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Jieng community elders’ giant leap for federalism in South Sudan

By Jacob K. Lupai

July 30, 2014 (SSNA) -- When the demand for federalism first surfaced it was met with outright hostility and rejection. That was because federalism was apparently associated closely with the experience of kokora in the 80s. Federalism was also being associated with the recent rebellion that sparked off on 15 December 2013. This might explain why the demand for federalism was about to become a criminal offence. People who were genuinely calling for a federal system were alleged to be supporters of the rebellion. However, there was no grain of truth in such allegation. Instead there was a support to the government. 

Outright hostility and rejection of the demand for federalism reached unexpected level when newspapers were being confiscated and journalists taken for questioning. However, opinions in favour of federalism persisted and were expressed openly in newspapers and in the Internet. Intimidation did not work as the call for respect for freedom of expression was very loud. As expected the hostile stand against federalism fizzled out as the expressed opinion for federalism was coming from many angles.

Notable and of importance was the opinion expressed by concerned Jieng community elders in favour of federalism for South Sudan. It was a giant step forward that couldn’t have been ignored. Things were moving faster against the minority opponents of federalism. The National Community Leaders’ Forum comprising representatives of Equatoria and Jieng from Bahr el Ghazal and Upper Nile States met and passed resolutions, adding their voices positively on federalism.

In one of their resolutions the National Community Leaders’ Forum calls upon the President to form a High Level National Technical Committee to study Federalism and Governance to inform and enhance the Constitutional making process without prejudice to individual or group discussions. Clearly federalism has become no longer a taboo but an accepted fact to be discussed openly for a consensus.

Jieng giant leap for federalism

In seeking a solution for acceptable administration to the people of South Sudan, the concerned Jieng community elders have proposed that South Sudan should be administered as a federation of 23 states. This is yet a clear endorsement of federalism as a solution to problems of governance and development in South Sudan. The proposed states are the equivalent of the 23 districts in South Sudan in the colonial era. This is nothing but a giant leap for federalism by the concerned and visionary Jieng community elders.

The proponents of federalism must be delighted. This is because some of the fierce critics and opponents of federalism were the Jieng. This must have been an objective change of direction because the Jieng must have come to the conclusion that federalism is the only solution to the mess in which South Sudan finds itself. The implication is that no single ethnic group or region should dream of an empire in this modern world of science. Imposing a system that only favours an ethnic group or region disguised as the preservation of national unity is an old game of politics that has long been thrown into the dustbin of history when federalism has been gaining currency.

It is through a consensus that people may agree to be united. The concerned Jieng community elders have timely recognized this when they are saying, “Many people of South Sudan are demanding for application of federal system as one of the solutions to govern the country peacefully”. This obviously seems to be the beginning of better times ahead for the people of South Sudan. At least there will be no war over federalism. The demand for federalism is gaining adherents among the Jieng and this can only be a positive thing. This is encouraging because equating federalism with kokora may soon be a thing of the past.

When federalism is not equated with kokora the fear of eviction from Equatoria will also disappear. Jieng support for federalism has far reaching implication. One major implication is that when the Jieng support federalism hostility towards the people of Equatoria may reduce drastically. This is in contrast to when the Jieng were opposed to federalism. Clearly the concerned Jieng community elders proposed federalism suggests that the Jieng have moved on and therefore share the same national aspirations for peace, freedom and development as their other fellow citizens in the country instead of dreaming of their hegemony in South Sudan.

Application of federalism in South Sudan

The concerned Jieng community elders are of the opinion that ethnic administration in line with the 23 former colonial districts as states is the solution to tribal rivalry over resources. However, tribal rivalry is not only over resources, but it is also over power as well. The concerned Jieng elders have acknowledged that the demand for federalism is the wish of the majority and that the federal system should be introduced now.

As mentioned above and according to the Jieng elders, South Sudan should be a federation of 23 states based on the 23 former colonial districts. This is instead of adopting the existing 10 states. One would disagree with the proposal for 23 states in South Sudan but the Jieng elders should be highly commended for their collective efforts in trying to work out a solution to the problem of governance and theirs is a national aspiration for the stability of South Sudan.

Looking at the highlighted 23 former colonial districts in the proposal, there seems to be a little bit of confusion. Equatoria, Bahr el Ghazal and Upper Nile each had 7, 7 and 9 districts respectively. This of course makes a total of 23 districts which are the 23 proposed future states of South Sudan. However, unlike its 7 districts, Equatoria has only 6 proposed states and unlike its 7 districts, Bahr el Ghazal has 9 states. For Upper Nile, unlike its 9 districts it has 8 proposed states. There is something strange here.

It is not clear why the 7 districts of Bahr el Ghazal have been blown up into 9 states while the 6 states for Equatoria do not correspond to its former 7 districts proposed to be the states. Something somewhere is not right. Confusion continues as Upper Nile which had 9 districts is only allotted 8 states. This clearly does not show that the 23 states are the duplicate of the 23 former colonial districts in South Sudan. Some explanation may be needed.    

There may not be any need to return to the former 3 regions of Bahr el Ghazal, Equatoria and Upper Nile to form a federation. However, there is nothing wrong with adopting the 10 states as a federation for a start. The adoption of the former colonial districts as states should be at the latter date and at the discretion of each of the 10 states. Federation of 23 states should not be done in a rush in view of economic austerity measures. This means that higher economic growth should first be recorded before creating new states. For example, it should be Central Equatoria State to decide in future either to break up into Yei River State and another state the name to be decided on later or not.

Development of natural and mineral resources, prospecting for more oil production to increase revenue and development of hydro-electric power should be undertaken for higher economic growth before creating new states. The proposal for 23 states is a noble one. However, in practice it is not only a mammoth task but an economic nightmare. I hope the architects of such a noble proposal do not want people to depend on foreign aid to finance the additional 13 states. One way of creating a state is that a former colonial district in any of the 10 states must justify itself to be a viable state through its own resources. We do not want to see states that are nothing but liabilities.

Different federations

South Sudan may need to learn about the different federations. For example, some federations are called asymmetric because some states in the federation have more autonomy than others. However, the histories of countries vary. One federal system of a country can be different from that of another country. The Republic of India is federal, comprising individual states. The central (federal) government of India has authority over the states and even has the authority to change the boundaries of the states.

It can be seen that the Indian federal system has strong centralizing tendencies where the federal government remains intact but the physical existence of states can be modified. In contrast, the federal system in the United States of American (USA) is characterized as indestructible union of indestructible states. This means the states in America are intact and the federal government does not make any alteration in the states as is the case in India.

The often asked question is what type of a federal system South Sudan should adopt. Well, people may need to understand that there is no particular federal system unique to South Sudan that can be copied. People will have to agree on the type of a federal system that will address what is seen as the problem of governance in South Sudan. The main problem is equitable power and wealth sharing, and equitable development. To address the problem, a federation should first be defined for people to be clear of what a federation entails.  

Many people will tend to agree that a federation is characterized by a union of partially self-governing states united by a central (federal) government as in India or in the USA. It is so simple, isn’t it? However, the devil is in the details. The federal model in India may be unattractive because South Sudan has been virtually under a centralized system that is abhorrent hence the loud demand for a federal system.

In contrast, the USA federal model may be of too much independence to the states when, for example, one state allows capital punishment while the other doesn’t. For South Sudan a balance has to be struck. People may need to look at the Switzerland or German federal model which may be of interest to study. However, cut and paste may not work but adaptation to the felt needs in South Sudan may not be a bad idea.


The concerned Jieng community elders have made a giant leap for federal system to be adopted in South Sudan. This is an encouraging move that should be appreciated by any fair-minded individual. Unlike those who only care for their stomachs, and kith and kins, the Jieng elders have shown that leading from the front is necessary at times for a better South Sudan.

One reservation, though, is about the proposal for 23 states in the federation. The proposal is an economic nightmare particularly in the short term. However, it may be appropriate in the long term when economic growth is picking up at a higher rate but it should also be the prerogative of each state in consultation with the central government either to break up into more states or not. For now let’s stick to 10 states federation as the most convenient for a start.

In conclusion, adoption of a federal system of government is the only way forward in building a strong united and prosperous South Sudan where no single ethnic group, no single region and no single individual will be supreme in grossly mismanaging the affairs of the nation. Federalism as the utilization of diversities to the maximum will likely accelerate development and this, hopefully, will turn South Sudan into a paradise on earth for all as living standards improve tremendously.

The author can be reached at This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Peace is only Ultimate Choice to end Violence in South Sudan!!!

By Peter Gai Manyuon 

“Fighting for peace is like screwing for virginity.” ― George Carlin

July 30, 2014 (SSNA) -- In South Sudan, when once talk about peace and harmony, some people who are enemy of peace and reconciliation will begin analyzing in different ways. Before going further, I would like to bring in to your attention about the definitions of peace and reconciliation.

Well, anyone can define peace and reconciliation in different ways base on his/her understanding about the concepts. Therefore, peace is when people are able to resolve their conflicts without violence and can work together to improve the quality of their lives. Peace is when, everyone lives in safety, without fear or threat of violence, and no form of violence is tolerated in law or in practice. Peace is when everyone is equal before the law, the systems for justice are trusted, fair andeffective lawsprotect people’s rights. Peace is when everyone is able to participatein shaping political decisions and the government is accountable to the people. Peace is when everyone has fair and equal access to the basic needs for their wellbeing– such as food, clean water, shelter, education, healthcare and a decent living environment. Peace is when everyone has an equal opportunity to work and make a living, regardless of gender, ethnicity or any other aspect of identity.

On other hand Political reconciliation involves the repairing of damaged relationships among members of a society or Community.

Reconciliation at the societal level intuitively seems necessary to prevent continual wrongdoing and/or reprisals for past wrongdoing. Yet, at the same time, the prospects for actually achieving political reconciliation seem extremely unlikely in precisely the contexts where it is most needed. In addition, a certain moral unease often accompanies calls for political reconciliation.

A lingering worry as to whether it is permissible to try to foster political reconciliation hovers in the background, considering the extent and character of the horrific violence and wrongdoing that created the need for political reconciliation in the first place.

Moreover, ascertaining the possibility and moral justifiability of the pursuit of political reconciliation depends on first understanding what such reconciliation entails. Reconciliation is often considered synonymous with forgiveness. This implies that the possibility of reconciliation is conditional on the possibility of forgiveness in the aftermath of wrongdoing. Reconciliation’s moral justifiability hinges on the moral permissibility of forgiveness.

Hence, who will bring peace to the people of South Sudan?

Many South Sudanese are conscious of who will bring peace back to the people of South Sudan. Others are saying Federalism is the only way to bring peace, other are of the view roundtable discussions is the only option and some are assuming fighting using AK47 is the only mean to end the current crisis.

Absolutely, in the current context where many people have been lost and others are displaced from their Cities and homes, you will find that, it will be very heard to calls people for reconciliation processes but , if people are committed and have love about the Country then things can move well without any agitations.

Justification for peace

The author believe that peace can only be achieve through coming together as South Sudanese people and realize our cultural diversity as one nation with one objective, regardless of regionalization that is being practice right now by the people who are enemies of peace.

The enemies for peace are the people who ordered the massacre and mass killings of one Community in Juba. The hatred comes between Nuer (Naath) and Dinka (Jieng) due to misconceptions from Mayardit loyalists because they thought killing of one tribe will silence the Community of (Naath) to fear, which later came as a U turn and lead to the retaliations and resistance  that has taken  all of greater Uppernile and some parts of Bhar-elgazal as well. What have the people who killed people in Juba achieved so far? Nothing have been achieve up to date, only they have worsen it to the extent that, have lead to destabilization of the whole Country and more so they are waiting for International Criminal Court (ICC) to indict the culprits who killed civilians in Juba and Bor respectively .

Who are supposed to participate in the peace process?

Each and every stakeholder should take part in restoring peace to the people of South Sudan, it is you and I to come up with strategy or good mechanism to convene the dictator to step down and allow the democratization processes to prevail in the Republic of South Sudan. If we keep silence without talking who will advocate for peace and reconciliation in South Sudan?

Over view

The current Peace and Reconciliation or National Healing Commission headed by Archbishop Daniel Deng Bul is doing nothing as per the peace process is concern in South Sudan. No one will say the commission is doing the needful rather than subrogating the ongoing process in Addisa-baba.   The commission is too political, even the people who are running it are too lazy in one way or the other.

Well people might have a perception that, it was the President who appointed the Management of the commission therefore; they should not do much since the current leadership is the most tyranny government that only focuses on corruption cases, tribalism and sectarianism accompanying by illiteracy but once you are appointed even though by interest, if you really have a sense of humanity, you should do the work that can benefits the entire citizens regardless of political interest behind the scene.

I don’t know what is wrong with the people from the Churches in South Sudan? Pastors have left the work of God for politics. What a disgrace? You go to the Church bible is politicize and even pastors are digressing from the message that, they should pass on to the congregation but they turn it to something else. Oh my God, open your eyes!!!

Hence, having contextualized and analyze the all scenario, I have concluded that, what people should focus on is to have a sense of togetherness and loving each other as fellow South Sudanese , regardless of tribes and clans.

Many people are of the view that, peace and reconciliation will not work and others are saying peace and harmony will be the only way that will bring the people of the Republic of South Sudan in to one community with one objective and principle.

The ideology of parochialism, tribalism and nepotism is what should be look at in this current crisis where people are leaving in refugee and others in exiles.

In Conclusion, inciting words should be monitor and should be observe in order for the peaceful co-existence to prevail in South Sudan and beyond. Giving messages or talking like Philip Aguer who said recently they have killed Rebels in Nasir and Ayod in big numbers will take us to square one again. A person like Aguer, Ateny, Malak Ayuen and Makuei Lueth should talk’s words that resonate this time because people are in the middle of approaching peace deal.

All the spokespersons must respect communications ethics and principles that governance the profession. Some of them just enter in to the profession when they have not been taught how to communicate well to the masses across the globe.   In communication, there are channels that need to be follows when once is passing information either to one person, groups of people, huge audiences and the world at large. Talking without full stop, apostrophe has destroyed the public relations profession in the Republic of South Sudan.

Loving one another is what will take South Sudan ahead.

The Author is Independent Journalist and Columnist who has written extensively on the issues of Democratization and Human Rights in South Sudan. You can follow him on

Launching the people’s front to oppose the genocidal SPLM cum SPLA oligopoly in South Sudan!

By Margaret Akulia, Canada

July 30, 2014 (SSNA) -- “Last Wednesday, I made a well-attended rally in Juba in which I blasted both Kiir and Machar including IGAD” Lawyer and Politician Peter Sule offered as he outlined his Blueprint for South Sudan. He was protesting the deliberate exclusion by Kiir, Machar and the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) in Eastern Africa of the masses of South Sudan in effectively contributing towards a solution to the bloodbath instigated by Kiir and Machar’s dysfunctional and genocidal so-called Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) cum Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) in all its variations! The grassroots rallies Lawyer and Politician Peter Sule addresses in Juba serve multiple purposes including empowering the suffering masses of South Sudan to take control of the agenda for South Sudan. As a brilliant lawyer, he is fully aware that the masses of South Sudan have more constitutional authority than Kiir, Machar or their murderous SPLM cum SPLA oligopoly!

The rallies also serve the purpose of ushering in actual democracy in South Sudan where aspirants to the highest office in the land utilize persuasion, not gangland style murderous shoot-outs that are the conserve of a criminal organization such as the SPLM cum SPLA. Lawyer and Politician Peter Sule is a principled and zealous advocate for the rule of law. He is also a fearless and articulate voice for the suffering masses of South Sudan - the only voice that is capable of conveying the true wishes of the masses of South Sudan without being intimidated by all of Kiir, Machar and their debased so-called liberation movement. That is why the people's front is demanding that his attendance at the Addis Ababa Peace Talks be a requirement for the talks to continue. Failure to include the people's Lawyer and Politician in the Addis Ababa Peace Talks and continuing to stay silent about the barbaric manner in which the deranged faction of the SPLM oligopoly in government prevented him from boarding the Addis Ababa bound Ethiopian Airlines charter flight to the bogus peace talks will be viewed by the people's front as confirmation that IGAD is colluding with the murderous oligopoly!

Politics: UDF chief blocked from traveling to Addis talks
Cheers for Riek Machar Teny Dhurgon & Boos for Salvatore Kiir Mayardit!

Lawyer and Politician Peter Sule wants the masses of South Sudan and not Kiir, Machar or their adulterated so-called liberation movement to map the way forward for South Sudan from the bloody crossroads their oligopoly has brought the country to! After all, in the democracy the rampageous Titans and their cohorts are swanking back and forth, it is the masses of South Sudan who hold the constitutional “Trump Card” and not the regressed oligopoly that continues to exude its intentions to force itself on the masses of South Sudan under IGAD's incompetent watch! I am particularly referring to Kiir “leeching” onto his murderous presidency by abusing a plebiscite and calling it a so-called “democratic presidential election”, Machar promulgating a combating front as a democratic movement while disregarding the egalitarianism urged in “Riek Machar, adopt Nuer egalitarianism as your manifesto & watch your popularity skyrocket!” and IGAD showing shoddy signs of rewarding the SPLM cum SPLA oligopoly's violence by turning over South Sudan back to the criminal organization in any of its variations. 

Lawyer and Politician Peter Sule's vision and Blueprint for getting South Sudan out of the lawless chaos the SPLM cum SPLA oligopoly is responsible for in the country is consistent with actual democracy which the masses of South Sudan are demanding forthwith. A government of the people, by the people, for the people, not the murderous and crooked version being vaunted by the lurid Titans and their cohorts. The people's front concurs with Lawyer and Politician Peter Sule and submits that the masses of South Sudan are the ones that should be at the helm, not Kiir, Machar or their besmirched and impugnable so-called liberation movement! IGAD must listen to the masses if it wants to redeem itself from the haphazard job it has done to date. The “glorified mobsters” of South Sudan who masquerade as so-called leaders are hell bent on exterminating anyone perceived as a threat to their “criminal cartel” that is why they are unfit to govern in this day and age of democracy and civilization! The anarchists have made South Sudan into a diabolic country where organized crime is condoned and even encouraged by a sitting government that is why their debauchery must be stopped.

The Jieng’s vile plan to ethnically cleanse Equatoria

“My problems don't seem to end at all” Lawyer and Politician Peter Sule had begun as he alerted the people's front to a sinister plot by Kiir and his cronies, to exterminate the cream of the crop of South Sudan’s Equatoria region, starting with Lawyer and Politician Peter Sule himself. According to a very ripe and tested South Sudan grapevine, Lawyer and Politician Peter Sule was already on Kiir’s Equatoria “hit list” even before the barbaric manner in which Kiir’s security operatives stopped him from attending the South Sudan peace talks in Addis Ababa and IGAD refused to protest the savagery.

Politics: UDF chief blocked from traveling to Addis talks
Cheers for Riek Machar Teny Dhurgon & Boos for Salvatore Kiir Mayardit!

However, his stern rebuke of Kiir, Machar and IGAD at a well-attended rally in Juba must have infuriated Kiir and his cronies so much that they quickly hurtled him to the top of the Equatoria “hit list” above the three Governors of Equatoria, namely Governor Joseph Bangasi Bakosoro of Western Equatoria State, Governor Clement Wani Konga of Central Equatoria State and Governor Louise Lobong of Eastern Equatoria State. According to the ripe and well tested South Sudan grapevine, the quaternary of Lawyer and Politician Peter Sule, Governor Joseph Bangasi Bakosoro of Western Equatoria State, Governor Clement Wani Konga of Central Equatoria State and Governor Louise Lobong of Eastern Equatoria State were principals of Kiir's secret plan to exterminate Equatorians because of their open declaration of support for a federal system of government that is being demanded by the masses of South Sudan and the influence they wield over the masses! In the case of Lawyer and Politician Peter Sule, it is also his unwavering resolve to be a voice for the suffering masses of South Sudan, his undaunted stand against the SPLM cum SPLA bullies and his extraordinary ability to articulate a democratic federal system of government of the people, by the people, for the people which will be sculpted at the grassroots level.

Justice Peter Sule on a legal and grassroots solution for South Sudan
Justice Peter Sule on a legal & grassroots solution for South Sudan

Upon learning of Kiir's Equatoria “hit list”, advocates from the people's front felt compelled to actualize the “African spring”, an unprecedented social movement that will utilize people and brain power not “gun power” to change the tide in Africa, beginning with South Sudan! They petitioned the United Nations Mission in South Sudan as representatives of the United Nations Security Council, to protect Lawyer and Politician Peter Sule and avert another Kiir initiated genocide immediately. Troika countries were included in the petition as prominent friends of South Sudan. The time-honoured United Nations Security Council through its mission in South Sudan took the necessary steps to investigate the imminent crime. The world organization continues to gather evidence for an astronomical case against the genocidal SPLM cum SPLA oligopoly in South Sudan, a probe which in the people's opinion invalidates the inclusion of the oligopoly in a caretaker government or government of national unity! The immediate objective of the people's front is to lend a voice to the suffering masses of South Sudan in all the 64 tribes of South Sudan who are being silenced by the armed and dangerous SPLM cum SPLA oligopoly. A second objective is to advocate for the effective protection of innocent civilians from all the tribes of South Sudan against the callousness that brought about the current melee in South Sudan.

Law experts says S Sudan government has ‘no will, no capacity’ to investigate atrocities
Senior US official endorses law group’s recommendation

Who says that the suffering masses of South Sudan have to go along with the twisted version of democracy being forced on them by all of Kiir, Machar and their dysfunctional and genocidal so-called Sudan People’s Liberation Movement cum Sudan People’s Liberation Army? Who says that the suffering masses of South Sudan cannot pursue a criminal case against the genocidal SPLM cum SPLA oligopoly in South Sudan themselves? Who says that they need permission from a gang of murderous bullies masquerading as freedom fighters to hold their own synchronous discussions about what they want? Who says that the suffering masses of South Sudan need permission from a dysfunctional Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) in Eastern Africa to appeal to the United Nations Security Council directly? The masses of South Sudan have friends in high places and power which is being actualized with this launch. They can exercise their inherent right to a secure South Sudan by joining the people's front and rallying the United Nations Security Council and the entire world behind them because they are the political bosses of South Sudan not Kiir, Machar or their genocidal oligopoly. As South Africa's revered global icon Nelson Mandela used to shout, Amandla (Power)! The oppressed people of South Africa would respond “Awethu” (to us)! The people's front now borrows that same slogan by shouting “Power to the People”!

Lawyer and Politician Peter Sule has a larger than life vision for a very secure, law abiding, highly developed and peaceful South Sudan where the agenda is controlled and directed by the masses from the ground up, not a criminal oligopoly planning to continue looting the country and short changing the masses. In his Blueprint for South Sudan, he has articulated a federal system of government that is well put together by the masses and not the misinterpreted, misrepresented and misappropriated version that is being used as an excuse to bully, threaten and murder Equatorians. Lawyer and Politician Peter Sule has a program for the masses of South Sudan that will protect the interests of all including the warmongering Nuer and Dinka tribes. It is a program that will be owned by the masses not a bunch of offenders flaunting a depraved form of democracy. The program includes federalism but not the barbaric and “psychotic” interpretation that is being used by Kiir and his cronies for threatening and slaying the masses of South Sudan. 

The people's front recognizes Machar's redeemable qualities but it wishes to register profound disappointment in his failure to require that the masses of South Sudan and not his oligopoly map the way forward for the country beginning with a caretaker government and then a government of national unity. It is a stand that would have guaranteed him a place in history that is currently being occupied by only Nelson Mandela, South Africa's revered son. It might even have garnered Machar enough votes to win a properly constituted democratically elected presidency the way it did Nelson Mandela! It would be the authentic democracy articulated by Equatoria's gallant son Ladu Gore in “Solution oriented conversations with Lieutenant General Ladu Gore” which seems to have now been abandoned by his SPLM cum SPLA in opposition boss Machar. The one that the masses of South Sudan and the entire world would have celebrated Machar for if he had embraced the flat, non-hierarchical structure urged in “Riek Machar, adopt Nuer egalitarianism as your manifesto & watch your popularity skyrocket!” because that is what democracy looks like.

Solution oriented conversations with Lt-Gen. Alfred Ladu Gore
To Dr. Machar: Adopt Nuer egalitarianism as your manifesto & watch your popularity skyrocket!

As their Big Brother and Protector, the masses of South Sudan might have forgiven Machar for his role in the bloodbath that has made their lives a living hell on earth and even plea bargained on his behalf for the International Criminal Court to consider him wresting South Sudan from Kiir's genocidal claws as mitigating circumstances in their impeding case against the SPLM cum SPLA oligopoly for crimes against humanity. The suffering masses might have looked the other way the way Kenyans did when they gave Uhuru Kenyatta a nod by electing him as President of Kenya despite the dark cloud waffling over him because of the case against him by the International Criminal Court.

The Prosecutor v. Uhuru Muigai Kenyatta

The suffering masses of South Sudan might have seen the light at the end of a very dark and long tunnel at last. They might have successfully wished away the dark cloud that has hovered over present day South Sudan for decades and even centuries, extending back to the archaic days of the Ottoman Empire where present day South Sudan was a hub for the vile Trans-Atlantic African Slave Trade! As things stand now, IGAD might wheedle the genocidal SPLM oligopoly into a power sharing deal that rewards their genocide and ignores what the masses of South Sudan want or Machar could easily shoot and murder his way to the presidency of South Sudan but that will be a “power grab”, not the heroic mandate the masses of South Sudan might have given him if he had advocated for the exclusion of his oligopoly in all its variations in a caretaker government and government of national unity. It would be far from the “knight in shining armour” grand entrance Machar would have made if he limited his initial role after the carnage his oligopoly set off in South Sudan to that of Big Brother and Protector of South Sudan's masses from Kiir's murderous bullies, criminal and uncouth private army! Simply stated, barbaric so-called leaders who openly condone armed robbery even if it is a demented cultural practice have no business leading a civilized South Sudan or any country for that matter.

However, notwithstanding all of the above, Machar can still make an extraordinary “U Turn.” He can still avoid being accused of the same “dictatorial tendencies” he purports to be fighting in Kiir by effectively allying with the masses of South Sudan. That means that the masses decide what needs to happen in South Sudan going forward and the SPLM cum SPLA oligopoly follows their lead because of the fact that in the democracy Machar is vocalizing, the masses of South Sudan have more constitutional authority than him, Kiir or their oligopoly.

Presidential guards accused of involvement in armed robberies in Juba

For all intents and purposes, South Sudan's so-called liberation movement has substantially locked out the masses of South Sudan from the peace talks in Addis Ababa and IGAD is condoning their bullying by continuing to relegate the masses to the sidelines in the major decisions respecting a caretaker government and a government of national unity. The SPLM cum SPLA oligopoly in South Sudan has guns to the heads of the masses of South Sudan which makes the IGAD led peace talks immoral at best. The oligopoly has locked their bosses, the masses of South Sudan out and it is forcing them to look in at gunpoint as they plot to divide their “spoils of war” and “stolen loot” with IGAD's connivance. The total and shameful disregard for what the masses of South Sudan want has necessitated the formation of the people's front, a third front to the ruckus the reckless SPLM cum SPLA oligopoly has caused. The front is being dubbed the people’s front because it is a “loose coalition” of people determined to challenge the SPLM cum SPLA monopoly and abuse in South Sudan. It is an advocacy group that will push for the masses of South Sudan to have substantial input into the country they want and not just go along with what a self centered genocidal oligopoly wants.

Other than speedy cessation of hostilities and an even speedier formation of a trustworthy non-genocidal and unquestionably impartial caretaker government, nothing is more important than dispelling the half-baked and ignorant inference that federalism in South Sudan demands stripping Jieng (Dinka) of their rights as citizens of South Sudan. Kiir and his cronies have set South Sudan on fire and a mere debate about federalism has added fuel to flames that are rising so high it will require the entire global community to rally behind the masses of South Sudan in wresting the country from the claws of the violent and unreasonable SPLM cum SPLA oligopoly. Kudos to Jacob K. Lupai and Elhag Paul for daring to provoke no holds barred discussions about the differences between the calls for federalism in South Sudan by Equatoria and Riek Machar (Jacob K. Lupai) and the callousness and dysfunction that has existed in the SPLM/A since its inception (Elhag Paul) because the people of South Sudan must have a full discussion about the good, the bad, the evil and the counterfeit as they relate to federalism for South Sudan and the good, the bad and the evil about a so-called liberation movement.

Difference between Equatoria & Riek Machar call for federalism in South Sudan
SPLM, a curse to South Sudan

The world community has commissioned IGAD to get the SPLM in government and SPLM in opposition or whatever the corrosive oligopoly calls itself to desist from committing genocide against the defenseless masses of South Sudan. However that mandate is not a carte blanche to collude with the murderers by handing over the country back to them! It is not free rein to scheme with the so-called liberators of South Sudan so that the criminal gang can be re-imposed on the anguished masses of South Sudan. The oligopoly needs to be brought to book for crimes against humanity not rewarded by IGAD for violence and their homicidal culture. The felonious oligopoly has a twisted understanding of the difference between freedom fighters, mercenaries and a criminal gang and its members need to decide which of the three their organization is because it cannot be all of the above simultaneously! Actual freedom fighters do not expect to be paid or rewarded for their principled stand against injustice. Mercenaries expect to be remunerated for their services but they understand that they cannot just help themselves to a country’s coffers or make hare-brained statements like “we are born to rule over you” and “we liberated you so we can do with you as we wish” without being “kicked in the arse”. Criminals on the other hand understand that their dark “underworld” is constantly under surveillance and when they are caught, they are “kicked in the arse”.

If IGAD is unable to discern that the genocidal SPLM cum SPLA oligopoly operates by the rules of the military and it needs to be “commanded” to stop fighting and not negotiated with, the organization should consult with John Kerry who as a former military officer understood that the oligopoly would obey his orders as a superior and successfully “ordered” Kiir and Machar to sign a cessation of hostilities agreement between the two of them on May 9, 2014. Otherwise IGAD should relinquish its role to the eminent persons proposed in the letter dated June 19, 2014 addressed to Mr Barack Hussein Obama, President of the United States of America, the Rt. Honourable David Cameron MP, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Ms. Erna Solberg, Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Norway copied to Ms Kosazana Dalamini Zuma, President of African Union as well as the Chairman of IGAD asking for their urgent intervention in the South Sudan carnage.

Time for actual solutions for South Sudan: Replace IGAD with eminent persons at once!
Letter from Diaspora ambassadors dated June 19, 2014

As the purported IGAD led peace talks reopen after being shut down because of IGAD's incompetence, the masses of South Sudan will be watching very closely while reserving the right to pursue legal action for negligence. “Slapping together” a lousy so-called government of national unity that constitutes the genocidal SPLM cum SPLA oligopoly in any of its variations to meet a deadline after squandering time and refusing to listen to the wishes of the masses of South Sudan is aiding and abetting a crime against humanity! IGAD will have blood on its hands if it insists on “patching up” the genocidal SPLM cum SPLA oligopoly and handing over South Sudan to the criminal ring! Treating South Sudan and its rich resources like proceeds of war and stolen goods to be divided among the SPLM cum SPLA criminals while the wishes of the victims of the crime who are the suffering masses of South Sudan are ignored by all of Kiir, Machar and IGAD is culpable.

If IGAD didn't ignore the masses of South Sudan, it would discern that the most immediate item on their minds is to use all legal means possible to force Kiir to step down from his failed presidency so that a more competent and civilized leader or leaders recommended by the masses of South Sudan can take control of South Sudan immediately. With the categorical failure of IGAD to restore peace in South Sudan, the buck must now be passed onto the United Nations Security Council notwithstanding resumption of the so-called peace talks. What the world body does to stop Kiir from continuing to murder the masses of South Sudan so that a select group of his Dinka tribe and their foreign co-conspirators can continue to wreak havoc in South Sudan and plunder the country’s rich oil and mineral resources to their covetous hearts’ content will prove once and for all if the United Nations has the wherewithal to do what it was created to do, maintaining international peace and security and protecting civilians from being murdered in cold blood.

The suffering masses of South Sudan will prevail over the bloody guns and rise to become models for the rest of Africa. As President Barack Obama proclaimed during his presidential campaign, “Yes we can!”

Coming soon:
Conversations with Lawyer and Politician Peter Sule about a Blueprint for South Sudan

Margaret Akulia is co-author of the sequel Idi Amin: Hero or Villain? His son Jaffar Amin and other people speak. She brings to the South Sudan dialogue a multidisciplinary professional background including but not limited to “grassroots activism”.

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