South Sudan News Agency

Wednesday, Mar 04th, 2015

Last update06:56:59 AM GMT

You are here: South Sudan Articles

Who Killed Hero Dr John Garang?

By: Jesus Deng Chaui

March 9, 2014 (SSNA) -- Late Dr. John Garang de Mabior (June 23, 1945 – July 30, 2005) was a Sudanese politician and leader. From 1983 to 2005, he led the Sudan People's Liberation Army during the Second Sudanese Civil War, and following a peace agreement he briefly served as First Vice President of Sudan from July 9, 2005 until his death in a helicopter crash on July 30, 2005. Late Hero Dr. John is a member of the Dinka ethnic group, Garang was born in Wangulei village in the upper Nile region of South Sudan. An orphan by the age of ten, he had his fees for school paid by a relative, going to schools in Wau and then Rumbek. In 1962 he joined the first Sudanese civil war, but because he was so young, the leaders encouraged him and others his age to seek an education. Because of the ongoing fighting, Garang was forced to attend his secondary education in Tanzania. After winning a scholarship, he went on to earn a B.A. in economics in 1969 from Grinnell College in Iowa, USA. He was known there for his bookishness. He was offered another scholarship to pursue graduate studies at the University of California, Berkeley, but chose to return to Tanzania and study East African agricultural economics as a Thomas J. Watson Fellow at the University of Dar es Salaam (UDSM). At UDSM, he was a member of the University Students' African Revolutionary Front. However, Garang soon decided to return to Sudan and join the rebels.

There is much erroneous reporting that Garang met and befriended Yoweri Museveni, future president of Uganda, at this time; while both Garang and Museveni were students at UDSM in the 1960s, they did not attend at the same time. In 1970, Garang was among one of the batches of Gordon Muortat Mayen's soldiers, the then leader of the Anyanya liberation movement, sent to Israel for military training.

Garang is known for his hard working and unselfishness since he started the rebellion SPLA/SPLM in 1983 his plans to bring freedom to south Sudanese was uncertain the struggle was not easy for him and his colleagues but he finally achieved his really picture he painted when taking up arm against the Muslim north.

Citizens were not aware of his sudden death, everyone was hoping that he will live longer to complete his mission but the twenty one years of struggle turned into twenty one days in the office of the first Vice president in the Republic of Sudan and the President of the Autonomy South.

Many South Sudanese were eager to know what robbed the life of a man they belief was their Moses?

Here is the list of the suspects and the reason why he was killed.

1. Gen. Salva Kiir Mayardit, Kiir was the closet man to Dr John Garang in the liberation of South but many doubts him after the signing of comprehensive peace agreement kiir did not appreciates the amnesty Garang gave to high learned comrade who left the movement for some few reasons E.g Dr Riek Machar, Dr Lam Akol and many others plus some rebel top leaders who were better than him on Educational qualification he was thinking these people will one day killed his dream of becoming the top leader if anything happen Garang his boss.

Salva disagreed with Garang few months after CPA when Garang decides to bring Dr Riek Machar Teny (the man who deserve to be the deputy of Dr John) to be his deputy or Nhial Deng Nhial because he can sell the ideologies of the party SPLM because Garang see incompetency in him ( Kiir).

Kiir threatened the people who were in the meeting by saying if anything of such happen then i will wage another rebellion on you people, he left the meeting and promises not to associates with Garang until he change his idea of removing him .

Garang was confused on what will be his next plan to bring his bush friend back and i know most of you remembered very well the speech Garang read in Rumbek praising kiir mayardit as the next leader and that was the place many people start building trusting on kiir but we all failed to understand that Garang was using the gathering to wash off head kiir from the previous discussion.

Five months later, the world was shocked to learn the death of their son but my personally concoction tell me Kiir was involve in Garang Death and that why Garang appear as a ghost every time to kiir and some of government top official his soul are crying why they killed him and ate the food he cooked and forget the poor citizen of South Sudan, my concoction is damn right.

Junubin see some animal skins and horn on the resting place of our hero that left many people in suspecting mood something must be wrong somewhere while others thinks the horn symbolizes Mabior Atem Aruai Garang,s father, one day i visited his grave with a mission of knowing the reason why those ritual were kept at Garang Rest place i was lucky enough to meet Madam Rebecca and Mabior Garang at Dr John Garang mausoleum. Nyandeng was happy to see me again since Nakwathom, she shed tears and get hold of me tightly and tell me Wende molen was assassinated and that why you see those horns there on his resting place in order to stop looking after his killers.

I wonder whether those horns were brought by Bashir, Museveni or Western World we do blamed of Garang death but she told me Garang killers are within South Sudan and i finally concluded last year when Nyandeng attacked government on both citizen TV, Newspaper and occasions accusing kiir of dictatorship with only one statement "i feel lonely because my husband i hold every night on bed is gone but junubin are still suffering am dying inside" Is there anyone aware of what was killing her inside. To people of wisdom Nyandeng knew a lot of thing on our hero death but she don,t want to reveal to south Sudanese citizen because that can bring another mess and i see always a heart of a mother.

Take a look on people like Aleu Anyieny and Telar Ring Deng who decided to investigate Garang death some years back they are now best friend to Kiir, Aleu was not shaken on his mission he nearly let the cat out of the basket and also Telar, the question remain why do kiir make people who happen to tell the world about Garang Death became his best friend? Even i know i will be his best friend soon because i have talk about Garang death but that is the matter of the fact.

Garang family knows kiir killed Garang and that the reason why they became government opposition but they are afraid of telling the truth on our hero death.

Museveni and kiir end the breath of our leader and you can see on their current mission in south Sudan but one day truth shall come to forth.

Jesus Deng a concern south Sudanese who lived in Juba, Sudan he can be reach through This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Kiir and the art of changing scapegoats and manufacturing crises!

By: Justin Ambago Ramba

March 7, 2014 (SSNA) -- There are THREE major events this week that are likely to reshape the trends of future dispensations and any other possible solutions and interventions in South Sudan’s Crises. Bewilderingly as it is, all three without the least element of doubt stand tall to invariably speak of how a true military coup is still a likely possibility to take place in Juba. Other dramatic things that cannot be named now can also happen!

First is the clumsy suggestion that the embattled President SKM has formed a certain committee of EIGHT SPLM food lovers to start another SPLM Political Bureau meeting in Addis Ababa! Well today the SPLM rebels have replied that they no longer take orders from SKM or any dinkocrat for that matter. With this response, this point is now out of being an option, plus the so—called SPLM Political Bureau, to borrow the words of General Idi Amin Dada, is now a “PAST TENSE”.

Second point was the fighting that broke out in Juba’s Military Barracks of GIYADA. Although it was indeed over the payment of salaries, however it has nothing to do with NUER fellows, former SPLA soldiers or just civilians, who are now three months stuck in the UN compound in Tongping.

They [Nuer refugees in Tongping -UNIMISS] would rather die inside that compound than venture out for a handful of South Sudanese Pounds knowing very well that the dinkocrats in Juba will want to see them dead than alive.

Who in their right state of mind would do such a risky thing? And if they could, then why wait all these three months?

The truth has now come out and the deadly clashes were indeed sparked by disputes over the preferential treatment of the UPDF mercenaries and SKM’s private tribal fighters who are paid more and in dollars, given rations and taken good care of.

On the other hand these Nuer soldiers and others from other ethnic groups who continue to fight on the side of the Juba government  continue  to receive  unsteady payments, of course in the much depreciated local currency plus being not only neglected but are even starving due to lack of rations.

This was seen to be long coming scenario from day one the moment General Kuol Manyang Juk, the dinkocrat Minister Defence announced that Juba was footing the bills for the UPDF and paying over 100  per head/ day in US dollars.

The third point is to do with the repeated confrontations between SKM government and the UNIMISS Peacekeepers in the country. On more than one occasion SKM and his spokesperson a Warrapian like himself, have both accused the UNIMISS of not only favouring the rebels of Dr. RMTD, but were in fact suspected of  giving the rebels both military and logistical supplies.

The latest in this chain of accusations was the revelation by the Lakes State authorities that government security agents have successfully held down a convoy of UNIMISS tracts loaded with heavy machine guns, ammunition and blankets all destined for Dr. RMTD rebels in Unity State.

Whichever way this latest ‘finger pointing’ is going to evolve, I for one just love it. If Kiir can get himself into a damaging confrontation with the UN Security Council, I will love it. If he can get himself into all kinds of mess with the US administration, I will love it too. I will love anything that can make him a rogue in the eyes of the international community. And why not, after all I want to see him out of office today before tomorrow!

If you had followed how the dinkocrats in Juba have always survived by finding scapegoats for all their short comings, you will not fail to see why UNIMISS is now being constantly projected by President SKM as if it represents the bad guys.

In the past the Juba dinkocrats had always blamed the Northern Sudanese “Jallaba” for all the ills that happened in South Sudan from corruption, to tribalism to lack of discipline in their SPLA tribal militias etc….

Today unsurprisingly it has come to be the UNIMISS Peacekeepers. This is not to say the “Jallaba” are no longer being blamed.

However something very central has changed with the dinkocrats. Pagan Amum a dinkocrat by adoption was so brilliant and was a perfect guy in that role of putting blames on others. Unfortunately as destined to seal the fate of dinkocracy in South Sudan, Warrapism has changed most of the laid down principles of orthodox dinkocracy and now Pagan Amum is languishing in jail, perceived an enemy.  

The new fellow none other than Ateny Wek Ateny [AWA], although trained in the “blame game”, obviously lacks the charisma with which his predecessor used to perfect the role.

Maybe there is a lesson or two for the dinkocrats to learn here.   Having long fingers doesn't necessarily qualify someone to perfect the game of “finger pointing”! That’s why sometimes it’s referred to as the game of trading accusations.

And to qualify for a good trader one must have a certain degree of wit, this too is nowhere to found in neither President SKM nor his spokesperson AWA. Don’t even talk about the Vice President or the Presidential advisor on legal affairs for this matter.

When President SKM was described by his long time colleagues as a vision-less and directionless leader, I first thought it was an over-statement. No wonder these guys refused to withdraw their statements and some of them have even chosen to languish in the regime's detentions or return to the rough bush life and restart another wave of rebellion. Whatever they said about their party chairman is indeed the truth.  Otherwise given the current sequence of events one is even tempted to regard it as an understatement, for this president is by all counts more irrelevant now as a leader than in any time ever before.

Dr. Justin Ambago Ramba can be reached at: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

The influence of factious leaders and the confederation in South Sudan!!

By: Daniel Abushery Daniel, USA

Dr. Martin Luther King Jr says it best; “it is not enough to say we must not wage war, it is necessary to love peace and sacrifice for it.”

March 6, 2014 (SSNA) -- Public consultation is essential and healthy where there are a verity of communities with different ideologies and prejudice among its members, especially in a newly born nation like South Sudan, not to mention the nation – state relationship, which is mostly vague, because they can't seem to agree on specifics. But make no mistake about it. It shouldn't be surprising that different view of confederation system in my humble opinion should be the answer!

In spite of that; the simple legal definition of confederate system is; “a confederate government is a type of government where a treaty signed between states. However, they are allowed to preserve some independent power over internal and external affairs. Such governments tend to have a common constitution, common currency, common defense and common foreign affairs.”

The truth of the matter is that, South Sudan is multi cultural, traditional and religious. You can also call it a homogenous country, if you will, and that's due to all these various tribes dwelling in. But, despite all of the above, the influence of factious leaders may kindle a flame within their particular ethnic groups. However, with federalism, it will enable them to spread a general conflagration through other states. Because in a large federalist system, there are always many checks and balance on a majority faction – more interests competing with each other and large distances to separate those who might scheme to deprive others of liberty.

Because the causes of faction could not be removed without placing too many restrictions on freedom, its effects had to be controlled by a properly constructed government, if a faction were less than a majority, it could be controlled through majority rule. Nonetheless, if the faction were a majority, it can lead to limit the ability of a majority to carry out its wishes. “It’s Interests” and that was through well articulated and let me repeat; a well written constructed constitution of the land.

My friends; if our leaders are listening to many voices and a numerous articles that were posted in the past; we should avoid the current catastrophe we are countenanced today!

What’s the word interest means?

The definition of the word interest may vary, but the common definition divided into two types; private interest groups that seek economic benefits for their members or clients. For example; business, labor, and agriculture:

The second is; public interest groups, which always lobby for political and social causes, if they succeed, benefits are shared more widely than by just the members of the group.

For example; here in America, the Taxpayers Union Lobbies for reduced taxes not only for its members but for everyone who pays taxes. Another example is; Amnesty International lobbies for the rights of political prisoners around the world even though none of its members are prisoners. Although nearly all groups think of themselves as pursuing the public interest, the label applies to those working for other than personal or corporate interests. However, “public interest” does not mean that a majority of the necessarily favors the goals of these groups.

The points that I am trying to stress here is: Yes, we have many tribes and communities in South Sudan, but we cannot achieved our interests through those communities, but through social,  economic, and   political parties, if we really mean to succeed and share the benefits. It will be faulty perception for a single group to achieve their own interests excluding other groups in the region.

Therefore, we urge all conflicted parties, all forces and all citizens to stop escalating violence and embrace a culture of peace and to reject hostility, and return away from division, incitement, hate speech, rumors and accusations and learn to resolve dispute through dialogue in a spirit of unity, remember, we are all brothers and sisters regardless of geographical boundaries, ethnicity, religion, culture, or political affiliation, with the insisting on mutual respect for diversity through federal and confederation system!

Mr. President; for the sacrificial of our nation that you and your comrades squandered more than two decades in the bush, struggling and fighting for its independence, it’s wasn’t worth the fighting for, just to achieve a private interests of a certain factious group. Let’s all embrace peaceful coherence, and averted the hell of war.

Please, step aside!

The author of this article is a Criminologist, reachable at This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

More Articles...

Page 54 of 280

Our Mission Statement

To bring the latest, most relevant news and opinions on issues relating to the South Sudan and surrounding regions.

To provide key information to those interested in the South Sudan and its people.