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Sunday, Apr 19th, 2015

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Editorial: Only Hell Conspirators Should Rest

By Deng Vanang

April 13, 2015 (SSNA) -- In recent weeks a good number of people defectors from government to armed opposition, the SPLM/A-IO. That is good news for all the opposition forces, both armed and political so that Kiir's regime is brought down sooner than the later.

But some loose tongues in the opposition family should be cautioned to hold their horses and not to celebrate for any defector that comes.

This is for many reasons. Kiir's regime has been on a free fall since 2007 due to unbridled tribalism and run away corruption. It could have fallen long before now were it not because of opportunism to make more money on the part of the so many South Sudanese.

It took another three years for the regime to survive 2010 elections under the pretext of independence referendum to take place first. Again, it took almost three years for the regime to face its self-inflicted stage managed coup of December, 2013. That is when all the opportunists realized Kiir and his regime are for something nastier for a long haul.

However, whoever remained committing atrocities with the government until recently don't have any further excuse to make. For many of them have hands in the death of those who got killed through the recapture of rebel-held towns or cold blood murders in the same towns. Some of those who claim not to have killed anyone physically; they have done so through denial of genocide or conspiracy of silence.

All those mentioned devilish acts are equally criminal liable to sever persecution in battlefield, the court of law or their perpetrators shall bear the dire political consequences when it is due time for elections.

There must be no forgiveness anymore for these perpetrators of repeated military, political and financial crimes either within the regime or opposition in general if impunity and opportunism shall be callous issues of the past that have caused untold - long suffering to innocent South Sudanese irrespective of tribes, religions and creed.

For that matter, opposition members should welcome them anyway but not to celebrate for the coming of people who might have clearly done any of these heinous crimes. In so doing, these opposition members are not at all sympathizing with those who died fighting these johnny-come-latliers who are simply disembarking from the obvious sinking ship.

While in displaced camps, we saw serious atrocities being committed in more bizarre killings than in December, 2013 against those suspected of being rebel sympathizers by some of these people crossing over now. Some of these guys planned the recapture of some towns causing a lot of deaths that have wiped out some families in resistance on the face of the earth forever.

This is not their first time to do these treacherous acts. They did many of them way back in 1994 without genuine cause but only because they were paid by Sudanese Embassies. When peace dawned they were not even asked why they did such things. They think they are clever and indeed it is true because they still fool more in opposition ranks and files many decades on.

But for how long?

More than those they offered for their illicit business adventure, these traitors immensely benefited from the benefits government of Sudan was obstructing South Sudanese of enjoying.

We as camp leaders pressed serious charges against these traitors and merciless killers in our discussions with UN and AU Commission of inquiry members visiting campsites in Juba, Malakal, Jonglei and Bentiu.Some of these recent Nuer defectors we were even told by these international community members denied there was no genocide ever taken place in Juba particularly against the Nuer.

More importantly, Nuer defectors to the opposition now carry little value for the Nuerland is already won over without them. What is difficult and remaining a big task for the opposition is how to win over other South Sudanese to join the opposition. For I always say in my long political analyses long before the war broke out is that battle for Presidency shall never be won in Nuerland by Machar and neither by Kiir in Dinkaland militarily or politically.

The victor shall be the one who garners the larger support from other South Sudanese ethnic groups simply because both Kiir and Machar control their ethnic bastions since they don't face any opposition in their own ethnic enclaves.

Only Dinka defectors among other South Sudanese who carry both moral and political weigh against Kiir's regime and not any of the Nuer defectors. Those who fail to listen to this simple logic in the opposition, they only do so at their own peril.

Deng Vanang is the Author of a book: South Sudan the Making of a Nation, a Journey from Ethnic Polities to Self-rule, State and Democracy.

Editorial: To achieve peace in South Sudan IGAD talks must be diversified

By Elhag Paul

April 4, 2015 (SSNA) -- The collapse of South Sudan’s peace talks in Addis Ababa under the mediation of IGAD on 6th March 2015 comes with mixed emotions.  The failure in reaching peace is painful because it means the suffering and the senseless war will continue further laying waste to the resources of South Sudan including its people.  On the other hand the failure may be a blessing in disguise to allow a genuine process under an impartial body (not IGAD) to deal with the real problem of South Sudan which is the diversification of power and holding the SPLM to account.

The failed IGAD talks erroneously preferred to again concentrate power in the hands of the SPLM, a criminal organisation, to the exclusion of all other stakeholders in the country.  Although its 9th May 2014 agreement clearly and rightly so opted for an inclusive approach.  Breaching its own brokered agreement, IGAD deliberately set out to sex-out all the other stakeholders from the peace talks in favour of the SPLM-IG and SPLM-IO.  Basically South Sudan and its people have been reduced to the property of SPLM.

Some of IGAD’s tactics for disenfranchising the people of South Sudan were very crude.  For example, it invited the representatives of other political parties and civil society groups to Addis Ababa for the talks.  Then it denies these groups of their per diem and travel expenses ensuring their expenses were impossible to meet.  On the other hand it pays the delegates of SPLM-IG and SPLM-IO thousands of dollars of per deim creating an unequal level playing field.  Even things like stationery and support services for preparation of documents were denied to the others.

It is in this  Dr Riek Machar's advocacy of the exclusion of the South Sudanese people represented by the other political parties and the civil society groups, that Dr Riek Machar decimally failed the test of being a democrat. In playing such a negative role, Riek just proved beyond doubt that he is not to be believed and trusted at alll.  He is not better than President Salva Kiir.  Please see, ‘Like a leopard cannot change its spots, Machar cannot change’

President Kiir and Riek with the support of IGAD were bent on amassing power to themselves repeating the grave mistakes committed during the negotiations of Comprehensive Peace Agreement of 2005.  The concentration of power in the SPLM then translated into creation of two dominant powerful tribes which is to the detriment of the country.  Now these tribes are fighting it out using the state's machinery and resources for a monopoly of power in the new country.  The leaked report of the African Union Commission of Inquiry in South Sudan (AUCISS) argues correctly that the CPA was responsible for the “creation of unchallenged armed power” in South Sudan.  Without doubt this is the problem of South Sudan and IGAD wanting to repeat the mistake it did a decade ago beggars belief.  This is why the collapse of the IGAD peace talks may be a blessing in disguise.

Given the grand theft of public resources, the cleansing of the Nuer and the lawlessness of the tribal government in Juba, power of the state of South Sudan must be diversified if any meaningful peace is to be attained.  The failure of IGAD talks offers a golden chance for democracy to be appropriately built into the system that emerges after any peace talks, this is to be negotiated under any body taking the process over.  Thus it is critically important for the IGAD agreement of 9th May 2014 to be revived by the new body taking the talks over.  All the stakeholders must be part of the talks to ensure diversification of the state power to the rest of the country.

[Truth hurts but it is also liberating]

The author can be reached at This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Editorial: Looming Corruption in the Ministry of Roads and Bridges

By John Samuel

Boum Makur: A Civil Engineer at the Ministry of Roads and Bridges

Juba, April 8, 2015 (SSNA) -- It is embarrassing to assign a Civil Engineer with inadequate experiences and without proper academic qualification to supervise the construction of roads in (4) four states of Bahr el Ghazal region. Boum Makur has entrenched a strong Criminal networking in the Ministry of Roads and Bridges. It is advisable to investigate corruption established by this self-proclaimed Consultant Engineer. Everyone is disappointed to see this looming corruption in this useful infrastructure Ministry. Government is wasting million of USD to maintain the roads in Bhar el Ghazal yearly.

It was reported that the Managing Director of Eyat for Roads and Bridges purchased a gorgeous house in Omdurman to a functional illiterate called Boum Andrew Makur. The cost of this beautiful building is two Million USD as bribery to him.Eyat also authorized his resident Engineers in Wau to building seven storey building as a part of deal. The reliable sources in Eyat for Road and Bridges revealed to us that Boum was given more than Forty Five Millions South Sudanese Pounds to issue “Fictitious Certificates of Completion” to Eyat. To offer or provide payment in order to persuade someone with a responsibility to betray that responsibility is known as seeking Undue influence over that person's actions. When someone with power seeks payment in exchange for certain actions, that person is said to be peddling influence. Regardless of who initiates the deal, both parties to an act of bribery can be found guilty of the crime independently of the other.The Ministry of Road and Bridges has constitutional obligation to sue the so called Eng Boum Makur and Eyat for Road and Bridges to the Court of Law. The engineering design and building of these four houses in Juba cost Eyat 23,000,000 SSP.

It is also imperative to understand that Boum was seriously involved in Wau International Airport scandal with Briefcase Company of Adim Adim. It was reported that Eight (8) Land Cruiser V8 and Thirty Million South Sudanese Pounds were handed over to Boum Makur as bribery to facilitate the process of Contract with Ministry of Transport. I am urging the leadership of the Ministry of Roads and Bridges to review the contract specifications of the Wau international airport and take a necessary legal action against the culprits. We can provide the Ministry with all authenticate documents.

Africa Kongdai Roads, Bridges and Investment Co.Ltd was supposed to construct 153 kilometers road from Aweil – Aroyo. Eng Boum and the Managing Director Lual Aguer agreed to turn this contractor to 320 kilometers. I am urging the legal adviser in the Ministry of Roads and Bridges to reactivate the case and bring these criminals to justice.

The Ministry of Roads and Bridges should investigate the criminal activities of Eng Boum Makur and imprison him. He is tarnishing the image of out Ministry.

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