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Editorial: To achieve peace in South Sudan IGAD talks must be diversified

By Elhag Paul

April 4, 2015 (SSNA) -- The collapse of South Sudan’s peace talks in Addis Ababa under the mediation of IGAD on 6th March 2015 comes with mixed emotions.  The failure in reaching peace is painful because it means the suffering and the senseless war will continue further laying waste to the resources of South Sudan including its people.  On the other hand the failure may be a blessing in disguise to allow a genuine process under an impartial body (not IGAD) to deal with the real problem of South Sudan which is the diversification of power and holding the SPLM to account.

The failed IGAD talks erroneously preferred to again concentrate power in the hands of the SPLM, a criminal organisation, to the exclusion of all other stakeholders in the country.  Although its 9th May 2014 agreement clearly and rightly so opted for an inclusive approach.  Breaching its own brokered agreement, IGAD deliberately set out to sex-out all the other stakeholders from the peace talks in favour of the SPLM-IG and SPLM-IO.  Basically South Sudan and its people have been reduced to the property of SPLM.

Some of IGAD’s tactics for disenfranchising the people of South Sudan were very crude.  For example, it invited the representatives of other political parties and civil society groups to Addis Ababa for the talks.  Then it denies these groups of their per diem and travel expenses ensuring their expenses were impossible to meet.  On the other hand it pays the delegates of SPLM-IG and SPLM-IO thousands of dollars of per deim creating an unequal level playing field.  Even things like stationery and support services for preparation of documents were denied to the others.

It is in this  Dr Riek Machar's advocacy of the exclusion of the South Sudanese people represented by the other political parties and the civil society groups, that Dr Riek Machar decimally failed the test of being a democrat. In playing such a negative role, Riek just proved beyond doubt that he is not to be believed and trusted at alll.  He is not better than President Salva Kiir.  Please see, ‘Like a leopard cannot change its spots, Machar cannot change’  http://allafrica.com/stories/201408080562.html

President Kiir and Riek with the support of IGAD were bent on amassing power to themselves repeating the grave mistakes committed during the negotiations of Comprehensive Peace Agreement of 2005.  The concentration of power in the SPLM then translated into creation of two dominant powerful tribes which is to the detriment of the country.  Now these tribes are fighting it out using the state's machinery and resources for a monopoly of power in the new country.  The leaked report of the African Union Commission of Inquiry in South Sudan (AUCISS) argues correctly that the CPA was responsible for the “creation of unchallenged armed power” in South Sudan.  Without doubt this is the problem of South Sudan and IGAD wanting to repeat the mistake it did a decade ago beggars belief.  This is why the collapse of the IGAD peace talks may be a blessing in disguise.

Given the grand theft of public resources, the cleansing of the Nuer and the lawlessness of the tribal government in Juba, power of the state of South Sudan must be diversified if any meaningful peace is to be attained.  The failure of IGAD talks offers a golden chance for democracy to be appropriately built into the system that emerges after any peace talks, this is to be negotiated under any body taking the process over.  Thus it is critically important for the IGAD agreement of 9th May 2014 to be revived by the new body taking the talks over.  All the stakeholders must be part of the talks to ensure diversification of the state power to the rest of the country.

[Truth hurts but it is also liberating]

The author can be reached at This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Editorial: Looming Corruption in the Ministry of Roads and Bridges

By John Samuel

Boum Makur: A Civil Engineer at the Ministry of Roads and Bridges

Juba, April 8, 2015 (SSNA) -- It is embarrassing to assign a Civil Engineer with inadequate experiences and without proper academic qualification to supervise the construction of roads in (4) four states of Bahr el Ghazal region. Boum Makur has entrenched a strong Criminal networking in the Ministry of Roads and Bridges. It is advisable to investigate corruption established by this self-proclaimed Consultant Engineer. Everyone is disappointed to see this looming corruption in this useful infrastructure Ministry. Government is wasting million of USD to maintain the roads in Bhar el Ghazal yearly.

It was reported that the Managing Director of Eyat for Roads and Bridges purchased a gorgeous house in Omdurman to a functional illiterate called Boum Andrew Makur. The cost of this beautiful building is two Million USD as bribery to him.Eyat also authorized his resident Engineers in Wau to building seven storey building as a part of deal. The reliable sources in Eyat for Road and Bridges revealed to us that Boum was given more than Forty Five Millions South Sudanese Pounds to issue “Fictitious Certificates of Completion” to Eyat. To offer or provide payment in order to persuade someone with a responsibility to betray that responsibility is known as seeking Undue influence over that person's actions. When someone with power seeks payment in exchange for certain actions, that person is said to be peddling influence. Regardless of who initiates the deal, both parties to an act of bribery can be found guilty of the crime independently of the other.The Ministry of Road and Bridges has constitutional obligation to sue the so called Eng Boum Makur and Eyat for Road and Bridges to the Court of Law. The engineering design and building of these four houses in Juba cost Eyat 23,000,000 SSP.

It is also imperative to understand that Boum was seriously involved in Wau International Airport scandal with Briefcase Company of Adim Adim. It was reported that Eight (8) Land Cruiser V8 and Thirty Million South Sudanese Pounds were handed over to Boum Makur as bribery to facilitate the process of Contract with Ministry of Transport. I am urging the leadership of the Ministry of Roads and Bridges to review the contract specifications of the Wau international airport and take a necessary legal action against the culprits. We can provide the Ministry with all authenticate documents.

Africa Kongdai Roads, Bridges and Investment Co.Ltd was supposed to construct 153 kilometers road from Aweil – Aroyo. Eng Boum and the Managing Director Lual Aguer agreed to turn this contractor to 320 kilometers. I am urging the legal adviser in the Ministry of Roads and Bridges to reactivate the case and bring these criminals to justice.

The Ministry of Roads and Bridges should investigate the criminal activities of Eng Boum Makur and imprison him. He is tarnishing the image of out Ministry.

Has General Kiir Ever Accomplished Anything?!

By: Luk Kuth Dak

April 7, 2015 (SSNA) -- Watching the crooked South Sudan's so-called legislators extend the life of General Salva Kiir Mayardit's term in office for three more year, as they had a few weeks ago, is enough to make a man despair about the future of this young nation we all hold dear!

You look at the scale of the challenges that we face as a result of more than a decade long of willful destruction of our country, and then you weigh that against lack of vision and the institutionalized tribalism displayed by this regime, you really have to wonder about what warranted the generous extension!

That brings us face-to-face with a simple question: what Salva Kiir has ever accomplished during his tenure in office since the birth of our nation, to deserve an award of such magnitude? The quick answer is, a zero. Indeed, for someone who has spent an entire decade and counting at the helm, Gen. Kiir has absolutely nothing to show for all those, except the cold-blooded massacre of the innocent Nuer civilians; the creation of a Jieeng state, and the legalization of second-class citizens' status for non-Jieeng in South Sudan.

To change course in South Sudan would require a new approach, certainly not more of the same of the divide-and-rule policies mastered by this tyrant, Kiir. And more importantly, the regime change.

Evidently, millions of people around South Sudan who rested their hope on Dr. Riek Machar now find themselves in a lonely island of despair ever since he decided to engage in a nonproductive marathon of negotiations with the regime that made it abundantly clear that it has no intention to resolve the outstanding issues in a peaceful manner.

The trouble is that Dr. Machar, the Chairman and the Commander-in- Chief of the Sudan Peoples' Liberation Movement in Opposition, is taking General Kiir's strengths for granted, which is a strategic failure. Instead of taking advantage of Kiir's isolation by the Western nations, not to mention the UN, Machar has confined the movement at the hands of the so-called IGAD. That strategy didn't work then, and it wouldn't work now, because the IGAD is only interested in getting rich quickly from the revenues they collect from Kiir's regime and the international community at large. Nothing more!

The question is, what could be worse than failure? The quick answer is, false success.

In essence, the logical thing to do when you fail at some endeavor, is to take steps to correct the situation. At the very least, you can learn from the experience and resolve to do better next time around. On the other hand, false success is entirely different in the sense that under its influence, you can think that you are winning when in fact you are losing. By the time you see the need to change, it may be too late.

But it's no too late. There still are a few options and new avenues left to pursue, but from this point on, Machar must take some drastic, positive actions in the behalf of the millions of his followers, one of which is to stand up to Kiir, push him to wall, and more importantly, hit him where it hurts most; his pocket, if you know what I mean!

Luk Kuth Dak is a former anchorman at Juba radio. He writes for a wide range of newspapers. Hit me at This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

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