party (NCP) of indicted Omer al Bashir of Sudan which we proudly broke away from,   no such a security bill exist anywhere in the world !   No wonder at all for with this new security bill the stakes in the country have only gotten higher.

Whatever Kiir Mayardit - Wani Igga - Malong Awan are up to these days goes beyond the mere adoption of the so-called security bill. The government’s unspoken agenda has long time been drawn the “big ruling tribe” and its genocidaire militias. They are preparing themselves for yet another all-out genocide on the other ethnic groups that the regime and its loyalists perceive as none compliant!   This is not rocket science. 

President Kiir and his arch-butcher Paul Malong Awan never needed a flawed security bill in their infamous campaign to exterminate the Nuer nation in December 2013. Then what kind of a crime are the duo preparing the country for this time around, to prompt the hurry in which this largely flawed Security Bill was handled and passed?!! 

You only need to see the urgency with which this bill was forced on the national parliament, and you will know that South Sudan is on a rendezvous with yet another premeditated calamity of untold magnitude! This oppressive bill will only make an already elusive peace even more elusive squandering yet another chance for the much talked about settlement.

Dr Justin Ambago Ramba is a physician, a columnist, a political blogger and a member of the Political Parties Delegation to the IGAD mediated Peace Talks for South Sudan.

The European elites Legacy in African Economies!

By: Daniel Abushery Daniel

October 14, 2014 (SSNA) -- The former president of the United States, F.D. Roosevelt, says it best, and I quote; “True individual freedom cannot exist without economic security and independence. People who are hungry and out of job are the stuff of which dictatorships are made”. He said.

Contrary to traditional view that; nothing good will comes out of Africa, a new school of thought is emerging in many Western countries, with a new agenda for Africa. Quite recently, a group of critics has been urging African leaders to take over the affairs of their continent and stop the habit of blaming the western world for everything.

Furthermore, a leading Africanize nation recently told a group of African leaders that; “It is about time for the Africans to take up their responsibilities, the European has provided you with the best political and economic institutions they had. After a hundred years of trial and error, the western world has comes to realize that; African has its own unique political, social, and economic experiences, thus it is about time for you in Africa to do something for your continent”. He added.

Nevertheless, the critics were trying to tell African elites that; the Western world has reached the end of the dead road to deliver Africa from its chronic problems. The European institutions which inherited have proven ineffective and therefore, African should introduce their own political and economic-people-institutions.

In my humble opinion, nobody would deny that since independence of most African nations had been looking toward donor countries and international financial institutions for consultation and guidance on economic affairs. That guidance has been transformed as time passed into some sort of total economic dependence, with many African policies being decided not in Africa, but, in meetings with IMF, the world bank donors and creditors in Paris, Geneva, London, and Washington DC. In effect, the world community had been citing Africa’s economic hardships and attributed them to its poor politics and bad economic ideas. This happens at the time when everybody knows that much of the mischief has come from the critics themselves

My friends, “It is public secret”.

The IMF old idea of basic needs theory of the 1970s resulted into complete failure only to be replaced with yet another basic needs model, the famous structural adjustment.

A reform program known for its lack of prioritization in the 1990s the new doctrine shifted its focus to what has become known as “the IMF is so governance’ as the new perquisite from reform, therefore, “the IMF is so obsessed with price stability in Africa that it hardly thinks of anything else”.

The World Bank on the other hand insists that; the debt –ridden African nations should comply with its (111) policy framework paper. The list begins with decentralization of public administration, privatization of infrastructure, civil service reforms, new customs administration, value-added taxes and more similar, and South Sudan is not exempted.  

The low growth in African economy may be explained in the World Bank’s that; is lack of Priorities. It’s naturally plausible to assert that, if the international bank was Instrumental in the economic breakthrough in East Asia, it is also possible that these remedies can work, if properly modified, in Africa. 

Cynically, is sarcastic to note that; the same western nations which were responsible for the establishment of the modern African states institutions are the same ones blaming for its economic problems.

In conclusion, there is no any doubt in my mind that; foreign aid had been a total failure in Africa. Only when it is limited in time. In Africa today; aid has become part of the continents problems. In economic terms aid needs to be selective and should be given to those countries that are willing to promote market -based- export-led growth. For Africa to become part of the global economy, and as the world enters the 21st century, foreign aid should go to Africa in form of debt cancellation and should be phased over time and conditional on basic and essential economic reforms.

This way, Africa may join the international community fully recovered from its coma!

The author of this paper is a Criminologist, a former employee of Khartoum Bank, Sudan, and can be reached at: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it , and This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Kiir's security law marks the burial of the Constitution: A day for more mourning in South Sudan!

By Biel Boutros Biel, South Africa

Fellow citizens:

October 8, 2014 (SSNA) -- Salva Kiir's oath law (security bill) has been passed by his small loyalists in Juba on 8 Oct 2014.

Good citizens and friends of the honest South Sudanese, join me in mourning the burial of the last good parts of the Transitional Constitution of South Sudan 2011.

The Constitution fell sick in November 2011 just four months after our independence when Kiir's family used the security agents to arrest, detain and torture our friends and courageous young journalists; Dengdit Ayok and Ngor Garang for authoring and publishing the 'Nyan-Beny'-Ethiopian marriage's article.'

The Constitution was deadly wounded on 5 December 2012 when our outspoken colleague, good fellow country man and brother Isaiah Abraham was assassinated by the same security agents.

By January and May 2013, the Constitution was hospitalised at J1 when Mr. Kiir removed those leaders elected by South Sudanese like him, the state governors in persons of Gov. Chol Tong Mayay and Gov. Taban Deng Gai of Lakes and Unity states respectively. This was a rule by law and not a rule of law since article 101(r) of the Constitution allows him to do so. In fact, in constitutional terms;it was  a dismissal of elected leaders by constitutionalised unconstitutionality.

By 23 July 2013, the Constitution went into coma as Mr. Kiir dismissed the whole country's executive government to get rid of one man; Riek Machar; leaving South Sudan going without an executive wing of government for almost 3 weeks but Kiir himself was the President without executive arm members!

By 15 December 2013, the Constitution was dead when Mr. Kiir made his self-coup, sending Machar into the bush and imprisoning the liberation heroes and humiliating the mother of the nation mama Rebecca Garang de Mabior.

When to bury the Constitution, has been debatable in Juba but on 8 Oct 2014, the long-serving rebel fighter for democracy and freedom Mr. Salva Kiir has decided to bury the Constitution which unconstitutionally  he helped created in 2011, wounded in the same year, fell sick in 2012 and went into coma and died in 2013.

The reign of terror is finalised!

As you join me fellow citizens and good friends, in mourning for the good parts of sacred document, may we remember all the heroines and heroes who died from 1995 to 2014 for our liberation. May we remember the good golden days when our fellow country man Salva Kiir Mayardit was fighting for the liberation which he has now decided to kill!

May the Soul of our Constitution except article 101(r) and (s) rest in peace.

Kenyans say it is not yet 'Uhuru' and I repeat, that it is not yet 'INDEPENDENCE' for us


Under the Transitional Government in the making, if that government comes; fellow citizens, we who are of not 'inside the government', I can assure you, will be back in the country and courageously challenge constitutionally this anti-people law using constitutional principles before a Transitional Constitutional Court. Believe me; the ruling will be in our favour as long as the case is not launched before the current Judiciary.

With this, we have now tentatively launched our case before the incoming Transitional Constitutional Court to challenge this unconstitutional Act! However this terror Act, to my mind, means two things; either the man; liberator-turned-oppressor Salva Kiir, is ready and about to leave the power and these are the last days of Charles I and Louis XVI or it is the start of a serious war in South Sudan.

We shall be coming up with our analysis of why the new Act is unconstitutional.

Biel Boutros Biel is an Executive Director of the South Sudan Human Rights Society for Advocacy (SSHURSA) and former Secretary General and Spokesperson of the South Sudan Civil Society Alliance but the views expressed here are his own. He fled to exile since December 2013 and is currently pursuing his Master’s of Laws Degree (LLM) at the University of Pretoria, South Africa. He can be reached on:  This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it  / This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

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