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Thursday, Apr 24th, 2014

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Why President Salva kiir Must Leave Power: The Inside Story of the Meltdown of President Salva Kiir’s Regime and Collapsed

By Oyet Nathaniel Pierino

March 24, 2014 (SSNA) -- What we see today as political crisis in South Sudan did not start today or yesterday. It is a culmination of many political events and leadership blunders, in political and military arena. Miscalculations by President Salva Kiir and his cliques are definitely responsible for stagnation in the political system and now genocide, massive destruction of property and loss of sovereignty of the new republic. President Kiir had been held in hollow high esteem as a man who succeeded Dr. John Garang De Mabior, a great man who fought for the liberation of oppressed people on this planet. While we may not need to recite the terrible sufferings and miseries of our people from the time of slave trade, foreign dominations, wars of liberation ; independence and survival and defense of our dignity.

I am talking of a man who squandered his legacy, legitimacy and now has blood of innocent women and children in his hands. I am always haunted by the worth of victims of massive killings, rapes and torture due to his leadership failures. At the moment, Amnesty International (AI), Human Right Watch (HRW) and UNMISS are investigating locations of at least eight big mass graves around Juba alone. As an eye witness, I do not need to speak more than I have seen. But whatever the case I know deep in my soul that president Kiir and his accomplice will account one day. One can only reap what he has sown.

People should not run away from truth or scratch the surface of South Sudan politics and issues. Truth told in good faith is better than mere and cheap propaganda whose validity can be tested false one day. I had a lot of headache while observing political blunders by a primary four dropout who at a tender age joint Sudan Armed forces military intelligence services, before joining the SPLM/A war in 1983. It is no surprise that despite sitting around Dr. John Garang for more than twenty years president Kiir learnt nothing.

My observations, researches and key informants from both inside and outside the government of South Sudan and Uganda have informed me of President Kiir leadership failures and contributions to the current political crisis beyond reasonable doubts that;

As early as 1993, there were sustained voices inside the SPLM/A ranks and files especially from the quarters of Dinka Bar el Gazel for Cdr. Salva Kiir (most senior) to take over leadership from Dinka Bor; Dr. John Garang. It apparently became clear in 2004 that he heeded to these voices. At the eve of signing the Comprehensive Peace Agreement of 2005, SPLM/A splited into two. One led by Cdr. Salva Kiir surrounded mainly by his military and politicians from Bar el Gazel including those from diaspora and the other remained under Dr. John Garang mainly successful military commanders and educated politicians from all over sections of South Sudan.

There are reports and confessions from inside South Sudan and Uganda government’s security apparatus that the unprecedented 2004 rift between Dr. John and Salva Kiir was a grand strategy and conspiracy aggravated internally by sub ethnic rivalry between the two and externally by geo political forces. In the region, Dr. John Garang’s military and political successes and his charismatic personality was making several leaders uncomfortable and that could not go unchallenged.

Death is a natural phenomenon; people would only be interested in its cause. The ill-fated chopper that crashed Dr. John Garang in the outlaying zone of Kidepo Park was a planned syndicates for the demised of the fallen hero and martyr. The current minister of interior Allieu Ayieny Allieu can bear me witness. While sources from Ugandan security system and associated press personnel indicates details account of how President Museveni conspired with some South Sudanese politicians and world powers to assassinate his childhood friend.

The death of Dr. John Garang on 30th July, 2005 was a relieve to his internal enemies but a great loss to the nation and the world at large. Many Southerners in anger took to the streets of Khartoum and in a matter of one day over 300 people died. There were those who died of heart attack, blood pressure and strokes. This death was the beginning of a long journey of leadership crisis and gradual loss of SPLM/A vision. Late Dr. John use to say “where there is no vision the people perish and where there is no people the vision perish”

Seniority takes precedent in regardless of other factors. President Salva Kiir had to take over and South Sudanese had to let go the pains of the tragedy and the journey to freedom continues. Inside story into the process of succession indicates that when all the top senior commanders of the SPLM/A gathered in New Sites in Eastsern Equatoria state in August, 2005, three most senior figures were prominent in the succession and they were president Kiir, Dr. Riak Machar and Lam Akol Ajawin. Cdr. Kuol Manyang current minister of Defense, known for his ruthlessness and killing nature during the entire life of the SPLM/A struggle broke the deadlock by pulling out his pistol and pointed at President Salva Kiir to take the chair immediately charging that it belonged to no one else.

President Kiir was to lead his equals and seniors (in other aspects). Late John Garang had formed his government of Southern Sudan shortly before he died. In a first move to consolidate his power, President Kiir dissolved that government and formed a new one. It was from this moment that the current leadership crisis became clearly manifest.

President Kiir started sidelining his long time war survivors and war colleagues and comrades. The forces behind the early voices suggesting Cdr. Kiir should overthrow Cdr. Dr. John Garang were manifested and surrounded him and for the first time phrases like Garang boys, Garang orphans, loss boys basically Dinka Bor Diasporas, nyam-nyam and Muony dor both referring to a non dinka especially equatorians people, Muony jiang mythical dinka word meaning born to rule or husband of others, were used. Others were branded as cowards, did not fight the SPLM/A war, others as minority while the dinka were the majority and the tendency to promote cultural and ethnic purity making it difficult to coexist and marry across ethnic divides especially from dinka. Many inter marriage between dinka and non dinka became problematic and disastrous including that of the daughter of president Kiir in 2011 with the Ethiopian man. Another problematic case was the castration of a poor Ugandan businessman in jebel who was making love with a dinka girl. These social vices may look simple but they cause rift, bitterness, and rejection with far reaching consequences in society.

From 2005, one to two years down the road, there were growing frustrations with the leadership of President Salva Kiir. The first Garang boy to get frustrated and give up on the leadership failure of President Kiir was Hon. Nhial Deng. He resigned from Kiir’s government in 2007 and went to exile in Germany. Hon. Nhial Deng the first minister of Regional Cooperation though from dinka Bar el Gazel, his proximity to late Dr. John Garang was enough to alienate him. Hon. Nhial got frustrated when he could fix an appointment to see the president but could be denied or waits for weeks. This shows the level of power the forces around the president had throughout his leadership. At this stage, the question of who was a Nuer and who was not was at a latent stage.

It is clear from revelations from international financial institutions and system that this group of the president were not only concern will power but wealth also. By 2010, the government of president Kiir had stolen over 4.2 billion USD from state coffers. The government auditors under Prof. Stephen Wondu, failed to balance government cash sheets of 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, and 2009. The major and big stories of corruptions which some of my friends from East Africa described as theft or looting of the state were; Dura saga in which over 500 million USD was stolen; Fula Dam project fund got repatriated abroad; Cases of money laundering in the USA, Europe and Australia were intercepted; Members of executive purchased houses and build estates in foreign countries with stolen funds. Some have estate with up to 100 houses; Coffin saga: in which members or executive attempted to smuggle money in a wooden coffin. Water tankers saga: in which members of the executive attempted to smuggle money in a water tank vehicle. In one clear case of corrupt practices and lifestyle was a competitive marriage in Bar el Gazel using money. Customarily, the dinka and the nuer pay dowry using cattle. But this contentious marriage by SPLM state secretary and another prospector in Bar el Gazel was by use of money. That the SPLM state secretary a son of a very senior member of the government in Juba out marched his competitor by carrying a big bank wooden case of 100 SSP notes and spread it all over the compound of his in-law so much so that it was like a large carpet on the compound.

When the donors and other South Sudanese politicians asked for accountability, it became impossible even when the president declared zero tolerant on corruption because blood was thicker than water. Perhaps the only accountability that could be seen at personal level of those who looted the states includes the petrol stations being managed now by the Somalis in Juba, the ABMC of the president, the locally owned big hotels in Juba, the 100 house estates in Kenya, the big shares in Ugandan and kenyan based companies and banks e.g. Mukwano, Bata, etc. The micro banks and forexs owned by South Sudanese in Juba and elsewhere in the country. The big trucks procured for repatriation but ended up in the hands of individual. Not to mention land grabs Etc.     

By 2008, it became clear that other South Sudanese would no longer live with the grave cases of abuse of power and state authority. Clear headed figures like Lam Akol, and Dr. Riak etc were already at unease. The SPLM National Convention was held under very tense political temperature but compromise was reached when leaders put their differences aside because of threats from National Congress Party and other northern Sudan political forces. So that in 2010 elections Dr. Riak Machar accepted to be a running mate of president Kiir this was of course a marriage of convenience. The two men were fundamentally different in level of education, aptitude, political qualities and ethnicity etc. Both were products of bitter South Sudanese history marred with lack of trust among leaders, lack of reconciliation and healings, but were ready to serve the nation at the time most needed.

It was clear that the long running suspicions among the dinka elites especially from Bar el Gazel of the impending loss of power from their hands was noticeable and hence the needs to consolidate, and defend it and the current political crisis I say is just a recipe of this reality. Originally, the dinka thought that the greatest threats to their power would come from Equatoria region but because the later lacks political leadership and stamina, that fear disappeared. Political activities in Equatoria centred around the needs to guard against land grab, loss of dignity, further marginalization by the dinka-led regime, domination, effectively president Salva Kiir marginalized the Equatorians by alienating them from political appointments and constitutional post, their promotion and representations in the security sector including the armed forces under the pretext that they did not fight the SPLM/A wars and took refuge in neighbouring countries. 

As the reality of independence was at hand, president Kiir flew to Kampala in 2010 to meet president Museveni allegedly to discuss issues related to security and political cooperation. Sources inside Uganda’s state house indicate that the talks were dominated by discussions on threats to each other’s regimes and how to counter them. Incidentally, president Kiir outlined two sources of grave threats to his power as coming from first and foremost the Nuer ethnic group and the other Equatoria region. But the later was a soft and a mild one. And that the problem in his SPLM/A was because of Dr. Riak Machar presence who commanded significant loyalty there. President Museveni’s immediate problem was winning elections. At the end of the meeting, promises were made of each other’s protections and supports. In the weeks and months that followed this meeting, closer cooperation of political and security apparatus of the two regimes were evident so much so that the renegade Gen. George Athor was lured to Kampala by Uganda’s security was murdered in cold blood in his hotel room along Entebbe road in Kampala and his body was flown and dumped in Morobo County of central Equatoria state. While during the presidential elections campaign in Uganda, president Kiir dispatch a team of five inner cycles of state house operatives mosly his close relatives with money worth 700 million USD to finance president Museveni re-elections. It was partly this money that was responsible for stagflation in Uganda in late 2010 and first quarter of 2011 that triggered street demonstrations, code named “walk to work” by the Uganda’s opposition political forces and activists.

Who knew that perhaps the declaration of independence was going to be done without national constitution? The battle for what type of government, and what nature of constitution among regional political forces was drawn. The president as a way of protecting his power, managed to get away with unitary centralized system of government with excessive powers vested in him to dismiss and appoint replacements to elected officials amidst resentments and disenchantment by politicians. Hon. James Wani, the then speaker of parliament who drew the battle line in parliament almost lost his life when a plan car crash was organized for him by the president had he not dodged the route he was to take. Finally on the 7th July, 2011 the lopsided pigeon hole constitution was hurriedly passed fearing that failure of which would result into no recognition of the new state by the international community. By the provision of this constitution, the president would pronounce decree at anything including preventing one from movement or making speech etc. By 2013, the number of decrees pronounced by the president had surpassed the number of articles of the constitution and Acts of parliament combined.

After independence, what was long being said by Khartoum regimes that Southerners would never rule themselves if given self rule was becoming a reality under the leadership of President Salva Kiir. He very quickly changed his leadership style to a fascist and terrible dictator. He started by expelling the UNMISS human right boss, silencing journalist and crack down on press, late Isaiah Abraham; a prominent blogger was murdered by elements from national security, he re-activated the infamous torture and killing chamber called white house in Juba where his presidential tiger division is based. Within two years he had changed two governments. He abandoned his colleagues and comrade in the SPLM/A and sought for advised from president Museveni of Uganda on daily basis and most of this advices were against his comrade. He reduced himself to a more or less governor of a republic. Perhaps the president was misled by president Museveni’s flatter of his political opponents in Uganda when he stated in 2012 that he was an expert and a consultant on good and bad governance.

In 2012, president Kiir mistakenly dismissed over 189 senior SPLA officers. He was lately reminded that most of those he dismissed were from dinka Bar el Gazel. Feeling that he was losing control of one of the vital instruments of power, he sought to recruit private army to protect his government. With the help of governor of Northern Bar el Gazel state, Paul Malong Awan, and Awen Akoth former deputy speaker of South Sudan Legislative Assembly, he raised and trained 13,000 militias most of whom were children. They were trained in a camp called Kampala One amidst resistance and protest from the SPLA leadership, UNMISS child protection unit, DDR Unit, the USA and United Kingdom defense attachés.

Nobody knows what short of training and orientations these militias received from Kampala one under the Ugandan instructors. But one would make an accurate guest by the level of their destructiveness and killing nature without regards for the love of the country and its people. They were not under the main command and control of the SPLA mainstream. When the crisis of the 15th December, 2013 broke out, on the 16th, 17th, and 18th December, 2013, these kids could be seen three on new motorcycles allegedly distributed to them by the government to hunt down the nuer ethnic group. They criss-crossed Juba city searching door to door. This led to genocide and massive destructions of property and provoked revenge killings. In Juba, there was total breakdown of security system. Guns depot broken in Bilpam the military headquarters was broken by Lt. Gen. Malual Ayom, the SPLA DCOGS for Administration. These guns were distributed to civilian from dinka ethnicity especially from Bar el Gazel. Gun shots were being heard all over Juba and the target was Nuer people. In a matter of three days, the Nuer in Juba were cleared and survivors took shelter in UNMISS compound leaving behind their homes and property. Widespread looting and destructions of Nuer villages and homes in Juba was the order of the time by their dinka counterpart. In Juba up to date be a nuer is a crime and warrant death sentence. Targeted killings on ethnic lines and destructions of property. At the height of it all, the president also personally affected by the scale of the death and destructions, confessed that his youth from dinka Bar el Gazel should then stop killing civilians in Juba in the name of protecting his power and government. (said during Kiir Red Army Foundation anniversary celebration address) 

President Salva Kiir thought that in annihilating the nuer he was eliminating his political opponents once and for all before he turns to the Equatorians. But if the fear was from personality like Dr. Riak Machar why kill innocent women and children in their houses. A soldier from Equatoria confessed to me that in nuer dominated miya Osaba village he was astonished by the ruthlessness of president Kiir’s militia and the SPLA, he saw a multitude of nuer mostly women and children some holding their hands together with their young ones being led away to be killed in one of the killing camps. There was nothing he could, but only to resign from the army and went to the village.

President Kiir would have avoided all these miseries. First of all he has a soft spirit. At least I have seen the president weeps more than four times in public as he makes public speech. He looks a jolly man but how he could degenerate to this level of savagery is beyond comprehension. I am reminded that the problem is not only the personality of the president, but a system he nurtured and the people who now hold high places not only in his national government but also the states government throughout the country. Look at snap shot of president Kiir’s line up of appointments;   

List of SPLM Political Bureau Members

No.

Name

Position

State

Tribe

1.

Cde. Salva Kiir Mayardit

Chairman

Warrap

Dinka

2.

Dr. Riek Machar Teny

1st Vice Chairman

Unity

Nuer

3.

Cde. James Wani Igga

2nd Vice Chairman

Central Equatoria

Bari

4.

Cde. Malik Agar

3rd Vice Chairman

Blue Nile

Funj

5.

Cde. Pagan Amum Ukec

Secretary General

Upper Nile

Shilluk

6.

Dr. Ann Itto

Deputy Secretary General for Southern Sector

Eastern Equatoria

Madi

7.

Cde. Yasir Saed Arman

Deputy Secretary General for Northern Sector

Northerner

Khartoum

8.

Cde. Daniel Awet Akot

Member

Lakes

Dinka

9.

Cde. Kuol Manyang Juuk

Member

Jonglei

Dinka

10.

Cde. Rebecca Nyandeng de Mabior

Member

Jonglei

Dinka

11.

Cde. John Luk Jok

Member

Jonglei

Nuer

12.

Cde. Jamie Nunu Komba

Member

W. Equatoria

Zande

13.

Cde. Mark Nyipuoc Obong

Member

W. Bahr El Gazal

Jurchol

14.

Cde. Clement Wani Konga

Member

C. Equatoria

Mundari

15.

Cde. Alisio Emore Ojatuk

Member

E. Equatoria

Lotuka

16.

Cde. Taban Deng Gai

Member

Unity

Nuer

17.

Cde, Paul Mayom Akec

Member

Lakes

Dinka

18.

Cde. Awut Deng Acuil

Member

Warrap

Dinka

19.

Cde. Akol Paul

Member

Warrap

Dinka

20.

Cde. Deng Alor Kuol

Member

Abyei

Dinka

21.

Cde. Nhial Deng Nhial

Member

Warrap

Dinka

22.

Cde. (Late) Samson Kwaji

Member

C. Equatoria

Pajulu

23.

Cde. Paul Malong Awan

Member

N. Bahr El-Gazal

Dinka

24.

Cde. Lual Diing Wol

Member

N. Bahr El- Gazal

Dinka

25.

Cde. Abdul Aziz Adam El Allawe

Member

Nuba Mountains

Nuba

 List of GOSS Presidential Advisors:

 

S/No.

 

Name

 

Position

 

State

 

Region

 

Tribe

1.

Fr. Pio Kuac

Religious Affairs

Upper Nile

G. Equatoria

Shilluk

2.

Mr. John Kong Nyuon 

Security Affairs

Jonglei

G. Upper Nile

Nuer

3.

Dr. Joseph Nguen M.

Social Service

Unity

G. Upper Nile

Nuer

4.

Mr. Kennedy Kayin 

Peace and Reconciliation

Jonglei

G. Upper Nile

Murle

5.

Mr. Kong Kong Bol

Border Conflicts Resolution

Unity  

G. Upper Nile

Nuer

6.

Mr. Alfred Lado Gore

Diplomacy 

C. Equatoria

G. Equatoria

Bari

7.

Mr. Tor Deng Mawien

Decentralization & Inter-Governmental Linkage

Warrap

G. Bahr El- Gazal

Dinka

8.

 Madam Rebecca  Nyandeng de-Mabior

Gender& Human Rights

Jonglei

G. Upper Nile

Dinka

9.

Mr. Lual Diing Wol

Political Affairs

N. Bhar El-Ghazal

G. Bhar El-Ghazal

Dinka

10.

Mr. Joseph Lagu Yanga

 Special Advisor

E. Quatoria

 G. Equatoria

Madi

11.

Mr. Telar Ring Deng

Legal Advisor

Lakes

G. Bahr El-Gazal

Dinka

12.

Lt. Gen. Salva Mathok Geng

Advisor on SPLA Affairs

Warrap

G. Bhar El-Gazal

Dinka

13.

Steven Madut Bak

Regional Cooperation Affairs

Warrap

G. Bahr El-Gazal

Dinka

14.

Cornillo Befo

Monitoring and Integrity in Governance

C. Equatoria

G. Equatoria

Bari

List of GOSS Ministers:

 

S/No.

 

Name

 

Ministry  

 

State

 

Region

 

Tribe

1.

 Mr. Kosti Manibi   

Cabinet Affairs  

Western Equatoria

G. Equatoria

Moru

2.

Dr. Cirino Hiteng

Presidential  Affairs

Eastern Equatoria

G. Equatoria

Lotuka

3.

Mr. Nhial Deng Nhial    

SPLA & Veteran Affairs

Warrap

G. Bhar El-Ghazal

Dinka

4.

Mr. Gier Chuang Aluong

Internal  Affairs

Jonglei

G. Upper Nile

Dinka

5.

Mr. David Deng Athorbei

Finance & Economic Planning 

Lakes

G. Bhar El-Ghazal

Dinka

6.

Dr. Barnaba Marial Benjamin

Information

Jonglei

G. Upper Nile

Nuer

7.

Mr. Michael Makuei Lueth  

Parliamentary Affairs

Jonglei

G. Upper Nile

Dinka

8.

Mr. Madut Biar Yiel

Telecommunication and Postal Services

N. Bahr El-Gazal

G. Bahr El-Gazal

Dinka

9.

Mrs. Nyanlok Tiong Garluak 

  Animal Recourses and Fishers

Unity

G. Equatoria

Nuer

10.

Mrs. Awut Deng Achuil 

Labour, and Public Service.

Warrap

G. Bhar El-Ghazal

Dinka

11.

Mr. Lino Makana

Transports and Road

W. Equatoria

G. Equatoria

Zande

12.

Mrs Jamie Nunu Komba

Housing & Physical Planning

W. Equatoria

G. Equatoria

Zande

13.

Dr. Ann Ito

Agriculture & Forestry

E. Equatoria

G. Equatoria

Madi

14.

Mr. John Luk Jok

Legal Affairs & Constitutional Development

Jonglei

G. Upper Nile

Nuer

15.

Dr. Luka Manoja

Health

C. Equatoria

G. Equatoria

Bari

16.

Ms. Agnes Losuba

Gender, Social Welfare& Religious Affairs

Central E. State

G. Equatoria

Kakwa

17.

Mr. Stephen Dhieu

Commerce & Industry

Upper Nile

G. Upper Nile

Dinka

18.

Mr. Deng Alor Kuol

Regional Cooperation

Abyei

Abyei

Dinka

19.

Mr. Garang Diing Akuong

Energy & Mining

N. Bhar El Gazal

G. Bhar El Gazal

Dinka

20.

Jemmy Lemi Milla (late)

 

Cooperatives & Rural Develop.

C. Equatoria

G. Equatoria

Pajulu

21.

Dr. Michael Mille Hussien

Education

W. Bahr El-Gazal

G. Bahr El-Gazal

Fertit

22.

Mr. Gabriel Changson Chang

Culture & Heritage

Upper Nile

G. Upper Nile

Nuer

23.

Lt. Gen. Oyay Deng Ajak

Investment

Upper Nile

G. Upper Nile

Shilluk

24.

Mr. Abdallah Albert

Wildelife Conservation & Tourism

E. Equatoria

G; Equatoria

Abakaya

25.

 

Environment

 

 

 

26.

Mr. Joseph Ukel

Higher Education, Science & Technology

W. Bahr El-Gazel

G. Bahr El-Gazal

Jurchol

27.

Mr. Makuach Teny Yok

Youth, Sports & Recreation

Unity

G. Upper Nile

Nuer

28.

Mr. James Kok Ruai

Humanitarian Affairs & Disaster Management

Jonglei

G. Upper Nile

Nuer

29.

Mr. Paul Mayom Akec

Water Resources & Irrigation

Lakes

G. Bahr El-Gazal

Dinka

30.

Mr. Pagan Amum Ukac

Peace & CPA Affairs

Upper Nile

G. Upper Nile

Shilluk

31.

Mary Jervas Yak

Human Resource Development

Warrap

G. Bahr El-Gazal

Dinka

List of GOSS Independent Commissions and Chambers:

 

S/No.

 

Name

 

Commission

 

State

 

Region

 

Tribe

1.

 Dr. Pauline Riak

Anti-corruption 

Lakes

G. Bhar El-Ghazal

Dinka

2.

Dr. Deng Dongring 

Public Grievances Chamber

Warrap

G. Bhar El-Ghazal

Dinka

3.

Mr. Steven Wondu

Auditor Chamber 

C. Equatoria

G. Equatoria

Kuku

4.

Rev. William Chan

Relief & Rehabilitation 

Warrap

G. Bahr El Gazal

Dinka

5.

Mr. Jurkuc Barac  

De-mining Authority

Jonglei

G. Upper Nile

Dinka

6.

Mr. Peter Guang Akiech

Peace & Reconciliation 

Upper Nile

G. Upper Nile

Shilluk

7.

Mr. William Deng Deng

Demobilization, Disarmament Reintegration  

Warrap

G. Bhar El-Ghazal

Dinka

8.

Dr. Bellario Ahoy Ngong

HIV/AIDS 

N. Bhar El-Ghazal

G. Bhar El-Ghazal

Lotuka

10.

Mr. Isaiah Chol Aruai 

Census, Statistic and Evaluation 

Jonglei

G. Upper Nile

Dinka

11.

Mr Lawrence Korbandy

Human Rights 

W. Equatoria

G. Equatoria

Moru

12.

Alikaya Aligo Samson

Reconstruction and Development Fund

C. Equatoria

G. Equatoria

Kakwa

13.

Mrs Philister Baya Lawiri

Civil service

E. Equatoria

G. Equatoria

Lokoro

14.

Mr. Robert Lado Loki

Land Commission

Central Equatoria

G. Equatoria

Kakwa

15.

Mr. Dhiou Mathok

Employees Justice Chamber

N. Bahr El-Gazal

G. Bhar El –Gazal

Dinka

16.

Mr. Ben Robin Oduho

War disable, Widow & Orphans

E. Equatoria

G. Equatoria

Lotuka

17.

Prof. Ajuoi Magot Chol

Southern Electricity Corporation 

Jonglei

G. Upper Nile

Dinka

18.

Mr. Gabriel Mathiang Rok

Southern Sudan Fiscal, Financial Allocation & Monitoring

Lakes

G. Bahr El-Gazal

Dinka

19.

Mr. Kawach Makuei

War Veterans

N. Bahr El-Gazal

G. Bahr El-Gazal

Dinka

20.

Mr. Daniel Deng Lual

Bureau for Community on Small Arms Control

Warrap

G. Bahr El-Gazal

Dinka

21.

Mr. Koak Guok

Local Government Board

Upper Nile

G. Upper Nile

Nuer

List of GOSS Under-secretaries: 

 

S/No.

 

Name

 

Ministry

 

State

 

Tribe

1.

Selvatoria Garang Mabior

Finance and Economic Planning ( Finance)

Warrap

Dinka

2.

Aggrey Tisa Saboni

Finance and Economic Planning ( Planning)

C. Equatoria

Kuku

3.

Elisabeth Manoa Majok

Commerce & Industry

Jonglei

Dinka

4.

William Ater Machiek

Energy and Mining

Lakes

Dinka

5.

Juma Stephen Luga

Telecommunications & Postal  Services

Central Equatoria

Bari

6.

Martin Mou Mou

Education , Science& Technology 

Warrap

Dinka

7.

Dr.Olivia G. Lomoru

Health

E. Equatoria

Lango

8.

Eng. Reymond Pitya

Roads & Transport

Central Equatoria

Bari

9.

Ochan John Bongomin 

Electricity Corporation

E. Equatoria

Acholi

10.

Dr. Daniel Wani

Wildlife Conservation & Tourism

Central Equatria

Bari

11.

Crispin Abugo Paul

Urban Water Corporation

W. Bhar El-Ghazal

 

12.

Eng. Isaac Liabwel C. Yol

Water Resource & Irrigation

Lakes

Dinka

13.

Jaden Emilio

Agriculture and Forestry( Forestry )

Central Equatoria

Pajulu

14.

 

Agriculture and Forestry ( Agriculture)

Warrap

Dinka

15.

Dr. Mokuei Malual

Animal Resources and Fisheries

Warrap

Dinka

16.

Bortel Mori Nyomble

Co-operatives &Rural Development

W.Equatoria

Bari

17.

Mrs Salwa Jebril

President’s Office

Warrap

Dinka

18.

Abdon Agaw

Cabinet Affairs

Jonglei

Dinka

19.

Mark Nyikang Yomon

Southern Sudan Legislative Assembly

Upper Nile

Shilluk

20.

Mrs Rebecca Jashua

Labour, Public service &HRD

Upper Nile

Shilluk

21.

Dr. Julia Aker Duany 

Parliamentary Affairs

Jonglei

Nuer

22.

Mr. Majok Guandong

Regional Co-operation

Jonglei

Nuer

23.

Gordon Soro Yisaya

Local Government Board

Central Equatoria

Bari

28.

Justice. Reuben Madol

Judiciary of Southern Sudan

Warrap

Dinka

29.

Jeremiah Sawaka

Legal Affairs& Constitutional Development

C. Equatoria

Bari

30.

Mrs. Margret Matthew Mathiang  

Gender, Social Welfare& Religious Affairs

Unity

Nuer

31.

Peter Baptist Abaker

Culture & Heritage

W. Bhar El-Ghazal

Balanda

32.

Justice John Wuol Makec

President, Judiciary S. Sudan

Warrap

Dinka

33.

Justice Chan Rech Madut

Vice President, Judiciary SS

Warrap

Dinka

34.

Mr. Elijah Malok Deng

President, Bank of S. Sudan

Jonglei

Dinka

35

Mr. Cornelio Koryom

Vice President, BOSS

Warrap

Dinka

36.

Mr. Jok Madut Jok

Youth & Sport

 

Dinka

37.

Mr. Michael George Garang

Information

Jonglei

Dinka

38.

Mr. Ambassador Moh Ajang

Humanitarian Affairs

Upper Nile

Dinka

39.

Mrs Beatrice

Peace & CPA Implementation

C. Equatoria

Kakwa

40.

Mr. Akuei

Investment

Jonglei

Dinka

 List of Senior Officers of the SPLA, Internal Security and other Security Organs: 

No.

Name

Position

State

Tribe

1.

1st Lt. Gen. James Hoth Mai

Chief of General Staff SPLA

Upper Nile

Nuer

2.

Lt. Gen. Ping Deng Majok

Deputy Chief of Staff for Administration & Finance

Abyei

Dinka

3.

Lt. General Deng Wek

Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations

Jonglei

Dinka

4.

Lt. General Biar Atem

Deputy Chief of Staff for Logistics

Jonglei

Dinka

5.

Lt. General Mabuto Mamur

Deputy Chief of Staff for Moral & Political Orientations

Eastern Equatoria

Lotuka

6.

Lt. General Majak Agot

South Sudan National Security Service (Special Branch)

Jonglei

Dinka

7.

1st Lt. Gen. Achuil Tito 

Inspector General Police

Warrap

Dinka

8.

1st Lt. Gen. Agasio A. Tong

Inspector Gen. Prison Service 

Warrap 

Dinka

9.

1st Lt. Gen. Aru Maan Chot

Inspector Gen. Fire Brigade

Jonglei

Dinka

10.

Major General John Lat

Military Intelligence

Lakes

Dinka

11.

Major General Marial Nuor

Public Security

Lakes

Dinka

The list of Special Ambassadors above Grade (1)

 

S/N

 

Name

1-

Mr. Majok Guandon Thiep            -     Nuer                        Jonglei

2-

Dr. Chol Deng Alak                       -     Dinka                      Warrap

3-

Mr. Mohamed Hassan Bakeit       -                          Western Bahr el Ghazal

4-

Mr. Makelele Nyajok                     -  Mundari                  Central Equatoria

5-

Dr. Eluzai Mogga Yokwe              -      Bari                         Central Equatoria

6-

Dr. Akec Khoc Acieu                    -      Dinka                       Jonglei

7-

Mr. Sebit Abbe Alley                     -   Kakwa                     Central Equatoria

 The list of Grade (1) Ambassadors

Presidential Decree No. 19/2012 for the appointment of Grade (1) Ambassadors into the Diplomatic and consular services in the ministry of foreign Affairs and international Cooperation of the Republic of South Sudan

The Ambassadors are: -

 

S/N

 

Name

1-

Mr. Paul Macuei  Malok               -   Dinka                           Lakes

2-

Dr. Andrew Akon Akec Kuol       -   Dinka                           Warrap

3-

Mr. Kuol Alor Kuol                       -  Dinka                           Warrap

The list of Grade (2) Ambassadors

Presidential Decree No. 20/2012 for the appointment of Grade (2) Ambassadors into the Diplomatic and consular service in the ministry of foreign Affairs and international Cooperation of the Republic of South Sudan, 2012 AD

 The Ambassadors are:

S/N

Name

1-

Mr. Anthony Louis Kon  -       Dinka                                      Warrap

2-

Mr. Ajing Adiang Mariik  -      Dinka                                      Warrap

3-

Mr. Alier Deng Rual         -     Dinka                                      Jonglei

4-

Mr. Akuei Bona Malwal    -     Dinka                                      Warrap

5-

Mr. Majak Philemon Majok -  Dinka                                       Lakes

6-

Mr. Baak Valentino Wol      -  Dinka                                      Warrap

7-

Mr. John Andruga Duku      -  Madi                                          EES

8-

Mr. Mariano Deng Ngor      -   Dinka                                     Warrap

9-

Dr. Francis George Nazario -  Acholi                                     EEC

10-

Mr. Joseph Moum Majak     -   Dinka                                     Warrap

11-

Mr. Parmena Makuet Mangar -  Dinka                                   Lakes

12-

Mr. Philip Jada Natana        -    Bari                                       CES

13-

Mr. Arop Deng Kuol             -    Dinka                                    Warrap

14-

Mr. Michael Majok Ayom     -    Dinka                                    Jonglei

15-

Gabriel Gai Riak                  -    Dinka                                    Jonglei

16-

Mr. Bol Wek Agoth               -   Dinka                                    Warrap

17-

Dr. John Gai Yoh                  - Nuer                               Upper Nile

18-

Dr. Daniel Peter Othol          - Chollo                             Upper Nile

19-

Mr. Ezekiel Lol Gathouth      - Nuer                                Upper Nile

20-

Mr. Samuel Luate Lominsuk -  Kuku                              CES

21-

Mr. Awad El Karim Ibrahim Ali - Non-Dinka                   State unknown                      

22-

Mr. Adam Saeed AbuBakr Kabawa -  Non-Dinka          State unknown

23-

Mr. Mustafa Lowoh Walla                                  Western Equatoria

24-

Mr. Aban Yor Yor                   -  Chollo                         Upper Nile

25-

Ms. Sittona Abdalla Osman   – Dinka                           Jonglei

26-

Mr. Pidor Tut Pul                    -  Nuer                            Upper Nile

27-

Mr. James Ernest Onge          -  Acholi                          EES

28-

Mr. Jwokthab Amum Ajak       -  Chollo                          Upper Nile

29-

Mr. Paul Malong Akaro            -   Dinka                         Northern BG

30-

Mr. Deng Deng Nhial               -   Dinka                           Warrap

31-

Mr. Lazaros Akoi Arou             -   Dinka                           Jonglei

32-

Mr. Ruben Marial Benjamin Bil Lual   Nuer                           Jonglei

33-

Abdon Terkoc Matuet              -  Dinka                              Lakes

34-

Mr. James Pitia Morgan           - Kakwa                          Central Equatoria

35-

Mr. Dhanojak Obongo Othow   -  Anuak                             Jonglei

36-

Mr. Jokwen Yukwan Ayiik         -  Chollo                             Upper Nile

37-

Mr. Michael Nyang Jok             -   Dinka                            Jonglei

38-

Mr. Michael Mayiel Chuol          -   Nuer                             Unity

39-

Ms. Abuk Nikonora Manyok       -  Dinka                           Jonglei

40-

Ms. Nyandeng Joshua Dei Wal  -  Nuer                           Upper Nile

41-

Mr. Chol Mawut Unguec Ajonga  – Luo (Jurchol)               Northern BG

42-

Mr. Darius Garang Wol Mabior    -  Dinka                          Northern BG

43-

Mr. Joseph Ayok Ayok                 -  Dinka                          Northern BG

The list of Grade (3) Ambassadors

Presidential Decree No. 21/2012 for the appointment of Grade (3) Ambassadors into the Diplomatic and Consular Services in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and international Cooperation of the Republic of South Sudan 2012

S/N

Name

1-

Mr. Thiik Agoth Giir                        -  Dinka                     Warrap

2-

Mr. Nickson Deng Peter                -   Dinka                     Warrap

3-

Mr. Morris Batali Simon                 - Kakwa           Central Equatoria

4-

Ms. Mary Badoda Francis             -  Dinka                   Northern BG

5-

Mr. Hamilton Michael Lugor           -  Bari                        CES

6-

Mr. Akwoch Daniel Diing                -   Chollo                   Upper Nile

7-

Ms. Jago Arop Yor                         -   Chollo                    Upper Nile

8-

Mr. James Kur Muorwel                 -   Dinka                     Lakes

9-

Ms. Sarah Victor Bol                      -   Dinka                     Warrap

10-

Mr. William Wani Ruben                                          Central Equatoria

11-

Mr. Wol Mayar Ariec                      -  Dinka                     Warrap

12-

Mr. David Buom Choat                   -  Nuer                      Upper Nile

13-

Ms Agnes A.O Oswaha                    Lotuka                   E Equatoria

14-

Mr. Caesar Oliha Yanga                   Lotuka                  E Equatoria

15-

Mr. Garang Garang Diing                -  Dinka                  Northern BG

16-

Mr. Kau Nak Maper                         -   Dinka                  Lakes

17-

Mr. Ambrose Raphael Tamania       - Zande            Western Equatoria

18-

Mr. Kahmis Agar Wol                       -     Dinka                 Warrap

19-

Mr. Hassan Yousif Ngor                   -  Dinka                    Upper Nile

20-

Mr. John Simon Yor Kur                   -  Chollo                    Upper Nile

21-

Mr. Juma Dino Amoi                         - Lotuko          Eastern Equatoria

22-

Mr. Dominique Panthair Mading       -  Dinka                        Lakes

23-

Dr. Riek Puok Riek                           -  Nuer                       Upper Nile

24-

Mr. Martin Kahmis Tabia                   - Zande        Western Equatoria

 

25-

 

Mr. Raphael Nhial Kulang                 -  Dinka                        Lakes

26

27

 

28

 

29

 

30

 

31

 

32

Mr. Kureng Akuei Pac                           Dinka                  Jonglei

Mr. John Samuel Bwogo                      Chollo                   Upper Nile

Mr. Mayen Majak Malou                       Dinka                 Lakes

Mr. Abel Moses Majok                          Dinka                   Lakes

Mr. Gum Dominic Matiok                     Dinka                    Lakes

Mr. Santino Fardol Watod                   Luo (Jurchol)          W. BG

Mr. Christopher Leonardo Jada                                 Central Equatoria

Mr. Sebit Bullen Kamonde                                       Central Equatoria

Ms. Natalina Edward Mou                 Dinka                Warrap

Dr. Mawien Makol Ariik                      Dinka                 Warrap

Ms. Santina Sita Ndefu                                             Western Equatoria

Mr. Akec Chol Ahou                           Dinka                   Jonglei

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SUMMARY

Number of Ambassadors by Tribe:

 

 

Tribe

 

Grade 1

 

Grade 2

 

Grade 3

 

Total

 

Percent

 

Dinka

6

23

19

48

 

53

 

Non-Dinka

5

20

18

43

 

47

 

Total

11

43

37

91

100

Oyet Nathaniel Pierino is a member of the ruling SPLM Party. He is a Political and strategic Analyst, Lecturer, and Head of Department of Political Science at the University of Juba.

Look out Salva Kiir has gone the Egyptian way!

Kiir's government signs a military cooperation agreement with Egypt!

By: Justin Ambago Ramba

March 24, 2014 (SSNA) -- As funny as it looks, no one can under rate Egyptians' role in the historical suppression of our people's aspirations throughout the past couple of centuries.

But the crucial question that begs for an answer is:

“Can the pharaohs possibly come to the aid of this collapsing "Dinkocracy"? And why?

What I don't quite understand is, why is it acceptable for any Dinka led group, organisation or even a bunch of self-seeking individuals to have open deals with the outside world and especially so with the Arabs of Sudan, Egypt, and the Gulf countries and yet the same would have been nationally condemned if it were to be done from non Dinka?

Do not misunderstand me and I am not in any way scared of the Egyptians.

However having a military cooperation with Egypt is a double-edged weapon.

Any Egyptian educated South Sudanese like myself and there are a lot of them, should be worried about any military involvement with this country, to say the least.

When they said president Kiir is vision-less and direction -less, it wasn't a pack of propaganda as the diehard dinkocrats would want it to look like.

I can't help myself laughing to tears when I imagine the kind of jokes these Egyptians could have cracked after those of Kuol Manyang (minister of defense) and Obate Mamur (minister of national security) left, leaving the cheeky and cunning Egyptians to themselves.

“La muaa khaza! eeeh doal"

"walnebi fi hadi shaf haagah"?

“La a ya akhuya. Da ana feiylan kutu shaahed"

“ besi eeh, alnaharda alshaheed ma shafshi haga".

"ya gadaan huma dol kanu alhakuma wala almutamerideen"?

"ya amu wa inta zaalaan leh"

"dol huma huma"

“de ana iftakatahum kulahum mutafmeen”

“mutahmen eeh ya gadaa , de ana leash beulaak del huma huma”

“walla hatah mala alaehum fi al asaa elleyladi mush haeftekir meen feehum ditoo defaa , wa meen ffefum bitoo aamn!”

“dee hagah ghareabah awe”

"aslu elyagilak fi wafd elhakuma elnardah , huwa nafsu yegeelak mutamarid baad shahr"

"Busee baa ah aslu dol endahum aadam istighraar gaamda aawi".

"waanebi dah tab-ah museeba"

"wa Masr zambah eeh"

"huma dol mush lesha aileen huma mush araab. Tayeb ma rahush bitua Ifrikiya leh"?

“ya aamu balash wagaa demaag alfaadhi. Aslu al yagilna dahsh naragaho humaar".

Thank you bank masr.

Dr Justin Ramba is a graduate of Egypt’s most prestigious medical institution – Kasr Alainy School of Human Medicine (in early 1984).

South Sudan: The Politics of Ethnic Identity

By Luel Luak

Ethnic identity as the political identity in South Sudan

March 24, 2014 (SSNA) -- The origination of “The politics of ethnic identity” Started in December 15, 2013, in South Sudan. In reality, Salva kiir Mayardiit initiated the Politics of Ethnic identity, in South Sudan. The reason[s] why? We as the South Sudanese citizens has never been divided politically in ethnic line as such, than the recent crisis in South Sudan. In actuality, we was once divided in 1991 split of the SPLM/A, but it was very much concentrated on the political ideological differences, instead of ethnic political differences. In this recent crisis in South Sudan, Salva kiir action through the concept of “prolonging his presidency”, transformed our national politics into the “Politics of Ethnic identity”, at this particular juncture. For one, restoration of peaceful South Sudan is highly needed, and it will requires tremendous work and tremendous time from all walks of lives within the South Sudanese tribes. We are all South Sudanese; however,  at this point, for us South Sudanese citizens to live in peaceful South Sudan, Salva Kiir Mayardiit “must” step down! We all want peace in South Sudan, for our co-existence as the citizens of this beautiful nation, South Sudan.

In actual fact, the only person that do not want peaceful South Sudan, is Salva kiir Mayardiit, and his few cronies who are the sole beneficiaries of the nation resources. For those who are claiming that President Salva kiir is a “Democratically elected president” and should not removed, are dead wrong! The fundamental reason is that, Kiir ordered his so called, the presidential bodyguards to committing a genocidal move toward the Nuer civilians in Juba, South Sudan. Therefore, kiir has lost the legitimacy to rule the nation of South Sudan. The politics of South Sudan became as the politics of ethnic identity, since tthe Nuer-women, men, and children, were simply killed based on their ethnic identity!   The genocide that had occurred in December 15-20, 2013, is the fundamental reason for General Peter Gat Yak, and the rest of his colleagues to took the rebellion against the government for the slaughtering of the Nuer citizens in Juba, for the sake of their Ethnic identity. Is this the nation we want to live in? The answer is, no! Why did we fought against North Sudan? the simplistic answer is, Injustice! 

In addition, I am not preaching for our nation politics to be seen through the lenses of “Ethnic identity”! However, we must tell the truth and prevent the unexpected like what had happened in Juba South Sudan, to the Nuer women, children, and men, in particular. It is our obligation as the citizens of South Sudan, whether to let the status quo be as it is, or to frame a new political paradigm shift for South Sudan politics. On the other hand, differing politically is a must, and it is unavoidable! This is one thing we all should be bear in mind. For that reason, let us differs politically and solves our political differences through civility instead of the “bullet”......This is the first step Salva kiir should have initiated from the very beginning—solving their differences within the political atmosphere of the SPLM Party through political tolerance.

Coup, or not a coup?

The evidences to provide the “reliability and the validity” of the so called “failed coup attempt” according to the Juba, the Republic of South Sudan, is lacking substantial and concrete evidences to prove their ill-intent alleged coup attempt claim.. Reliable and valid evidences are in need for one to actually concluded that there is such a thing as a coup in  juba, South Sudan. Since the evidences are lacking, therefore, I will not put much concentration on this issue. For further clear up,  “Politicians” do not make coup, only generals in the military do!!  Be the judge to decide!

Political Dichotomy within the SPLM ruling party

The political crisis in South Sudan which was an internal SPLM political crisis, became as the South Sudan political and Military crisis, concurrently. The origination of the SPLM-Political-Dichotomy, originated within the circle of the SPLM Political Elites, when ideals differences occurred internally from the SPLM party. The two opposing ideas originated when Dr. Riek Machar and his Chairman Salva Kiir, differed in how the SPLM, as the ruling party of the nation, should transforms itself into viable democratic party in South Sudan. The differing of the political dichotomy within the SPLM Party became the “cooked up coup” which resulted to be the current crisis in South Sudan. The beauty of politics is to be different politically and philosophically. This is what makes the political arena a great place to be. Our being unlike politically, and philosophically should not be mistaken as being foe toward one another. 

It is the nature of human beings to be different at all times---not only in politics, be it, social life activities, hubbies, and so forth. The political dichotomy within the SPLM Party should have been seen as a positive step since the individuals who are in the SPLM shares the so called SPLM party, but have different ways of moving the SPLM Party forward. The SPLM as a party cannot and will never moved itself forward without those who are in it. Let us remember that, politics is the same as much as Business! The only different between politics and business is that, in politics, Ideas are only sell through persuasion (only in Democratic countries) to the public. In the business world, persuasion is also indeed needed for one to sell his or her products; however, products in business are tangible, in which, ideas in politics are intangible.  Therefore, ideas only becomes tangible whenever we interpreted those ideas and give them concrete meaning to our daily lives. This again, is where the beauty of politics plays a greater role in our lives.

The best example that the SPLM political elites (intelligentsia group) should have looked into is the concept of why we have different “Political Philosophers”? If all political philosophers are alike, there would therefore be no need to study politics. Once again, if all individuals in the same institutions or organizations are alike, there would also be no need for competitiveness for the highest position within the governmental institutions, civil societies, political parties, and so forth. Because we are all different despite our being in the same organization, institution, political party, and so on, this is where the concept of differing ideologically comes in. In conclusion, being different in how one looks at the political life should never be seen as being betrayal to your own party by the same individuals whom you shares the same political party, organization, and etc, with..  However, it should be seen as a part of being human to be different politically, and philosophically in this contemporary political life. 

The author can be reached at This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

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