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Friday, Nov 28th, 2014

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Shattered Hopes: The Involution of Powers Negotiation in Addis Ababa

By Nelson Ungang

November 15, 2014 (SSNA) -- For 10 consecutive months under fatigue, South Sudanese have held up to their hopes for the delivering of the genuine peace accord that's being negotiated in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia by the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) after President Kiir and former Vice President Riak sidetracked and dropped the country into political and ethnic cataclysms. The demand for formation of Interim and Transitional Governments became so obvious and urgent with the hope that both rivals would recant and be accorded a humble time to break from power to give peace a chance so that South Sudanese can begin the reconciliation process, comfort the bereaved families and move on as "one nation, one people" as the slogan of South Sudanese says. But the peace negotiation came down to one thing: Involution of powers. 

The involution of power will not favor millions of South Sudanese who want, so dearly, just peace and peaceful living.

The misinterpretation of the Interim Government for the Involution of powers by the IGAD, Troika and all international bodies involved in this negotiation is a postponement of war for a short break. The real peace that the South Sudanese are yearning for is a permanent peace that brings in neutral leadership who will work to heal the wounds, lead the reconciliation process, restructure the government and armies, propose developmental agenda and move South Sudan forward from this current stalemate.

While appreciations can be accorded to the IGAD and international communities for mediating the past and current peace talks, it’s equally appalling to see the level of ignorance for the misinterpretation of the Interim Government for the Involution of Powers that won’t provide tangible solutions. It doesn’t meet international standard. This peace talks should be centered not only between the rivals but most importantly for the people of South Sudan, who are bearing the brunt of this senseless war, which must be handled with extreme care. The peace accord must be peoples’ peace. If extra judicial decisions are not applied, the peace accord would be received with clemency as the most mishandled peace accord in the world because of the return to war is easily predictable.  Who would want to return to Addis Ababa, Ethiopia again for the 4th times? Whichever it’s decided, it should receive all necessary support to prevent another catastrophe.

Three years ago when South Sudanese celebrated the high spirited Independence, South Sudan government promised that their freedoms would be at the center of all walks of their lives. Today their freedoms were dazed and became illusion – Thousands didn’t finished the third year of independence celebration because their leaders felt off their political comfort zones and drove the country into bedlam wrath.

Given the level of pain this war has inflicted onto South Sudanese, the path to reconciliation without telling the truth and defining the root causes of the conflict will be hilly as each side blames the other. Reconciliation among the South Sudanese will be the top priority during the Interim period which the current leaders won’t be able to offer. The social fabric of the South Sudanese is fragmented which requires a strong leadership to stitch it all together again and forge away forward as a nation.  It is in this view that IGAD must be prepared to receive the South Sudanese again in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia for another incoherent madness should they continue with the negotiation of Involution Powers.

Peace in South Sudan, at this very moment, can only return through IGAD-led negotiations in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. But each time the peace-talks is held in abeyance while debating over Involution of Powers exacerbate more pain and sorrow as families hear regular sad news of losses reported and the prolong suffering - prompting questions whether the leaders who are wasting resources over abortive peace-talks are there for the interest of South Sudanese or not while children, elders and women endure the burden of this unnecessary war.

How can South Sudanese get out this trouble? 100,000 civilians are at the UNMIS, over 10,000 killed, over 500,000 exited the country, targeted sanctions are on the way, and the nation is about to be declared as a failed state (if not yet). This man-made crisis isn’t any more about President Kiir or former Vice President and all the vices but it’s about the nation that needs to be rescued through constructive dialogue. Peace can’t be obtained through rhetoric, propaganda and violence nor will it be obtained by continuing to live in the past because if you continue to live in the past, you will not get to the future. The best solutions begin to resolve this crisis is to abstain from calling your brothers or sisters as rebels, and etc. Let all South Sudanese look at themselves as brothers and sisters who happened to disagree and void being baited by those who want to see South Sudan disintegrated further while they continue to rip the benefit of such division.

Shattered hopes over interminable violence, destruction and involution of powers beg the question whether when will religiously blessed-genuine peace really return to South Sudan, in a golden plate, at the earliest time possible or not? The urgent quest for peace is so desirous among South Sudanese as you hear them express their unconcealed grievances and the call for genuine peace and peaceful living.

The call is real, urgent and NOW!

Nelson Ungang is a concerned citizen who wants peace and peaceful living in South Sudan. He can be reached at This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Oppressive bills and elusive peace

By: Justin Ambago Ramba

October 16, 20154 (SSNA) -- Every stakeholder must understand that South Sudan is at crossroads in its history. With free speech and freedom of expression none existing, and a government that is adamant to use all forms of violence in order to subdue real or perceived opposition, the chances that the country can regain its sanity is dwindling by the day.   

More armed resistance is being imposed on the masses as was the case during the “Jallaba” era of misrule. But should those peace loving citizens be forced again into embracing militarism and not democracy as the only means to have their voices heard , then the incumbent government of President Salvatore Kiir Mayardit only has itself to blame. We thought he would be wise not to stroll in that path again. But it seems we are wrong. Once a murder, always a murder!

The civil war is beginning to engulf the world’s newest country, yet the world doesn’t seem to understand that a group of tribal supremacists who have installed themselves as neo oppressors in Juba are the true culprits. Who would have ever thought that only two years into its independence, the carrying of arms would again become a necessity for the citizens of in this country?  

You don’t have to go far to find the explanation. It is all summed up in the attitude adopted by President Kiir and his loyalists from Bahr Ghazal who openly campaign for a tribal expansionism and hegemony as if the other 63 nationalities in South Sudan do not count. 

Can anyone justify how the president went ahead and recruited a private army from his own tribesmen? Fine, there is the fundamental fact that there never existed a national army in South Sudan the way it is in other countries. All that were virtually tribal militia regardless of what some apologists may say. These were militias.

Even when seen by the kind of indoctrination each had/has, of which the so-called main stream SPLA is one – everything is tribal. From the time the second civil war broke out in August 1983 South Sudan’s civilian population have never received protection from any of the warring armies – there were dozens of them in the past as they are today and all abused and extorted!

Completely marginalized and downtrodden, the masses have the right and the duty to protect their lives, livelihoods and properties. Going back to war as a last resort, President Kiir’s government and its supporters must understand that there are huge implications that will impact on any future settlement should one be sought later on! 

For a government which refuses to democratically engage the masses in the debate on what type of governance to be adopted in the country, such a government    must go today before tomorrow.

The chances of having a health engagement with the proponents of this incumbent dictatorial regime does not even seem to exist. Not now and not even in the foreseeable future.     For nobody is going to sacrifice their dear life for a cause that both the oppressed and the oppressors are likely to benefit"!

War is not new to our people, but it doesn’t mean that our people find it enjoyable in any way. Each time our people had to fight, the war has always been imposed on them by some lunatic oppressors. For too often the willingness to resolves all issues in an amicable fashion without being aggressive and quick to run out of reasoning and not resort too quickly to physically assaulting your rival is mistakenly considered as being cowardice.

But now that armed struggle, has become the only avenue left by the oppressor for our people, the masses must prepare to reap a reward that is tenfold higher than just “which system of governance", should South Sudan have!   Genuine Federalism is what the people demand today, but tomorrow's solution must guarantee that the oppressors have not only been given a humiliating defeat,   they must be by all means made to denounce any supremacist ideologies the way world has taught the Nazis not to look down on others !

If left unchecked the enemy in Juba is ready to inflict damages of untold proportions on our civilian population. Only an utterly naive person can underestimate this government’s ill intensions. As corrupt and brutal as it is today, this government listens to no advice and wastes no time in doing the wrong things. How could it had gone all the way against the very basics of good governance and pass what essentially is a draconian security bill.

Mind you, with the exception of the dismantled Iraqi regime of late dictator Saddam Hussein’s and it’s replica the National Congress Party (NCP) of indicted Omer al Bashir of Sudan which we proudly broke away from,   no such a security bill exist anywhere in the world !   No wonder at all for with this new security bill the stakes in the country have only gotten higher.

Whatever Kiir Mayardit - Wani Igga - Malong Awan are up to these days goes beyond the mere adoption of the so-called security bill. The government’s unspoken agenda has long time been drawn the “big ruling tribe” and its genocidaire militias. They are preparing themselves for yet another all-out genocide on the other ethnic groups that the regime and its loyalists perceive as none compliant!   This is not rocket science. 

President Kiir and his arch-butcher Paul Malong Awan never needed a flawed security bill in their infamous campaign to exterminate the Nuer nation in December 2013. Then what kind of a crime are the duo preparing the country for this time around, to prompt the hurry in which this largely flawed Security Bill was handled and passed?!! 

You only need to see the urgency with which this bill was forced on the national parliament, and you will know that South Sudan is on a rendezvous with yet another premeditated calamity of untold magnitude! This oppressive bill will only make an already elusive peace even more elusive squandering yet another chance for the much talked about settlement.

Dr Justin Ambago Ramba is a physician, a columnist, a political blogger and a member of the Political Parties Delegation to the IGAD mediated Peace Talks for South Sudan.

The European elites Legacy in African Economies!

By: Daniel Abushery Daniel

October 14, 2014 (SSNA) -- The former president of the United States, F.D. Roosevelt, says it best, and I quote; “True individual freedom cannot exist without economic security and independence. People who are hungry and out of job are the stuff of which dictatorships are made”. He said.

Contrary to traditional view that; nothing good will comes out of Africa, a new school of thought is emerging in many Western countries, with a new agenda for Africa. Quite recently, a group of critics has been urging African leaders to take over the affairs of their continent and stop the habit of blaming the western world for everything.

Furthermore, a leading Africanize nation recently told a group of African leaders that; “It is about time for the Africans to take up their responsibilities, the European has provided you with the best political and economic institutions they had. After a hundred years of trial and error, the western world has comes to realize that; African has its own unique political, social, and economic experiences, thus it is about time for you in Africa to do something for your continent”. He added.

Nevertheless, the critics were trying to tell African elites that; the Western world has reached the end of the dead road to deliver Africa from its chronic problems. The European institutions which inherited have proven ineffective and therefore, African should introduce their own political and economic-people-institutions.

In my humble opinion, nobody would deny that since independence of most African nations had been looking toward donor countries and international financial institutions for consultation and guidance on economic affairs. That guidance has been transformed as time passed into some sort of total economic dependence, with many African policies being decided not in Africa, but, in meetings with IMF, the world bank donors and creditors in Paris, Geneva, London, and Washington DC. In effect, the world community had been citing Africa’s economic hardships and attributed them to its poor politics and bad economic ideas. This happens at the time when everybody knows that much of the mischief has come from the critics themselves

My friends, “It is public secret”.

The IMF old idea of basic needs theory of the 1970s resulted into complete failure only to be replaced with yet another basic needs model, the famous structural adjustment.

A reform program known for its lack of prioritization in the 1990s the new doctrine shifted its focus to what has become known as “the IMF is so governance’ as the new perquisite from reform, therefore, “the IMF is so obsessed with price stability in Africa that it hardly thinks of anything else”.

The World Bank on the other hand insists that; the debt –ridden African nations should comply with its (111) policy framework paper. The list begins with decentralization of public administration, privatization of infrastructure, civil service reforms, new customs administration, value-added taxes and more similar, and South Sudan is not exempted.  

The low growth in African economy may be explained in the World Bank’s that; is lack of Priorities. It’s naturally plausible to assert that, if the international bank was Instrumental in the economic breakthrough in East Asia, it is also possible that these remedies can work, if properly modified, in Africa. 

Cynically, is sarcastic to note that; the same western nations which were responsible for the establishment of the modern African states institutions are the same ones blaming for its economic problems.

In conclusion, there is no any doubt in my mind that; foreign aid had been a total failure in Africa. Only when it is limited in time. In Africa today; aid has become part of the continents problems. In economic terms aid needs to be selective and should be given to those countries that are willing to promote market -based- export-led growth. For Africa to become part of the global economy, and as the world enters the 21st century, foreign aid should go to Africa in form of debt cancellation and should be phased over time and conditional on basic and essential economic reforms.

This way, Africa may join the international community fully recovered from its coma!

The author of this paper is a Criminologist, a former employee of Khartoum Bank, Sudan, and can be reached at: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it , and This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

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