South Sudan News Agency

Monday, Sep 01st, 2014

Last update03:31:03 AM GMT

You are here: Opinion Editorials

IGAD’s Miscalculation of Peace in South Sudan

By Daniel Wuor Joak

August 26, 2014 (SSNA) -- It has become apparent that the eight months old civil war in South Sudan is not yet ending and the suffering of several millions South Sudanese still unresolved. The supposedly five pages document which IGAD and their Troika allies have developed and tried to impose on the two principal warring parties; President Salva Kiir Mayardit and Dr. Riek Machar Teny, leader of SPLM/A to sign in order to end the ongoing war in the country, was categorically rejected yesterday on 25th August. This proved that IGAD and its allies have no choice but rather to extend the deadline for six more weeks similar to the previous deadline of sixty days which unfortunately elapsed without any meaningful results. While the violations of Cessation of Hostilities Agreement signed on 23rd January 2014, between the two warring parties still not respected. Towns like Bentiu, Malakal, Ayod and Nasir were recaptured by the government forces and their UPDF, JEM and SPLA-N allies in April, after the Cessation of Hostilities Agreement was concluded and IGAD had done nothing about it to condemn the aggressor.

The unsigned five page’s document, it seems IGAD heads of state of Uganda, Kenya, Sudan, Djibouti and Somalia have stubbornly made up their minds to retain President Kiir at all costs to continue heading the Transitional Interim Government of South Sudan with absolute power. Creations of the post of Prime Minister with two deputies is not a solution but more less escalation of the ongoing conflict believe it or not. The position vehemently taken by IGAD heads of state to keep President Kiir as President of South Sudan during the proposed Interim Government of National Unity, while at the same time imposing peace in the country by force is directly an insult to twenty thousand innocent Nuer civilians who were summarily massacred in Juba and surrounding areas following the aftermath of fighting on the 15th December 2013 by the same President. Sadly indeed, IGAD heads of state have miserably failed to address the root causes of the conflict. The whole world including the UN have categorically dismissed the so-called Kiir’s fabricated coup d’état which would have complicated Dr. Riek Machar and his associates.

Funny enough, US Secretary of State Mr. John Kerry has always boasted in front of cameramen and women wherever he goes by honouring President Kiir an elected President who cannot be removed from office before his term is over. While in US former President Richard Richard Nixon was unceremoniously impeached from office as result of leakages of sensitive documents. Should massacres of over twenty thousand unarmed Nuer civilians be less important than leakages of mere documents which later amounted to the removal of President from office? IGAD should learn from the Somalia’s saga where the same heads of state had hastily dispatched more than 23 thousands soldiers from Ethiopia, Kenya, Nigeria, Burundi and Rwanda in order to quell down Al Shabaab militias who have been labelled by US government as terrorist’s cell in East Africa. The war in Somalia still raging with heavy casualties on both sides and the solution is nowhere to be found. The American forces with their mighty power of 30,000 US Marines had tried in early 1990s and miserably failed.

The war in South Sudan is more complicated than that of Somalia because President Salva Kiir had murdered one ethnic group the “Nuer” in thousands and IGAD wished to impose him by force to rule the same victims. This will not work as long as President Kiir remains in power. IGAD should find better and amicable solution if their intention is to resolve the conflict in South Sudan otherwise they will be resisted like in Somalia.

The other concern is the present of UPDF in South Sudan. There is no way Presient Yoweri K. Museveni can act as an occupier of our land and at the same time masquerading as peace maker. That will never happen. Whether the imposed IGAD agreement is signed by the two leaders namely; President Slava Kiir and Dr. Riek Machar or not the war in South Sudan will never end as long as President Salva Kiir remains in power under protection of IGAD and their troika’s paymasters. Justice is always denied to those who honestly seek it but crooks are always rewarded. This is what is happening with IGAD mediations in South Sudan conflict.

The Author is the Executive Director of the African Centre for Human Advocacy (ACHA). He can be reached through: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

The UN’S conversion into a prison management agency in South Sudan

By Elhag Paul

August 18, 2014 (SSNA) -- The United Nations protection camps in the middle of government controlled areas in South Sudan are frankly speaking prisons of President Salva Kiir managed by the UN and funded by the western world tax payers. I sit here and think: how on earth could a world body with the ability to master enough power from its member states to hold the feral leaders of South Sudan accountable have allowed itself to be reduced to prison warders and happily it goes along with it. 

The initial decision of the UN in December 2013 to protect civilians by opening its gates wide is a commendable act and it must be praised. However, these camps should not have been allowed to morph into prisons holding totally innocent people who have not committed any crimes apart from being born members of certain targeted ethnicities.

While the UN is honouring its duty to protect the right to life, it has through the back door been pushed to violate other human rights of those it is protecting by acting as prison warders for the feral dictator of South Sudan. President Salva Kiir must be laughing his head off for turning a world body into his own instrument of oppression. Look at it, technically the UN in South Sudan is now complicit in the abuse of South Sudanese by its own naive acceptance to protect without immediately holding the criminals to account and letting itself become a violator of its own ideals of human rights. For example, life in these UN protection camps as spoken about by the aid agencies can easily be classified as inhumane. Please see, ‘Horrific conditions in flooded UN camp’ http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-28714774 and ‘South Sudan’s New War: abuses by government and opposition forces’ http://www.hrw.org/node/126088

With all these violations going on, the super powers of the world are paying a blind eye. Well, these may be only Africans suffering and given the perception that has clouded the literature and interaction of the developed world and the third world, the appalling conditions of the South Sudanese in the UN camps may not be seen as deserving attention to invoke the instruments relating to grave violations of human rights. Obviously, the curse of oil and natural resources may have something to do with the unacknowledged abuse of South Sudanese by their dictator leaders.

IGAD is complicit in advancing and promoting the neglect of the rights of South Sudanese by pretending that it can solve the problems of South Sudan. Their trumpeted slogan of “African solutions for African problems” is a vehicle for the world powers to hide behind from their global responsibility to stamp justice in South Sudan. A responsibility, some of these powers are happy to embrace when advancing their own interest, but not in the service of humanity as in the case of South Sudan. The African solutions the IGAD pride itself on to say the least are product of malicious mind designed to protect the abusers. After all, IGAD membership has some of the worst dictators in Africa. Logically, how can any reasonable person expect a club dominated by some vile dictators solve a problem created by one of them. This is like accusing a fox who has stolen and eaten chickens to a leader of skulk howling about Fox solutions to fox problems with expectation of a just solution.

Let us look at their African solutions for South Sudan. IGAD is convinced that if it can reconcile the various warring factions of the SPLM, South Sudan will return to peace. Please see, ‘The solution of South Sudan’s political problems lies in new blood’ http://allafrica.com/stories/201404040507.html       and ‘IGAD’s inadequate strategy in South Sudan’ http://allafrica.com/stories/201404140864.html            In spite of the fact that this position is not supported by any evidence, they plough on with it while the damage on the lives of the innocent in South Sudan goes on.      

Now in Addis Ababa the warring parties with the blessing of IGAD are being allowed to negotiate themselves out of their grave crimes against humanity and return into power at the expense of the people (victims). Really, if the over 20,000 people killed in Juba; the over 100,000 people in the UN Protection prison camps; the over 400,000 people pushed into refuge in neighbouring countries; and the over 1,300,000 people displaced internally was to happen in the other continents, would the powers that be not intervene decisively and swiftly to right the wrong? When less than a 1000 people were killed in Bosnia, the world powers immediately intervened, saved lives and held the culprits to account. Why is the world then not decisive to end the abuse of the South Sudanese people? Why are the powers that be pampering the feral leaders of South Sudan whose hands are dripping with blood of innocent people? Why do the powers that be talk about ineffective sanctions and condoning the imprisonment of the innocent victims in those UN protection prison camps without a solution in sight?

The abuses in South Sudan should not only be localised for this may be the beginning of dictators around the world and specifically in Africa acquiring the tools of how to trash the instruments of human rights that took centuries to build. Some may be gleefully rubbing their hands and thinking about how to abuse certain ethnicities that they abhor for whatever reasons or another. The activities of dictators and non state actors in many parts of the world if allowed to go unchecked as it is being allowed in South Sudan in the long run may plunge the world into total chaos.

When world bodies are co-opted into the machine of abuse and terror like UN in South Sudan, something is seriously wrong with the mores of the global community embodied in this organisation. This poses a real challenge to the moral fabric of the world. Therefore, the UN and the world powers need to rethink their position on South Sudan. Like late musician Michael Jackson sang in his famous song, ‘Man in mirror’. “If you wanna make the world a better place, take a look at yourself and then make a change.” It is time that the moral of the world is restored before feral leaders around the globe begin to trash the current structures in place for world peace. Thus, UN must stop shouldering the role of prison management in South Sudan by intervening appropriately and decisively.

The South Sudan conflict and the recommended process to address it challenge the moral of the world. If all the ideals that are at the core of human rights ideology intended for advancement of society built in the last 300 years are not to wear off then the world truly needs to do something radical to address it. The structures for maintenance of world peace erected initially in 1920 and later on replaced by the United Nations after the Second World War risk being gradually destroyed by cynical actions of dictators and non state actors in different parts of the globe. For example, the case of South Sudan is a typical one.

The universality of humanity is now parcelled into relative geographical regions without emphasis on the rights of humanity as stipulated in the various instruments. Under this arrangement it is easy for the powerful countries or the supposed guardians of the world to turn blind eyes to the grave crimes against humanity in faraway lands like South Sudan. The new buzz words and phrases are “African solutions for African problems”. What this presupposes is that if Africans are massacring themselves, that remains their problem and the world needs not to intervene.  

In South Sudan, a monster slaughters children, women and elderly in broad day light in their tenth of thousands and displaces over million people causing serious regional problem unbelievably  it stirs no moral outrage whatsoever in the conscience of the custodians of the world. In relation to Africans, the question that has been asked for centuries remains truly valid today: has the life of an African any value? Are the decisions taken by the custodian of the world really not clouded by the beliefs of “them” and “us”, “civilised” and “savage” developed world and the third world? Else why is the death of tenth of thousands of African people down played by the western media and not taken seriously as it should to draw the attention of the world?

IGAD has been a total failure and numerous calls for it to be discarded and replaced by eminent person have been met with deaf ears. The shameful failure of IGAD is capped by the passing of its deadline on 10th August 2014 in relation to formation of interim government in South Sudan. The United Nation Security Council’s recent visit to the region though understands the situation it still puts faith on the hopeless process. “The council has made it very clear that it is prepared to impose consequence if there continue to be spoilers, if there continue to be people carrying out gross violation of human rights” “We will not tolerate violations of cessation of hostility and people who spoils peace agreement. We have delivered that message here and will deliver it to Riek Machar.” Stressed Samantha Powers of UNSC. Please see, ‘South Sudanese president vows to form all inclusive cabinet, http://sudantribune.com/spip.php?article52014 and ‘UN Security Council visit to South Sudan’ file:///C:/Users/Rosemary/Downloads/08-14%2520UNSC%2520Press%2520Stakeout%2520Transcript.pdf

Samantha Powers is a well known committed advocate of human rights. Powers words should be taken seriously. However, her comments in Juba missed the point completely. The issue is not “if there continue to be people carrying out gross violations of human rights.” The violations have already been committed en masse in December 2013 and they continue to be committed daily. For example, the imprisonment of over 100,000 innocent people in the UN Protection camps. Does the subjection of these people to confinement due to terror from President Kiir’s government not constitute ongoing gross violation of human rights? If it is not then the people of South Sudan and I do not know what it is.

Uganda’s UPDF, Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) of Darfur and SPLM North of the Sudan remain in the country actively participating in military operations against SPLM-IO. Why is the UN quiet about this violation of the Cessation of Hostilities Agreement? Why does it not demand the withdrawal of all foreign forces as stipulated in the agreement? Is this not a constant standing violation by South Sudan government and IGAD of the agreement? What more violation of the agreement does UNSC want?

Therefore, the time for “ifs” is long gone. It is time for compliance and action. It is time for consequences and accountability. It is this point that the UNSC has missed. The entire SPLM leadership are responsible for the mayhem in South Sudan. They need to be dragged to court to account for their collective crimes against the people of South Sudan arising from gross negligence of their beloved party and the management of the country. SPLM-IG, SPLM-IO, SPLM-G10 and their military chiefs should be facing honourable and respectable international judges and not pussyfoot with mediators intent on rewarding them for their crimes against the people of South Sudan.

President Salva Kiir by default is benefiting from the cultures that led to colonisation of Africa. He is getting away with mass murder because the South Sudanese Africans have been deemed to have no value. No wonder President Kiir is able to convert UN into a prison management agency. Ironically, the very regional body (IGAD) that is tasked to solve the problem of South Sudan is ignorant of its own position and responsibilities while promoting subtly laid down discriminatory approaches under nonsense like “African solutions for African problems”. If the structures of the world are based on instruments whose foundation is anchored in universalism like globalisation, then the right slogan should be “global solutions for global problems”. Under such a slogan feral leaders like President Kiir would not get away with crimes of similar magnitude committed by Slobodan Milosevic, General Ratko Mladic and Radovan Karadzic. After all, the entire world is supposed to be a global melting pot.

[Truth hurts but is also liberating]

The author lives in the Republic of South Sudan. He can be reached at This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

From a court composed of chickens: Can corn expect justice?

By: Bol Khan

July 23, 2014 (SSNA) -- Many if not all African Leaders have something in common. Once, one is elected into office or otherwise he/she subsequently chose to cling onto power for life and brutally abuse it. By rapidly enriching themselves, drawn governing styles based on ethnicity, nepotism with high degree of corruption. This eventually would result in killing or assassinating potential figures who might rise up in the middle to install democratic and human rights rules. They do that on the pretext of dealing away with former colonials. They would even order their security personnel to execute their disastrous directives. You can see them killing innocent people today and tomorrow swiftly begin to set up bogus investigation committees to investigate gross human right violations they committed. Thirty four (34) African countries out of Fifty-four (54) countries which signed Rome- Status agreement are now complaining.

That African Governments should form a continental court which will look into human rights abuses, in Africa. How come the same person who slayed people can again give himself/herself a chance to set up an investigation committee to investigate, the crimes he/she committed? No there is no logic at all in this kind of demand by African siting Leaders. The rumors, being that African leaders are now forging ahead with plans to set up their own regional court.  Such a notion is unacceptable.  It must be a sneaky way of giving themselves an obvious immunity in the process. On the other hand, it would be an attempt to avoid the Hague-based International Criminal Court (ICC). And a clear indication that African Leaders want to distant themselves from natural and world justice. It must be rejected because they want to find saver way to kill people even much more than they had been doing or stay in offices without facing accountability.

A continental court, for instance, established in 1998 by 20 countries—none signature of Rome Agreement has so far did nothing to bring into book those African leaders who have been committing crimes. African Union, either, has becomes an Organization which offers nothing good to the continent’s innocent citizens. It sometimes involves in crimes investigations. Does AU’s deserve existence? I see no reason for an AU organization existence because it doesn’t solve Africans problems. Those who lead the Union once became, Ministers, Diplomats and Presidents in their countries. Do we expect them to apply justice? No we don’t! They form Committees on Human Rights Abuses for investigations. From an investigation committee comprises of complicities: can victims expect fair investigation results?

In the case of South Sudan. An investigation committee is reportedly formed and investigating human rights abuses, committed following the aftermath of Dec 15 2013. Just over the last two weeks or so, Justice John Wuol Makec in his capacity as committee’s Chairperson has allegedly invited the 15 Dec in Juba, Jonglei, Unity, and Upper Nile states’ Survivors to go to the Committee’s respective offices in Juba and those states mentioned. That “ I the Chairperson of the Investigation Committee do hereby inform the public and IDPs inside and outside the UNMISS camps that the committee is ready to interview the survivors, families of victims, eye witnesses and relevant institutions to obtain information and evidence related to the killing of innocent persons. The venues for investigations in Juba, he allegedly said, would be the Investigation Committee’s Office which is located at East of KCB Buluk Branch and South of Lokita Petrol Station along Street of the Ministries. And in respective Offices of the Committee in Jonglei (Bor), Upper Nile (Malakal), and Unity (Bentiu) states.

The fixed date for investigations in Juba was started on 1th-25th, July and on 10th-25th, July in those three states of Greater Upper Nile. So the question, here, is what do we expect from that investigation committee? I’m less interested in any investigation being done by indigenous. The committee’s investigations would have been appreciated and inclusive if those, Refugees in Unganda, Kenya, Ethiopia, and IDPs in Wau and remote areas of Greater Upper Nile were to be involved. Will the Committee go to them there? Otherwise. What is the reason why IDPs are still living in the UNMISS’s bases in Juba, Wau, Malakal, Bor and Bentiu? What are they doing there? Are they in a hiding, for their lives? There was a slight mistake. Even if we today decided to make a confirmation researches around the globe, I don’t think that survivors or victims are the one who go to investigation committee’s centers themselves. Rather they are the committee’s staffs or members who used to go and investigate the survivors/victims wherever they are/may be. Would they (survivors) really speak up their minds freely in those centers? What if you go and recognized in the center the one who abused your rights.

Would you be given a permission to tell he is the one? If IDPs can have such a freedom to move around up to the Committee’s centers, then I can say that those IDPs are there for nothing. They should instead return to their houses. Oh, are their houses safe and empty? This is another question which needs responsible answer. Investigation committees on Human right in less-developed world, Amnesty International, Human Right Watch and all International Organizations working on Human rights issues do not ask Survivors to go to their countries respective offices. It would be good enough, if African Union (AU) can further wider its attention to problems facing ordinary Africans. Anyway, we can understand that the continent is working on Human Right Issues and how Justice can be achieve in Africa. Let us rest our case here. However, I, the author, strongly believe that corn won’t secure or expect fair justice from that court composes of chickens.

Bol Khan is a concerned citizen, reach him on This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

More Articles...

Page 1 of 85

  • «
  •  Start 
  •  Prev 
  •  1 
  •  2 
  •  3 
  •  4 
  •  5 
  •  6 
  •  7 
  •  8 
  •  9 
  •  10 
  •  Next 
  •  End 
  • »

Our Mission Statement

To bring the latest, most relevant news and opinions on issues relating to the South Sudan and surrounding regions.

To provide key information to those interested in the South Sudan and its people.