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What is the different between President Kiir and Idi Amin of Uganda?

By Peter Gai Manyuon

April 15, 2014 (SSNA) -- Each and every one globally knows about the genocide that have been carried out in Juba by President Kiir and his loyalists in Sudan people Liberation Army (SPLA) forces lead by James Hoth Mai, Kuol Manyang, Malong Awan and etcetera.

However the killing, raping and torturing that Nuer Society experienced from the hand of “Master Killers” in South Sudan need proper documentation and reviewing yearly by the South Sudanese Intellectuals, Human rights defenders and Independent Journalists as well.

Hence, when you make a comparison of the Rwanda genocide of 1994 and South Sudan genocide of 2013, you will find that, there is a very big different in the numbers of people who were killed within a three days of the 16th,17th and 18th of December 2013 compared to Rwanda. Different reports have emerged from different researchers and it had been acknowledged by the government of South Sudan that, they have committed crimes against humanity. The question is; will President Kiir survive from International Criminal Court (ICC)? Will someone like James Hoth Mai who is a Chief of General staff survive and Kuol Manyang as well?

More so, the places where people were massacred and buried in Mass graves are; Khorwilliam near Gida, Gudele one (1), Gudele two (2), Newsite, Manga, Jabel Kujur Yei road. The innocent citizens who survives in those places will not forget the genocidal of Mayardit and his loyalists who do not care for people lives but eliminating human beings had been their mandates earth since they got the opportunity after the father of the nation Dr John Garang was killed in a tactical calculation by the people who do not want the progress of the South Sudanese.

Nevertheless, we all know that there is another small dictator in the Republic of South Sudan by the name of Kiir Mayardit, who led the South Sudanese from the time when the late Dr John Garang died in a helicopter crash on the 30 of July 2005 up to now. After the missing of the hero between Uganda and New site, many people globally blamed President Museveni of Uganda of having a big hand in the death of the hero who brought the black people from nowhere to somewhere and as well from the big marginalization experienced from North Sudan at that time.

Well; if you reflex on what is happening after the death of the hero Dr John to date, you will find that most of South Sudanese are suffering in bushes, UN Compounds across the Country like if they don’t have a country. What a nation on earth is South Sudan?

History of Idi Amin Dada of Uganda

Idi Amin was a Ugandan president best known for his brutal regime and crimes against humanity while in power from 1971-1979. Idi Amin was a Ugandan president born circa 1925 in Kokobo, West Nile Province, Uganda. He rose within the military from the 1940s through 1970. Amin overthrew the current leader in 1971 and declared himself president, and he remained in power from 1971-1979. During his tenure, he lived a lavish lifestyle while contributing to the collapse of Uganda’s economy. He sought to stay in power at all costs, resulting in extensive human rights violations via mass killings. Overthrown in 1979, he fled to Libya then Saudi Arabia where he died on August 16, 2003. And eventually after his death, (he) Idi Amin was buried in exile due to the crimes against humanity he had committed, where many Ugandans and Indians, Asians got lost in Lake Victoria and many other got burned in the churches in Uganda at that time.

History of President Kiir Mayardit of South Sudan

Salva Kiir Mayardit born 13 September 1951 is a South Sudanese politician who has been President of South Sudan since its independence in 2011. Prior to independence, he was President of the Government of Southern Sudan, as well as First Vice President of Sudan, from 2005 to 2011.

In the late 1960s, Kiir joined the Anyanya in the First Sudanese Civil War. By the time of the 1972 Addis Ababa Agreement, he was a low-ranking officer. In 1983, when Dr John Garang joined an army mutiny he had been sent to put down, Kiir and other Southern leaders joined the rebel Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM) in the second civil war. Dr. Garang De Mabior had advanced military knowledge and experience from both the United States and the Sudan. President Kiir was his Deputy. Kiir eventually rose to head the SPLA, the SPLM's military wing when Dr. John Garang was killed in a helicopter crash. Rumors to remove Kiir from his post as SPLA Chief of Staff in 2004 nearly caused the organization to split in Rumbek where (he) Kiir rebelled and was convene by Dr Machar afterward.

In 2013 December, President Kiir killed good numbers of Nuer Intellectuals in Juba due to what is best known to him where he use his separate military wing that were transported from a deep village in Gogrial and Awiel to eliminate Nuer in particular, and after two days rebellion erupted in the Greater Upper Nile Region. Realistically, what is the different of President Kiir and Amin of Uganda?

More so, in Malakal the Capital of Upper Nile states, many Pastors from Presbyterians Church of South Sudan (PCOSS) were killed in Churches by the forces of the government of South Sudan under the command of Gen Ulony, a notorious Chollo man, who was eventually shot in the throat after Malakal was recaptured by the rebels’ fighters and I think he (Ulony) might be under a serious treatment abroad up to now.

More interestingly, on the 16th of December 2013, President Kiir made announcement on both the electronic and print media, where he said; all civilians should remain indoors without movement in Juba since fighting erupted within the Republican guards; most of the civilians who were massacred thoughts may be nothing will happen since the President of the Republic gave an order to the soldiers not to attack audiences or citizens in their homes. But due to do what has been planed, I think by Malong Awan and some guys within the government of South Sudan, innocent citizens were killed, tortured , women were raped and other were forced to eat human flesh which did not happen in human history worldwide. Logically, could you tell me, President kiir is far from Idi Amin Dada of Uganda?

The author is Independent Journalist and Columnist who had written extensively on the issues of Democratization and Human Rights in South Sudan; you can contact him through; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

President Salva Kiir: Avoids the Impending Judicial Miscarriage

By Gabrial Pager Ajang

April 14, 2014 (SSNA) -- Systematic social-economic and political moral philosophy of humanity is deeply rooted in the concepts of justice. The judicial concept of justice is only construed in a logical manner. It is in this context that the people of South Sudan with their president can view Supreme Court as an important component of delivering peace, justice and reconciliations to corners of South Sudan. Known generals in the SPLA, and rebels led by Dr. Riek Machar have committed crimes against humanity, some form of ethnic cleansing in Baliet for example, and massacre in Juba, Bor Town, Bentiu, and Malakal. Crimes at such magnitude can only be remedied with proper deliverance of justice. It is only then, can the government repairs and restores harmonious relationship among warring parties and tribes. The trial of the four political detainees is small part of sequential political settlement of the conflict and deliverance of justice. Therefore, it is vitally important for our president to avoid looming judicial miscarriage. It is inherently unjust to falsely prosecute innocent people, while criminals are continuing with their rampages in the key states of South Sudan.

Since the tragic incident of December 15th, 2013, the Western and some of IGAD leaders have been steadfast and persistent in their call for the release of the four political prisoners. Concern South Sudanese citizens have added their voices in these calls. Before investigations begun into the attempted coup allegations, senior officials in the government of South Sudan have reiterated and affirmed that Dr. majak D’ Agoot, Oyai Deng Ajak, Pagan Amum Okiech, and Ezekiel Lol Gatkuoth are criminals and will be charged for treason. These officials have put themselves in awkward and odd positions by simply declaring political detainees as criminals before investigation and trial. We, citizens have been told that all the political detainees are guilty till proven innocence. This is either lack of legal knowledge, or they are trying to appease presidential advisors (Telar Ring or interior minister, Aleu Ayieny) or serous judicial miscarriage is occurring. These political detainees have been done a great harm and irreparable injustice. Their careers have been harmed, their families have been harmed, their reputations have been badly harmed and South Sudan image has been badly damaged, and the worst of all thousand South Sudanese people have perished in this senseless war. As the investigation continues into the allege coup allegations, the government officials continue to violate judicial orders or legal protocol of criminals’ prosecution. These officials have forgotten that detainees are “suspects” till proven guilty in court of law.

Besides, these political detainees were collected from their houses as suspects, and their guards did not participate in the fighting that took place in Juba. Evidently, the government took wrong judicial order of proper investigating crimes and embarked on misinforming citizens and world that political detainees mastermind coup. It was televised in South Sudan, and Eastern African countries that the “flag” that had indigenous European cow was solely evident that links political detainees with coup d’état in Juba. This flag that had European cow made it clear than ever before that the arrest of the 11 political detainees was caused by the political disagreement or political among members of the SPLM and not a military coup.

Subsequently, the minister for justice completed the investigation of the detainees on January 28th, 2014 and submitted the report to” the president for consideration” (Sudan tribune, 2014). The fact that the investigation was completed and submitted to president for consideration instead of Special Court breaches judicial impartiality and violated South Sudan’s constitution. In addition to the Minster for information who informed public that “the people we have in jail were not political detainees or suspects, they are criminals.” And odd enough, President Press Secretary, Ateny Wak took tour in East African primary to convince leaders of IGAD that the detainees master minded coup d’état. These episodes are bizarre South Sudan foreign policy that earns the government empty support.

Yet, the war that broke out on December 15th, 2013 sap life of out of South Sudanese, and brought the country nearly to its knees. Today, there are no compelling evidences that indicate coup was plotted. However, there are many hypotheses that transpire to December 15th tragedy. Some people have claimed that fighting in Juba might have been triggered by fear or poor judgment. Some people said that fighting might have been started by disagreements among guards of president Kiir, Pualino Matip, and Dr. Riek Machar. There are many hypotheses that tend to narrate the beginning of the fighting in Juba. However, professionals will assess and analyze to find the truth in coming years. We know two crime scenes; Giada and Bilpham. And until today, the military generals that head TIGER DIVISION have not been investigated. Who fired the first bullet and why? The crust of this investigation was missed at the initial. Majority citizens and world leaders would like to be informed about investigation conducted at the crime scenes, separate from the political detainees’ investigation.

It is even odd or not normal for fighters to fight for four days in the capitol city without ranking officers (or an individual with military ranks giving them directions. The government own investigation fails identify individual with ranks leading rebel fighters. The Deputy Chief of South Sudan’s military intelligence, Mac Pau testified in Special Court, and said that there is nothing that links political detainees with coup d’état that almost overthrow democratic elected government of South Sudan. Telling the truth is not easy but he told the truth. He is a military general who had great deal of moral ethic and integrity. Mac Paul has preserved our endearing values, norms and tradition South Sudanese community. Besides, he came from a community were lying is impermissible.

Political and legal Ramification of mysterious Juba’s tragedy continues to haunt South Sudanese in South Sudan and around the globe. The South Sudan constitution grants member of Legislative Assembly abilities to investigate ministers into crimes link to executive branch or at least exercising their legislative oversight over the cabinet. However, the legislature aborts its legislative powers and allies itself with executive for reasons not known to public. However, the prosecutor refuses to scrutinize generals leading security and presidential guards, who else will know what caused fighting or violence in the presidential guard? It vitally important that the government managed to arrest soldiers who killed innocent people in Juba but it remains a mystery not knowing who initiated fighting in the military headquarter in Juba.

The prosecutor that carried interrogations into alleges attempted coup in Juba on December 15th, 2013, came up with the following charges against detainees;

1. Incitement of the masses
2. Causing disaffection among police or defense forces
3. Defaming the government of South Sudan
4. Undermining the authority of or insulting the president
5. Audio tape of conversations between Oyai Deng Ajak and Taban Deng Gai

The above points are normal part of democracy. Politicians disagreed over the way forward. The violence seems to stem from political fear or political disagreement, and exacerbated by the last cabinet reshuffles. The long brewing political volcano erupted instantaneously rage in three key states because there were conditions and situations that exacerbated conflict. These incidences affirmed that our country is fragile. We just emerged from wreckage of wars fought for six decades. The environment and climate of South Sudan is ethnically tense and political charged. Opportunists like Dr. Riek Machar took advantage of such mild situations and killed thousands innocent people. The International community and government must pursue leaders that have committed crimes in Juba and Great Upper Nile and bring them to justice.

Like all the victims and survivors of the Bor Massacre of 1991, and recent mayhem of 2013-2014 in the Greater Upper Nile region, the raw and bitter memories war have come back in full swing by the Mayhem in Juba, Bor Town, Malaka, and Bentiu. I am also mindful that there no amount of justice will ever ease our pains of 1991 Bor Massacre when our people were mercilessly murdered; the year they were robbed of their wealth passed on from generations to generations and everything they had clung to since time immemorial was turned upside down. The magnitude of loss could not be compared to what happened in 1991 when thousands of defenseless women, children, disabled and elderly from Bor were maimed and left to wallow in destitution. The land that once breathed life and rich heritage became a playground where wild animals and birds like vultures could take turns to feast on dead bodies like never before seen. Images of dead people at the hospitals in Bor and Malakal indicate the horror and inhumane crimes committed. The justice must be first ensure for the victims of Bor, Malakal, and Bentiu must get reparations, or be allowed restitution, repayment for pain/suffering/punitive damages and the recognition by the perpetrators or the government of South Sudan, IGAD, and International Community that crimes were committed. It is the victims at their own personal volition that should be allowed to bring charges against rebels and government leaders.

Therefore, case of political detainees is a small component of addressing the whole conflict and ensuring deliverance of justice in South Sudan. This special Supreme Court trying political detainees can exclusively use its enumerated judicial powers of justiciability to exclude this case of political prisoners from judicial consideration, because this case lacks concrete and compelling evidences. There is not single evidence that indicates political detainees, their guards or soldiers participated in fighting in Juba last December.

Hence, this case of political detainees warrants judicial requirements application. This special court has jurisdiction to trash or throw away such case that is not justifiable, it only embodies political questions. Judicial impartiality demands that court judges and justices do not hear cases or matters that involve political questions. Political coup is dismissible in the court but military coup is permissible for trial. There are more impending evidences that suggests this case against four political detainees is exacerbated by political disagreement among members of SPLM party than a military coup. Instead of allowing their big egos, greed, and deep seated hatred to divide them, they should seek to unite their members and hence unite the country. However, there are members that claimed the ownership of the country’s leadership, and these members want nothing more than just to obliterating political detainees’ career or see them hang. Any case that involves political motivation or political disagreement is dismissed by the court it does not matter whether it is against members of your own party or opposition. Treason charges of this case are difficult to construct and link them to political detainees. The fives charges leveled against them are irrelevant; I wonder whether judge and prosecutor understand prosecutable charges for treason. If there is no that links coup with political detainees, there is no case. The prosecutor that constructs coup evidences lack sufficient hard evidences of coup d’état or compelling evidences that implicated political detainees in allege coup. Coup is heavy in evidences. Government cannot indict detainees with arguments premise on empty rhetoric.

Such case warrants judicial restraint or dismissal in order to preserve judicial independence. This act could mount to judicial miscarriage and injustice to South Sudan’s justice system if the judge and prosecutor insist to satisfy government’s position on the allege coup d’état allegations. This case could even hinder the upcoming sequential political settlement of conflict. It is significance for this court to do the right thing now in order to secure peacemaking in coming few months. The fundamental problems of South Sudan are leaders. Citizens must be made aware of their problems. South Sudanese citizens know your advisors that work day and night to manufacture problems that claim thousand lives. It is time Mr. President to get rid of people who have been giving wrong advices that divide your government.

In conclusion, the people of South Sudan have endured nerve wrecking hardship in wars, we have wept, mourned and rise up together hopping that better days are head. I urge the people of South Sudan to compromise, forgive, and seek for clear and HONEST reconciliations and JUSTICE. We must forgive one another because our tribes never abhorrence each other; it is political leaders that caused conflict for their political gains, AND they must be brought to justice. Good people of South Sudan, Kiir-Riek led government had mismanaged our resources and we remained silence, senior officials had built their houses and mansions, and we remain silence. They have bought their cars, and built hotels, and we remain silence. Now, they have caused conflict, and they are killing people, and we remained. The whole epic and chronicles of Kiir and Riek must stop. We must now to kill people and destroyed our resources. The future of South Sudan lies on its resources. Rebels had destroyed oil refinery worth billion U.S dollars outside Bentiu. There are no reasons that justify such destruction, Kiir and Riek will soon die and the country will remain for next generation. Let all stop violence in all forms and call for peace; it is our utmost responsibility to pave ways for peace and conflict management, and initiate peace-building programs/projects. It is significant for our generation to pioneer capacity building programs, encourage justice for victims, and use groundbreaking programs to establish long relations among warring tribes. We must lift up to highest moral obligation and human dignity to bring peace and justice to South Sudan. Let us all hold leaders that were implicated in this war crime accountable and free the innocent, for the simple fact free political detainee is an important part of peace, healing and reconciliations.

The author teaches political Science and History at Career College, former Nebraska legislative assistance and passionate advocates of responsive government that observes rules of laws, and guarantees citizens protection; as an important principle of democratic government. Besides, he is specialized in Public administrations and policy. He can be reached at This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Response to Bor Community in Diaspora Appeal to Equatoria for Welfare of IDPs

By Jacob K. Lupai

“Bor Community Association in Alberta, Canada has written to the three governors of the Greater Equatoria, South Sudan, urging them to take care of the welfare of their displaced people currently seeking refuge in the region.”

April 13, 2014 (SSNA) -- The above quoted piece by Bor Community Association in the Diaspora was posted on the 9th April 2014 to Gurtong website. The Bor community urged the governors of Equatoria to promote a peaceful co-existence between the local communities and the displaced population from Bor. It asked the offices of the governors to appeal to the people of Equatoria to be more understanding and to continue to temporarily share resources with the displaced people while the country is finding a lasting solution to the problem.

The appeal from Bor Community Association in the Diaspora to the governors of Equatoria for the welfare of the internally displaced persons (IDPs) from Bor was interesting. One would have expected that the appeal should have been instead directed to the Bor IDPs, earnestly urging them to embrace peaceful co-existence with the communities in Equatoria. The Bor IDPs have been violent on the local communities.

Who are IDPs?

This is not meant to be a sarcastic or a cynical question but rather for an understanding. IDPs can be defined as people who are forced out of their homes or ancestral lands within a region or a country either by natural disasters or man-made problems. Natural disasters include floods that destroy homes and man-made problems include conflicts that may become bitterly fought wars, displacing thousands of people within the state, region or the country.

In the case of South Sudan currently IDPs are a reflection of the on-going conflict in the country. The division of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) into SPLM in Government and the SPLM in Opposition and the subsequent conflict, has created massive displacement of people from their homes and ancestral lands. This in turn has produced enormous populations of IDPs where some are housed by the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) camps. Other IDPs find their way to the adjacent states for security or to the neighboring countries to become refugees.

Bor IDPs in Equatoria

For the people of Bor the safest place to enjoy security is Equatoria. This is not only during the current conflict between the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) into SPLM in Government and the SPLM in Opposition but even during the 21-year old war of liberation. Equatoria has always been a safe haven for people of Bor. It is not clear whether the Bor IDPs in Equatoria have been complaining of any mistreatment by the host communities.

It is important to note that the people of Equatoria and those of Bor are of two distinct cultures. The people of Equatoria are predominantly sedentary farmers in contrast to those of Bor who are pastoralists. As farmers the people of Equatoria are mindful of boundaries and won’t encroach into a neighbor’s field. In contrast the main livelihood of people of Bor is cattle keeping and the movements of cattle are conditioned by the availability of pastures.

As always cattle do not distinguish between pastures and food crops. This is where problems occur between sedentary farmers (Equatorians) and pastoralists (people of Bor). Quite often pastoralists deliberately let loose their cattle to feed on food crops in the fields. When the farmers protest the pastoralists have no sympathy but instead threaten violence in protecting their cattle in feeding on food crops.

In Equatoria Bor IDPs have been the problem. They are always armed, arrogant and insensitive of the feelings and situation of the host communities. Instead of behaving like guests, the Bor IDPs behave like the masters of the land or landlords. What would one expect? Of course resentment from the host communities who are powerless because the IDPs seem to have the support of some powerful quarters.

IDPs in host communities

Generally IDPs are like uninvited guests of the host communities. However, because of the conditions that have made people IDPs in the first place, the host communities are sometimes sympathetic. Land is availed to the IDPs and the host communities may be willing to share resources with the IDPs.

People of Equatoria are well known for being peaceful. This may explain why Equatoria is the safe haven for most warring pastoralists in South Sudan especially IDPs from Bor. The peaceful nature of the people of Equatoria has attracted people from any corner of South Sudan to make a home in Equatoria.

Somebody may say Equatoria is a part of South Sudan and so any South Sudanese has the right to settle in Equatoria. This is true. However, how can people abandon their ancestral areas undeveloped just to settle in Equatoria? Who will develop those areas for a high standard of living for the people there? Those who have travelled length and breadth of South Sudan confirm that Equatoria is moving fast in development while other areas hardly see any meaningful development. Those areas are lagging behind.

People of Bor seem to take their status of IDP as an advantage to occupy the lands of Equatoria and then use the barrel of the gun to oppress the people. The current conflict in the country is not the only one that has pushed the people of Bor to Equatoria as IDPs. During the 21-year war of liberation, Equatoria was the safe haven for all, flooded with IDPs from the other regions.

After the 21-year old war ended did the IDPs from Bor move back to Bor? Never! Instead they consolidated their hold on lands in Equatoria. The Bor IDPs in Nimule are an example of brutal occupation of Equatoria lands with constant threats of violence on the host communities. So the appeal from the Bor Community Association in the Diaspora to the governors of Equatoria is adding insult to injury. The Bor IDPs in Equatoria are well armed, arrogant and intimidating the local communities on daily basis. The Bor IDPs in Equatoria are the problem but not the peaceful people of Equatoria. This should be noted by anybody who has common sense.

Appeal to Bor IDPs

The Bor Community Association in the Diaspora is well advised to instead appeal to their community leaders in Equatoria to urge their violent IDPs to embrace peaceful co-existence as the people of Equatoria are already peaceful. The people of Equatoria have neither threatened violence on Bor IDPs nor harm their cattle. It is instead the Bor IDPs that are wanton in behavior and deliberately letting loose their cattle in a sadistic manner to destroy food crops, thereby causing unnecessary food insecurity to the people of Equatoria.

The Bor Community Association is informed that the Bor IDPs will always threaten violence whenever their cattle are stopped from feeding on food crops in Equatoria. Now to where should the appeal for a peaceful co-existence be directed. The Bor Community Association in the Diaspora should stop being tribalistic if it is truly nationalistic. Tribalism is already tearing the country apart. How far should we allow this to happen?


The Bor Community Association in the Diaspora appeal to the governors of Equatoria would have been in place if the people of Equatoria were behaving like pastoralists who were always inclined to threats of violence on the peaceful people of Equatoria. The Bor IDPs in Equatoria were welcomed and respected but have now abused that respect.

As the story of the Arab and the camel goes the Bor IDPs cast their eyes on Equatoria lands with unrestrained appetite to occupy them permanently with no due consideration for the local communities and their legitimate right of ownership of the land. The IDPs virtually refused to return to Bor because probably some powerful elements were on their side until the current conflict is adding more IDPs to the existing ones.

Equatoria is a peaceful region and any IDP is expected to reciprocate to integrate. However, pastoralists IDPs in Equatoria have introduced a culture of brute violence where land grabbing is done by force. IDPs deliberately let loose their cattle to graze on food crops by force. Everything is a macho culture.

In conclusion, the members of Bor Community in the Diaspora who have experienced peaceful co-existence in their respective adopted countries should pioneer the concept of peaceful co-existence among their pastoralist communities. The sedentary people of Equatoria are ever peaceful and they do not need a lecture on peaceful co-existence from culturally violent people who have no sense of peaceful co-existence. The problem is of pastoralists own making and they need to solve it. People of Equatoria are peaceful and respectful, and they do not expect less.

The author can be reached at This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

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