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Self-centred men who married 50 (fifty) wives are the ones fuelling South Sudan’s conflict

By Gatwech Deng Wal

June 4, 2015 (SSNA) -- Corruptions and crimes such as bribery, embezzlement, nepotism and war plus many more are caused by leaders who have married fifty wives or multi-marriages. Chief of General Staff, Paul Malong Awan and President, Salva Kiir Mayardit are in that circle.

There is no doubt that Paul Malong Awan and Salva Kiir Mayardit are the ones fuelling South Sudan’s conflict. Under their leadership, South Sudan will forever remain divided and thus country instability will never come to an end. This is because their main aim is to feed their families and children, not thinking of the country and its people.

South Sudan’s conflict is not between Nuer and Dinka tribes, it is between interests. Interests of those who wanted to live under chaos, corruptions and oppression leadership and those who want to bring the change of stability, peace and fair justice in the country.

Paul Malong Awan and Salva Kiir Mayardit recruited, trained and equipped their tribal men, that is, Mathiang Anyoors and Gelwengs under the guise of protecting Dinkan’s interest against other South Sudanese tribes. This was not the purpose; however, it was a plan to protect their wealth. Mathiang Anyoors and Gelwengs are innocents. They were misled and deceived with unfolded purpose. Therefore, even if criminal justice needs to be served today, they cannot be guilty or be charged with anything but instrumental offences and accessories. The conflict causers, transgressors and real serial killers are Paul Malong Awan and Salva Kiir Mayardit.

The main concerns of Paul Malong Awan and Salva Kiir Mayardit are their wives and children. They stressed and depressed with their families’ responsibilities, thus, their staying in the leadership is not the aim of leading people but it is the question they always ask themselves with- “who will feed our fifty wives and hundreds of children once we stepped down from the leadership”! Without their families pressure on them, peace should come into place in a minute. This pressure of their families’ feedings will not let the two leaders practice patriotic country’s leadership, rather than pushing down, destroying and leading country and its people on the verge of collapse.

Although international communities such as UK, USA and Norway and the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) countries have wasted their times and resources in order to bring peace in South Sudan, I doubt that peace will prevail, however, unless some wives from Paul Malong Awan and Salva Kiir Mayardit are being divorced.

I felt that what triggered conflict and prevent peace to come in South Sudan are those who have fifty wives or multi-marriages. But what they do not know is that South Sudan is bigger than their families. Even if someone wished death to their families and it happens, South Sudan should still exist. And South Sudan should not be a country if all 64 (sixty-four) tribes perished.

South Sudan is rich in terms of resources – only good management needed from those who call themselves leaders. If its resources are well managed, then the cumbersome situation South Sudanese are now facing should not be in place and everyone can get something little. And those who wanted to destroy the country for their families’ benefits would still survive and live a good life.

The author lives in Australia and he can be reached at This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Projections and analysis on South Sudan Crisis (2013-2015)

By Peter Gai Manyuon

June 2, 2015 (SSNA) -- Absolutely, South Sudan, the world’s youngest nation, is embroiled in a conflict that began as a political dispute but has been intensified by pre-existing ethnic tensions. The number of casualties and refugees is rapidly straining SPLM in government, SPLM in opposition and international humanitarian efforts.

Hence, having contextualized the geo-politics within International System and the political ideology behind the United States involvement indirectly in South Sudan conflict, I would term it as real and absolute interest even though many people sometimes confused by the standing point of US in the ongoing crisis in South Sudan. There has been a lots of agreements  signed between the two Countries regarding how to exploits South Sudanese people which the opposition and government of South Sudan officials are not aware about.

The current crisis that has resulted to current civil war among South Sudanese was an objective of President Salva Kiir and his counterpart Museveni of Uganda, the only dictator in the horn of Eastern Africa region. Most of the people are not inform yet about what has been going on between Uganda government, South Sudan and United States but to other who read different foreign policies and how they are applied in International Arena, you will realize that Americans foreign policy is all about tactical exploitations and Uganda as well.

Surely, for your information, the Uganda People Defense Forces (UPDF) might not return back to Uganda soon due to my own judgment unless otherwise if miracles arises from heavenly God of Universe. Most of Uganda troops die in huge numbers within South Sudan territory as well. It will not be easy for Uganda Government to withdraw troops when most of them have departed to heavenly father. Most Ugandans members of Parliament are always calling for withdrawal of their troops and M7 is very quite due to the fact that, he knows if he accept the withdrawal then his people might question him of the missing numbers of troops.

The agreement between Uganda government and South Sudan is what has destroyed the Republic of South Sudan politically, economically and socially.  

Hence, the crisis that emerged among the top Sudan People Liberation Movement (SPLM) members in 2013 was not emergency as some people assumed but was strategic work plans for five years that was just fulfill in 2013 December after the party members put accusations on the Chairman of the party Comrade Salva Kiir Mayardit and eventually lead to the massacre of Nuer civilians in Juba intentionally by the Dinka Council of elders and their allies.

The strategy of Nuer Massacre was a design tactic and strategy of diving and get what is good for an interest and all these political manipulations culminated from President M7 and Council of Dinka Elders. Culprits or political sycophants who destroyed Government of South Sudan under Comrade Salva Kiir are all from (Bor County) where Kuol Manyang, Makuei Lueth and elements like Brigadier Malaak Ayuen, Philip Aguer might have come from.  All those mentioned personalities are always working for the down fall of President Salva Kiir Mayardit since before Independence of South Sudan in 2011 up to date.

More interestingly, Uganda government deceived Americans by telling them that, sending troops in South Sudan is to control the Genocide and fulfill Humanitarian assistance. Logically what kind of assistance could Uganda people give to South Sudanese?

However, people may have asked what is the interest of United States within South Sudan? The answer is the economic agenda, whereby the Obama administration is trying politically with all momentum for the Unites States oil companies to take the lead in the oil explorations and to control eighty percent (80%) of the economy of South Sudanese indirectly. Are you aware my fellows South Sudanese?

United States foreign policy and foreign aid has been the subject of much debate, praise and criticism both domestically and abroad. Since the crisis of South Sudan emerged in December 2013, most of the United States officials were of the view; the crisis must be end soon. Where is soon they have been talking about?  Who is manipulating peace talks? Who is the double dealer within this current crisis?  Absolutely, Americans people are in position of achieving something!

The foreign policy of America is all about to exploits other countries unknowingly.  Are you informed that a tactical manipulation is what is being use by United States?

The foreign policy of the United States is the way in which it interacts with foreign nations and sets standards of interaction for its organizations, corporations and individual citizens.

The officially stated goals of the foreign policy of the United States, as mentioned in the Foreign Policy Agenda of the U.S. Department of State, are to build and sustain a more democratic, secure, and prosperous world for the benefit of the American people and the international community.

After contextualizing ,  the theory of United States foreign policy agenda, it is very clear that each and every country globally should benefit Americans people indirectly, politically, economically and socially, whether we like it or not.

Surely, United States of American interest in South Sudan is only economic and because of that, the conflict has taken one year and half where most of Americans divided on who to support from President Kiir side and Dr Machar insurgencies. Well the reason why the ongoing conflict is not yet resolve is due to unwillingness from the both opposition and Government of South Sudan for not signing the deal but in other ward, Obama administration is using a delay tactics as well to make what is called “evaluation mechanism” trying to bring person of their interest in to leadership of South Sudan and all these are based on oil revenues that could benefits United States government through their investment initiatives and oil companies. What a disgrace?

Why United States is not pressuring the two warring parties?

The only reason why the war is still going on and will still escalating further is due to United States and Uganda government.

The administration of President Obama have realized that both Dr Riek Machar and General Salva Kiir might not fulfills their interest in one way or the other and therefore lead to withdrawal of the mechanism that was supposed to be use to bring peace in South Sudan.

The solution for peace is in the hand of international Community and their partners but they have observed both Dr Machar and Comrade Salva Kiir will never fulfill the interest of Americans people. Obama Administration is using President M7 of Uganda as the agent who always initiated the Americans interest and that is why he is in the leadership for decades in Uganda. The Democratization and human rights initiatives of US are just word of attractions and persuasion or rhetoric.

Dr Machar is not willing to fulfill the interests of Obama Administration incase if he comes to power since his ideology is all about , reforms and democracy through consultations of public opinions. Americans People don’t see the benefits that they might get if Dr Machar becomes the leader of South Sudanese. Dr Machar having a British background educationally is an issue as well. There are different assumptions that if he becomes he might fulfill the interest of United Kingdom (UK) mostly then United States interest.

International community as well has been in forefront advocating for G10 SPLM Members but afterward, they have realized that, most of the people within the group are the one who stolen the millions of dollars when they were in the government and they have carryout small consultations and  the general public views is very low toward the group.

The Obama administration has not yet identifies the right person to take over from Salva Kiir Administration but identification of who to fulfill the interest of US is becoming another long war that needs good analysis and judgmental mechanism at this time otherwise war will be there for years and years in South Sudan.

The current war of South Sudanese will not end very soon because for International Community to identify their allies within the country will take another two to three years in order for peace to come. Whoever is saying President Kiir and Dr Machar are not willing to bring peace to South Sudan are very wrong.

The problem is with International Community that always organized private meetings among the two groups and whatever they discussed with SPLM in opposition and SPLM in government is totally different.  

Different consultations have been going on between Americans Politicians and Government of South Sudan as well Opposition under the Leadership of Dr Riek Machar but they have not agree up to date and that is why no peace talk for almost a month and let it not surprise audiences if coming roundtable talk will not bring peace in the Country.

The SPLM in Government and SPLM in opposition have not yet realized that they have been misled by the international community.

Only God will bring peace to South Sudanese not International Community. International Community are the very people who are benefiting from the current crisis, different International Organizations including UN agencies got filled up by the International Community in all the working stations within South Sudan, for example in UN POCs  they are the one working, outside they are the one working. Who told you they are looking for peace? Where will they get resources if peace is signed between the two warring parties? The only option for them to survive is to disorganize South Sudanese and exploits the Country resources for their own investments and interests.

The Author is an Independent Journalist and Columnist who has written extensively on the issues of Democratization Processes and Human Rights in South Sudan. He could be contact on www.independentjournalistpgm.wordpress.com or This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

The celebration of the new Pagak County on Wednesday, May 27, 2015

By Lul Gatkuoth Gatluak

May 30, 2015 (SSNA) -- Three weeks ago, an invitation notice was extended and circulated on media, urging sons and daughters of Pagak to attend the commemoration of Pagak promotion to County level which is said to would have taken place in June. One made a plan to attend the function. Unfortunately, on Monday May 25, 2015, cousin Chan Nyak Kuoth, drop me a line communicating the fact that the day celebration supposed to be held has been changed from June to May 27, that change ruined the plan.  

Although one hasn’t made it to attend the celebration of the new county--Pagak, heart, thoughts and feelings are with the people who are physically celebrating. Insightfully, one thought about his paternal uncle who established the town using his own herds as the primary sources for use during that process. The author is also been mindful of all individuals who help in making the establishment of Pagak a reality over the years. Pagak County is located in the eastern-most of South Sudan along Ethiopian border. The area is the home of variety speakers of Nilo-Saharan languages such as the Nuer and Burun/Majangir as well as their Anyuak brothers/sisters on the side of Ethiopia. The Nuer who lives in Pagak County are eastern Jikany branch, consisting of Gaatjaak, Gaatguang and Gaatjiok. These clans are the majority of the Nuer who live in the Upper Nile region of South Sudan.

When Pagak got established in 1988, Gaatjaak were only habitant. The complexity of the social composition of Pagak increased when the SPLM/A follow the citizen who explored the town and make it a training center for new army recruit in 1989----that when other South Sudanese nationalities entered the area. Like many outer-posts, Pagak has for years----remained a remote unreachable jungle village between Zarzar and Lare. Native dwellers who habited this would be the future business center---survive primarily on livestock, cultivation, fishery as well as hunting and gathering. Below is a succinct background story of Pagak, covering the period of its early establishment up to the moment.

How Pagak came of being? The story of Pagak date back to 1970s when late Vincent Kuany Latjor defected from Sudan in 1975 and slipped into the bushes of then Southern Sudan toward Ethiopia. He and his colleagues made contact with the Dergue regime of Mengistu Haile Mariam looking for military assistance. Out of the retaliation of what Sudanese government was doing by supplying Eritrean rebels, Ethiopian authority began to provide liability support and stationed mutineers in a remote camp called Bilpam.  At first, Ethiopia did not provide their food item, which left the group struggled for their own survival. Initially, Kuany became close friend to this author’s paternal uncle who help them wholeheartedly using his own cattle.

In the fall of 1975, Kuany left Bilpam after the area was devastated with heavy flood and stationed in uncle Puok home in Lare. Approximately, he led a group of one to two thousand soldiers. Every week, uncle Puok has to slaughter an ox for them to eat throughout their stay, with the help of the community members, Kuany and his soldiers managed to stay in the community for a period of two months before they went back to Bilpam after Baro water went down.

When SPLM/A took over and Kuany was detained, uncle Puok got no recognition, given that those who took over did not know about his contribution. By the time Vincent Kuany got released in 1988 after SPLM/A cemented its unification with Anyanya-two, Kuany called uncle Puok to visit him in Itang. One remembers Puok took two rams with him to Itang as a gift to Gat-Latjor. Before the end of the visitation, Kuany told Puok to go along with him to meet William Nyuon Bany. It was in that meeting Kuany declared to William Nyuon that, “during our eight years stay in Bilpam, part of our survival comes from this man. Since we have now had gotten plenty of ration from the United Nations, I want you to recognize this man for what he has done.” Then, William asked Puok what would he like to do? Puok told him “I would like to lead my community and establish a town that will serve as the seat of my authority.” Ultimately, William authorized a letter to be written bearing the seal of the SPLM/A. The tone of the letter directed whoever comes to have contact with uncle Puok to respect and comply with the content and the terms of the letter. Basically, the letter described Puok as the head chief of Lare. After Puok went back to Lare, he called general assembly meeting and the letter was read aloud by Hoth Nyamai Ruei who eventually became his secretary assisted by this author.

Shortly, within the fall of 1988, Puok and the group of sympathizers moved to Pilual Donnie, an area previously used as a refugee resettlement center during Anyanya-one era. Three months later, then governor of Gambella region Mr. Thowath Pal Chai, ordered the removal of the town from Pilual Donnie; saying, “Pilual is on the side of Ethiopia territory.” Then Puok relocated the town to Larping currently known as Pagak. The name Pagak is originated to a nearby village which previously occupied by Burun/Majanger before they vacated it in early 1980s and the use of the name Pagak was promoted by Dr. Riek Machar over the name Lerping. I bet he was in a mood of avoiding confusion between Lerping and his home town Leer.  First, the establishment of the town was Vincent Kuany Latjor influence. Kuany was the one who encouraged uncle Puok to explore a town. In 1989-90, then Itang refugee camp coordinator comrade Taban Deng Gai promoted the residency of the town by ordering soldiers to build John Garang house. From that time onward, different personalities contributed one way or another to upgrade the town.

In late 1990s and early 2000, Dr. Riek Machar encouraged citizens anywhere in South Sudan to open airstrips so that commercial airplanes may drop food aid to needy local residents.  Pagak became one of the chosen centers where NGOs has stationed permanently to distribute urgently needed necessity. In 1995, an importance political development took place in Pagak; Dr. Riek came back to town from Addis Ababa after he had traveled to Addis Ababa seeking alliances with NDA after NDA form alliances with SPLM/A John Garang’s faction. When Riek’s quest for joining NDA was rejected and got ordered out of the country by the Ethiopian government, he cross the border and stationed in Pagak one of his headquarters and decided to form alliances with the NIF regime which later on resulted into the signing of a political charter with the government of the Sudan . Hence, the charter that culminated to Khartoum Peace Agreement and inked or signed on 21 April 1997 originated from Pagak deliberation. Currently, story repeat itself, the deliberation of adopting federal system as the form of the governance in South Sudan has again taken place in Pagak. These are historical facts children of Pagak should indubitably be proud of.

When CPA was signed in 2005, Southern Sudan interim government structured the system of governance by establishing five levels of the government i.e.; the country, State, County, Payam and Boma/Buma; Pagak ascended from being just a village to Payam. While the end of the interim period was approaching, many people in various places in South Sudan submitted proposals and grievances to power holders whether from State or National levels demanding more counties. Like others, Pagak citizens demanded that the town should be upgraded from Payam to county but all complaints did not work out. Such demands of creating more counties was put on hold until when the country was plunged to war and find itself in this current disorderly manner.

When Dr. Riek came to Addis Ababa from South Sudan in the first week of May 2014 following the European Union, United Nations and the United States’ pressure to involve high profile leaders in the stagnant peace talks in Addis Ababa Ethiopia, Riek brought with him the idea of adopting the federal system of the governance as the basis of ruling South Sudan once peace has prevailed and attained. Under that proposal, Dr. Riek has recommended that, “former southern Sudan districts under British-Egyptian rule, must be upgraded to State level” the idea had equally invited restructuring and promotion of more Payams to the county level. By the time peace talk broke down in October 2014, IGAD mediators demanded South Sudan warring parties must convene conferences in order to communicate IGAD proposal to their respected constituencies. Out of the SPLM/A-IO convention on December 6, 2015 Pagak and many other Payams were made counties after the function had endorsed Dr. Riek’s proposal of federation.

This past Wednesday on May 27, 2015, sons and daughters of Pagak had converged in the town to celebrate the birth of the new county. It was a well-attended function where joyous participants euphorically sang and ululated. Profoundly, the transformation that is taking place in the political structure of South Sudan under the leadership of Dr. Riek Machar is pioneering given that it has introduced the principle of decentralization under federated units opposing Juba tendency of ruling the country under unitary State where power is vested on the hands of the few people. This well thought restructuring, has to be carried on if we are really aiming of fulfilling our forbearers’ popular demand of federalism since 1947.

In conclusion, one is so grateful to the leadership of the SPLM/A-IO for making much needed transformation of the country. Without doubt, majority of South Sudanese people are yearning for federalism to be adopted as the system of the governance. Federal system unlike the mere centralization Juba dragging its feet of promoting, is a constitutional arrangement in which the sovereignty of the nation is divided between the national, State, county and all local governments. Such arrangement provides stronger degree of autonomy to various levels of the government to fulfill citizens’ need. As the celebration has been concluded, one would lastly appeal to Pagak sons and daughters, to promote spirit of mutual understanding as they are running new county activities. It is now up to us to develop the town. Development does not only mean building bricks, cement or zinc houses. It involves everything including combination of mud, grass and tree houses. In that extend, one would like to urge the commissioner and all his council members to build  (federal republic square, a large center for conferences and public guess house) with wood, grasses and mud; using our women league, youth as well as civil society of Pagak men group. Modern infrastructure institutions will follow once peace has been achieved. Moreover, one would equally urge compatriots in Pagak to avoid being rigid over the land issue. Give land to all NGOS that wish to establish their stay and all SPLM/A-IO various institutions particularly department of education and health, their work will one day remain Pagak future benefit. .Long live the leadership of the SPLM/A-IO, long live the dream of our fore fathers.

May God bless Pagak!!

The author is a political commentator: he should be reach by This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

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